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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
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October 5, 2004
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October 29, 1977
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Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 DCI/IC 77-6395 MEMORANDUM FOR: Members, Intelligence Definitions Working Group Office of Policy and Planning Intelligence Community Staff SUBJECT: Minutes of 29 November 1977 Meeting 1. A summary of the 29 November 1977 meeting of the Intelligence Definitions Working Group is attached for your information. Also attached is a complete list of definitions approved by the Group to :ate. The most re- cent additions are asterisked. 2. The next meeting of the Working Group will be- Tin at 1330, Tuesday, 6 December 1977, CHB Room SS09. Attachments As stated Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 ATTENDEES DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP 22 November 1977 Capt. L. D. Dahl Mr. R. P. Watson. Mr. Herbert Taylor State/INR/DDC CIA FBI DIA NSA (IHC) NSA Army (OACSI) IC Staff (HRC) IC Staff (OPP) Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 MINUTES INTELLIGENCE DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP 29 November 1977 1. The DIA member reported that the glossary of US- Soviet terms which he had been asked to examine had no relevance to the Working Group's objective. 2. The State member noted several typos or incon- sistencies in the cumulative list of 22 November. Cor- rected items are asterisked in the list of 29 November. 3. NSA an. Army each submitted lists of glossaries containing intelligence terms. 4. The IHC member proposed a graphic showing rela- tionships among terms. The Chairman called for its fur- ther development, noting that it could add to the Working Group's eventual product. MINUTES 1. The Chairman opened the meeting by calling for a continuation of the CIA and FBI lists. These were com- pleted and, along with a completed Air Force list and two definitions from State, were added to the Working Group's approved list. It was noted that the approved list failed to include Intelligence Information--approved at a previous meeting--an that was also added. 2. The Chairman noted that the eventual foreword to the glossary should explain the distinction made be- tween Technical Information and Technical Intelligence Information, 3. The agenda for the next meeting will focus on the original OPP list, the NSA list (attached for absent members), and the list from the Airborne Mix Report. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 2 Notin his own unavailability, the Chairman asked Mr. STAT I to conduct the next meeting. 4. The next meeting of the Working Group will begin at 1329 on Tuesday, 6 December 1977, Room 5509, CHB. Executive Secretary Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP APPROVED DEFINITIONS AS OF 29 NOVEMBER 1977 ACTIONABLE INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence information that is directly useful to consumers without having to go through the full intelligence production process. It may address strategic or tactical needs, or close-support of US nego- tiating teams or action elements dealing with such matters as international terrorism or narcotics. AGENT: A person other than an officer, employee or co-opted worker of an intelligence service who under the direction of that service engages in clandestine intelligence activity. AGENT OF INFLUENCE: A person who is manipulated by an intelligence serv:;e to use his position to influence public opinion or decisi-making in a manner which will advance the objective of the country for which that service operates. ALERT MEMORANDUM: A document issued by the DCI to NSC-level policymakers to warn them of possible developments abroad, often of a crisis nature, of major concern to the US. Alert Memoranda are coordinated within the Intelligence Community to the extent time permits. ANALYSIS: A process in the intelligence cycle in which information is subjected to review in order to identify significant facts and derive conclusions therefrom. *ASSESS: To appraise the worth of an intelligence activity, in ormation, or product in terms of its contribution to a specific goal, or the credibility, reliability, pertinency, accuracy, uo;efulness of information in terms of an intelli- gence need. When used in contrast with "evaluate," assess implies a weighing against resource allocation, expenditure, or risk (See Evaluate). *BIOGRAPHIC(AL) INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence on the views, traits, habits, s ills, importance, relationships and curriculum vitae of those foreign personalities of actual or potential interest to the United States Government. CARTOGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence primarily mani- este in maps and charts of areas outside the United States and its territorial waters. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 CIPHER: A cryptosystem in which the cryptographic treatment i.e., the method of transforming plain-text by predetermined rules to obscure or conceal its meaning) is applied to plain-text elements (such as letters, digits, polygraphs or bits) which either have no intrinsic meaning or are treated without regard to their meaning (e.g., if the element is a natural-language word). CLANDESTINE: Secret or hidden; conducted with secrecy by design. CLANDESTINE ACTIVITY: Secret or hidden activity conducted with secrecy by design. (The phrase "clandestine operation" is preferred. Operations are pre-planned activities). CLANDESTINE COLLECTION: The acquisition of intelligence in- formation in ways designed to assure the secrecy of the operation. CLANDESTINE OPERATION: An intelligence information collection activity or covert political, economic, propaganda and paramilitary activity conducted so as to assure the secrecy of the operation. Encompasses both clandestine collection and covert action. CLANDESTINE SERVICES: That portion o the CIA that engages in clandestine activity; sometimes used as synonymous with the CIA Operations Directorate. =.-ODE: A cry tos stem in which the cryptographic equivalents ;,usually called "code groups"), typically consisting of let- ters or digits (or both) in otherwise meaningless combinations, are substituted for plain-text elements such as-.words, phrases, or sentences. ~2. COLLECTION: See Intelligence Cycle. COLLECTION REQUIREMENT: 1"o----Eel1 Prti nn--requiT-em-ent-- i an expression of intelligence information needs which has been sanctioned by the resource manager and carries at least an implicit authorization to the field collector to commit resources in acquiring the needed information. (Also see Intelligence Requirement). COMBAT INTELLIGENCE: That knowledge of the enemy, weather, an geographical features required by a commander in the planning and conduct of combat operations. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE (COMINT): Technical and intel- ligence information derived from intercept of foreign com- munications by other than the intended recipients. COMINT does not include the monitoring of foreign public media nor the intercept of oral or written communication obtained during the course of foreign counterintelligence investi- gations within the United States. COMMUNICATIONS SECURITY (COMSEC): The protection resulting from the application of any measures taken to deny unautho- rized persons information of value which might be derived from telecommunications or to ensure the authenticity of such telecommunications. CONSOLIDATED INTELLIGENCE RESOURCES INFORMATION SYSTEM CIRIS): RItS-i~ the automated management information system use to identify and display the expected distribu- tion of all intelligence resources within the National Foreign Intelligence Program. CO-OPTED WORKER: A national of a country but not an officer or employee of the country's intelligence service who assists that service on a temporary or regular basis. (In most circumstances a co-opted worker is ar_.afficial of the country but can also be a tourist, student, etc.) COORDINATION: The process of seeking concurrence from one or more groups, organizations, and agencies regarding a proposal or an activity for which they share some responsi- 'Lility, and which may result in contributions, concurrences or dissents. In the production of intelligence, the process by which producers gain the views or other producers on the adequacy of a specific draft assessment, estimate, or report. Coordination is intended to increase a product's factual accuracy, clarify its judgments, resolve disagreement on issues that permit, and sharpen statements of disagreement on major unresolved issues. COVER: Protective guise used by a person, organization, or in stallation to prevent identification with clandestine ac- tivities. COVERT: See Clandestine. Covert Action has special meaning. See COVERT ACTION: A clandestinectivit~ Jdesigned to influence foreign governments, events, organizations, or persons in support of United States foreign policy. Covert action may include political and economic action, propaganda, and para- military activities. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 COVERT OPERATION: See "clandestine operation" (preferred term). A covert operation encompasses covert action and clandestine collection. CRYPTOLOGIC ACTIVITIES: The activities and operations involved in the production of signals intelligence and the maintenance of communications security. CRYPTOLOGY (z?H The branch of knowledge which treats the principles of cryptography and cryptanalytics and is used to produce signals intelligence and maintain communica- tions security. CRYPTOSECURITY: The component of communications security t at results from the provision of technically sound crypto- systems and for their proper use. G P14ic~ CRYPTOFYSTEM: All associated items of cryptomaterial (e.g., equipments and their removable components which perform cryptographic func:ions, operating instructions, maintenance manuals) that are _:sed as a unit to provide a single means of encryption and decryption of plain-text, so that its meaning may be concealed. (In addition, code, cipher, and cryptographic systems include any mechanical or electrical device or method used for the purpose of disguising, authen- ticating, or concealing the contents, significance, or meanings of communications.) CURRENT INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence of all types and forms of immediate interest to the users of intelligence; it is usually disseminated without the delays incident to complete evaluation or interpretation. DCI COMMITTEE: A committee established by the DCI to advise him and to perform whatever functions he shall determine. DCI Committees usually deal with Intelligent-e Community concerns, and their terms of reference ordinarily are specified in DCI Directives (See DCID). DECEPTION: Those measures designed to mislead a foreign power, organization or person by manipulation, distortion, or falsification of evidence to induce him to react in a manner prejudicial to his interests. DECONTROL: The removal of compartmented material from special security controls stipulated by the compartment. The decontrolled material is unchanged and remains in its original form except that the control and accountability markings for the specific compartment are removed. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 *DEFECTOR: A national of a designated country who has escaped row m the control of such country, or who, being outside such jurisdiction and control, is unwilling to return thereto and is of special value to another government because he is able to add valuable new or confirmatory information to existing knowledge about his country. DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY: Refers to DIA, NSA and the Military Services Intelligence offices including DoD col- lectors of specialized intelligence through reconnaissance programs. DEPARTMENT(AL) INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence produced and used within a governmental department or agency in order to meet unique requirements of the department or agency mission. DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE (DCI): Ore-D-irector of Central Intell.i-gence is. the President's principal foreign intelligence adviser appointed by him with the consent of the Senate to be the head of the Intelligence Community and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and to discharge those authorities and responsibilities as they are prescribed by law and by Presidential directives.. C__ 4 K) 5( DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE DIRECTIVE (DCID): A directive issued by the DCI which outlines general policies and pro- .:edures to be followed by intelligence agencies and organizations rich are under his direction or overview. DISAFFECTED PERSON: A person who is a potential defector and who either t rough inducement or voluntary action has indicated willingness or desire to defect. DISSEMINATION: See Intelligence Cycle. DOMESTIC COLLECTION: The acquisition of foreign intelligence in ormation within the United States from governmental or nongovernmental organizations or individuals who are witting sources and choose to cooperate by sharing such information. *DOMESTIC SECURITY MEASURE: An internal activity undertaken by the United States Government to protect the nation from acts of force or violence (not conducted pursuant to the direction of a foreign entity) in violation of Federal law and intended to overthrow or substantially impair the func-., tioning of the United States Government or the government of a state; to substantially interfere with the legal activities of a foreign government in the United States; or to deprive persons of their civil rights. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 DOUBLE AGENT: An agent who is cooperating with an intelligence service of one government on behalf of and under the control of an intelligence or security service of another government, and is manipulated by one to the detriment of the other. *ELECTRO-OPTICAL INTELLIGENCE: See Optical Intelligence. ELECTRONICS INTELLIGENCE (FLINT): Technical and intelli- gence information derived from foreign noncommunications electromagnetic radiations emanating from other than atomic detonation or radioactive sources. EMIGRE: A person who departs from his country for any law- ful reason with the intention of resettling elsewhere. EMISSION SECURITY AEE): The component of communications security which result om all measures taken to deny to unauthorized persons information of value which might be de- rived from interception and analysis of compromising emana- tions from crypto-equipment and telecommunications systems. *END PRODUCT: Finished intelligence (See Product). ENERGY INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intell ponce relating to the technical, economic and political capabilities and programs of foreign countries to engage in development, utilization and commerce of basic and advanced energy technologies. aergy intelligence includes the location and extent of ._.-oreign energy resources and their allocation; foreign government energy policies, plans and programs; new and im- proved foreign energy technologies; and economic and security aspects of foreign energy supply, demand, production dis- tribution, and utilization. ESPIONAGE: Intelligence activity directed toward the acquisition of information through clandestine means. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF INFORMATION (EEI): Those items of in ormation regarding a foreign power, forces or targets and their environment essential for timely decisions. ESTIMATIVE INTELLIGENCE: A category of intelligence pro- duction which attempts to project future foreign develop- ments and their implications for US interests, whether of a national or departmental character. Estimative Intelligence may or may not be coordinated. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 EVALUATE: To appraise the worth of an intelligence activity, information, or product in terms of its contribution to a specific goal, or the credibility, reliability, pertinency, accuracy, usefulness of information in terms of an intelli- gence need. Evaluation may be used without reference to cost or risk, particularly when used in contrast with "assess." (See Assess). EVASION AND ESCAPE (E&E): The procedures and operations whereby military personnel and other selected individuals are enabled to emerge from enemy-held or hostile areas under friendly control. EVASION AND ESCAPE INTELLIGENCE: Processed information pre- pared to assist personnel to evade capture if lost in enemy- dominated territory or to escape if captured. FOREIGN COUNTERINTELLIGENCE (FCI): Intelligence activity, with its resultant product, devoted to countering the effectiveness of !7oreign intelligence activities and under- taken to protect t-'.-.e security of the United States, its per- sonnel, informatic- and installations against espionage, sabotage, and terrorism. Foreign counterintelligence does not include personnel, physical, document, or communications security programs. FOREIGN INSTRUMENTATION SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE (FISINT): Information derived from the collection and processing of foreign telemetry, beaconry, and associated signals. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE (FI): The product of collection, processing, and analysis of foreign intelligence information relating to the national security, to the foreign relations or economic interests of the United States by a government agency that is assigned an intelligence mission. *FOREIGN MATERIEL (FORMAT) INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence derived from the exploitation of foreign materiel. *FOREIGN OFFICIAL: A foreign national acting in an official capacity on e.alf of a foreign power, attached to a foreign .diplomatic establishment or an establishment under the control of a foreign power, or employed by a public international organization. FUSION: In the military operational context, the blending of intelligence with operational information; or, in the tactical intelligence context, the blending of information from multiple sources to produce a single intelligence product. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 FUSION CENTER: A term referring to an organizational ac tivity, associated with the Department of Defense and under the control and supervision of a field commander, having the responsibility of blending both compartmented intelligence with all other available intelligence in order to support military operations. (See Actionable Intelligence and Tactical Intelligence.) GEOGRAPHIC(AL) INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence dealing with the location, description, and analysis of physical and cultural factors of the world, (e.g._, terrain, climate, natural resources, transportation, boundaries, population distribution) and their changes through time. ILLEGAL: An officer or employee of an intelligence service dispatched abroad who has no overt connection with the intelligence service with which he is connected or with the government operating that intelligence service. *ILLEGAL AGENT: An agent operated by an illegal residency or directly from the headquarters of [th-\ intelligence service. G-n *ILLEGAL RESIDENCY: An intelligence establishment in a foreign country composed of one or more interigence officers and possibly one or more employees which has no overt connection with the intelligence service involved or with the government of the country operating the intelligence service. .-_av1AGERY: Representations of objects reproduced electronically jr by optical means on film, electronic display devices, or other media. IMAGERY INTELLIGENCE: The collected products of imagery interpretation processed for intelligence use. IMAGERY INTERPRETATION: The process of location, recognition, identification, and description of objects, activities, and terrain represented by imagery. INFORMATION(AL) NEED: The requirement of an official in- volved in the policy-making process or the intelligence production process of the US Government for the best avail- able information and intelligence on which to base policy decisions, recommendations, or intelligence production. *INFRARED INTELLIGENCE: See Optical Intelligence. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 INTEGRATION: A process in the intelligence cycle in which a pattern is formed through the selection and combination of evaluated information. INTELLIGENCE: A generic term which includes foreign intel- ligence and foreign counterintelligence. INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES: A generic term used to describe the efforts and endeavors undertaken byttbe_ depa-r-tm-ents, a-es, and elements comprising the Intelligence~Com- munit-y:? INTELLIGENCE-RELATED ACTIVITIES (IRA): Those activities specifically excluded from the National Foreign Intelligence Program which respond to departmental or agency tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign activities; respond to national Intelligence Community advisory tasking of collection capabilities which have a primary mission to support depart- mental or agency missions or operational forces; train personnel for intelligence duties; or are devoted to research and development of intelligence or related capabilities. INTELLIGENCE ASSESSMENT: A category of intelligence production that encompasses most analytical studies dealing with subjects of some policy significance. Assessri-nts are thorough in their treatment of subject matter, as distinct from building- block papers, research projects, and reference aids; but assessments unlike estimates may not attempt to project t'uture developments and their implications. Assessments may :-r may not be coordinated. INTELLIGENCE ASSET: Any resource--person, group, instrument, installation, or technical system--at the disposal of an intelligence organization. INTELLIGENCE CYCLE: The processes by which information is converted into intelligence and made available to users. There are usually five steps in the cycle: a. planning and direction--determination of intelli- gence requirements, preparation of a collection plan, issuance of orders and requests to information collec- tion agencies, and a continuous check on the productivity of collection agencies. b. collection--acquisition of information and the provision of this information to processing and/or pro= duction elements. c. processing--conversion of collected information into a form suitable to the production of intelligence. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 *d. production--conversion of information into in- telligence through the integration, analysis, evaluation and interpretation of all source data and the prepara- tion of intelligence products in support of known or anticipated user requirements. e. dissemination--conveyance of intelligence to users in a suitable form. INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE: The product of Estimative Intelli- gence. *INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION: Information of potential intelli- gence value concerning the capabilities, intentions and activities of any foreign power or organization or any associated non-United States person. *INTELLIGENCE INFORMATION REPORT: A report which disseminates foreign intelligence in ormation. *INTELLIGENCE REPORT: A product of the analysis of foreign intelligence information. INTELLIGENCE REQUIREMENT: Any subject, general or specific, upon which there is a need for the collection of information, or the production of intelligence. (Also see Collection Requirement) INTERAGENCY INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM (IIM): A national intelligence assessment or estimate issued by the DCI with the advice of appropriate National Foreign Intelligence Board agencies. INTERDEPARTMENT(AL) INTELLIGENCE: Integrated department(al) intelligence required by departments and agencies of the U.S. government for the execution of their missions but which transcends the competence or interest of a single department or agency. INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST ACTIVITIES: Terrorism is the cal- culated use o violence, or the threat of violence, to attain political goals through fear, intimidation or coer- cion. It usually involves a criminal act, often symbolic in nature, and is intended to influence an audience beyond the immediate victims. International terrorism is terrorism transcending national boundaries in the carrying out of the- act, the purpose of the act, the nationalities of the victims, Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 or the resolution of the incident. These acts are usually designed to attract wide publicity in order to focus attention on the existence, cause, or demands of the perpetrators. JOINT INTELLIGENCE: (Military Context) Intelligence pro- duced by elements of more than one Service of the same nation. (Intelligence Community Context) Intelligence Produced by intelligence organizations of more than one country. *LASER INTELLIGENCE: See Optical Intelligence. *LEGAL RESIDENCY: An intelligence establishment in a foreign country composed of intelligence officers and employees assigned as overt representatives of their government. MONITOR: To observe, listen to, intercept, record, or transcribe any form of communication or media for intelli- gence collection or communications security purposes, either overtly or covertly. NATIONAL ESTIMATE (See National Intelligence Estimate.) NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ASSET: An intelligence asset, the primary purpose of which is the collection, processing or production of national intelligence. (See National In- telligence.) 9, `:AiTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATES (NIE.s) : Thorough assess- aents of situations in the foreign environment that are relevant to the formulation of foreign, economic, and national security policy, and project probable future courses of action and developments. They are structured to illuminate differences of view within the Intelligence Community, and are issued by the Director of Central Intel- ligence with the advice of the National Foreign Intelligence Board. NEAR REAL-TIME: The brief interval between the collection of information regarding an event and reception of the data at some other location, caused by the time required for automated processing, communications and display. NET ASSESSMENTS': Comparative reviews `and analyses of opposing national strengths, capabilities, vulnerabilities and weaknesses. Intelligence net assessments involve only - foreign countries. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 NONCOMMUNICATIONS EMANATIONS: That class of radiations which are emitted intentionally or unintentionally by electrical or electronic equipments for purposes other than communications, e.g., by radars, navigational aids, jammers, or remote control systems. NUCLEAR INTELLIGENCE (NUCINT): Intelligence derived from the collection and analysis of radiation and other effects resulting from the detonation of nuclear devices or from radioactive sources. *OFFICIAL: See Foreign Official. *OPEN SOURCE INFORMATION: A generic term describing information o potential intelligence value derived from data available to the general public. OPERATIONAL CONTROL (OPCON): (Military Context) The authority delegated to a commander to direct forces assigned so that the commander may accomplish specific missions or tasks which are usually limited by function, time, or location; to deploy the forces concerned, and to retain or assign tactical control of those forces. It does not, of itself, include administrative or logistic control. *OPERATIONAL INTELLIGENCE (OPINTEL): Intelligence required for planning and executing operations. :: 'TICAL INTELLIGENCE (OPTINT): Intelligence derived from data ,n optical applications using that portion of the electro- magnetic spectrum from ultraviolet (0.01 micrometers) through far (long wave length) infrared (1,000 micrometers). ORDER OF BATTLE (OB): Intelligence pertaining to identification, strength, command structure and disposition of the personnel, units, and equipment -of any foreign military force. *OVERT: Open; done without attempt at concealment. *OVERT COLLECTION: The acquisition of intelligence information from public media, observation, government-to-government dialogue, elicitation, and from the sharing of data openly acquired. The collection process may be classified or un- classified. The target and host governments as well as the sources involved normally are aware of the general collection activity although the specific acquisition, sites, and processes may be successfully concealed. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 PERSONNEL SECURITY: The means or procedures, such as selective investigations, record checks, personal interviews, supervisory controls, designed to provide reasonable assurance that persons being considered for, or granted access to, classified information are loyal and trustworthy. *PHOTOGRAPHIC INTELLIGENCE (PHOTINT): The collected products of photographic interpretation classified and evaluated for intelligence use. Photographic intelligence is a category of Imagery Interpretation. *PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION (PI): The process of location, recognition, identification,--a-n7 description of objects, activities, and terrain represented on photography. Photo- graphic interpretation is a category of Imagery Interpretation. PHYSICAL SECURITY: Physical measures--such as safes, vaults, perimeter barriers, guard systems, alarms and access controls-- designed to safeguard installations against damage, disruption or unauthorized entry; information or material against un- authorized access ;r theft; and specified personnel against harm. PLANNING AND DIRECTION: See Intelligence Cycle. PROCESSING: See Intelligence Cycle. *PRODUCT: (1) Finished intelligence reports disseminated by intelligence agencies. (2) In SIGINT usage, intelligence information derived from analysis of SIGINT materials and published as a report or translation for dissemination to customers. PRODUCTION: See Intelligence Cycle. PROLIFERATION INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence relating to (a) scientific, tec nical and economic capabilities and programs and the political plans and intentions of non- nuclear weapon states (NNWS) or foreign organizations to acquire nuclear weapons and/or to acquire the requisite special nuclear materials (SNM) and to carry on research, development and manufacture of nuclear explosive devices, and; (b) the attitudes, policies and actions of foreign nuclear supplier countries or organizations within these countries toward provision of technologies, facilities or SNM which could assist NNWS or foreign organizations to acquire or develop nuclear explosive devices. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 *RADAR INTELLIGENCE (RADINT): Intelligence derived from in ormation collected by radar. RADIATION INTELLIGENCE (RINT): Intelligence derived from information obtained from unintentional electro-magnetic energy emanating from foreign devices to determine their function and characteristics, excluding nuclear detonations or radioactive sources. (See Noncommunications Emanations). RECONNAISSANCE (RECCE): A mission undertaken to obtain by visual observation or other detection methods, information relating to the activities, resources or forces of a foreign nation; or to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area. *RECRUITMENT IN PLACE: A term pertaining to a person who has been recruited and agrees to retain his position in his organization or government while reporting thereon to an intelligence or security service of a foreign country. *REFUGEE: A person who is outside the country of his former habitual residence, and who, because of fear of being per- secuted in that country, is unwilling to return to it. *REPORT: See Intelligence Report and intelligence Infor- mation Report. *^EQUIREMENT: See Intelligence Requirement or Collection ?equirement. RESIDENCY: See Illegal Residency and Legal Residency. SABOTAGE: Action against materiel, premises or utilities, or their production, which injures, interferes with or ob- structs the national security or ability of a nation to prepare for or carryon a war. *SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE: See Scientific and Technical Intelligence. These terms are used interchangeably, but Scientific and Technical Intelligence is the preferred'term. *SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL (S&T) INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence concerning foreign developments in basic and applied scientific and technical research and development, including engineering and production techniques, new technology, and weapon systems and their capabilities and characteristics. Also includedq, is intelligence which requires scientific or technical expertise on the part of the analyst, such as physical health studies and behavioral analyses. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 *SENSITIVE: Requiring special protection from disclosure to avoid compromise or threat to the security of the sponsor. SENSITIVE COMPARTMENTED INFORMATION (SCI): All information and materials subject to special national intelligence community controls requiring restricted handling within present and future community intelligence collection pro- grams and their end products for which community systems of compartmentation have been or will be formally established. *SENSITIVE SOURCES AND METHODS: A source is a person, device, system or activity which provides intelligence information. A method is a technique or procedure used by a source. Sensitive Sources and Methods require special protection from disclosure. SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE (SIGINT): A category of intelligence information comprising all communications intelligence, electronics intelligence, and foreign instrumentation sig- nals intelligence, either individually or in combination, including as well nonimagery infrared and coherent light signals. *SOURCE: A person, device, system or activity from which intelligence information is obtained... SPECIAL NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE (SNIE : National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs which are relevent to specific )olicy problems that need to be addressed in the immediate ,-?uture. SNIEs are generally unscheduled, shorter, and pre- cared more quickly then NIEs and are coordinated within the Intelligence Community only to the extent that time permits. STRATEGIC WARNING: Intelligence regarding the-threat of initiation of hostilities against the U.S. or in which U.S. forces may become involved. Strategic Warning may be received at any time, prior to the initiation of hostilities. SURVEILLANCE: The systematic observation or monitoring of aerospace, surface, or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means. TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE: That intelligence required by military commanders-in the field to maintain the readiness of operating forces for combat operations and to support the planning and conduct of military operations under combat conditions. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE ASSET: An intelligence asset, the primary purpose of which is the collection, processing or production of tactical intelligence. (See Tactical Intel- ligence.) TARGET: A country, area, installation, organization, weapon system, military force, situation (political or economic), person or other entity against which intelligence operations are directed. *TERRORIST ORGANIZATION: A group or-organization that engages in terrorist activities. (See International Terrorist Activities). TRANSMISSION SECURITY TRANS)EC): The component of communi- cations security which results from all measures designed to .protect transmissions from interception and from exploita- tion by means other than cryptanalysis. UNITED STATES SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM: An entity that is comprised of the National Security Agency (including assigned military personnel); those elements of the military departments and the Central Intelligence Agency performing signals intelligence activities; and those elements of any other department or agency which may from time-to-time be authorized by the National Security Council to perform signals intelligence activities during the time when such elements are so authorized. _."ALIDATION: A process normally associated with intelligence collection, which provides official status to an identified requirement and confirms that the requirement-is appropriate for a given collector and has not previously been satisfied. (See Requirement.) *WALK-IN: A person who on his own initiative makes contact wit representative' of a foreign country and who volunteers information and/or requests political asylum. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS CIRIS Consolidated Intelligence Resources Information System COMINT Communications Intelligence COMSEC Communications Security CRYPTO Cryptology DCI Director of Central Intelligence DCID Director of Central Intelligence Directive EEI Essential Elements of Information E&E Evasion and Escape ELINT Electronics Intelligence EMSEC Emission Security FCI Foreign Counterintelligence FI Foreign Intelligence FISINT Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence FORMAT Foreign Material IIM Interagency Intelligence Memorandum IRA Intelligence-Related Activities NIE National Intelligence Estimate NNWS Non-Nuclear Weapon States NUCINT- Nuclear Intelligence OB Order of Battle Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 OPCON Operational Control OPINTEL Operational Intelligence OPTINT Optical Intelligence PHOTINT Photographic Intelligence PI Photographic Interpretation or Photographic Interpretor RADINT Radar Intelligence RECCE Reconnaissance RINT Radiation Intelligence SF1T Scientific and Technical SAO Special Activities Office SCI Sensitive Compartmented Information SIGINT Signals Intelligence SNIE Special National Intelligence Estimate ?NM Special Nuclear Materials SSO Special Security Officer TRANSSEC Transmission Security Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Next 62 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020008-4