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December 22, 2016
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February 4, 2009
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August 29, 1982
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In the middle of a snowy night in 1942,., an FBI ~~ent slipped Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 into a U5 Army barracks at Fort Ethan Allen; Vermont, and tiptoed. down an aisle of sleeping recniits~Stopping a~ one bunk, the FBI man gently shook one.of the. soldiers awake and . ,. -- showed him his bad~e:~ -:. `. ,: _: -_ - - - . _ . ~. ....~ uivu~n ne never-. Taduaced trom~.: ..w you o~_ or yourcountry -._ t e man as a .. a g ~.. ...,,.,_; ooilege.:~ rind he. beeame? one o? the :--rlnVthing, the~sleepY~,soldie=~.repl~ed. ~ :-? ~ ~.:- ~~' countrp~s~ inost m st d di l a - _ _ i e ; p om ts be- -. Thus begsn what~Lieutenani~ General Vernon t?t.. Walters fore he .had spent a~ day ~n the State would describe .years. later-as- "my.- first_ intefli epee ~assi a' D`~m?'t or aa..hous . as... a wa1F. . ? g .. g... Street Iawyer -- the usual route to the: ment," a~-riission to infiltrate a group of Nazis spies broadcast= diploroaac service...._- . ~ - ing to German submarines From the nearby Stowe ski area:- - ~ . ~'~~ speaks at least eight lap- ~+Val~e~s was president of the ski. club at the tinny base;. he had g"a'~eS' t~yb` ruore Wtthim those .gg ,.. e:ghc are many dialects hz . is said m.;1 been- educated.. is Europe and spoke - ~ ~~~Walters aides turned down repeat- ~,, have mastered- It is. repotted that he ;~ German. .. ~ ~ ed: requests for ~ interviews with him. ~~ ~~ to slip into a country unan- "I performed this mission to the satisfaction of the FBI," he recounted in his mcraoirs, Secru .I'lsssiobs. pub- lished is 1978. "Later they were to send mr a crypciglIy worded letter of commendation. It arri~?ed at the baital- ion nvo or three days before I was to leave to go to Officers Candidate "~ School. I tho~:ghr that it weuld do mr much more geod co receive it there than ac 'Fort Ethan .Alen and. ar- ranged to have it strategically delayed a Fcw tiveeks." ' Today, after thim-Four years in the US Army and afour-year stint as . deputy direcior of the Central Incrlli- gence .~genc~?, ~i~'alters is one of the Reagan administration.'s most impor- tant foreign policy officials, a kind of Lone Ranger for the new "quiet diplo- coney." But Walters has also become the mystery man of .-~rneriran Foreign. polio, avoiding the congressional spotlight, refusing on-the-record inter- vic~vs with journalists, and constantly traveling the world for behind~ioseci- doors meetings with. presidents, dicta- tors, and revolutionaries. "It just makes his job more difficult," one of diem explained. "He tikes to move around discreetly." "He works alone," retired CIA of- ficer Dino Brugioni, a Walters admi~- er, says. "But .when he goes out, he's prepared. He doesn't do anything in a halfway fashion. He s a real pro." Since joining the State Department as ambassador at large early in the administration, 'Walters has secretly been a key back-channel emissary to Zaire, Kenya, Morocco, Cevion, India, Nepal, :angola, El Salvador, :~rgenti- na, Zambia, and other countries. He has been a key participant in sensitive negotiations over Central America, the Falklands, and -Southern ,gfrica. In March, he slipped off to Havana for a four-hour chat with Fidel Castro. "Hell, he probably just took out his American Express Gold Card and rented a plane in Miami," says Miles Frechette, head of the State Depar~- ment's Cuba desk, with a laugh. "Of rnurse," he ttir wall ~ of . my office a color' photograph showing the :vieaF~ through the window of I !; ~tny home to Flocuda.. is was is a beautiful view showing. the_ ~' alters was called. be-- :ore the committee? ro tell about White House efforts to enlist him in the Watergate . owerup: Hr had been appointed deput~r di- rector of the CIA by Nixoa only a .few months earlier. is ~taith 1472. H- R. Haldeman trees and the titian at Palm Beach. When peo-`~ ~ plc asked me vr~hat tit was. I told tlLeai that:vcu ., what was .waiting if anyone: squerrrre+d me too. . hard: _ -: and )G leh his office." - ::.=~: ~'=... '~::Waltea' adnurers like to-reooiiat.ahisYparc of the saor~ .. Their usually forgei -:the-fuller ao- comics by Dean, Eriichmanr'and 'Haldeman, - which arr not as flattering: to Wallas. Yet it is. chr omiss~on~ *~* .would seem ro explain why . the .Reagan administration would ailist him is "highly secret tasks and why Mixon remains a F. close friend:: '?= -.. . `? The rccacd sfiov~s that Walter did cs~ down the request -the second time,' whey it came from Dean, who refused to.put it in writ- ing. The first time he was asked, however - by Haldeman -Walters went straight to FBI director.I:. Patrick Gray.. "I told him that?I had come from the White House and that ~I was aware of his talk with [CIA director Ric-hard] Helms on the ~ previous derv " Walters writes , , and -John Erlichmaa thought_ I ~ `.`and while investigation of this matter in Vie:c- Walters could be ~ counted ~ ico had not vet touched agency projects,'mn- upon to turn off the FBI invr~-. '- ? ~ tinuation of it there might expose some assets. . rigation- into ftmds laundered--,~.:: -Walters' recounting of the affair leads one ~ through Atexico City for the ~. to believe he was naive.and misled. "I had been I Committer to Re-Elect the i in Washington for six weeks at this point and President. _ ~ is simply did "not occur co roe chat the Chief of 1 ~. Friends and admirers of Staff to the President might be asking me to do tiValters remember the affair -something that was iIIegal or wrong." But at as his shining moment, one ' this. point in his career, Walter had been en- that illustrates his superior .~f gaged in. various intelligence operations for character , ~ and integrity. He I more than thirt}r ~ ears. - had refused to turn off the ~ - .' - : ~ i FEI and pay hush money to alters had been close to events dur- the Cuban burglars.. ~ ~ ing the overthrow of Mossadegh in Dena] Iran, the U-2 affair, and the CIA's ~ "I ? looked [John _ , - f right in the eye and said, war against Fidel Castro. And in 1964; he was j `F'u-e everyone connected. with ; -the US military. attache in Brazil during the j ~ this,';'-':~..Walters recalls. in his miiiiary ooap that ousted Joao Goulait; the Last ~ ~ book.- "He. was startled and . civilian. head of state in Brazil.. - then hr said in a low voice, According, co Walters' account, the United `iVo one- is. going to be fired.' ' _ States stayed clear- of those events, and. he ~ I rhea replied, `Then, 1~Ir. merely reported oa developments. But cop se- ~ cfrr documents declassified in 1976 detail a US Dean, what. is now a small plan, dubbed "Brother Sam," by which-the conventional painful explo- ,navy would step_in if the mup appeared to be _failin~. Five days before the rnup~ the- [,tS am- ~ CD,j\77"~? i Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 bassador. Ito Biaztl, ~ Gordon ~ Lincoln, cabled that the probable new leader would be Walters' friend General Humberto Castello Branco.. Oa the morning after the coup was set in ;motion, according to the docutnears, the two men had breakfast; and Waltet5 urged Casullo ii' Branco to assume the presidency. He did. With overw.helrning support from the rest of the Bra- ziliaa military for his assumption of power, the United Stags called off "Brother. Sam," and the' rmmlitary vices in power. ~- :. _ Walters' pugnacious reaction to criticism of , the US role in the coup. is revealing. "The Communists and their friends see the need to - denigrate those who Gave defeated them," he wrote: in.-1978. "So they spread the word that the Americans were really behind the Brazil- ian,. Chilean, or anv.~:other revolutions they don't like. Unfortunately, many ~ guile-ridden Americans naively believe chem." ~ . Among a closer arcle of friends, however,. Walters attirude ~ toward US covert anion seems to be more. -forthcoming. Ice 1980, he ~ his job was to maintain liaisoa~ on the floor of the Seaate,~and ' with "sister" intelligence secs : ~, .murder dominated tlu vices. news media for week~- " According to a detailed re- i The FBI designated ~ the .port by Wasltin~tou Post mire- j rase ~ "a special," meaning it spondent MarLse Simons is ~ had mp priority for its offices . 1975, the US-and Brazilian in- ; aro~d?~world. Eleven'daps telligence services cooperated ~'. assistant US Attorney CIOSCIy rII Lhe Chilean effOR ~~ Stanley Porringer con- In addition, according to the i v~ a meeting with federal ` Senate committee charred by 4 p~~tor Eugene ' ProPP~ Frank Church that investigat- ~ : aced CIA director. George eel those events, the CIA may ! . Bush; who- pledged oDOpera :have provided the new Chi ~ ~. ~ the iavesugation- lean secret police formed after ~ V1Tthin hours of ~ that ~ the coup -known by iu as meeting, however, there were ronym DIVA - with a "hit ,! _ Ieaks- Both the Nero Yor.E list" of oppoaems of the new .~ .Trines and Netvsmeelr reporud regime. Between three thou- that US iatelli~a offi~,y sand and' five thousand were ~ had "ruled out4 aaoy involve- murdered, according to the ~ meat of the Chilean secret . -best estimates.. Thousands po rT`cr is tfie assas~at~n. for inert ~ic~nr,r~rr.i._.,.... si.~ " .nnn.i.e' ~nr __~~~ untry rot leads and carne coldduiutav of inulli ease insiders. Then~he I JA But a crucial. event tying i. up empty-handed, Whew, after .. ?_q.. - -. -__-. _ .~g _ . ~ ~ together . Walters and the i a year, they had f inn grounds said: I DINA was the -September to suspect at least one Chilean There are those who wilt say that trying to influ- ence events or opinion in another country is im- moral. But no one can deny that the first .duty of any official personae! in another country is to increase the number and importance of the friends of their own country. In fact, it has been sand that diplomats during their service in a foreign mun- - cry should be judged by the measuie in which they have increased the number of their coun- try's friends and de- creased the number of its enemies. Morality does not require that friend- ships and the efforts to gain them be broadcast to our enemies. It is Walters' close. rely tionship with the secret police of. Chile that has left the dark- est cloud over his reputation. At the time the United States encouraged the Chilean mili- tary to overthrow the elected socialist government of Salva- dor Allende Gossens, Walters was deputy CIA director, and 1976 car-bombing murder in i agent had been involved, they Washington of Orlando Lete!- ~ still failed ro find any Ameri_ ier, a former Chilean diplomat ~ run official who would come ` then is exile. According co authoritative accounts of the case, Walters was drawn into the efforts of Chilean assassins to come to the United States on their mis- sion. to kill Letelier. To this day, federal invesrigators to- main puzzled as to why the deputy CIA director did not volunteer information rhea that might have led directly and quickly to the suspects. (See sidebar, page 50.) " Tfie Letelier a4~~**+ation was no obscure event. His car was blown up as he drove through the heart of Wash- : ington's Embassy Row in . morning rush-hour traffic As a former ambassador to the United States from Allende's Chile, moreover, Letelier was a highly visible and seriously regarded leader of the Latin exile community, with influ- ential contacts from -Capirol Hill to the World Bank. Within hours of his death, memorials to him were .read ure co forward with information. By this time, Walters was irr reti:+enneat, writing memous at his Florida beach house- 'T'here is ao mention in them of the I.etelier case, Walters was eventually in- terviewed about the af3~air by federal investigators, "as a pot tential witness ' for the proso- cvtion, one told us, not as a target of the investigation. "He was not asked, `W fiv. . ~'t you come forwardi'' That was not our intent or interest," said the federal offi- cial: "If you ask me if I ~' thought about it, sure I did." The official had spent tawny hours discnssing? the case in exchange for anonym- ~a~vrnv~ -~~--~-~-i Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 - A ? Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 ity. "Vernon. Walters," he fi- ~wattezs can ta11r to nay is I976 and the election of"( Wally concluded, "did not ob- ~ taxi drives with Dotal sim- Ronald Reagan were rocky :, struct justice. Could he _ have ( ph?~ ~ ~ h?ma?ity" ones .for US-Calm American ~~ Kraemer said is his thick Gee-. relations. Carter appointees i. come fo ri'watdl That's another ,man aaceat. "For me; to think such as Patricia Detiaa, who ~- qu~ Na " s~ a ~ w o I of him as ? degu ~ diirector of !headed the State Department's 1 has known Walters four thirty ~ CIA is very di~ceilt." Thry? human rights bureau, took years,-shakiag^ his head: "He had ~ in 1951, Kraeaner ;their chiefs rhetoric seriously said, when both worked for ~ ~ aad~ unleashed a toireat of , wvuida t come forward oa General C. Marshall ' i ~ ~ at America's som like that. It's not ~gOe'~~ his way y ' But, the mesa quick on the postwar recovery plans I I traditioml Iattn friends. who, ly adds, "He was ready to that ~ bore his name. i for the most part, were Pears- - testify to a Senate committee Kraeemer wear. oa co become a gon~supported military dicta- y that L,etelier was a Commu-- seai,~ politico-military analyst ~ tors. With the White House ,* is the Defense ~ nisi agent. He said he would..., ~rn~ (supporting congressional arms sad he takes eedit far "dig- evao$s to Chile, Argeatirra, U( Saoording to the testimony o - Bering? Henry Kissinger as and Guatemala, US-Latin. re- tor ~ ~- a.19-year-Did Army private. lations, in the midst of a hig- per, allegations popular ea _ ??~ngQ must have sup- tone. shift, deur3oraced. that Letdier ( rttd; his beconein d u was a Cnbaa-concnollec! "agmt+ p? ? g CP t}' ~ On the. campaign trail,. of influence" are aomplesely I director of CIA, Kiaemcr mused. "Its always said Nat= ~d later is the White House, unfounded.) the Reagan team was deter- oa made him that beu it's mined to ~~ ~ ~~ of t~ great fellow," fo I highly unIilcely it would have chat ~, Blaming Carter for met CIA diracsor. i happened without Kissinger s the collapse. _of the Somoza William Colb sa ~ c~a approval dictatorship m Nicaragua and { Y ~ 1 In 1969 Nton sad Kissia- ~ fires of revolution crack- of Walters. "His greatest asset ; had made their deasion is his integrity." In the lan- i ~ ling through Central America, gua~e of the intelligence fees- , to seek the historic opening the Reagaa~ team decided to i to Communist China. At the fernery,. this may be translated draw a political line is El as silence.. However, several I ~~ ~~' they hO~ co get Salvador sad restore hemi~ ` acquaintances, admirers of i ~~~ oa~track ~initiatin I Pheric alliances with military ~ i outsider. evil to thsuiI~ ~ ~~ tailcs with L~e Duc Tho r~Alexaader Haig, the new ~. I Walt Bence fraternity. "Not once ; ~_~ miliciry. attache in Secretary of State, "had bees I since he left the ? agr~cy ~ advano s~ both camps out of touch for fire years" [CIA]," says. Aag~elo Codevil- f and subsequently to handle when he took office, Fritz la, a member of the Reagan ; the extraordinarily sensitive ~~ said. "So he reached transition team at CIA, "has ; logistics for Kissinger's secret out for people he worked with the agency invited him back fps to France Kissinger and ;before" -like Walters. He~' for anything. Not for a cerr Nixon praised his perform- ~ thought for a moment before mono, not for a dinner,. not ante in their books. ~ adding, "I cannot imagine ; f~oirna seaiinar~ bn~ gbe, an~ -- "I rnuld always send~him i any CIA people would have plained by one word - out to tallc to someone his + ~ recommended [Walters] nor later boss at the CIA, William [would anyone] in the Army. , `soaai.' He is not a member of _ Colby, commented. "And I.. i By a process of elimination, it the club. He is not social" was Iiai 's idea." " never had to worry about I g ' In the CIA, he probably him doing something on his If so -and no one with disliked being part of such a own." Under Colb and later direct knowledge would rnin- big administrative machinery," y' i says Fritz Kraemer, a Iifelon ~~~ Schlesinger sad Bush, meet - Walters appoint- i frirnd. Kraemer and, his wi a Walters ~apparentiy becime meat got an important lift tailed of ~italters for ~a few the CIA s chief liaison to from the oince of North Caro- hours _. in their ~Vashin n friendly foreign intelligrnce Iina Senator Jesse Helms, who ~? services, had assumed the chairman- i Koine while a summer than- I derstorni drenched the side- The four years between ship of the Senate Submmmit walks outside. They both used Walters' retirement to Florida affectionate, even reverential ' terms to describe him. Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 tee on Latin America. A close . iliaauicluded?? ~aa:~ Aigeaetnr. "and there ~~:.-a.lot of back= { friend of Walters is John.Car- ( pledge for more`aid to El SaI-? slapping between him and ' bough, then Helms' foreign ~ valor and US help for Buenos [former president] Romeo Lu ?' f poltyy aide and a .kry aar~"~ Aires' nuclear ~p=ogram if it cos. Garcia. They went into sruon official at the State 7 signed the .nonproliferation the palace and talked for . a Department. Carbarrgh con- i treaty. The diplomatic ro- few hours, and I'm sure firms that he strongly favored ~ raance came town abruQt halt Walters thought that all he'd. Walters' appoiaameat. ~ when the Uniud Stasis tilted need m do to gee the. Gun Almost immediately, hovw ~ toward the United Kingdom temalan army to stop murder- ever, Walter' colt in the ad- .i in the Falklands dispute:. ing peasants was to have a lio- ~ In May 1981, Walters . tle friendly chat. The Reagan ministration drew prowcative notice. In February, he arrived. I stopped is Guatemala on his administration clearly wanted is Buenos Aires on the start of i rounds to Patch up relations to~ restore aid to Guatemala, . a full Flank effort by the ad ? .~ ~ traditional Latin allies., It. ~: liut their need Lucas Garcia to ministration m rally. su was here that the Carter ~ clean up-his act somewhat." t , PPS-~~ human ri hcs li had b-~ .::- for the admiaistrauoo s case g Po cy Pro ..The official leaned for- in El Salvador.. Argentina, in ` ably reached ,its nadir. After ward and played with a pencil ' the administration's plan, was- i an ~~~ of name~alTrag- oil. the? cop of his uncluttered co be the US surrogate, foster= ~ in-1977, Guatemala's milirac}- ? desk is the Srau Department. , ing resrstancc to subversion in :dictator had told Jimt~' Car` ' ``Sa Walters told him; general Central America. The emerg- .ter. where he .could suck his ~ to general* that he'd have to enteau prodoked~ch- ~ arms. sales and stonily turned make things look.. better. or his back on the North. The Con would never let o errng. protest here and moved .~ . ~ g Argentine Nobel laureate ~ repression is Guatrnrala, ex- ~ Puy strings: And Lucas ' treme even by the standards Garay smiled and said ev Adolfo Perez Esquival to rr . ~y'~ lease an open Terror to Press ~ ~ ~ - of Central America, continued thing would be all right, and: ff~ to worsen: In a nine-month he and Walters shook han dent Reagan denouncing -the ? ~+ visit. _ .~ j penod spanning the election of and that was that." The oFl'i- ~ Relations between Argen-: ' Ronald Reagan and Walters' ~ leaned back in his chair tiny and the United Scales ~~ m Guatemala, for ex- with a broad, tight smile. He ; continued to improve Dues the. ample, rightist death squads .did not need co add that the following months, while evi- financed by businessmen and killing bad not stopped rn dente mounud that' Buenos ~ prrnected by, if nor part of, Guatemala. "Vernon Walters Aires had been recruiud to ' the military, .murdered seventy- may be a great linguist,,, he help efforts to topple the San- ~ six Proinacial, national, and said. "gut he's not much of ~ dinist government in Nicrra- I town leaders of the Christian diplomat." gun, as well as to aid military Democrat Pam'' Ia Chile, Waiters called efforts against Salvadoran reb- "There :~ will br~ human such a polity "constructive els. Increasingly, moreover; rights ~ problems in the year 'ambiguity." The occasion was Walters and his counterparts 3000 with the governments of a January 1982 gathering of in the Argentine mditary were Mars and the Moon, Walter's the Association of American ` being portrayed in Buenos said in Guatemala. "Their are Chambers of Commerce in Aires as the real policymakers, some problems that are never Latin America, held in Santr- operating outside them mun- resolved. One has to find a so- .ago. Probably no other mill- tnes' foreign policy bureaucra- lution that respects a being's ; m~, regime had sufFered such ties. For example, while Ar- right to live v~nthout fear. But ~ humiliation under Jimmy Car- gentine foreign minister Oscar ~ ~ I see it, the best way to do ter as that of General .Augusto ; Camilion came to Washing- that is not to impose the ideas pinochet Ugarte, especially ; ton for an o$'idal visit is Au- , : of one naaoa on top of an- ~~ the. regime had refused gust 1981, Walters, one of the other." to extradite top seater police administration's key Latin af: Walters said it was--"essen- officials indicted in the Letel- i fairs officials, was rn Buenos ~ tial" co "earn the confidence ier murder. But Walters fore- Aires for secret talks with Ar- ~ of the- .people and get rid. of. ~ cast a new era of friendship. gentine officers. ! the guemllas who are against ...In his luncheon. address, On that trip, according',to liberty." He added, "You have ~ ~ the London-based? Laths Amer- to answer military attacks ~ ,Cat1TIINa.E~1 gran lYakly; Walters negoti- i rurlrtanly" ated an eight-point secret ; "He came down here," re- agreement with Argentina ,. ~ called a former high-ranking US diplomat. in Guatemala, Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Walters addressed the attitude of? the Reagan - administration Toward. human' rights viola- ' applauded _ Hons. The United States, he said, should .deal with them "quietly and privately, the way you deal vrtth a naghbor who is doing something out of line.'.' The delegates heartily n April 20, 1982, a reporter in E1 Salves- dot placed a call co 'the US ~ Embassy inquiring about Verson Walters' rrr moved arrival in the country: The answer later came back:. "The person who is not hen ?,~ _ refuses to see von...: =- ::, John Carbaugh `_ aide - co Setra~or Jesse Helm4, chairman. of the Senate Foreign Rely bons Subcommittm on Latin America, _ arrived the same day. His mission was to talk rightist leader Roberto D'Au- buisson, just elected president. of the new Constituent Assem- bly, Taco cooperation with the C~+ristizn Democrats. (D'Au- buisson, once . a Salvadoran army major, was described by former US ambassador Robertt White as "a cold-blooded, pathological killer.") Walters spent the crucial, post-election days is El Salves-. dot twisting the arms of the military to fort-c the oouatry's ~vamng righasts and Chrts- flan Democrats into what one j observer called "a shotgun rn~rriage-? A !titer to Salves doran politicians from the US Embassy had warned that re- spect for human righu sad re- tention of the land reform program were essential . for continued US aid: Bur the rightist coalition victory in the elections had threatened all chat. The American game plan for El Salvador was on the verge of falling apart. Within weeks, the rightist- dominaced Constituent As- sembly Ie7isIated the rollback iEcF STi:h..y FORMER US nR:.fY !`dT=_LS.IGENC3 r'ASE CFF:G'~. i5 A ~VASH'.tiG CN, G.C.. _S??0~2 r""OR T?~E ?.4Cv,7%`:ilYc MAGAiNE. . ,~- - _ o.~:ne land reform -program. ~ mark on fo:~,a policy. We~ In the countryside, rightist : no longer walked quietly and death , squads? considered to ; tamed a big stick, he to- have the pmcection of the mil- ~ ~~+ "We speak. striderdy ~. nary resumed. the svstearanc..; sad carry a boomerang." assassination of. Christian ~ . 'To thr Reagan team, the Dacaocrauc officials and town ' -loss. of Somou is Nicaragua maw [n effect; D'Aubuis- ~ and the enmity of the generals son had pulled off through ! ia- Chile, Argentina; and. Gun: the elections- what he had ~ tema>a is the Carper years had failed' to do br forte of arms during the Carter administra noti: a coup d'etat;. The mili- - Lary, fronted ~ by a Yegaily elecud rightist party, was .. back ~ is power. . Oa Capitol Hill, Senator. .Charles Percq, the Republican been a dcfeat :~fot the United States.- Peasant crvolts in El Salvador and the rest of Cen= i:ra! America were, in their _~. mind; a direct tzsult of Cuban `meddling. "I wrould be less than truthful,". Walters whin-~ - teered _:. at -his . aonfirmatioa -chairman. of the Senate For--' ~~ ~ 1981, "if I did- not.: dgn Relations Committee, ~y'~---'that I clunk the. real'.: vowed .that "not ,one cent" ~'u'Q' to chase iasurrecrioas- would go to EI Salvador un? ; lies is ~ttcaiagtra and Cuba: teas land reform was resumed.: and our broader relationship. Ia . the Houses liberals deci_ ~ with the Soviet I.Tnion." In mated Reagaa's military and ~ stead ~ being sues as a long requests.. overdue revolt of the impov~- th ~j enshed n il Af - i o , e c r war ter two months n El. f ."quiet diplomac)r" in' El Sal--; Salvador was placed squarely vador, the Christian Demo? on the East-West chessboard. crass had been routed, the ~ WKkly verbal rhunderbolts? rightists- had ~ gained power i ~'~ loosed at Cuba from thr but Foifei~ed Capitol Hill, and ', Scam ~P~t " the rebels were again oa the offensive. On January 20, 1981, the Reagan administration put its grip oa American foreign poi- ; Try with great confidence. As Ronald Reagan raised his This man really under~~ stands things," .his friend Fritz Kraemer sought to ex plain, groping for just the right words, "such as the un- importance of raereiv human `: approval or suaoess. While. he-~ . hand to take the presidential I is quite happy with decors- oath on the steps of the US ~~ bons and ~. he tcnows that+. Capitol, Jimmy Carter flew off i~ that is not reality. to Germany .to welcome home ~ "He is, you know, quite a _ the hostages from Iran, an religious man,,' Kraemer con- t event which .for many symbol-~ _ ~~- "He is almost a mys--~ ized the disasters and humili- tic He is is permanent coo- ' anon. of the past four years. ~ non, but because he has re- The new President promised I Iigioa as an anchor, he will i an era of "quiet diplomacy" a~~' be empty, He finds ... to repair the damage. ~i consolation to his religion . ~ By the summer of 1982, in the midst of the wa* between Argentina and Britain, fonner US ambassador to El Salvador a~arnst the misery of the time.. It makes him always hope- ful." There- was another .~ Robert White was able to "Walters,'; Kraemer add-=: quip at a Washington confer- tt1, "is never depressed. Hey ence that the Reagan adminis- ~ carries an inner certainty that- traltion had certainly put its -_ bas nothing to do with this ~=world." - - ? . '~ Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 ~i2f~lON WALTEilS AND DEA7i-I OP ORLANDO LEiELI E; ,.: July Z, 1976, as the :date for his retirement as-depury.direccor of the CIA,. but: a. troublesome: mattes ia:: Paraguay recurred .his~~ pe:soa-. i a! atteatiott:_,;The Paragvap~at: i chief of detectives: had'`:wiccm~: eyed - a.:,Qr1~ iaformaaEiar the country- and` had. ~thr'owa~ him - in_j~l;-hopi~-to-use hisprizr as ieveragr against the:Ameri` .can Embassy The- US amlias-- sador;. `George -Landau:. had. feted ~ his: =CIA `station chief over the inadeat, and the situ- ~,, ation .. was :`` a: ~ mess.: Walters flew to~Asuncion. - - - Georbe Landau..had 'other probletas as =well. President ;Alfredo ~Stroessner's closest: aide had' called- him ~ earner wish an urgent request: He wanted the US Embassy to is- sue visas to twa Chilean secret police agents who--would be traveling co the United States on False Paraguayan P~P?~- It had to be donr?immediato- , _ y ly. President Augvsto : Dino- under the driver's seat- Two - - - - --..days:. later, as Letelier wove through rush-hour traffic along Washington's Embassy Row, chatting with two mmpatr ions, the bomb was detonated by remote control Leselier, his legs blown off, was almost instantly killed. Ronni Karpen Moffitt,. 25,. a research assoc- . ate at the Institute for Policy Studies,.. bled rn death on the . sidewalk. Her husband,. Vii- - d2aei; escaped serious injury.-: The ~ Chilean agent who (.had masterminded the assassi- nation :was. 1rlichael .Vernon made the request to his fellow: -: of z: Fold Motor Company - South Amerttaa dictator: Lan- atetviive~ izi Chile. He was one.' dau: asked for morr tnomet- = . -.- , of. the two- men. sear tv-Aeon- _. Don't:. worry;: Scroessner s:: cioa 6or false Pa9sports and US . aide said:~Everychiag has been:, = visas.. Ir would: _talceahe= FBT*;: taken cue of The CIA knows ~ " ts~-o'years ia; find."andv,antist _-ageats~_will repo~directhr. o? =',`~ ~~Tdioexbaustivebooks~and` ? _ Vernoa'Wahrrs as=-soon ' as seireal :' actidn = bavr= dosel p'~- -.they -.arrive - ia? .Washington:- .:~~?++:?+ed..thr:~eveats~of'juiy-~: I ' ? e - ~ e t s ait b es arrang d: - _ .. - ~ Augt6t in:Asuacoa _aad. Verb= August 1976 would ~~..r~ a - '?' ~-`~~ ~.. ~~~; : rntical importance a:few-years Rom. an investigative: account inter. What had been set in coauthored by R~av6iagtos Pbu motioQ:. in the Paraguayan. cocrespondeat John . Dinges capital were the first steps is and Saul Landau, a colleague 'the plot no assassinate Chilean of I.eielier's at the Institute for- diplonsat and exile. leader Or- Polity Studies, was published .. Lando Letelier. Oa the evening !ia- 1980: =This: year, .the .US - of September 19, 1976;: one of prosecutor in ..:diargr ~ of the -the. men. who had rnme" to case. Eugene Dropper, assisted-, Asunaon from Chile 6o get. a ~ by Washington author Taylor false Passport crawled under. _,..published his. own_ Letelier's car in Washington aaooei~ I~Lyrinrh.~ From these and strapped a baking.: tta and additional interviews with packed anrh plastic.explasrves key o$'icials, it:.can be con- to the -undereamagc - dir eeiI eluded that. Vernon -Walters - was. well informed -that - a major-.Chilean- secret. police . operation is the United Smtes ~ was being planned and that Waiters never came forward . to offer his knowledge to Fed- ~ eras prosecutors... As- the years Passed, in addition, it. would. ~ become apparent that Wattets: j had a dose relationship -with . the head of the Chilean secret police who planned the. I.etel-: ier hit; Colonel Manuel Con-- tress; and had- not told- Imes- tigatocs of his meetings with . him-- is _ Washington-- in the .,~ - -. Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5 days just before the assaei- Cnation. ;Waltas has stradfasdy refused w comment on these, _ allegations. "He does not give on-the-record interviews," ac cording .co Lea Martiny, an aids At the heart of the matter 'I are the cables US ambassador Georga landau sent to Wal? ~ errs from ~ Asuncion describing the pressure put on him by Paraguay to~ issue visas to thr Chilean aggents. -The Para- guayan officsal applying the _ P~~ was .Comtrado Pap- paIardo, aclose associate- of President Stroessaer, and it was Pappalardo whom. Wal= tors visited to untangle the mess caused by the CLA in- `? formant's capture. "He got on famously with the Paraguayans,'.' Branch and Propper wrote, "telling Pap- palardo and other officials countless stories about how 6e had outwitted the Commu- nise in subterranean battles all over the world, The ugly controversy over the Para- guayan spy seemed to dissolve ~n the warmth- of the camas- ( derie between Walters and his hosts." At the airport, the deputy CIA director and Pap- . palardo exc}}anged private telephone numbers and parted with vigorous embraces. Landau, ever the prudent diplomat, had been leaving messages for .Walters about . the Chilean agent ploy and had sent photostats of the two phony passports to him . is Washington, asking for in-' structions. Using CIA cable channels, Landau at one point asked Walters whether the re- quest for visas vas all part of a quid pro quo arrangement on the spy scandal. The weeks went by without a response _. `~ ~ ~ ~ Acisooll rteornmended that from CIA headquarters. ~ the table be turned over to Oa August 4, Walters fi- "the FBI, but the rabic and ~allrr replied. He inderated no ~ his memo lay buried is State fitmt7iuicy with the Chilean ~. Department files for more scheme and said there reason the agency should meet with the Chileans is Wash- in He advised Landau to inform his State Departmea~ superiors. Oa August S, ambassador I:andau stiffly informed Pap- palardo that the visas were canceled and asked for the re- turn of'the passports. It would. not be until October 29 - a maath after the Letelier murder - that thry were returned, with . the photos ripped out. . -The cables between. Lan- than a year after the Letelier murder. Meanwhile, FBI agents '~ soaured the world for leads on a tall,. blond Chilean who had been seen in the company of Cuban exile terrorists. FBI agents arrived within moments of the explosion that ripped through I.ctelier's car ;in Sheridan Circle. Blood. ~~ splattered the street. ~ The stench of burned flesh sick- erred rescue workers. Michael Moffitt, his face black with soot, corned from his dying wife on the sidewalk and accosted FBI agent Carter dau and Walters were hot Cornick. "It was DINA, the property inside the State Dr ~ goddamned fascists!" Moffitt partment aker .the L.etelier murder. It . had immediately been apparent to officials there that there could be a rnnnection ,between the Para- and the assassi- nauoa. Oa October 15, 1976, the State Department's Chile desk ofliox, Hobert Driscoll, .wrote ~a memo to John Keane, head of rite American Republic Affairs section. "The General Walters conaectioa may or may not be important," Dris- coll wrote. "Besides Scroess- ner, CoL Manuel Contreras considers himself a bosom buddy of the General, I think the FBI should know. The General is an old hand. _ He can take care of himself." Driscoll went on to worry about the appearance of a mvernp. ( "If the fact that we ,had intentionally withheld informs oration on the Letelier investi- ieaxs.. in my ~uagment, we '; I run grater risks if we appear screamed, using the Spanish acronym of the infamous Chil- ean secret police. Neither Cot nick, nor the Washington police, Hoc prosecutor Eugene . ?topper had ever heard of the DINA. No one aware of t_he Para- guayan events tame forward that day; nor did information -on what was buried in State Department files and at the CIA come into Propper's hands until October 1977: After untying the Paraguayan mess and handling Landau's queries from Asuncion, . Ver- non Walters had retired to his Palm Beach home. "~Vhv didn't Walters come forward?" asks a key official I in the Ixtelier ~ investigation. "I don't know. The only per- ~ son who knows the answer to those questions is Vernon Walters." ~ gation became public, we ~ would be subject to a storm of } criticism," he observed: "I ter i ognize that we run the risk of ~,,~ __. ~ Approved For Release 2009/02/04 :CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130001-5