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November 4, 2016
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September 1, 2000
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December 5, 1967
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A0 0 '-TNAppr6vzdelep'ft03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00787R000500180016-3 5 December 1,967 CC 8 USSR NATIONAL AFFAIRS Although the earthquake in question was of no greater magnitude than many others that occur every year, the fact that it took place beneath a big city made it possible to study it in greater detail. The earthquake was connected with a mighty local fracture of the earth's core in the Tashkent area. A certain amount of information is available on changes that occurred in the hydrochemical contents in drilled wells, and these changes are connected with the repeated tremors of this earthquake. Unfortunately, no methods of forecasting the time and place of an earthquake have yet been evolved in any country, although, with available modern equipment, it is now possible to tackle this problem in the USSR, in Japan, and in the United States. At the moment, a search is afoot to determine the most recognizable forerunners of earthquakes. Among these forerunners are changes in the character of the constantly occurring deformations in the earth's core. It is known, for instance, that mountains are constantly growing, although very closely and imperceptibly. These processes are accompanied by some changes which, according to some data, occur before earthquakes; hence, the importance of'carrying on observations in this field. Uzbek scientists consider that the concentration of radon gas that has been observed in drilled wells is in some way connected with the earthquake. Another important problem is connected with building. Seismologists are not only concerned in studying the forerunners of earthquakes, but must provide builders with data which would help them in erecting quake-resistant structures. The Tashkent earthquake damage was greatly decreased in the case of buildings where this had been taken into consideration. Account. must be taken of the extra load taken on by buildings during earth tremors and scientists are now engaged in research into the most precise data on this subject. INSTITUTE SET UP TO STUDY INVERSION OF ENERGY Moscow TASS International Service in English 0705 GMT 4 Dec 67 L [Text] Moscow--Soviet scientists have set up an institute to study the problems of the inversion of energy. The new scientific center will seek more economical and effective ways to use the resources of energy, ways to restore by inversion the energy scattered in space, and ways of centration of energy. Tens of major scientists, engineers, and designers will work on these problems without stopping their main occupations and without additional pay. The experiments of the scientific center will be staged at the Institute of In c cn ~r3 Moscow. The center is headed by Prof Pavel substantiated the basic points of introscopy as science. "Scientists have to solve a topical problem--find means for the recovery of diffused energy," Professor Oshchepkov told TASS. As an example, he referred to the galvanic cells which consume heat from ambient space when they generate electricity. ls fl rL1 6- AG`e an. -`e, Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00787R000500180016-3 Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00787R000500180016-3 USSR NATIONAL AFFAIRS "To solve the problem of utilizing diffused energy it is necessary, first of ally to 'close the circuits in the field of, for example, conversion of heat into electricity and back, the conversion ratio being close to one. It is possible that this principle of concentration of energy may be put into practice on the basis of the conversion and transfer of energy inside a solid body by means of electrons," the scientist said, "According to the principle of conservation of energy, energy can be neither created nor destroyed. Modern natural science makes scientists come to the conclusion that there exists a fundamental third law of nature: the law of concentration of energy mass, This law is an. integral part of the entire law of the development of matter from simple to more complicated forms. Diffusion of energy should be regarded as deconcentra- tion of energy. Th.orefore, concentration and deconcentration of energy are the two sides of the fundamental law of nature," Professor Oshchepkov said. (Text) A new atom.i, reactor called Peace [Mir] has been built in record time at the Melekess Atomic Reac r Research Institute, It is the most powerful and perfected oat" all research reactors at only in the USSR, but in Europe too, It is intended for the in vestggation of rriaterial in.Lntensive neutron streams and in high temperature conditions. The new atomic reactor was ade for only peaceful purposes, and the word fully corre- sponds to its designation. t is made up of the initial letters of the name material research reactor [materialove .cheskiy issledovatelskiy reaktor]. The% power of the reactor is 100,000 megawatts. In a normal reactor the material has to remain for a number of years to receive the radiation dose which the Peace gives in a few?,rmonths. The Peace uses highly enriched uranium for fuel. The reactor can work at full power without strain for 20-22 days. The new reactor is of the so-called pool [bassexnyy] type, Its active zone is located under a layer of water. Moscow TASS International Service in English 0734 GMT 2 Dec 67 L (Text) Moscow--A fast-neutron rea tor is being assembled in the town of Shevchenko on the Mangyshlak Peninsula, on the Ea ern coast of the Caspian Sea, An atomic power station will be commissioned in two..y ars in the area where major oil deposits were The eommereial fast-neutron atomic reacto ill be the first ever built in the world. This is the type of reactor which reproduce more nuclea.i fuel than it burns. Shevchenko, a large industrial center, is only desal::.rc ced sea water. Its de