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December 22, 2016
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February 4, 2009
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February 1, 1981
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Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B001 34R000400130009-7 VOTHER JONES 0151 PAGE _..__ Feb./March 1981 T he morning after the Re- publican election victory, Louis. Wolf went to 'work as usual in the National Press Building, a few blocks from the White House. Bleary-eyed from the long election night; Wolf bought coffee at the take- out counter in-the. lobby and, i with 'an armload of newspa pers, slipped into the elevator` crowded with reporters for the five-floor ride to his office.' . By::four o'clock 'that after- noon;- the!?slirn' 40-year-old man began- pasting strips of copy on layout'..sheets for his publication. On the strips were names-names of Central In- telligence Agency undercover officers in American embas- sies around the world.' - - Lou Wolf has. been exposing the identities of CIA agents for about five years now. He and?. his associates.-Washington". D.C.,, William Schaap. and filmmaker- Ellen . Ray=have; with the help of renegade for= mer CIA agent Philip Agee, ripped the ,cover off more than 2,000 officers in the 'pages of their journal, Covert Action In- formation Bulletin; and in two books: Dir- .ty Work l: the CIA in Western Europe and Dirty Work 11: the CIA in Africa. The CIA,-.and now the-Congress, has labeled these.four.people everything from traitors to Russian agents- But for the past five years;. legislation to put them out of business has been stymied by a wobbly congressional .concern for. the +First Amendment=.and by revelations 'during .the-.'70s of CIA misdeeds-dossiers on American, citizens,, assassination at- tempts, the set-up of the coup in Chile. But now; times have changed. On. the congressional:-docket is the Intelligence Identities-Protection Act, . which would make it a crime punishable by three years in jail -and a $10,000 fine to publish the names of CIA personnel, even ifthe infor-. mation has: been -gathered from- public Prospects for the bill's passage were `' favorable even in last year's Democrat- controlled Congress.. They have been ad- vanced immeasurably by.:the November defeat of half a dozen key liberals and by the' rantings of groups like the Heritage Foundation, demanding that Congress act on "domestic terrorists." The bill's prob- able passage this year will set the stage for a classic First Amendment showdown with unpredictable. results. In the months ahead; the Intelligence Identities Protec- tion Act and the constitutional issues raised by-it-just what can journalists re- veal about the CIA-may prove an impor-. tint indicator of the' Reagan administra- tion's real interest in restricting free speech and progressive political debate... Bill Schaap put it succinctly: "For more than a year now, we've been saying to the press that there's no such thing as a bill against us and not against you." And as Schaap has pointed out.again and again. there are clearly unconstitutional aspects to the act. Under: the legislation, it would be illegal not only to publish the names of agency critics. CIA personnel gathered from -public I Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B001 34R000400130009-7 - sources but also to. publish names of federal informants' undercover in an organization -you belonged to. =These thorny free-speech issues were brushed aside when' the Senate considered the bill :? ..:,: ill, this get Agee?" was. -W all- one-senator wanted to ?know`'when 'the Judiciary :'Committee marked up the act. ":'responded .Ted Kennedy, his eyes fixed on the .text'* f the legislation. The bill stalled after passing the com- miftee and will have to be rein- troduced in the current session of Congress... When "getting Agee or "getting Coven Action Infor- mation Bulletin becomes the task, when it is paramount to 'pass legislation aimed not at restricting government infor- mation but at restricting publi- cation of information about =A uncomfortable realities, then we are faced with a constitutional. threat T he CIA has been gritting its teeth, over Covert Action Information, BuI. ~- . letin (and its predecessor. Counterspy,'a publication which continues under differ- ent management) for years, trying unsuc- cessfully through a 'series of propaganda rustle up widespread sup-- port for jailing its.editors. The. problems for the journal began with the murder of Richard Welch. In December 1975, official Washington, and especially the intelligence commun- ity, was in a tumult. Nixon had been top- pled. The Church Committee, the Rock efeller Commissionand the press were dragging. CIA skeletons out of the closet one by one: Cuba; the Congo; Chile; Bra= zil; Guatemala; and Operations Phoenix, MK-ULTRA and CHAOS. Assassina- tion attempts, drug testing, mail openings, break-iris. CIA efforts to'move covertly into Angola were thwarted by intelligence _ :..- -- rnuaueipma ousnca..afl11I.7, we ww .uwug LU LULuc u[ Italnuig conscientious objector. and had joined In- names-is necessary. Just because the ternational Voluntary Services, a church I Congress has not held public hearings on group, to perform alternate service ( CIA misdeeds for.five years now, the.`: And in a little suit Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B00134R000400130009-7 and Ray agree that ington's Dupont Circle, ::mall group 0(1~ r.c-military intelligence officers had begun:, to publish a journal called Counterspy. In one issue in 1974, they printed the name of a CIA officer in Peru, one Richard Welch. In late 1975, Welch was transferred to Athens as CIA station chief, and Coun- terspy noted the move in its December issue. Two weeks later, Welch was mur- dered;.a took credit?for the,hit...In background briefings, CIA spokesperson Angus Thuermer blamed Counterspy for Welds death. In at short but meticulous review of the Welch affair, which appeared afew weeks kite r' irr:The Washington. Post,. however, former Kissinger aide Morton Halperin badly damaged the C LA s case.. "It was a. classic disinformation -campaign ' Hal- perin.vvrote::The Cl\itself;Halperin i ported, had warnerli-V;elcb. not to move into his house in arr Athens suburb;. a house well-known to-have belonged to a succession of CIA station chiefs. The poli- tical atmosphere in Athens was poiso- nous, with anti-American fever directed largely at the, CIA. Despite a flurry of cables between Welch and CIA headquar- ters at Langley, Virginia,. Welch rejected the advice: _ _" the disinforr-tatirnrcnmpaign was . success,": Halperiin.?note& `?rhe stories filed out of V hingtnn on.Welch's death that night all noted tharhe'had been.listed in Counterspy. None mentioned the CIA warnings to Welch astohis place of resi- de'ce." .-.-Inside, Counterspy,,'a-debate broke out over the best?tactics forthe futur.."Many of us felt we had gotten on the map, and now was the time to ease up," said Harvey Kahn, then a member of the group.'e felt that continuing to name names would just provide easy ammunition for the CIA to attack all its critics, not just us, so, a consensus began to take hold that we should. continue to expose,the CIA's se- cret foreign policy in investigative articles, but not print lists of names.", - It was about the time of the Welch epi- sole that:Ellen.Ray and Bill Schaap re- turned from: Okinawa, where they had been counseling antiwar GIs and organiz- ing workers at the huge Ameri can airbase. Counterspy seemed. a logical place for them to go to work..: ' The debate over tactics inside Counter spy had badly- split the staff. "A lot of 'people were. saying that they ' wondered about naming names," Ray. remembers. -,.Arose who the confrontation al approach were leaving. Ray. and Schaap favored. such. tactics and eventually took among the peasants of Laos. From 1964 to I 1967; Wolf tried to bring reading, rice and well-digging skills to the Meo and other Laotian peoples. But his anger grew as the daily barrage of napalm and B-52 block- busters brought rural Laos into the war in Southeast Asia and blew off the map the villages Wolf had worked to build. -.::. In 1973, two years before Welch's mur- three say, and just because the press has generally retrenched on the intelligence and intervention issues does not mean that covert U.S. penetration of the Third World has come to a halt. As Wolf says, "The most provocative thing is not what we do, but what the CIA does." 9 ' his past July.2, Lou Wolf, at a press der, the U.S.-backed military coup I conference in Kingston, Jamaica, crushed the elected socialist government j named 15 U.S...embassy personnel who, of Salvador Allende in Chile, and Philip he said, were CIA undercover officers Agee, a Jesuit who had been one of the I operating in Jamaica. A few nights later, CIA's most talented case officers, pub- . I lished his book Inside The Company: CIA Diary. Agee's turnabout-from CIA gol- den boy in Latin America, a. dedicated, back-alley cold warrior in the service of America's secret police, to self- proclaimed "revolutionary socialist"- galled the CIA enough to go after him with no holds barred. CIA Diary drained Agee's mind of every agent, code name and cover operation he could remember. Then, Philip Agee and Lou. Wolf met in London in 1975. Wolf was part of a research collective of Americans and Europeans studying the pperations of not only the CIA but British and French intelligence as well. Agee, fac- lug possible U.S. prosecution, was living in England at the time., ;.., .. "Phil's role," Wolf explains, "was not that of a catalyst so much as [a resource]; people came to him with information and asked him what he thought of it. `Is this the way you work? Does this ring true?' And so on. He didn't have as much to do with the gathering of names as the intelli- gence people like to suggest." .. ? . These days, Agee is still trying to avoid prosecution while revealing CIA excesses. Wolf spends most of-his time in the stacks of the National Archives, picking through unidentified attackers' sprayed automatic rifle fire at the home of N. Richard Kins- man, the man Wolf identified as the'CIA station chief, a fact that the CIA has never denied. For two.years, Jamaica had.been trapped in a tightening knot of food short- ages, strikes and violence reminiscent of conditions planned by the U.S. in its se- cret campaign in Chile. At the same time, socialist Prime Minister Michael Manley, who had won a second term in 1976, was fighting an unsuccessf it battle with West- ern-dominated international banks to finance a refitting of the Jamaican econ-- omy by diluting foreign ownership of its -prime export' commodity, bauxite (see "Jamaica's Hot Politics," MJ. Sept./Oct. '80). But, like Allende in Chile in the, 1970s, Manley had to cope with the hostil- ity of the multinational corporations and the coolness of the U.S. government to- ward his plans for democratic socialism. Wolf, Schaap and Ray detected in Jamaica another "destabilization"' cam- paign orchestrated by the CIA. After Wolf's. press conference and the-subse- quent attack on Kinsman's house, more questions were raised about CIA involve- ment in Jamaican politics. ? = "All we know," says Schaap about the .?. rr:..e...n.....r:.7o... '4e rt,.,r ;. l,.r,varl rnm_ Bi hi ' t' c reamer, tracing ...- ograp en as records-of employment'until he notices something a little offbeat: perhaps a man with three years' duty as a "political analyst" at the Pentagon; then, a transfer to the Agency for International Develop- went in Chile during the Allende period; next, a short stint with the Army as a . 'research consultant" in Saigon before the fall; now, a position as aU.S. official in' El Salvador orJamaica. These are sonic of the signs that alert Wolf to a poseur, an undercover,,CIA officer in the ranks of the State Department. All of this is checked attack it was the most silly, bumbling attack one has ever heard of. The family, except for Kinsman, was away on vaca- tion. The reports here said that the house had been bombed. Now the facts of that from Jamaican papers are that in front of the house was a hole about the size of a grapefruit. That was picked up here as a 'bombing.' Do you bomb a house by drop- ping a grenade on the lawn half a football field.away from it?" Schaap adds that Kinsman's first move?was not to call the police -but -to notify the Daily Gleaner, Jamaica's anti-Manley newspaper. . and doublechecked before any names are i revealed. It's slogging; often boring work. charge of the publication. Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B001 34R000400130009-7 Afl Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B001 34R000400130009-7 ley was a vote for Fidel Castro. tion to outlaw the naming'' 't IA agents suddenly found new m'o.aentum and sailed through a complex of House and Senate committees. Wolf says, "There are those who say we should have kept our mouths shut in Jamaica, but it seems to me just the reverse, because the nature and scale of what we discovered there was comparable to Chile." .: . In late October 1980, Michael Manley's party was overwhelmingly defeated at the polls (losing 51 of 60 seats in the parlia- ment) by Edward Seaga's pro-Washing- ton. anti-Havana, business-oriented Ja- maica. Labor Party. I went back to Wolf and asked him to evaluate his actions in light of the election results..-' -'Well, ?I think we got the, idea of CIA intervention into the Western press,"-he said thoughtfully: "And until the election,. I thought-we had helped stem.the tide of forces who supported the CIA. I'm not so sure now. It would of course be absurd to lay. any responsibility for Manley's defeat on. Covert Action Information Bulletin. Vio- lence had-already been-.endemic in Jamaica's polarized political and econom- ic environment, and Seaga had long been pounding the theme that a vote for Man- South . Africa or. Chile or El.-Salvador- .-which isa big public debate now,'' Schaap .says;:::`.you can public issue: ::-.When the CIA is doing it secretly, that kind of debate never occurs. : Time and again the CIA has maintained that it is-not debate it fears, but violence. The agency tells Congress that-revealing the names of agents and their activities sets its people up Eke ducks in a shooting gallery.: In reality, Wolf has found that "better than half' of the CIA officers under cover in U.S. embassies around the . world are. kept in their assignments after they have been named in the Bulletin. When the U.S. gives military aid to . discussion of the CIA. not only to print available details of covert actions d how the agency works but also to nam names, ifthere :is to be open bile the hysteria whipped up'by the anti-Manley propagandists was blown way out of proportion, it is instruc- tive to note that the role Cuba had or might play in Jamaican politics became a : source of heated,debate during the elec- tion. It is the lack of debate here over the United States' continuing involvement in Third World affairs-when our actions are carried out secretly by the CIA-that con- vinces the Bulletin people: it is necessary - ca was manufatj _ d by the CIA ornot- and we may not know until another con= gressional investigation comes along- Covert Action Information Bulletin's re- lentless naming of names still begs that final "What if" question. What if a CIA man or woman were to be murdered by an armed revolutionary group-a group the Bulletin might be sympathetic toward-- subsequent to his or hername popping up- for the first time in the Bulletin? To this question, Wolf, Schaap and Ray respond with cool directness. "We've named thousands of agents so far, and it's never happened," says Wolf. "I'm not saying it can't. But in any event, we are unalterably opposed to assassination of CIA personnel. For one thing, it gives them- a martyr status and sympathy they don't deserve. But the question really is,, was that person hurt because of his or her covert CIA activities in that country, or because of us?" '_- Jeff Stein is the Washingron, D.C., edit oi of The. Progressive and has written. foi numerous publications. ITING"F SUPR-ME t't ua.Bacarwr..'last years- information from being disclneed despite.. ,_ the Freedom of Information Act'(FOIA). Laws recently enacted exempt virtually all'; ' FederaETiadeCcmmrssiortfitas secunty plans and procedures: for nuclear'' power plants_lepebytheNudearRegula ;. I torn Commbsiorr +. ; . The FBI is tobbyuto har d to have its files:! exemptedaswdLThebut usfervorma} be explained in part by a US. district caure! finding that it has been illegally destroying field office files for years in, part: to-avoid :; compliance with FOIArequests and.dam- aae,suits filed bhy~[. outraged citizens.. over! constituttonat rightsviolations.The CIA is: also pushing. for laws to l.eep its mforma non ,secret and the: Departments of De? fensa:and Labor may be-grantedpartial?' FOJA exemptionsunder proposed I trop - -- . tix i ' f The Ralph Nader affiliated Freedom or. Information Clearinghouse has- more inri formation on %i hat Congress Maybe. to this session .. Contact the Clearinghouse at? P.O. ?Box 19367, Washington, D.C.20036; - ?he Campaign for Political Rights has. information about the Intelligence Identi ties Protection Act as well as the FOIA. It is located at. 201. Massachusetts Avenue,.: N.E:, Washington; D.C. 20002.: -- - DeborahBranscum .. Approved For Release 2009/02/04: CIA-RDP91 B001 34R000400130009-7