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November 4, 2016
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April 11, 2000
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April 1, 1982
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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS CNO EXECUTIVE PANEL WASHINGTON. D. C. 20350 1 April 1982 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : -T0788R001p00 09,001,10 Sfa MEMORANDUM FOR DR. RICHARD DE LAUER, UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH & ENGINEERING Subj: Research Program Proposal (U) Encl: (1) Subject proposal 1. (S) As you suggested in our meeting on 25 March 1982, I have outlined a draft program proposal for Exceptional Human Functioning research within the Department of Defense. 2. (C) Such a program should be comprehensive, meticulous in experimental protocols, multidisciplinary, and closely protected. Estimated costs for a four year, FY 83-86, effort would approach $8M and probably entail the creation of a small management cell (2-3 people) within OUSDRE. Very. respectfully, W. STEWART tain, U.S. Navy SECRE'T' Ma ONLY Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 Approved For Release 2000/0 &1CREf 96-00788R001100280001-0 The following outline presupposes that several concepts and definitions are implicitly understood. The term Exceptional Human Functioning (EHF) implies the directed use of human consciousness for the enhancement of a range of human capabilities. A subset of EHF, often termed "psychic, paranormal, or PSI phenomena" is used in a broad sense to include the effects that both domestic and foreign laboratories have observed with human subjects interacting in an undetermined way with observables ... usually physical objects, places, or elec- tronic processes and occasionally with electromagnetic devices. Specifically included are what is commonly called remote viewing, extended sensory capabilities, random process clairvoyance, pre- cognition, telepathy, and healing. Although it seems virtually certain that some sort of psychic phenomena do exist, it is less certain that PSI phenomenon can be controlled sufficiently to permit its development into a cost- effective, operational system. I do not prejudge the cause or etiology of PSI effects. I. A coordinated national Exceptional Human. Functioning research program should have four initial objectives encompassing multiple specific project areas: A. The four main objectives, in order of their importance, should be: 1. To provide to potential customers sufficient evidence for the existence of each phenomenon to permit credible use. 2. To develop effective, repeatable, or statistically useful applications for psychic capabilities. 3. To provide both correllative and non-confirmatory data to help evaluate foreign programs. 4. To study and if possible elucidate the putative scientific mechanisms underlying and governing each paranormal capability selected for study. B. The specific project areas should include: 1. Remote viewing (including precognitive aspects) SS&RET, Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 SECRET a. To gather information from target locations that cannot be accessed via normal means. b. To assist in determining target priorities for judicious employment of the more expensive, less readily available, COMINT, SIGINT, PHOTINT, or HUMINT collection systems. c. To receive coded agent messages. 2. Psychokinesis (PK) a. To examine the vulnerability of electronic/electromechanical systems of known reliability. b. To disrupt foreign electronic information processing systems, and to protect US systems from unauthorized penetration. C. To provide data for evaluating foreign reports that a person's physiology or behavior can be altered remotely via psychic means. 3. Telepathy a. To establish a covert communication channel. b. To provide data for evaluating foreign reports that psychically induced "mind control" is feasible. II. To be fully effective the research program should be: A. Operationally focused 1. Research should first concentrate on: a. Utility. b. Repeatability. c. Control. 2. Additional,basic research should attempt to: a. Discover the mechanisms which may provide an understanding of the conditions under which the phenomena can be used most effectively. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 SECRET SECRET B. Multidisciplinary 1. Physiologists, psychologists, and physicians should study and monitor the subjects. 2. Physicists, neuro-physiologists, anthropologists, and biophysicists should study the phenomena. 3. Engineers should design equipment to facilitate experimental measurements and to attempt to enhance psychic capa- bilities through technical augmentation. 4. Statisticians and information theorists -- in con- sultation with primary researchers -- should design and review experimental methods and judging procedures. 1. Several independent groups or laboratories, includ- ing ones from academe, should demonstrate the capability to ex- ploit each phenomenon selected for study. 2. Experimental results should be evaluated by both ex- perimenters within the program and later by an independent multi- disciplinary panel not otherwise involved with the contractor. 3. Within the limits of security, both "in-house" and contract groups should participate as researchers. D. Tightly coordinated 1. A single, unified DOD/Intelligence Community Over- sight Board (chaired by DEPSECDEF) should provide security, cover, general guidance, full coordination, and should oversee and origi- nate tasking of all research groups under DOD/Intelligence Commun- ity contract. 2. The Oversight Board will concern itself as necessary with issues relating to the applicability of existing federal guidelines (e.g., Executive Order 12333, Section 2.10, 4 Dec 1981) and statutes on human experimentation in bio/psychological testing. Issues relating to individual rights-of-privacy will also be referred to the Board. 3. The operational research program element should be compartmented while the basic research area should proceed in an unclassified but restricted setting. E. Integrated 1. Whenever possible each scientific discipline repre- sented in the research program should work jointly with members from other disciplines. SEcRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 SECRET 2. Informal cross-fertilization of ideas should be encouraged among scientists, subjects, customers, and operators. 3. Multidisciplinary critiques and post-audits of project activities should be conducted as appropriate by a Review Panel and by a separate group familiar with the field, but not otherwise involved in the research. F. Stable financially 1. Research budgets should be stable, and overlapping from fiscal year to fiscal year to permit: a. Managers to be included in the budget allocation to each contract team. b. Researchers the time to do research and not spend excessive time marketing for end-of-year and follow-on support. c. Improved security control of the projects: including goals, communication, and progress. III. The ultimate success of the program depends on: . Consumer acceptance. 1. Sufficient "ground truth" data must be available or generated to. document the reliability and useability of each operational system to give an objective consumer confidence in the system's use. 2. Sufficient training must be provided to select PSI intelligence consumers and producers to enable them to use and to interpret psychic data appropriately. B. Scientific understanding 1. Biophysical/human consciousness studies to elucidate the mechanisms underlying each psychic phenomenon must be undertaken to assess: or defeated. a. b. c. d. How the system can be operationally optimized. How, when, or if the system can be compromised A system's full potential. Threats existing from foreign research. SECRET SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 go Im Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Si I. The program consists of essentially two parts: (1) classified compartmented research on the operational uses of RV, PK, and telepathy, and (2) basic research directed toward the better understanding and description of Exceptional Human Functioning (EHF). An abundance of information exists on EHF, particularly as it relates to the PSI phenomena. As a first step, a study team should be established to survey the appropriate literature and other extant data bases (Library of Congress, Washington Research Center/San Francisco, etc.) to create an archives to support the two principal research program elements. Work on RV, PK, and telepathy would focus initially on PSI skill development and assessment, thence on applications, and eventually PSI utility assessment. Basic research would concentrate on fundamental physics and brain/consciousness research through the formation of pyramid research teams. YEAR 1 YEAR 2 Study team-------4 Form pyramid -1 constructs research teams PSI archive I I Evaluate contractor proposals PSI skill- development & skill assess- ment I II. Candidate research centerslor activities for operational efforts include: RV: US Army Intelligence and Support Command, Ft Meade, MD Defense Program Office, DIA McDonald Douglas Aerospace, Huntington Beach, CA SRI International, Menlo Park, CA FBI Science Laboratory, Quantico, VA Missile Intelligence Command, Huntsville, AL PK: Lawrence Livermore Labs, Livermore, CA Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC Mind Science Foundation, San Antonio, TX University of Delaware, Lewes, DE Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI), Bethesda, MD McDonald Douglas Aircraft, St. Louis, MO Boeing Scientific Research Laboratories, Seatt Applications YEAR 3 PSI Utility, Assessment YEAR 4 ICRET, Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 National Security Agency, Ft. Meade, MD Eyring Research Institute, Provo, UT Naval Surface Weapons Center, White Oak, MD The following illustrative catalog of tasks would be allocated among the centers that demonstrate the requisite capability for such research. Task 1. RV Training 2. Feedback Requirements 3. Interviewer/Analyst Training 4. Audio and Semantic Analysis Techniques Operational Utility Provides more data with higher reliability Determines mix of classified and unclassified feedback Extracts more RV data pertinent to target Identifies correct and incorrect RV data 5. Spatial Resolution 6. Training Requirements 7. Spatial Acuracy (CEP) 8. RV Evaluation Techniques 9. Remote Perturbation of Electronics 10. Remote Perturbation of Mechanical System 11. Multidisciplinary Conferences 12. RV Application Assessment 13. RV Countermeasure Analysis 14. Multiple Asset Targeting Ascribes reliability factor to targets of various sizes Provides for use of alterna- tive targeting procedures Improves reliability of identifying target Extracts and assess "hidden" data from RV session Manipulates foreign elec- tronic systems (computers) Manipulates foreign mechani- cal systems (gyros) Exchanges technical informa- tional on how to better use RV/PK Identifies potential applica- tions for intelligence Explores CM techniques that deny access or misinform Provides more diverse data on target, increases signal SECRET SECREi Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 NOORRET 15. RV Pictorial Response Correlations Operational Utility Improves data interpretation 17. Accuracy Dependence on Target Type 18. Associational RV Targeting 19. Alphanumeric RV 20. Psychoenergetic Intrusion Detection 21. Computer Assisted RV 22. Temporal Resolution 23. Error Correcting RV Communication 24. Intelligence Analysis and Assessment 25. Environmental Effects Assessment 26. Distance-Dependent Reliability 27. Additional Remote Perceptual Modalities 28. Locating/Tracking RV 29. Temporal Accuracy 30. RV Channel Capacity Evaluates psychological con- ditions of operational RV Indexes targets that can be RVed with greater success Increases targeting opportunities Permits remote analytical functioning; e.g., reading Provides for security access control and detection Uses alternative RV technique for locating targets Ascribes reliability factor to event timings Provides a secure communica- tion link Evaluates use and analyzes utility with regards to reliability .Delineates impact of environ- mental factors on noise RV Estimates reliability factor for targets at various distances Opens up RV to provide infor- mation on all physical aspects of target Establishes reliable spatial tracking technique Evaluates the timing accuracy for isolating target events Establishes data rate in secure communications link SECRET SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 SECRET The attachment illustrates an example time phasing of the tasks Listed above. III. Candidate basic research centers include: Brain Functioning: Armed Forces Radiobiological Research Institute, Bethesda, MD Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, CA Neurosciences Research Foundation (MIT/ Rockefeller University), New York Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA Naval Air Development Center, Warminster, PA Johns Hopkins University/APL, Baltimore, MD Menninger Foundation, Topeka, KS Duke University, Durham, NC Archival Data: Mobius Group, Los Angeles, CA SRI International, Menlo Park, CA Esalen Institute, Mill Valley, CA Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA Fundamental Institute for Advance Studies, Princeton, NJ Physics: Lawrence Berkeley Labs, UC/Berkeley Lawrence Livermore Labs, Livermore, CA SRI International, Menlo Park, CA University of North Carolina Ballistic Missile Defense Command, Aberdeen, MD Lincoln Labs, Cambridge, MA Mission Research Corp., Santa Barbara, CA Washington University, St. Louis, MO IV. The program management structure within the Department of Defense should consist of an Oversight Board, the program manager, and possi- bly two or three project directors for RV, PK, and Data Base/Basic Research. The 3versight Board might include: DEPSECDEF, USDRE, DDCI, ATCJCS, PDUSDPC I, and the Program Manager. Advisors to the Board would be DOD General Counsel, ASD (Health Affairs), the Assistant Director FBI/Counter Intelligence, Deputy Director USSS/Presidential Protection & Task Force on Terrorism. A working group subordinate to the Oversight Board would review as appropriate issues for Oversight Board's consideration. 8 SECRET SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 SECRET V. Four year EHF program costs ($ million) are estimated as shown: FY 83 FY 84 FY 85 FY 86 83-86 Applied ResearchO.9M l.1M 1.3M 1.5M 4.8M Basic Research 0.35M 0.65M 0.6M 1.0M 2.6M Data Base 0.25M 0.25M 0.1M -- 0.6M TOTAL 1.5M 2.OM 2.OM 2.5M 8.OM SECRET Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001100280001-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0 SECRET Task First Year Second Year Third Year Fourth Year 1 RV Training RV Training 2 RV Training Feedback Requirements RV Training 3 Interviewer/Analyst Trainin I t Feedback Requirements 4 g n erviewer/Analyst Training A di Interviewer/Analyst Trainin u o & Semantic Analysis g Interviewer/Analyst Training 5 Techniques 6 7 Targeting Requirements Spatial Resolution Targeting Requirements Spatial Resolution 8 Spatial Accuracy (CEP) RV Evaluation Techniques Spatial Accuracy (CEP) 9 RV Evaluation Techniques RV Evaluation Techni ues 10 RP of Mechanical Systems RP of Electronics q RP of Electronics RV Evaluation Techniques 11 RP of Mechanical Systems Multidisciplinary Conferences M l i RP of Mechanical Systems 12 u t disciplinary Conferences M RP of Mechanical Systems RV A li ultidisciplinary Conferences 13 pp cation Assessment RV A i Multidisciplinary Conferences R ppl cation Assessment 14 V Countermeasure Analysis RV Application Assessment 15 RV Countermeasure Analysis RV Countermeasur A l 16 Multiple Asset Targeting RV Pictorial Response Correlations e na ysis Multiple Asset Targeting 17 Crisis RV Evaluation 18 Accuracy Dependence on Target Type 19 Associational RV Targeting 20 - Alphanumeric RV Alphanumeric RV 21 Psychoenergetic Intrusion Detection Psychoenergetic Instrusion 22 Detection Computer Assisted RV 23 Temporal Resolution Temporal Resolution 24 Error Correcting RV Communication Intelligence Analysis & Assessment 26 27 28 29 30 Environmental Effects Assessment Distance-Dependent Reliability Additional Remote Perceptual Modalities Tracking/Locating RV Temporal Accuracy RV Channel Capacity Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788RO01 100280001 -0