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December 16, 2016
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October 5, 2004
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November 8, 1977
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IAJ ~,P Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R00030 001 'f DCI/IC 77-6386 8 November 1977 MEMORANDUM FOR: Members, Intelligence Definitions Working Group ice o and Planning Intelligence Community Staff SUBJECT; Minutes of 8 November 1977 Meeting 1. A summary of the 8 November 1977 meeting of the Intelligence Definitions Working Group is attached for your information. Also attached is a complete list of definitions approved by the Group to date. 2. The next meeting of the Working Group will be- gin at 1330, Tuesday, 15 November 1977, CHB Room 5509. Attachment As stated Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 ATTENDEES DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP 8 November 1977 STAT I USA Chairman NAME ORGANIZATION Capt. L.D. Dahl State/INR/DDC Mr. Arthur Long Treasury STAT 1 -1 Mr. Lawrence McWilliams Mr. R. P. Watson STAT Mr. William enwor ey STAT I Maj. Jack o e STAT I CIA FBI FBI DIA IHC NSA Army (OACSI) IC Staff (OPP) 632-9032 566-5988 324-4591 324-5483 695-6669 688-7608 688-6527 695-4469 376-5587 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 MINUTES INTELLIGENCE DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP 8 November 1977 1. 1 opened the meeting by noting his pleasure at progress made by the Group to date, expressing his hope and expectation that the task at hand would continue to be met in such a reasonable and disciplined way. He further put into perspective the definitions produced by the Working Group'versus definitions resulting from other Community activities external to the Working Group, such as the "Huddleston 26" which have re- cnntlv circulated to NFIB for comment. view is that the Working Group must continue to progress unimpeded by other "definitions" activities un- til it has produced a complete glossary of agreed-upon Intelligence Community terms for formal NFIB considera- tion. In accordance with this clarification by the Chair- man, the attached list of approved Working Group defini- tions again includes the Group's definitions for the four terms substituted for earlier by the E.O. drafters. The integrity of the Working Group's definitions will be main- tained henceforth. 2. The definition of the term Director of Central F-T Intelligence (DCI), which was propose in t -Se 1 November 1977 minutes, was amended and approved as it appears in the attachment. 3. The NIO list of candidate definitions was com- pleted with agreement on the terms assessment and information(al) needs, also shown in the attachment. 4. The OPP candidate term foreign intelligence information was discussed at length. It was tentatively determine that intelligence information, foreign intelli- gence information, and foreign counterintelligence in orma- tion each needed-separate definitions. The FBI was asked to assist in clarifying these terms. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 5. Three previously agreed-upon terms have been deleted at NSA's request, pending modification. The three are: Global SIGINT System, Local SIGINT System, and Direct Support Unit. 6. The DIA candidate list was considered down to Intelligence Requirement. All were asked to address this definition and to be prepared to discuss it and the re- mainder of the DIA list at the next meeting. 7. After considerable discussion, CIA was asked to provide candidate definitions of clandestine, clandestine operations, covert operations, an. covert action. T ese will be discussed at the next meeting. 8. Based on a discussion of intelligence definitions versus other existing definitions of certain intelligence terms, the Chairman recorded the need to note in the eventual Working Group glossary that the definitions con- tained therein would not necessarily coincide with defi- nitions used elsewhere for legal purposes. This thought will be included in the "escape clause" drafted at an earlier meeting, 9. The next meeting of the Working Group will begin at 1330 on Tuesday, 15 November 1977. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 DEFINITIONS WORKING GROUP APPROVED DEFINITIONS AS OF 8 NOVEMBER 1977 ACTIONABLE INTELLIGENCE: Intelligence information that is directly useful to consumers without having to go through the full intelligence production process. It may address strategic or tactical needs, or close-support of US nego- tiating teams or action elements dealing with such matters as, international terrorism or narcotics. ALERT MEMORANDUM: A document issued by the DCI to NSC-level policymakers to warn them of possible developments abroad, often of a crisis nature, of major concern to the US. Alert Memoranda are coordinated within the Intelligence Community to the extent time permits. ANALYSIS: A process in the intelligence cycle in which in ormation is subjected to review in order to identify significant facts and derive conclusions therefrom. CIPHER: A cryyptosystem in which the cryptographic treatment i.e., the method ot transforming plain text by predetermined ,rules to obscure or conceal its meaning) is applied to plain- text elements (such as letters, digits, polygraphs or bits) which either have no intrinsic meaning or are treated without regard to their meaning (e.g., if the element is a natural- language word). CODE: A cryptosystem in which the cryptographic equivalents usually called "code groups"), typically consisting of let- ters or digits (or both) in otherwise meaningless combinations, are substituted for plain-text elements such as words, phrases, or sentences. COMBAT INTELLIGENCE: That knowledge of the enemy, weather, and geographical features required by a commander in the planning and conduct of combat operations. COMMUNICATIONS INTELLIGENCE (COMINT): Technical and intelli- gence information deriv d fro ercept of foreign communi- cations by other than the intended recipients. COMINT does not include the monitoring of foreign public media nor the intercept of oral or written communication obtained during the course of foreign counterintelligence investigations with- in the United States. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91,M00696R000300020010-1 COMMJ?jW "IA*W R Fe ,tH()'4A'~/~ ~S -I~DP~ IA10 O~ 3~ b2(~d1`Du11ting from the application of any measures taken to deny unauthorized persons information of value which might be derived from telecommunications or to ensure the authenticity of such telecommunications. CONSOLIDATED INTELLIGENCE RESOURCES-INFORMATION SYSTEM 'TC-IRIS : CIRIS is the automated management i formation system used to identify and display the expected distribution of all intelligence resources within the Na- tional Foreign Intelligence Program. COORDINATION: The process of seeking concurrence from one or more groups, organizations, and agencies regarding a proposal or an activity for which they share some responsi- bility, and which may result in contributions, concurrences or dissents. In the production of intelligence, the pro- cess by which producers gain the views of other producers on the adequacy of a specific draft assessment, estimate, or report. Coordination is intended to increase a product's factual accuracy, clarify its judgments, resolve disagree- ment on issues that permit, and sharpen statements of dis- agreement on major unresolved issues. COVER: Protective guise used by a person, organization, or installation to prevent identification with clandestine ac- tivities. CRYPTOLOGIC ACTIVITIES: The activities and operations involve i.n tie pro uction of signals intelligence and the maintenance of communications security. CRYPTOLOGY (CRYPTO): The branch. of knowledge which treats the prin_ ciples of cryptography and cryptanalytics and is used to produce signals intelligence and maintain communications security. CRYPTOSECURITY: The component of communications security that results from the provision of technically sound cryptosystems and from their proper use. CRYPTOSYSTEM: All associated items of cryptomaterial (e.g., equipments and their removable components which perform cryptographic functions, operating instructions, maintenance manuals) that are used as a unit to provide a single means of encryption and decryption of plain text, so that its meaning may be concealed. (In addition, code, cipher, and cryptographic systems include any mechanical or electrical device or method used for the purpose of disguising, authen- ticating, or concealing the contents, significance, or meanings of communications.) Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 DECEPTION: Those measures designed to mislead a foreign power; organization or person by manipulation, distortion, or falsification of evidence to induce him to react in a manner prejudicial to his interests. DECONTROL: The removal of compartmented material from special security controls stipulated by the compartment. The decontrolled material is unchanged and remains in its original form except that the control and accountability markings for the specific compartment are removed. DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY: Refers to DIA, NSA and the Military Services Intelligence offices including DoD collectors of. specialized intelligence through reconnaissance programs. DEPARTMENT(AL) INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence produced and used within a governmental department or agency in order to meet unique requirements of the department or agency mission. DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL. INTELLIGENCE (DCI): The Director of Central Intelligence is the President's principal foreign intelligence adviser appointed by him with the consent of the Senate to be the head of the Intelligence Community and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and to dis- charge those authorities and responsibilities as they are prescribed by law and by Presidential directives. ELECTRONICS INTELLIGENCE (ELINT): Technical and intelli- gence information derive from foreign noncommunications electromagnetic radiations emanating from other than atomic detonation or radioactive sources. EMISSION SECURITY (EMSEC): The component of communications security which results from all measures taken to deny to unauthorized persons information of value which might be de- rived from interception and analysis of compromising emana- tions from crypto-equipment and telecommunications systems. ENERGY INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence relating to the technical, economic and political capabilities and programs of foreign countries to engage in development, utilization and commerce of basic and advanced energy technologies. Energy intelligence includes the location and extent of foreign energy resources and their allocation; foreign government energy policies, plans and programs; new and im- proved foreign energy technologies; and economic and security aspects of foreign energy supply, demand, production dis- tribution, and utilization. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 ESPIONAGE: Actions directed toward the acquisition of information through clandestine means. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF INFORMATION (EEI): Those items of information regarding a foreign power, forces or targets and their environment essential for timely decisions. ESTIMATIVE INTELLIGENCE: A category of intelligence production which attempts to project future foreign developments and their implications for US-interests, whether of a national or departmental character. Estimative Intelligence may or may not be coordinated. EVASION AND ESCAPE (E$E): The procedures and operations tiwTere y military personnel and other selected individuals are enabled to emerge from enemy-held or hostile areas under friendly control. EVASION AND ESCAPE INTELLIGENCE: Processed information prepared to assist personnel to evade capture if lost in enemy-dominated territory or to escape if captured. FOREIGN COUNTERINTELLIGENCE (FCI): Intelligence activity, with its resultant product, devoted to countering the effectiveness of foreign intelligence activities and under- taken to protect the security of the United States, its per- sonnel, information and installations against espionage, sabotage, and terrorism. Foreign counterintelligence does not include personnel, physical, document, or communications security programs. FOREIGN INSTRUMENTATION SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE (FISINT): Information derived from the collection and processing of foreign telemetry, beaconry, and associated signals. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE (FI): The product of collection, processing, and analysis of foreign intelligence informa- tion relating to the national security, to the foreign relations or economic interests of the United States by a government agency that is assigned an intelligence mission. FUSION: In the military operational context, the blending aT-innelligence with operational information; or, in the tactical intelligence context, the blending of information from multiple sources to produce a single in- telligence product. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 NCN the control and supervision of a field commander, having the responsibility of blending both compartmented intelli- gence with all other available intelligence in order to support military operations. (See "Actionable Intelligence" and "Tactical Intelligence.") INFORMATION(AL) NEED: The requirement of an official involved in the policymaking process or the intelligence production process of the US Government for the best available informa- tion and intelligence on. which to.base policy decisions, recommendations, or intelligence production. INTEGRATION: A process in the intelligence cycle in which a,pattern is formed through the selection and combination of evaluated information. INTELLIGENCE: A generic term which includes foreign in- telligence and foreign counterintelligence. INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES: A generic term used to describe the efforts and endeavors undertaken by the departments, agencies, and elements comprising the Intelligence Community. INTELLIGENCE-RELATED ACTIVITIES.(IRA): Those activities specifically excluded from the National Foreign Intelli- gence Program which respond to departmental or agency tasking for time-sensitive information on foreign activities; respond to national Intelligence Community advisory tasking of collection capabilities which have a primary mission to support departmental or agency missions or operational forces; train personnel for intelligence duties; or are de- voted to research and development of intelligence or re- lated capabilities. INTELLIGENCE ASSESSMENT: A category of intelligence production that encompasses most analytical studies dealing with subjects of some policy significance. Assessments are thorough in their treatment of subject matter, as distinct from building-block papers ,research projects, and reference aids; but assessments unlike estimates may not attempt to project future developments and their im- plications. Assessments may or may not be coordinated. INTELLIGENCE ASSET: Any resource--person, group, instrument, installation, or technical system--at the disposal of an intelligence organization. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 INTELLIGENCE CYCLE: The processes by which information is converted into intelligence and made available to users. There are usually five steps in the cycle: a. planning and direction--determination of intelli- gence requirements, preparation of a collection plan, issuance of orders and requests to information collection agencies, and a continuous check on the productivity of collection agencies. b. collection--acquisition of information and the provision of this information to processing and/or pro- duction elements. c. processing--conversion of collected information into a form suitable to the production of intelligence. d. production--conversion of information into in- telligence through the integration, analysis, evaluation and interpretation of all source data and the prepara- tion of intelligence products in support of known or anticipated user requirements. e. dissemination--conveyance of intelligence to users in a suitable form. INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE: The product of Estimative Intelli- gence. INTERAGENCY INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM (IINM): A national intelligence assessment or estimate issued by the DCI with the advice of appropriate National Foreign Intelligence Board agencies. INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST ACTIVITIES: Terrorism is the cal- culated use of violence, or tie t reat of violence, to attain political goals through fear, intimidation or coer- cion. It usually involves a criminal act, often symbolic in nature, and is intended to influence an audience beyond the immediate victims. International terrorism is terrorism transcending national boundaries in the carrying out of the act, the purpose of the act, the nationalities of the victims, or the resolution of the incident. These acts are usually designed to attract wide publicity in order to focus attention on the existence, cause, or de- mands of the perpetrators. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004111J04 : CIA-RDP91 MQ069PR000300020010-1 JOINT INTELLIGENCE: (Military Context)) ntelligence pro- duce by elements of more than one Service of the same nation, (Intelligence Community Context) Intelligence produced by intelligence organizations of more than one country. NATIONAL ESTIMATES: (See National Intelligence Estimate.) NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ASSET: An intelligence asset, the primary purpose o which is the collection, processing or production of national intelligence. (See National In- telligence.) NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATES (NIEs): Thorough assess- ments of situations in the foreign environment that are relevant to the formulation of foreign, economic, and national security policy, and project probable future courses of action and developments. They are structured to illuminate differences of view within the Intelligence Community, and are issued by the Director of Central In- telligence with the advice of the National Foreign Intelli gence Board. NEAR REAL TIME: The brief interval between the collection of in ormation regarding an event and reception of the data at some other location, caused by the time required for automated processing, communications and display. NET ASSESSMENTS: Comparative reviews and analyses of opposing national strengths, capabilities, vulnerabilities and weaknesses. Intelligence net assessments involve only foreign countries, , NONCOMMUNICATIONS EMANATIONS: That class of radiations which are emitte intentionally or unintentionally by electrical or electronic equipments for purposes other than communica- tions, e.g., by radars, navigational aids, jammers, or remote control systems. OPERATIONAL CONTROL (OPCON): (Military Context) The authority delegated to a commander to direct forces assigned so that the commander may accomplish specific missions or tasks which are usually limited by function, time, or location; to deploy the forces concerned, and to retain or assign tactical control of those forces. It does not, of itself, include adminis- trative or logistic control. PERSONNEL SECURITY: The means or procedures, such as selective investigations, record checks, personal interviews, super- visory controls, designed to provide reasonable assurance that persons being considered for, or granted access to, classified information are loyal and trustworthy. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 PHYS o Wtff iWgasep 4/i1~/ :1PJJJ R A1MD9?g1hR 3QQW9 104aults , perimeter barriers, guard systems, alarms and access controls-- designed to safeguard installations against damage, dis- ruption or unauthorized entry; information or material against unauthorized access or theft; and specified personnel against harm. PROLIFERATION INTELLIGENCE: Foreign intelligence relating to (a) scientific, technical and economic capabilities and pro- grams and the political plans and intentions of non-nuclear weapon states (NNWS) or foreign organizations to acquire nuclear weapons and/or to acquire the requisite special nu- clear materials (SNM) and to carry on research, development and manufacture of nuclear-explosive devices, and; (b) the attitudes, policies and actions of foreign nuclear supplier countries or organizations within these countries toward provision of technologies, facilities or SNM which could assist NNWS or foreign organizations to acquire or develop nuclear explosive devices. RECONNAISSANCE (RECCE): A mission undertaken to obtain by visual observation or other detection methods, information relating to the activities, resources or forces of a foreign nation; or to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area. SABOTAGE: Action against materiel, premises or utilities, or their production, which injures, interferes with or ob- structs the national security or ability of a nation to prepare for or carry on a war. SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE (SIGINT): A category of intelligence in o.rmation comprising all communications intelligence, electronics intelligence, and foreign instrumentation sig- nals intelligence,, either individually or in combination, including as well nonimagery infrared and coherent light signals. SPECIAL NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE (SNIE): National Intelligence Estimates (NIEs w i are relevant to specific policy problems that need to be addressed in the immediate future. SNIEs are generally unscheduled, shorter, and pre- pared more quickly than NIEs and are coordinated within the Intelligence Community only to the extent that time permits. SURVEILLANCE: The systematic observation or monitoring of aerospace, surface, or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means. Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 _Rg A prov 004/ / opqgo%~p -1 TACTT~AL military comman ers In the field to maintain the readiness of operating forces for combat operations and to support the planning and conduct of military operations under combat conditions. TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE ASSET; An intelligence asset, the pri- mary purpose of which 1- s tie collection, processing or pro- duction of tactical intelligence, (See Tactical Intelligence.) TARGET: A country, area, installation, organization, weapon system, military force, situation (political or economic), person or other entity against which intelligence operations are directed. TRANSMISSION SECURITY (TRANSSEC): The component of communi- cations security wiic results from all measures designed to protect transmissions from interception and from exploita- tion by means other than cryptanalysis. UNITED STATES SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM: An entity that is comprised of the Nationa Security Agency (including assigned military personnel); those elements of the military departments and the Central Intelligence Agency performing signals intelligence activities; and those elements of any other department or agency which may from time-to-time be authorized by the National Security Council to perform signals intelligence activities during the time when such elements are so authorized. VALIDATION: A process normally associated with intelligence collection, which provides official status to an identified requirement and confirms that the requirement is appropriate for a given collector and has not previously been satisfied. (See Requirement.) Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS CIRIS Consolidated Intelligence Resources Information System COMINT Communications Intelligence COMSEC Communications Security CRYPTO Cryptology DCI Director of Central Intelligence EEI Essential Elements of Information ETE Evasion and Escape ELINT Electronics Intelligence EMSEC Emission Security FCI Foreign Counterintelligence FI Foreign Intelligence FISINT Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence TIM Interagency Intelligence Memorandum IRA Intelligence-Related Activities NIE National Intelligence Estimate NNWS Non-Nuclear Weapon States OPCON Operational Control RECCE Reconnaissance SIGINT Signals Intelligence SNIE Special National Intelligence Estimate SNM Special Nuclear Materials TRANSSEC Transmission Security Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 NAME ORGANIZATION PHONE R. Patrick Watson FBI 324-4583 L. D. Dahl State/INR 632-9032 NSA 688-6527 DIA OX5-6669 Art Long Treasury 566-5988 Lee Martin DoE 376-1748 Capt. Harley Macleod USAF Lawrence McWilliams FBI Maj . Jack W. Wolfe ACSI (Army) 695-7266 NIO CIA STAT ICS/I-IRD NSA Approved For Release 2004/11/04: CIA-RDP91 M00696R000300020010-1 Approved F Approved F DATE r 1 "431.1 Alt A-RT//9I 0 0003 T,'J: ROOM NO. BUIL ING REMARKS: FROM: i ll=f~ L ROOM NO. BUILDING EXTENSION r Release 2 4/11/04: CIA-RDP91 00696R0003 FORM O 24 I REPLACES FORM 3r8 WHICH MAY BE USED.