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October 15, 1987
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Approved For Release EXECUTIVE CHANGES ? Mitre Corp., Bedford, Mass., a sys- tems engineering company, named as chairman James R. Schlesinger, former Secretary of Defense and of Energy as well as Director of Central Intelligence. The Washington Post STAT 4gw York Times s ington Times The Wall Street Journal The Christian Science Monitor New York Daily News USA Today The Chicago Tribune l ate Page G_~_~_ Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 VW rf i7rlgil'! 9006002940Pe~-3hington Post G ro,'~d~f '~~"'~ w York Times Could Lead to a Reduction in Oil Lrieps The Washington Times The Wall Street Journal By 'VIECHAEL SICONOLFI Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL The growing political rift between OPEC's two largest producers threatens the cartel's fragile stability and could lead to lower oil prices in the coming months, some oil specialists say. Nobody is talking about another free- fall in prices to below $10 a barrel, as hap- pened last year. But the current price of about 319.30 a barrel on U.S. spot and fu- tures markets probably will fall gradually, perhaps to about $16, some analysts say. A supply disruption stemming from the conflict in the Persian Gulf would, of course, throw a wrench into any price de- cline. But analysts say the likelihood of this happening lessened Friday with the news that Iran had agreed to negotiate a United Nations peace plan to end the seven-year-old Iran-Iraq war. This week's cartel committee meetings probably will have a major near-term in- fluence on the oil market. But oil special- ists say the effect of the rift between Saudi Arabia and Iran Is likely to Intensify later in the year, as the Organization of Petro- leum Exporting Countries' full conference in December draws near. Indeed, the vuln rabilities of the cartel Lou d be somew nt ~ t --he confrontation" ween Saudi Arabia and. ran, said James Schlesinger senior advtser to Shearson Lehman Brothers Inc. and former secretary o f de a and of en- erey, who also served as director oft he Centra me Lence A envy Ministerial Meeting In the absence of harmony, they may find it harder to come together in a posi- tive agreement" at OPEC's next full min- isterial meeting, Mr. Schlesinger said. A period of relative Saudi-Iranian coop- eration ended abruptly in July, when hun- dreds of Iranian pilgrims were killed In a clash with police in the Moslem holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Iran responded last week by vowing to overthrow the Saudi royal family, and seize its oil wealth. The Saudis, in turn, have taken an uncharacteristically harsh line, denouncing Iran for Its role In the riots. Philip Verleger, a visiting fellow at the Institute for International Economics In Washington, D.C., said, "It's going to make it much harder for OPEC to hold to their current agreement, let alone form a new one, which will drive down prices." 'Erosion of Prices' The rift "will take away any confidence in the market about new cooperation within OPEC, and lead to an erosion of prices in the months ahead," said Rick Donovan, head of the international energy department at E.F. Hutton & Co., New York. Mr. Donovan and some other ana- lysts lysts said prices could drop to as low as 316 a barrel later this year. Still, some oil specialists say the Saudi- Iran strains aren't that significant. The two countries "can be hostile as possible and still want to maintain OPEC's price structure," said John Lichtblau, president of Petroleum Industry Research Founda- tion Inc., New York. Verbal warfare, he said, probably won't lead to economic war- fare. "It would be like shooting themselves in the foot." Several oil analysts note that Saudi King Fahd has hooked his political prestige on sustaining an official S18-a-barrel oil price, making the chance of a large price decline less likely. In any case, the fractiousness appar- ently ends a year of cooperation between the two sides and signals the end of an Im- proving relationship that had developed steadily since before last October's ouster of Ahmed Zaki Yamani as Saudi oil minis- ter, industry analysts say. Fixed Pricing That relationship was particularly sit nificant because of its effect on OPEC unity in the last year. OPEC's decision last December to cut production and return to fixed pricing, for instance, was cemented by Saudi-Iranian solidarity, which effec- tively forged an alliance between OPEC radicals and moderates. And June's OPEC conference was the shortest and most har- monious in years,'primarily because of the compromise between the two on the car- tel's output. Any compromise now, however, would be unlikely, some specialists say. For one thing, the Saudis now are less inclined to agree to raise OPEC's official price in De- cember to $20 a barrel from the current $18, a move that would be favored by Iran. In addition, Saudi Arabia won't likely revert to Its swing producer role by lower- ing its output to offset cheating by other OPEC members who are producing over their quotas, oil specialists say. "The Saudis aren't in the mood to be beat about the head with a club anymore," said Steve H. Hanke, chief economist for Friedberg Commodity Management Inc.. Toronto. "With the new tension, they won't be willing, to shore the costs of propping prices." The Christian Science Monitor New York Daily News USA Today The Chicago Tribune Date - I SE Page Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 AppON P? ase 2Ma~1987A-Fbb6901 R0006 20 Soviets may be spying from new embassy site By Susan Bennett Inquirer Washington Bureau WASHINGTON - Congressional in- vestigators are checking reports that the Soviets may be using the top floors of buildings at their contro. versial hilltop embassy compound in Washington for intelligence-gather- ing purposes, a House Foreign Af- fairs subcommittee chairman said 'yesterday. "There have been reports, which are unconfirmed at this point, that they are indeed using the top floors," Rep. Daniel A. Mica (D., Fla.), chair. man of the International Operations subcommittee, said in an interview. "If that is so, it's wrong." President Reagan and State Depart- ment officials repeatedly have said that the Soviets will not be allowed to use their new chancery, built atop Mount Alto, until the still-unoccu- pied U.S. Embassy in Moscow is clear of electronic listening devices im- planted in its walls. But at a hearing of the subcommit- tee yesterday, State Department offi- cials confirmed that most of the buildings within the 12.5-acre Mount Alto site - a school, a club and 175 apartments - are occupied by the Soviets. Some of the apartments have been in use since 1979. Under an agreement between the two countries, the Soviets cannot move into their Mount Alto chancery - the office building of an ambassa- dor - until U.S. diplomats move into their new Moscow chancery. In response to a question from Rep. Benjamin A. Gilman (R., N.Y.) about the possibility that the Soviets were using the Mount Alto buildings to gather electronic intelligence, Un- dersecretary of State Ronald I. Spiers said he could give no assurances that they were not, but "would rather discuss it in closed session." The subcommittee went into closed session with State Department officials and representatives of vari- ous intelligence agencies, but there was no confirmation of the reports of Soviet intelligence-gathering, a con- gressional aide said. However, administration officials were quoted by the Associated Press as saying that the Soviets are using a nine-story apartment building at the complex for electronic surveillance. The examination of Soviet activity at the embassy site, 350 feet above sea level, intensified late last year when it was revealed that the new U.S. chancery in Moscow is riddled with electronic bugs. Reagan has threatened to destroy the never-used $23 million building in Moscow. But members of the House subcommittee and State De- partment officials have said they will make no recommendation on tearing it down until after comple- tion of a report b James Schlesin - 6 r former secretary o defense and ormer ea o the dA. a report completed in June, Spurs said. Spiers and other State Department officials insisted that their records show no opposition from any govern- ment agency to the Soviets' 85-year rent-free lease on Mount Alto - a 1969 concession likened by some to the sale of Manhattan by the Indians. But Mica and Rep. Olympia J. Snowe (R., Maine) quoted memos from unidentified U.S. intelligence agencies, some dating to 1966, that expressed concerns about allowing the Soviets to occupy one of the high- est vantage points in Washington. The memos also questioned permit- ting the Soviets to prefabricate, sec- tions of the new U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Mica said. Mica said the subcommittee would like to tour the Soviet compound at Mount Alto, a request that Spiers said would have to be handled by the Soviets. In a related matter yesterday, pre- trial proceedings. resumed at the?Ma- rine base in Quantico, Va., for Cpl. Arnold Bracy, a Marine accused of espionage while working at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow in 1985 and 1986. t Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 ~c~_Release LOS6ANGELES T MEDP91-00901R00 Model Security Pledged as Spy Inquiry Opens By NORMAN KEMPSTER, Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON-Former De- fense Secretary Melvin R. Laird, presiding over the first meeting of a presidential panel to evaluate secu- rity at the U.S. Embassy in Mos- cow, said Wednesday the mistakes that opened the way for Soviet 7 May 1987 Hollings to Delay Action on Webster WASHINGTON (P-Sen. Ernest F. Hollings (D-S.C.) said Wednesday that he would hold up the nomination of FBI Director William H. Webster to be CIA director until Webster assures him that there will be a full investigation of security problems at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. Hollings accused the FBI of not vigorously investigating the State Department in connection with the Marine espionage scandal at the embassy. "It is apparent that the FBI has no idea of doing anything," Hollings said. "It is apparent that I'm being given the runaround." He said he wanted a full investigation of how the security problems developed. espionage go far beyond Marine to penetration guards charged with bartering se- host country. by the spies of the crets for sex. Joining Laird, the first Pentagon "This is not just a Marine prob- chief in the Richard M. Nixon lem . . . it is a national problem and Administration, on the commission one that we are dealing with in the were former CIA Director Richard deliberations of this panel," Laird P~ Helms; Gen. 7 on W. Vessey Jr., said. "Our responsibility is to find out what went wrong and how to improve security in the Soviet Union." Wants 'Model' System The commission, appointed last month by President Reagan, opened its first meeting to the public to comply with a law requir- ing presidential panels to hold open meetings unless the members de- cide there is reason to close them. After about a half hour, the four- member commission voted to go into closed session because of na- tional security concerns and Laird indicated it will not meet again in public until it completes its work in 90 days or less. Laird said the panel hopes to devise plans for building and staff- ing a "model" embassy system that would be as impervious as possible ornf fierier chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and Diego Asencio, a former ambassador to Brazil and Colombia. Reagan told the panel to report in three months on whether securi- ty systems and procedures at the embassy in Moscow were adequate, whether the procedures were properly implemented, and wheth- er information was available that could have warned the staff about security problems. The panel is only one of a long list of Administration and congres- sional committees investigating the situation in Moscow following charges that two Marine guards were seduced by women working for the KGB and allowed Soviet spies to roam around the embassy at night. A State Department commission headed by James RR.Schlesinaer.: another defense secretary and CIA director in the Nixon Administra- tion, is scheduled to report soon on Soviet efforts to plant electronic listening devices in the $192-mil- lion U.S. Embassy building under construction in Moscow. The Senate Intelligence Com- mittee and the Senate Appropria- tions Committee have rendered their decision on the new embas- sy-they have said it should be torn down because the listening devices are so pervasive that the building never will be secure. Other Inquiries Congressional inquiries are also being conducted by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and a subcommittee of the House For- eign Affairs Committee. The President's Foreign Intelli- gence Advisory Board also is in- vestigating the situation. The Na- tional Bureau of Standards recently told Congress that the new embas- sy building needs at least $1.5-mil- lion worth of repairs before it would be safe for occupancy. Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 ARTICLE APF - REu O 'O#~Fpr Release 6l1d 4pri 1T FA'RDP91-00901 R(f 00600290001-3 !NEW U.S. EMBASSY GOING UP IN SOVIET REPORTED BUGGED CONGRESS IS CONCERNED Some Call for Scrapping the $190 Million Project Oveu Issue of Security for gains in arms control, Administra-. tion officials said. On the new building, a report by two staff members from the Senate For- eign Relations Committee disclosed that the American architectural com- pany designing the embassy had hired a Soviet engineer who returned home after completing his work. The Senate staff members tried to find him for in- terviews, the report said, but the State Department had been told by Soviet of-i ficials that he had died of a heart at- tack. Senator Patrick J. Leahy, a Vermont Democrat and former vice chairman of the Intelligence' Committee, con-1 tended that the security of the new em- bassy building had been compromised. some have found only what they want us to, find and maybe that was only three fourths or one-half of what there was." ' Mr. Mica is scheduled to leave this] weekend for Moscow to inspect both; the building under construction and the" existing embassy building. Several experts said the State De- partment could deal with the problem by installing special secure rooms insu- lated with copper and lead. An intelli- gence official said buildings recently completed at the National Security Agency, which seeks to penetrate for- eign communications and to protect American ones, are clad with copper to frustrate attempts by outsiders to pick up emanations from computer and communications equipment. { "is to tear it down and start an over, with remarkable expertise in desigNng ossible toll listening devices. This expertise helps o wa i y p s n again. There By STEPHEN ENGELBERG make that embassy secure." , explain why officials are pessimistic sew to The Now vatTimee That view is not universally held. A& about the damage caused when the two WASHINGTON, April 4 - Some ministration and Congressional offi- Marine guards purportedly allowed members of Congress and intelligence cials said that although there were still Soviet agents to enter the embassy. officials say they believe that a new dissenters, the consensus before the intelligence officials said the agents United States Embassy building under case of the Marine guards was that the might have left behind equipment that new building could be salvaged. Those would allow them to re-enter secure construction in Moscow is contatui- officials contend that it would be more, areas at will and leave listening de- noted with Soviet eavesdropping de- damaging for the embassy to remain in vices that could pick up signals from vices and that the entire $190 million its present quarters. typewriters or coding machines. project should be scrapped. Last year, Secretary Shultz asked Such signals, which are emitted each According to Government officials, James R. Schlesin er a ormer Direc- time a key is struck or from the elec- the security problems in the new em- for o ra n e Bence, to study the tronic field around cables, can be used bassy building stem from a decision in security of the new building, which was to intercept communications. The Mos- to have much of the building as- to be occupied in 1989. The study, which cow embassy has secure rooms spe= 1972 1972 toe from prefabricated modules is expected to consider Soviet means of dally sealed to prevent emanations! penetration and American counter- from escaping, but intelligence offi manufactured at a Soviet site not open measures, is likely to touch off further cials say that if a listening device were :to American inspection. Listening de- adverse reaction in Congress. placed inside, the protection provided, vices were placed in the steel beams, Representative Daniel A. Mica, a by the walls would be defeated. the officials said. Florida Democrat who heads the The National Security Agency be- House Foreign Affairs subcommittee came suspicious in the late 1970's, Debate on Finding Devices that monitors embassy security, said: when other Western embassies in Mos- riter bus The d t _ g Embassy security has become a big{ issue in connection with the arrest of three Marine guards, two -of -them charged with spying, and hai touched) off a debate among American intelli-! gene analysts on whether experts cane find all the devices reportedly.planted; in the new building, under construction since the early 1970's. Congressional and Admin tration+ critics of the State Departme is se- curity practices view the const tion; project as a symbol of the attitudes that culminated in the recent security breaches in the present building. While officials are weighing whether to move the embassy into- the new, building, a dispute has erupted over. Secretary of State George P. Sh dts't scheduled trip to Moscow next week, when he will have to use a house trailer outside the embassy for sensitive con- versations. Some officials wanted the trip to be deferred, but Mr. Shultz prevailed, ar- guing that the timing was opportune . ype "What you have is a brand new facility cow uncovere that you cannot move into and an em- ' agency dispatched a team to check for ls believe the Russians ffi i b bassy you cannot whisper in. It Is really a nasty situation." He said technical experts who be- lieved the security flaws in the new building could be remedied estimated the cost at $20 million to $40 million in addition to the $190 million already spent on the project. The new building was originally scheduled to be com- ? pleted in 1983 at a cost of $90 million. Because of the delay and the security problems, Representative Mica said, the United States will have to spend tens of millions of dollars to replace much of the equipment in the existing building. The dispute over the new building; centers on whether it is reasonable to assume that all the listening devices` can be disconnected or neutralized. "The problem is, we think we have found a great deal of what they put in and therefore we think we can disable them 11 Represenative Mica said. "But; a c ut o ibugs, were alerted when the trip was men- tioned in embassy cables, and the tech- nicians found nothing. Bugs Were Found in 1984 In 1984, technicians were dispatched again, this time without notification to the State Department, and they found devices planted in several embassy typewriters, Government officials said. One was reportedly used by the secre- tary of the deputy chief of mission, the second-ranking embassy diplomat. The signals were sent out through the power cord at a frequency calibrated to television band width. That was done because Soviet agents knew that Amer- ican detection equipment was then not able to pick up emanations in that range, Government officials said. The 15-year history of construction; Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 Continued Approved For Release JO / O -R@1 AggP.1 R000600290001-3 volved a series of security lapses and' miscalculations, some officials say., One former official recalled that the Nixon Administration agreed in 1972, over State Department objections, tol allow the prefabrication of construc- tion modules. In contrast, the Soviet Union insisted that its embassy in Washington be built with components made on site and under its observation. Soviet Embassy on a High Site According to the Senate staff report, the Soviet Union's new building here was built high on a hill suited for elec- tronic interception. "Common sense would tell the aver- age American citizen, without benefit of security or diplomatic training, that; it would be foolish to allow a United, States Embassy to be designed and; constructed by Soviets," the Senate re- port said. In August 1985, the Soviet contractor) was removed from the building, which' had also been plagued by shoddy con- struction unrelated to security issues.; Marine guards began to watch the con-' struction site. Lawrence S. Eagleburger, a former' high State Department official, said:' "I don't want to debate it. We in effect got snookered, and that is the responsi- bility of every Administration from!,, Nixon on up." He conceded that there were severe problems of trying to construct an em- bassy in Moscow and that it would have:! been difficult to use American work-, ers. He said the Soviet Union should not be allowed to occupy its new embassy building here until the problems ini Moscow were solved. M W The new United States Embassy compound under construction in Moscow. The buildings in foreground are a housing area. . f .. ' 71 R t e A w F "' f tii'" P?.tst. ,t .f , t 1 f v ',;.If Y + i A't! {t 4* 4ss ritttf i9f Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 WASHINGTON POST 9 March 1987 Talking Points Chiles Play ... Sen. Lawton Chiles (D-Fla.), chair- man of the Senate Budget Commit- tee, plans to hold hearings on what he calls the "fiasco" of the U.S. Em- bassy chancery in Moscow-and to add a new twist by looking at the implications of the much-delayed, far-over-budget building for the planned construction of five other embassies in Eastern Europe. Chiles, who sponsored an amend- ment last year seeking a probe by the National Bureau of Standards into the Moscow construction prob- lems, will hold his hearings after the bureau's report date of April 15. The senator l_Comed the State Department's appointment of f James R. ScIlesinger.f rrmer- de ferise secret ry and 1A irertnr. to conduct a comprehensive_r yi "w of the security and construction. proh- lems_at the Moscow embassy, and said he would like to see him _ex- pand__ his investigation to those _Ilanngd in East Europe. "Given the history of the fiasco at the Moscow embassy, is that some- thing we're going to have to re- peat?" he wondered. Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 Ano v~ed For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 LOS AI`TGELES TII~?ES 11 October 1984 Mond.ae Seeking to Exploit Issue of War douses on Public Anxiety With Help of Broad Range of Advisers 1 By ROBERT C. TOTH, Tir? tax. Staff Writer WASHINGTON-Fear of war, Mondale in his memoirs. And, at the other end of the ideological spectrum, former Secretary of who has Vance State Cyrus R . , according to most opinion polls,-is been called the leading dove of the second only to unemployment as a Carter Administration, is rarely voter concern this year. And Wal- consulted. ter F. Mondale has sought to Aaron, who was on Mondale's capitalize on public anxiety-to Senate staff in the mid-1970s, exploit the "war and peace" issue, r served as an intermediary in set- as he calls it-with the help of a t ting up Mondale's session with broad variety of foreign and de-, Grom ko He said that on Sept 12 fense advisers drawn largely from. the Administration of former_Pres;'. idant Jimmy Carter. T hanks in part to the efforts of some of those advisers, he met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei A. Grornyko a day before President Reagim saw the Kremlin's top diplomat. Thanks in part to those same advisers, he has been empha- y . ? , the same day that Reagan ?an-!, nounced his forthcoming meeting with the Soviet foreign minister, he got word from a ".Soviet academi- cian" that Gromyko would also be willing to talk with Mondale. Aaron said Mondale discussed the matter with his immediate staff and spoke by phone with several of including Christopher his advisers , , sizing his over. commitment to a sizing U.S. defense. now a Los Angeles lawyer, before Mondale's closest foreign policy, thauthorizing Aaron e overture wasrea to l determine if expert is David- L. Aaron, who was Aaron quickly made contact with Carter's deputy national security ~ the top Soviet diplomat then in d i e hil M d l d a v s r w on a e serve as e Carter's vice president. Aaron in turn draws on the views of many part-time advisers chosen from among a group of political figures and specialists who make up Mon- dale's national security. "brain trust"". Washington, who corifirrned within a day or two that "they were willing if we were willing, a kind of dance of the cranes," Aaron said. The resulting Mondale-Gromyko session partly diluted the political value to Reagan of his. first session These. advisers not only offer- with a top Soviet official and gave counsel on campaign strategy,-, more credibility to Mondale's com- "hey sometimes bolster the cam plaint that the Reagan-Gromyko paign effort by attacking Reagan meeting produced no tangible eas- directly. And, if Mondale is elected, ing of tension. they could take over the top na- Aaron himself told a university tional security jobs in his Adminis- ;audience last week that Reagan 's tration. session with the Soviet diplomat .1 IF Central Intelligence Agency chaef James R. Schlesinger; Rep. Michael 15. Barnes (D Md.?, chairman of i the House Foreign Affairs subcom- mittee on Western Hemisphere affairs; and more than a score of others. Notably absent from the list is Zbigniew Brzezinski, Carter's chief national security adviser, who was the most hawkish member of the Carter team and who disparaged They include former Defense was a zero. Although Aaron Secretary Harold Brown; former. maintained that he was not speak- Deputy Secretary of State Warren ing for the Mondale campaign, he Christopher; former Pentagon and 1 said that "nothing really bold was put on the table," implying that a Mondale Administration would have better seized upon the Gro- myko visit to advance peace. Although Mondale is clearly less hawkish than Reagan on Soviet relations, he has also sought to broaden his appeal to independents and conservative Democrats. For example: -He is calling for an annual increase of 3% to 4% in defense spending, after inflation-a goal that would leave defense spending not far short of Reagan's projected growth of 7.5%. -He belatedly endorsed last year's Grenada invasion after ini- tially criticizing it; he and Aaron credited Barnes with this new position. -He acknowledged that "Amer- ican security interests" are in- volved in conflicts in El Salvador and Nicaragua and said he would be prepared to "quarantine" Nica- ragua if necessary to stop that nation from aiding leftist rebels in El Salvador. -He accepted the principle of retaliation against terrorist acts by saying he would support any "ap- propriate countermeasures" that Reagan might take against the latest U.S. Embassy bombing in Lebanon. -He invited and then publicized the attendance of Schlesinger, a moderate Republican, and Max Kampelman, a conservative Demo- crat, at a secret national security briefing for Mondale by Reagan national security adviser Robert C. McFarlane. Kampelman, a Washington law- yer active in Jewish community affairs, led the U.S. delegation in both the Carter and Reagan admin- istrations to the last international conference to follow up on the Helsinki agreements of 1975. He, like Christopher, has been men- tioned as a possible secretary of state if Mondale wins in November. Schlesinger held Cabinet posts in the Administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford as well as Carter and, Aaron said, is the man Mondale looks to most for advice on intelligence matters. But, however much he may call on these advisers, Mondale, a vet- eran of 12 years in the Senate and four as vice president, is well- versed on most of today's major national, security issues and estab- lished a lengthy public record that follows him into the campaign. Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000600290001-3 continued Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3 Schlesinger may be his main inieTligence adviser, or example, but on a e was a key in-Emb er of the en igence o m- - tee--an Aaron was his-To-p- s mem er-.ar intelligence affairs= during its exposure of CIA and oot1 erin a ,i ence excesses. AS a resu t, aroma Mondale calls on his counselors largely for their reaction to new developments in their field and for comment on his planned new overtures. Aaron himself is almost always at hand for immediate help and advice. Mondale's running mate, Geral- dine A. Ferraro, receives the same kind of full-time advice from Barry Carter, a Washington lawyer who worked with Aaron both on the national security council staff un- der Henry A. Kissinger and later on the Senate Intelligence Committee. Earlier this month, for example, Carter was called on to help Ferra- ro after she confused two arcane concepts of nuclear war; "first strike," or surprise attack; and "first use," or a nuclear response to a Soviet conventional attack on Europe. In addition to former Pentagon chief Brown, Aaron said, Mondale counts among his defense advisers William Perry,.a California invest- ment banker and engineer and_ former undersecretary of defense for research and engineering; and Robert W. Komer, Russell Murray II and R. James Woolsey, also former high Defense Department officials in the Carter Administra- tion. On military affairs, he calls on David Jones, retired chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and retired Air Force Gen. Benjamin 0. Davis, former chief of the Strategic Air Not all of these men agree with all of Mondale's positions. For ex- ample, Brown and others support the MX missile, which the Carter Administration proposed but which Mondale wants to kill. In arms control, key advisers are Walter B. Slocombe, a Washington lawyer who was .director of the Pentagon's SALT II task force in the Carter Administration, and McGeorge Bundy, the top national security official in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, who has advocated no "first use" of nuclear weapons in Europe. On Soviet affairs, Mondale val- ues the views of Arnold are i , director of the LA Cen- ter for the Stu ay of Soviet n erna- tiona a avior and or -CrA nationa intelligence officer or Tie Soviet CTnion in the Car ear-Adm2n- istrnion. Approved For Release 2006/02/07 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000600290001-3