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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 17, 2005
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October 10, 1976
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PDF icon CIA-RDP91-00901R000700060127-8.pdf168.79 KB
Approved For Release 2t(?/4' I~#P91-00901 RO ON PAGE Throughout most of its 200 .years, the United States has held aloft the'torchof,' liberty'` and. has =prbmoted dezrincracy'H -:among its neighbors.: But the'- painstak-ing; progress has = now; been'.largely.un- :done bya' -Nine years later; this-same 'tternota' .:'Walters turned up'as deputy director ofd he.CIA. He :was involved: in funneling subsequent. CIA,,nullions`to. organiza tions that, were pppased;to President,. SaIvadorAllende.m bile, n .: ~~; An'd'what' did `ttie`U.S: to payers: g?t.; .for their money? Both Brazil and Chile are'noW 'ruled by::repressive' military .: dictatorships. They have brought a:mea.? sure of stability, to their countries;-But-'.' only ? rarely , has the . economic .trickle'-: reached.'the poorer masses. For `their.:; ;dubious blessings, the people he paid a high price:. arrests in the -night,:arbi.; traryimprisoriment and torture for the. crime of disagreeing: But; for the United States, ..tlle price', has been higher. This country, once re- garded around the world as, the bastion.,-; of freedom ," is .now. thought "no; hef ter,; than its Communists rivals The military governments of Latin America have be-f - come so oppressivethat the-moderates including 'many who despise comrritm Ism, have turned'"in desperation not to Washington but to Havana. For: in..nation after nation, they have: witnessed 'the.. love affair between.the dictatorships And, the' Pentagon .'Over the pas30years- _ the -Pentagon: has'.' squandered e $2 billion ;worth of hard. ware and_traimng on-the military estab-' lishmen.ts of Latin America. - -'.Phe .'growing concern `of. -Cong>~ess' hasn't:yet. stopped the f low. In.the year;: . aheadr. for' example, .the. American tax-.-. payers .will deliver: $49.3 million in. mrii , tary aid to. the Argentinian junta,' $Ul ; million to` the Brazilian generals, =$15;, millionto`'the;military'dictators in Bo-: Iivia and $1.4 million to General-Alfredo Stroessner's regime in Paraguay Military brass from virtually every;na tion iii Latin America; meanwhile,,.have .trained at,such U.S. military, schools.`as the Command ;and General Staff College 'at FoirtLeavenworth, Kan., and the'Na- val.War College atNewport; R.I.Indeed, .the Pentagontias. even established, 'one- .s chool. that. is:_ specifically designed, :to;' '-train:Latins. It's called.the_School of the., Americans and Is located in.the Panama; Canal Zone..Over 30,000 Latin American;' 'military thenbave'trained at the school" over the past three decades. Of 1,765 stu- , dents.vho. attended the'school in,-1975" r. 575 came from the Chi ean regime.--..-,,. The Defense Department also marri talus military.advisers is 17 Latin Amer; ican, countries. ' Thus=the top military, brass-in Latin America and the United,'' States have devetoped`close' personal'ref lationships At the White House aiict State Depart-'t nient?there has been little- sentiment for:l restoring democracy in Latin America..-I It doesn't seem to. matter. whether the. orture. _1 governments-use terror--and torture.- Our diplomats prefer' to keep -a "low;, profile"'and confine their objections to ~, ."quiet` representations." Secretary of= State Kissinger appears to be quite cam:: ressive dictator~diips for-able with re . . p Take Argentina, for example. Kidnap-.! pings, murder and torture have become daily occurrences. The outrages are committed by militants of both political extremes. There have beeh."more peo- ple killed in one year in Argentina," one -State Department source told us, "than. in five years in Northern Ireland." The. situation has deteriorated since the military junta took over on March 2f4. The dictatorship, rather than join in the murder- and mayhem directly, per- mits right-wing para-police and. Para- `,military.squads to-roam the cities and 1countryside, dispensing street justice; _ Some key congressmen, such as. Rep.. Edward Koch eD-N.Y.), would like to cut off military aid to Argentina as a gees- . ture of U.S. concern. U.S. law states that i this can be done, if a country demon- -j strates a "consistent pattern" of "gross violations" of auman rights-But the State Department characteristically has- -objected-.that a"consistent pattern" of. abuse_must still be proved. -Responds.,-Koch: "Bold 'steps are needed;'to . tnprei_s. the Argentine gov- ernment that.iis'gra.ce-period is over." At least dimly;-.-those..wh.a-13elieve the United States"slould-promote democra- cies; not. dictatorships, are being heard.. Approved For Release 2005/07/01 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000700060127-8