Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 4, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 29, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
March 13, 1977
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00787R000500240023-8.pdf1.5 MB
W Y Fl mc- , 1 Sooe 1c c- v, r f..d A case for many, if people can influence action and/or events at a distance greater than the range of normal influence, then perhaps we need dramatically to revise our conception of human abil- ities and/or conception of how events are registered by people. Since the bur- den of documentation, though, should he on those who claim that these ca- pacities exist, their interpretations of the nature of their data should be ac- cepted only after much evidence has been accumulated. There seems to be a persistent falla- cy regarding the work of parapsy- chologists that is based on a misunder- standing of the nature of scientific proof-an assumption that one demon- stration, one example of a unique phe- nomenon should be enough to con- vince us that parapsychological or any other sort of scientific phenomena exist. William James expressed this proposition when he said that the ap- pearance of only one white crow would dispel forever the idea that all crows are black. But that is true only in an extremely idealistic universe. We need much more evidence than one isolated instance to overthrow an ac- .epted world-view. The existence of William James's white crow could well be dismissed by our statistics de- partment as statistically insignificant. One bit of evidence ought to be enough but not. "Every man is an exception," as Soren Kirkegaard wrote. We are all 4 billion-to-one shots and as scientists Mind-Reach Scientists Look at Psychic Ability. By Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff. 230 pp. New York: { G. P. Putnam's Sons. $8.95. The scientific study of parapsycholo- gy has been with us for almost a cen- tury now, with little in the way of definitive results. One of the major problems in our acceptance of para- psychology, of course, is that we are quite resistant to new information and phenomena which we consider a priori to be impossible. We do not normally pursue scientific inquiry, for instance, into these areas. If I were to propose. an experiment in training elephants to become peach trees I do not think much financial support would appear nor could I enlist anyone's enthusiastic help. People simply do not inform themselves about things they do not believe to be possible. Such was the case within more con- ventional science with Copernicus's proposition of a universe that differed fundamentally from that of Ptolemy, with Harvey's discovery of the circula- tion of blood and even in the reporting of the Wright brothers' first air flight. Many, newspapers, including The New York Times, simply refused Ito cover possible -- In parapsychology, we?,.' find - this rejection to an extreme, 'unmatched. perhaps.; in any area, Even the great siologist Hermann Helm- areas of optics, physics and thestudy of perception wrote, "Neither the evi- dence of my own senses nor the testimony of all the fellows of the Royal Soci- ety!' ' would convince him of the truth of parapsychological data. of Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff, au .thors of "Mind-Reach," an `anonymous reviewer in The Journal :of 'Electrical' Is the kind of thing I wouldn't believe in even if It were true." One of the basic difficulties in un- derstanding parapsychology is that its claims are a distinct challenge to our contemporary world-view. If some people can perceive events'before they "happen," if there are modes of inter- Mind-Reach U."- ki. u, YYI9w1{ Luc Israeli psychic Uri Geller at- tempted to draw pictures like those previously sealed in en- velopes and kept in a different room. All of these experiments are reported as successes by the authors but they provide very little evidence either in their book or in published jour- nal articles that any of them can be repeated. Nor has any- one else reported' similar re- Here is the difficulty: If the experiments cannot be repeated by others we have the situation of the one white crow. It may be theoretically true (assuming we take his word that he saw one) that all crows are not black, but that is irrelevant un- less he can produce another white one as proof. Again, para- psychologists labor under a fundamental misconception of the importance of the idea of chance, of the idea of science, and of the necessity for the verification. "Mind-Reach," then, is a hook slim in hard evidence. It is pleasantly written, and it is amusing to follow the thought of the authors as they work out their research and some- times horrifying to see what their opposition has been. But it is ultimately an unsatisfying book lacking any.indication of iii ti C. i need much more than occasional innn. the solidity of tfe findings. and h e ability of anyone, else shots to convince us. t Many publicizers of parapsychology to repeat them. Indeed, I have attempted, in have sought to counter their skeptics collab r ti ith th o a on w ese au- by Proclamation. They claim-and -thors to re eat one of their ex- , p Targ and Puthoff are no exception- that there is a significant amount of and periments was unable e to d (published do s so though gh incontrovertible, scientific evidence In. I spent a large amount of time favor of the existence of parapsycho- trying and had the same subject logical phenomena. And, the only rea- they used and the full coopera- son these phenomena are not more tion of the authors. Instead of widely accepted is because of hostile any real evidence'that accords prejudices, because of preconceptions with the accepted standards of in the minds of readers and,reviewers,_.contemporary psychophysiolog- and because of blindness ical research, what we have in "Mind - Reach" .fairly stralghtfor- this book are a few minor, wardly describes the ' experiments carried out at the Stanford Research Institute in Menlo Park, Calif., on so- called paranormal phenomena by Targ authors outline several of their own experiments in the book: One of these experiments involved "remote view- ing " in which a person sequestered sketchy suggestions of how re- search in this area ought to proceed. The authors do make some useful points. We should stick to conditions which mimic those of everyday life, not use- less, trivial situations (although they ignore their own advice in one of their experiments). in a room is asked to describe a place' Further, even if it is granted chosen at random and not revealed that they have demonstrated to the subject where two other people ..remote, viewing," the phe- have gone. These descriptions are then "remotremot n has been studied only on a very few people. When matched with "objective" descriptions tho mahnra of o mnt to "tirlh" Kotler[ urnstein teaches at a um- tilt muces, v.1L6jWqA' ne li - versity of California Modica do ,A7 and is the director of Human Nature, a which people were asked to guess a magazine to nppear in the fall Continued on Page 24 ._. i , t , qw, V23-8 random event on a machine and book claims that they have documented that "some degree of psychic ability is universal" -they' are engaging in"' the same sort of unjustified propa- ganddzing they decry in their opponents. It is one thing to say that "here we demonstrate a minor finding in a few sub- jects which might be used by others," but it is ridiculous to ask 'us to believe that their minor, preliminary experiments prove anything about psychic abilities in the general popula- tion. . Throughout the book the au- thors state their hope that the study of parapsychology will become primarily a scientific one in, which speculations are firmly grounded in the evi- dence. In their own writing, 'however, Targ and Puthoff al- most always go beyond evi- dence and claim they have proven their case when they have done nothing of the sort. In writing this book, the au- thors have done more harm, perhaps, to their own position C A- March r. ' Shapiro: Mr.'T(arvey Shapiro, Editor The :flew'York Times Book Review 229 flest 1t3rd Street' flew York, New York ' ..1006... 'Far'Ornrtein to state that,;there has .been no replication is an .inexcusahle faux pas .for 'a scientist supposedly know] edgeable in the? .field he is reviewing. Curexp rim nf.sat Stonf'ord Research Institute; nre among thc most, 00 severely monitored `in, the history of science. 7 I,i t.e.rally dozens of. J glinliflcci conaul f..'+nts and judges tiere involved in ,creating a_nd t ~ ? ev.du iting the rce,ults-descrik'.ed';in'the book. 1 ie"'-.r',vidence acC'1a11u 1 was solid to' impress some of s 'iE nc^'sz mos t.' respcnsit le:? ,author.i Lv' i, `1nc].udinfr Dr, T"irs' fret len-d, ho rot the Introduct~ Un. We are ?aware Ghat Mind-Reach doves into.a subject: sensitivc,'`::in science. `: Xn the r. s~ of ',his- revi.ew, it 'turned out' to be so `mindf beri)i.nry ' .FZat ;~r!vet n!:' t .cSic facts normally noted in any di] if*ent cri.t.igue'weremisstntg. "`that thebcok'is Illustrated (with "hW,.,.draw nr s "`n i:f''rihoi.oeraphs ), .that it ,includes the ?lead introduction 'and `Foreword try Richard Pach. 3 You even gave it to the `wrong publisher Mi nri-Rr?nch: was published, wi th' pride we : area assured, t y,'f elacorte Pre' t"1 c anor b'riede, not bythe publisher,, you `credit d. Th q. ti 4PW b, ? a ?~, ? , rr~R'nrd n~seds setting straight Russell 'f'arg F!iarolcj Putho Stanford`R search Institute uenlo ;Park,, California Rol-ert"Crnstein Tin his review of our book' Mind-Reach in the' .1~ arch 13th Paolo Review implies that our experiments' in.RemoteP RViewing `the main concern of the book lack "solidity" and cannon t e repeated by anyone. asks ~w g ~~~< pr+t t ~`*s0t~ q ~s x f r ,1 Ix fir? qtr it t'+?~'r x.1111$ iS simplV not true. '. .,TMr A Cur experiments, in Remote Viewing have been widely replicated half a dozen lat oratories across the country. - Three of these were put fished in the Proceedings of; the l'l ectrical and Llectrona.c, T nfri.n?ers (October 1976) - a journal Ornstein refers to - .and a " ;=d fourth ?aas pre rented at the Alifus t.,1976 annual m,7efinf; of the ' arnpsychnl~gicd Association, =a]1 'well bin yadvancc of the ] ook~s1r ENS 3 THE CITY COLLEGE OF THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK NEW YORK, N. Y. 10031 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Dear itussell and fial: January 1, 1977 Happy ;ew Year! And many thanks for arranging to have me sent a copy of your book! I con,,ratulate you on it. It's beautifully written, in such an easy style that I couldn't stop it once it was bemun -- finished it in a sin;le sitting. And it presents impressively so much that's impor'ant and. interestin, that the content is a pleasure as well as the style. I should think it would bowl over the readers who didn't know about your work beforehand -- and ani sure that parapsycholoists will be grateful for it, because it puts all together in one place the corpus of work you've done. I'he timiri; was particularly good for me. It came the same day as the galleys for my ms. for Wolman's Handbook, and I revised them to give two citations to the bokk. Thanks, and, hopes that you'll carry on with all your bright ideas for what needs do4in ! Cordially, '~41 i~Gp cveaFdr F to e 20a3'LU 11' `: brA p96-bfl781F UpOv?:a SG1I Targ, Russell & Harold Puthoff MIND-REACH: Scientists look at Psychic Ability Delacorte $8.95 1/? SBN: 440-05688-7 rNC in Clli tl l? ~r r.x ^-i'tF!!1^ rInnsf. ref-:w to 1,a ,E'YIWS. Superficially it would seem that physicists and engineers would he the least likely supporters of extrasensory phenomena. But here we have two physicists at the dis- tinguished Stanford Research Institute who have been doing rigorous experiments and conclude that There is Something There and it is something that probably ex- ists in everyman, That something is remote viewing: the ability of a subject at X to describe in words or drawings the details of a locale chosen by an experimenter miles away. They report on a number of experienced subjects, including Uri Geller, as well as some willing volunteers. All did better than chance would predict-even better in terms of drawings alone rather than verbal descriptions. Targ and Put- hoff speculate that there may be some right hemisphere perceptual ability here that has gone unnoticed or shoved'under the table in our rationalist analytic era. They also suggest that extremely low frequency electromagnetic waves may be involved, so that the phenomena need not remain beyond scientific ken. There is something very likeable about the pair: their attitude; their sophistication with regard to True Believers, to the possibilities of fraud and deception; and their understanding of the "loyal opposition" (e.g., Martin Gardner and others who wouldn't believe in ESP even if it were true). Margaret Mead has written an encouraging introduction showing she's ready to move with a shifting paradigm. Others, up to this point un- convinced, may be shaken up a bit (experience "cognitive dissonance" as the psy- chologists say). In any case, the results reported, confined to a small sample but with decent rigor, lob the ball squarely in the court of the nay-sayers. It will be interesting to watch the play that follows. Approved For Release 2003/09/16 : CIA-RDP96-00787R000500240023-8 m,( )0y Ill t I .. Ii iN n;tl tillaging Aplrroveid FtorlRelease 21 researche's' competent e.xperintertal and technique and intpeccahle integrity, Iles annhincd with the obviously positive grid results Of thell' expCl'Ir11en ts, provide Gha unquestionably powerful evidence for Iran the reality of parascnsory perception. sihie 'I'arg and Puthotldemoristrate with this ever work that given proper conditions, any- able one can obtain perceptions 11adilional- Lld. ly considered paranormal or inpos- 1 ('fhC ty of a positive setting for poi allorntal in u activity, and they denwnstratc again full( and again the interference of the con- rangi scions mind with p;u'ape'ception: only I and when confidence was inspired and aria- lion aInd Pitthull'do more Iban plescnl I;Ilio' ratory observations. 'fhev describe the uncanny elusiveness of psychic phe- notncna,;ls again and again ;Illempts to desihn controlled ex perinu?nls were frustrated by unexpected, seemingly miraculous coincidences. Yet Ihough the most convincing events took place outside the experiments, tile allthols consistently regarded only controlled expeiintellal results as valid scientific (ata. 'T'heir hook is highly recommend- 'I v rzc-ALIg!or) Ian. 1977 469p, cd ht I'v;I tlri,chncr. 111114. ISHN 1) }{7114,)41) N 517 tit, p.,p, poll the mc,lningof I Iit- CMIaTquestions rased by the or- niurtier of' six million .news, an such unprecedented magnitude ttorld prefers to tin gel it. ,\p- 1l;T tF liL4 .016cf-spective. it is plain Ih:tt neither ('ontay, .loon. 'I he 1Cchrett Kings. :ul Ca,v hope not ;In easy faith i, pus- Morrow. 1977. Ih)p, illus, naps. indrt I l 'h slhte ally longer. Inn' Jett of ('hri .tu 111. 44hllh. ISBN 0-689-01139 0, 5) 95. I'll So acct I,Iors led hate rte heCnr e In till- This well-written introduction to the Ience since Auscltwit,. Ih;tl Indill'icnce I Ichrew kings ,puns the period he- is again Ifte cunuoun response. I his is Itceen the election of Saul (c. III_'ll not a hook for (lie casual reader. I'm it B.C.) :Ind the 1111l of Jcrus;peen to the is indispensable to and serious student Babylonians (c. 587 IL.('.). 'I he test ill- of Holocaust history. I lie (Mires raised eludes a short section dealing ttilh the lire often at odds. lint timer hear ttitume s authorship of the Bible and a di,- it, the chief Counlcr-tesllillow, ul the cussion of the nature oI'prophet:}..\Iso Ilolucausi; the preeiousltes?ntd rnigoe- useful ;Ire neaps of time Holy I and illus- nes, ul every huminn being.' -Ildlfm u';tting tribal :md enemy hourd:u ies: a Nola i'r. ,\'rn' York chronology of, kings. prophets. ;mill gcn- O ''o Cr;tl histor y: htack-and-%% bite r epr nnur. I{liiahrth.'I he N6$ ('nnum,- ndue lions ol'several historic ttol k, of u t dc- nit%. ,ieling the kings: IIILI I, holograph, 01' 11.aper. I'+'6 r.lp IIhi, 1! 'n.wr,1 I,Ir` II. IM.-I M,h1 i'. S, p;tp. SS VS RI I several of the archaeological sites pre,- ()'l'unnur has viriltrn :I Ihuughl-per enlly known to he related to hihlie;I' vuking hook on the various aspects tit' places of interest. ('ontry has vii lien ('hristirn Conurtunilvv as it is lived in her other hooks ol'.tewush interest tontine, ('hnrrh t,l Itue S;Itinnr 11\a,hinclon. Illeol Ihr Ienr/Ilr' of Jrrrnulrnr, IJ I I I) (.1. Chc shot(, that one r.lnnul sn'. 15/75, and l.vwrl, lJ (i!t5 ( i V ). ;unl ttas' l a i n ion lIf III III It ttilhout ht,llt lllltc,I, pet an editor of Fnrtrlu/'edirr .lrrrhn, rr. sun;ll tr;utsfotm;ltiun lhlouglu nun: I his short text ttoltld he Iu'selul in It rip ",,TIC" st;It, oh ;tetnt: ;nut hunk ligions schools ;Mud in 1'.\ cnllr, Ill! old tans(' 11 nt;Iu,ut of Ih ' older lions.--Alunhr //. .5/nrnl. .1rh ul 11' 'sit Id "- Ihlouch Iulning the hagglc of plirrl ,Burin/ Stickers. ( ow Itr turn the oppressed hs pusitlsC .101011'. obit' Rv.trr?t'r (brit'.. (Yert'lund ;Is'uidinr: path r;ICisrtt ;nut con dl',ei'll,lull. IItuph1.ISIsIs rill file heed to at Ghat.;Ili, On the Dillies of illoille'- rontlnnntiale ;Intl till tl't? ttollh of ill of hood. (iud's ch1lthc'n. Satiable Inc t:hutt tl :Intl Ovi'ii ok, di,l by Viking 1477. 94p IF. from plthhi hhl;lu Ies. -.111drlll R. l n'r,rr'l. Classical Arabic ht Ptuhl;u Holland 1I 'r? /.u,rtin[' /'.l.?. I/h It. )1157. ISIIN It-)7451 04h1 5h.9s. uI , AI-(ihaiali ( k 1 . 1111) Was one of Isl;un's I Ilttell, lotnt II. \nd Sarah I mViie1: most important theologians. His semi' the status ill' ttonten in the Ohl fesla- nal Rrt'ilrrfi;rr)ioll u) rlru' /u'i'/i I'/rr'u'.1,i Irtel(tt ~y~y ,~i;l1IWilli ti.'II. IVCUt IVf`R l~as 1 ,l7t 'I,Ir.i,`l ~l 'tl (ill fl.'MITI iI~O QQ 5 Inter) heir(.: ''thy' hruthcl's' spitttnal tterial "keeper..': loth ideals ex' the re;Itler nt his dad's life. AI- Ili's lucid ,i\ lc aril the rcadahle ttiorl render the contents ;ucccs- despite difficult passages. Ilow- the entire Reu'ituli;"utiun is avail- i>' `h12. from Books on Islam. 240 W,' 72nd St., N.Y.('. 10(123. ?Mile company's Co1(dur;nr mild to /3uoAS on /s/runt. (s8p,. Sl.' %. ich Ri't'itah, otinn is listed, is it rid thoughtful)} annotated, t~itlc- g. extremely useful sales catalog ihliogr-aphy which every collec- ,,----/)m'/rl W, Littlefield, 1,1- ,/' ('nnprr.l.c athedral of St. John the Divine. rrst'h11?Itz: beginning 111 a new ections on (lie Ilolocansl. roust. 1974. clear r Ktas I) it. 5).95 Nc;lrl% Yip ganiil evil in that I p ro; tn' jects-politics, charity. :art`. Go to tresses for a m: 1 .used in it South offerin no mailer what their faith or, work forApert' wediiFv911cfiaeleiasier2OO3AQWr16rfiLGIArRQPr9AT0Q7$ZJ QUO 419M A the thrust behind the and It;u?n at his feet-and so on. This night have been a practical manual in the go-go conglomerate years of the 1960s. but today it's whimsy. I.Iwuun;vI MORTAL LESSONS: Notes on the Art of Surgery. Rielrcrrd Selzer. Simon and Schuster, $7.95 ISBN 0-671-2_2356-9 In this strange and remarkable hook, Richard Selzer, a surgeon at Yale Medi- cal Center, juxtaposes reflection with information, anatomy with literature, horror with humor and surgery with poetry (just occasionally marred by whimsy), all in language that's as sharp as a scalpel. Ile takes us into the oper- ating room and into the patient's very innards; talks beguilingly about bones, liver, kidneys, skin and other parts of the body (skipping those much-touted orga'ts the brain and the heat it: and provides essay's on baldness. smoking, Chinese :acupuncture and abortion, as well as sonic lighter pieces on his youth in Troy, New York. Ile ends. not as inappropriately as might seem, with a charming piece on hirdwatching. Even Selzer's grisliest anecdotes are trans- formed in the telling, by his belief that the surgeon's function overlaps those of the poet and the priest. Old draw- ings. IJoItcrar.vl III .\'i'. PRIVATE. :YE: The Real World of'the Private Dcleclise. eVic?hn/ns /'ile,c i. Playboy Press, $8.; ISBN 0-87223-475-4 This slice of life is an honest t .4te of what a private detective's ' t~rk is all ahoul: it is revealing :ut1;iscinating. Irwin Blve has been it private investiga- tor for 20 years in and around New Yui k. and lie is a good one. I lis job consists not of chasing Maltese falcons for sexy blondes, but of helping law- yers shepherd people through a system that is bureaucratized. hunglint, and in- diflcre?nt. Here we follow him as lie works on three cases: looking up wit- Stop smoking. Give Heart fund AmMIcjo P-PI AR :OCid hog` f. Approved ascertain her bus Land's inconte in case there is a divorce:, nncl working on an instance of a liindloid',, negligence. The rape case has an w ',:umc, but the other two trail oil'. Icavaut~ loose ends. It all has the ring ol'truth andPileggi does an admirable job of telling the story. [slits uw'y J '1'l ll; CHRYSANTHEMUM ' AND 'I'llE BAT: Baseball Samurai Style. Robert lVlritiu,r,'. Dodd, Mead, $10 I S 13 N 0-396-07317-4 American baseball fans will find this book irresistible. Whiting has clone an outstanding job of showing how the Japanese national character has shaped the diamond game in that county. In spring training, players arc put through it regimen that would make a chain gang seem like a vacation. Throughout the 130-game season the two six-team major le:agues demand from their team ntctnbcrs a combination of' "fighting spirit" (which does not include aggres- sive bascrunning or beanball pitches) and traditional respect for authority fig- ures (apologies to coaches, managers and fans are commonplace). Besuhoru is truly the Jap:inese national game, with severa[-tlaily papers devoted ex- clusively,,-rig it and the TV networks saturaLLeil with it. Of course the nation looks' forward to the clay of vietory t'cr the U.S. in a true World Series. Photos. [./anuart' I MIND-REACII: Scientists Look at Psychic Ability. Rrr.vsell Targ and Harold Prrrlrof. . Dclacorte Press (An Eleanor Friede Book), $8.95 IS13N 0-440-05688-7 In it no-nonsense report to which Mar- garet Mead has lent her scientific im- primatur with a brief introduction, physicists Targ and Puthoff describe a series of parapsychology experiments as dramatic as any ever undertaken. That these experiments, conducted at Stanford Research Institute, have gen- erated much publicity is partly due to the participation of psychic wizards Uri Gcllcr and Ingo Swann. Yet most of the participants were ordinary people who were presumably able to accurately de- scribe "target drawings" hidden from view as well. it,, distant geographical sites. The authors furnish transcripts of' the experiments. hints for would-he "remote viewers" and one or two new hypotheses. Most striking are the pho- tographs of the "targets" juxtaposed with the volunteers' sketches so that readers can form their own opinion. Index, etc. [Junuur?'I TILE IRRATIONAL SEASON. Madeleine 1,'E,g,le. Crossroads/Sea- hury Press, $8.95 ISBN 0-8164-0324-4 women's movement, the book is espe- cially valuable, for it's an exploration of L'Engle's life as a professional wom- an, wife, mother and grandmother. Combining anecdotes, poetry and a dis- cussion of human relationships, the text is infused with feelings humorous and sad-sometimes tragic. Mostly the author reaffirms her commitment to Christianity, a faith which has fre- quently been weakened by doubts for solid reasons, not all personal. In fact, the most compelling parts of this sensi- tive book describe the author's periods of atheism and her fight to recover from "cold isolation," the terror of believing in nothing. Sesthruq's Lenlen selection for 1977. [Juwtcrry J HONEY: The Life and Loves of Lenny's Shady Lady. I/ou- ev Bruce m'ilh 1)wtu Benenson. Playboy Press, $9.95 ISBN 0-87223-435-3 Most readers won't know whether to applaud the candor of this "true con- fession" of the woman who was Lenny Bruce's wife or he turned off by its emphasis on matters sexual with every i dotted and every i crossed. Those whom it does not affect violently one way or the other will find it the story of a lower middle-class girl who became it stripper, thought she had found love in a lesbian affair and then met and mar- ried the rising young comedian who later became so controversial. The sec- tions dealing with Honey's show busi- ness career are so jejune that they sound like parody; the passages dealing? with Lenny and their stormy, drug- obsessed life together are always inter- esting and at times absorbing. Most affecting is the picture of Bruce after his busts for obscenity had started-a paranoid, monomaniacal, frenetic wreck. [January] WITH a1ALICL TOWARD NONE: The Life of Abraham Lincoln. Stephen B. Dares. Harper & Row, $15.95 ISBN 0-06-013283-3 The blurb for Oates's highly readable, dramatic life of President Lincoln sug- gests that it's an expose of the "real" Lincoln which emphasizes his disdain for parental background. lust for politi- cal power, etc. Such points are made only fleetingly as the author is swept along by the tide of epic events which tried and tested Lincoln and bore him to glory. '['his hook has the appeal of it good novel with no distracting foot- notes. But it's clear I'tont an appendage of notes at the end that Orates has stud- ied all sources-the flood of' biogra- phies and memoirs on the Civil War president with which his book will be inevitably compared. Oates has done For Release 1210101/Op9%19:tl l frgb(~ ~tt le~~,t~, 0_Lip8snl ~~~ Ju,~l character, the con- From CHARLES PANATI Dear Hal and Russ, I just finished your book and think it is wonderful. Beautifully done. I'm filled with curiosity to see how it is received--what with the impressive data, the sober presentation, the intro- duction by Margaret Plead, everything-- I particularly liked the chapter on the "Loyal Opposition." You put the.facts straight and put everyone in his place-- all the while be level-headed and gentle- menly (more that can be said for the Loyal Opposition). Thank you for mentioning the Geller Papers. I regard it an honor to have my name in your book.- I wish you more than luck, you both deserve it. Best wishes for the New Year, ine mQvernt'nt, some institu- :a'Hed by tho?te excluded from ,c:rident, enlightened, senslMrou ciass` liberalism, like that sus and controlling this book has , ~en as nothing less than a move- )r institution-perhaps a com- movement at that. he point of -largest substance restorations is the thing posi- Idded, present now, absent be- ;:at which forces, by its star- ,,resence, a reconsideration of end where you are. In ' letters an authority that depends alto- upon inwardness with the character of the times, that-can without winking. say-as a cur' fashionable novel speaks--of as "the ..most profound moral of our -time." There's another ity derived from an instinct for tioning; in its books, regardless times, sanity is a rule not - an and shamelessness .invariably ned shame. "Responses" recov- outline of the 'latter kind of ity, and it is, to repeat, a cleans- in L911 (at the age of 48) when nsformed the literal Alexandrian of his poems into a "metaphor ," Keeley traces the evolution poet's mythic `rnodel through ?ressive stages as "sensual city" mythical Alexandria," which in expands to embrace the entire I of Hellenism"; from there the inally attains a-. "universal, per ie." Fortunately, Keeley under . By Robert E. Ornstein. 128 pp. New Yorh: Grossman/Viking. . $6.95.. By JEFFREY KLEIN Laughs come easy nowadays to those who never believed in the human potential movement. Most students of higher consciousness have either be- .come zombies in some corporate growth enterprise or themselves joined the ranks of the disillusioned. As with American polio'cal"radicalism, it is ex- tremely difficult,to maintain a respon- sible, forward course: Teachers, like Robert Ornstein, who pointed out the limits of the Western mind, have been outflanked by cultists of all stripes, united only by their mindlessness. It is thus understandable why "Ttie Mind. Field" is inspired by utter dismay. n fir:ntrl, ur tv' n 'onsr rvwl,' uk rr':rv- ly set aside as an unreliable judge of -RDH~S'~ 23-8 l~ h m a Mmci 1While le eac each o e Man Fie dcn- tiques-of secret Gurdjieff groups, mystical sport centers, Carlos Castane- da, Uri Geller-is sensible, the continu- al scolding tone becomes unpleasant. The sighs of dismay. breathing throughout this book collect into a whine. Eventually Professor Ornstein presents his choice of an esoteric psy-. chology for all seasons: contemporary Sufism. "The Mind Field's" final sec- tion is a guided reading of 11 Sufi tales selected from the recent antholo- gies of Iridries Shah. about intuitive wholistic understand-, .ing, his map of the mind field is sur- prisingly flat: it lacks any political dimension. He never. considers that there could be reasons particular to America why our psychological.explo- rations become desperate - personal -:? quests or become reified into "con- sciousness" for conspicuous consump- tion. The frustrated yearnings for com- munity behind such quests are never .examined. Ornstein writes: "It is an unfortunate accident of the 20th-cen- tury that those most interested. in personal knowledge and. in, an extended conception of man tend to be those least suited to gaining or - fi using. them." An unfortunate accident? Instead of analyzing why we produce timid piofessionals' on the one hand and unprincipled quacks on the other, Professor O.rnsteiri. seems content. to scold. On the West Coast at least, Robert --? Ornstein is justly. well-known for ex- periments which show that intuition or "right brain thinking' probably has a physiological basis. Because he ? is a respectable - scientist, he has been looked to by many as a consciousr: ss expert. "The Mind Field" seems born out of too many lecture tours, 'too many dirmers and symposia and parties full of curious strangers. It is' as if., having been asked the same grand questions too often, Professor. Ornstein finally lost his temper and said: "All right, you want to know what I think of all these damn move- ments, well let me tell you.... How-not-to guides rarely help . beginners. Those readers who are just now becoming curious about Yoga, Zeta, biofeefibacic, parapsychology and , the like would be better off turning to Ornstein's earlier book, "The Psy- choicgy of Cansciousrr.,.ess." It is a corn- prehensive and often graceful intro- duction to esoteric psychology. Those readers who already appreciate the esrt&ric tradition will have to look be- yond "The Mind Field" for mature leadership. As yet we do not have a Lrpiexad. ~ that what the critic reads as ' Professor Ornstein ? wants "to sepa- sal qualities are less than con- rate the current lofty metaphysical in- ly wrought by poets, and his Elation, the goofiness, the outright lies, ?riapter shows how the detached and the commercialism from the real vision of some of the late poems possibility and discipline." ' Although springs out of, is possible only he speaks from the platform of aca- ;e of, the poet's meticulous and demic. psychology, he is, not address- nt working-out of his personal ing just his colleagues. The bogus -ml -structure. ' The complex and scientific "validations" of Trarscen- mnd integrity of Cavafy's model, dental Meditation upset him both be- st produced by a modern poet, ? cause they are professionally sloppy Baled by the demonstration of, ? and because they obscure the purpose., kt that each of its phases is sub- of spiritual pursuits. , . in its successors. Thus Keeley While Ornstein admits TM may have 3y shows how the eroticism of some beneficial relaxing effects, noth- )ems of the "sensual city" not ing angers him. more than the use of. -xists on the two planes 'of the the esoteric traditio,t as a form of --t and modern worlds where psychotherapy. He believes that Freud- -mrallelism denotes the continua- inn hycrrao1ics are not only a poor ex- 1L hedonistic ethic and the radical- piana't;on of human problems, but that erent social status of its practi- attc liti' rt to personal problems now but that it also joins with his leads us off the main evolutionary major themes to contribute to ? trick. "In zn un4e-lnerated esoteric J's final vision of the human tradition, the orct:nary :ell' is not to ^n under the aspect of eternity, __ lebrate it still for the passions Jeffrey l loin is an editor. of Mother I. even as one sees the 'tib?pb :s nics and the .yrs. L: A) c