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December 1, 1979
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FLAME HD CARRY ~OPI~S Approved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA~I~~-~~Oi'~b0120002-4 ~C~~~C~~ ~ ~~~~~ aid ~ ~~~a~~ ~a~a~ TABLE OF CONmENTS (U) Page (U_) SECURITY CLASSIFICATION GUIDE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Introduction, Chapter 1 1-4 Major Findings &- Observations, Chapter 2 5-9 Recommendations, Chapter 3 10-11a (S/NOFORN) DISCUSSION Chronology of GRILL FLAME Activities, ChaptEr 4 12-20 Parapsychology in PerspectivE, Chapter 5 21-23 Evaluation of Parapsychological Experiments, Chapter 6 24-27. Assessment of Warsaw~Pact Parapsychological Activities, Chapter 7 28-31 Review of Suggested Parapsychological Mechanisms, Chapter 8 32-33 Evaluation of SRI Remote Viewing Experiments, 34-41 Chapter 9 (C) ANNEXES Committee MEmbership, Annex 1 42 Places Visited, Annex 2 43-44 Comments Pertaining to AMSAA, Annex 3 45-45 Comments Pertaining to MICOM, AnneX 4 47'-55 Cornraent~ ~='erta:iz~ir~i~~ to INSCOM, Annex 5 56-CO SG1D Approved For Release 2000/ ?- .-- ,-~ ~ o ~ h rn Approved For Re Page (C) ANNEXES (cunt) Comments Pertaining to Livermore Laboratories, 66-67 Annex 7 Evaluation of SRI Criticisms, Annex 8 68-72 Summary & Evaluation of Free-ResponsE Analysis 73-SO Technique, Annex 9 Recommended Research Improvements (Suggestions 81-87 for RV Protocol), Annex 10 References, Annex 11 88-90 ~s~~)~~~ ~~~~~~~ Approved ,U1~aL~~A-dG~~''~ Approved For Release 20 -1~~,8.~~ztl 'I'3+~0120 2,_ ~L~Gs~~~ ~ .o d ~ ~a~a,~ ~~J~~~ SECURITY CLASSIFICATION GUIDE (U) 1. (S/NOFORN) All eannECtion between official U.S. Government interest or participation in the gEnEric field of Parapsychology is classified a minimum of SECRET, caveat N0 FOREIGN. DISSEMINATION: This connECtion includes the word parapsychology (or any derivative thereof) and U. S. Government. All data relat~:d to U.S. Government programs or interest in Parapsychology is disseminated on a strict; provEn need-to-know basis manly. 2, (j.T) The unclassified nicknamE for this subject is GRILL FLAME. Within DOD ACSI DA must approve in writing further dissemination or reproduction of this report. Future security planning for GRILL FLAME includes making it totally a spECial access program. 3, (U) Release of this report to cleared U.S. defense contractors and other U.S. Government agenciES is contingent upon written approval of SECDEF or his dESignated representa- tive. Release will be accomplished on a case-by-case basis. 4. (U) Under na circumstance, other than that described in paragraph 3 above, will this report be disseminated outsidE the U.S. Government. 5. (U) All portions of this report are classified SECRET/ NOFORN. Removal of unclassified pages is authorized ~nl upon complete obliteration of the nickname GRILL FLAME. ~~C~G?3~~ ~~~~~~ ~od~~~.~~~ ~a~~~ Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-RDP96-007888001300120002-4 AEpprovec~'~or~e~ease A-~~~'~~-0~~~2~OOn~A0120002-4 l~(~G~~~ ~~d~:/i~.~~~ Cw~~~~ Introduction (U) 1. (S/NOFORN) Background, Iri June 1979 it was suggested by Dr. LaBerge, then Under Secretary of the Army, that a Scientific Evaluation Committee be appointed to review the Army's parapsychological activities. In early July 1979, Dr. Ruth Davis recommended that because of the special interest of the Secretary of Defense, that the Committee review the total DOD posture and report directly to the GRILL FLAME Oversight Committee: ("GRILL FLAME" a_s the unclassified code word for r.~ny-.DOD or intelligen~~c community assor.iation or ~.nvolvement with parapsychological activities or interests; definitions of scientific areas discussed can be found in Chapter 5.) ~. (U) Mission and Organiratiori. The Comn~itte.:?~ was organized by thE~~~t".ha~.rmari~6(se~ Annex 1 ) and hi_gtrly gua.Li Pied members were :tr~v~ted ~:cr sF~rvc~ From various z~~ic'r?c_ific disc~ip.lines .. ~I I. members enjoy a reputation for ar= extr_?emt~ly integrif:y ~~nd i~ri~~r~ ~;o t;he Committee n=x v~re~.7_th of experience iri i~xper~a_~,t~~nta.l design and ~'~-ze areas of expertise of Committee members :inc].k.;~de I=',r, Biostati.stics, Psychology, Physics, Engineering, anc~ Operations Resear~:~ii. Committee members were car `.fully screened to avoid any- ~zersons with preconceived ~r~otions f'oxs or against tare stzb jest under investigation, ~~o torah: Q~rr ob jec - tive assessment: could ro+:j evolved . A11 Committee mernber~~ represented t.hemselve~s and were selected on their ind:i.v..dual merits; therefore, views expressed are neither :implicitly nor explicitly associated with their employing organizations. The listing of the organizational affiliation in the Annex is for identifying purposes only. a. (S/NOFORN) The mission of the Committee, known as the"GRILL FLAME Scientific Evaluation Committee" was as follows: To review the parapsychological research, investi- gations, and applications within DOD and the intel- ligence community. To assess the validity of claims made for the alleged existence of the PSI phenomena; with particular emphasis on the experiments which were instituted to approach the "proof of principle". Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-RDP96-007888001300120002-4 Approved For Release 200 To recommend a course of action for DOD in future parapsychological activities. b. (S/NOFORN) The Committee visited all DOD installa- tions involved in any aspect of parapsychological efforts and conducted additional visits and interviews with non- government sponsored investigators (see Annex 2). In addition, a large amount of classified reports, intelligence summaries, and open literature was reviewed. A collection of all such documents is stored in the Chairman's office and was made available to Committee members as required. In addition, available documentation applicable to the particular investigations in process or related materials was made available for inspection at all installations which were visited, c. (S/NOFORN) Because of the DOD interest for eventual application and also because of the considerably greater activity, the balk of the Committee's work was concerned with that por~ti.c;n of PSI research and applica.tion~~ known as "Remote Vi.ewir~g" (RV} . The Tavork on P~rychokinetics (PK) was also reviewed; hr~wever, since tr'ese inve:~tigations are concerned with the productsiorr o:~ physical effects, there :is cansi.der`ably les.~. controversy from the point of view of measurement techniques, but PK investigation~~ share with RV the perp3e~xing prablems of ~~nderstanding,, an~w~1:C~Y1 ~'~c3~Ea r,,zblc ~K;o si~_~icantly disturb, can r~~o~~x~aar~d, a ~rup?=rc~onr~.~xct. x..rag a~~ag~setometer, which was as :~~~iPldcd as technology nsity, ?ow prafi.~.e; (b) balanced d~ ~tr?ibutir~n of work _ -- avoid overlap and husband sca~?e:e re>~ources ; (c) ba.l.anced in-out house effort ; (d) in~--h?use ei"fort first center on replicating SRI-type organ~i~at:~ons' experiments; (e) consider both basic and applied research; anal (f) fit within any future DOD program. A complete security envelope was placed over Army?s interest in PSI, end the effort was given the unclassified nickname, GRILL FLAME, (4) (S/NOFORN) In March 1978, Targ and Puthoff presented a talk on RV to a select AMSAA/DARCOM audience. This led to increased effort by AMSAA to explore RV in harmony with DA guidance, as it might apply to target acquisition and target description: (a) ascertain ]_acation and .activity status of enemy units;- (b) detect changes in status of places like enemy assembly areas; (c) detect , identify,. and report .activity of enemy equipment; and (d) provide real=time battle damage assessment. Also of prime interest was accessing enemy communications, and command and control systems. 0 14 ~~~?~,~ ~~n~~ c~) ~~G3C~~ ~~.G~~~ aJd~/a.aa~ ~-.~ .:~~~ Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-RDP96-007888001300120002-4 Approved For Release 200 / D: -RD~~=(9U7~~3~~20002-4 L~~~l~ ~ ~ d~~~~~~~ ~~~'? SG1C (5) (S/NOFORN) In July 1978, DIA sponsored a series of four unique experiments, in. which intelligence analysts intimately familiar with target sites interfaced directly with the Remote Viewer. The DIA Project Officer had prepared three sets of Soviet/Bloc target coordinates, and one US control set. Even he-did not know the coordinates, until the moment they were- read aloud to the Viewer, Ingo Swann. Immediately upon hearing the coordinates, Swann verbalized. about and drew sketches of the target. Only l.ow correlation of target description to actz~al site was achieved in the first three trials, Hows~ver, Swann ~~rovided a "moderate to PAS gh?' , lengthy desc~r?iption of the last target, a soviet ~t~~ateg:ic missile fiel+;~ ea:;t of Moscow, a s~ ~ ~xai f:icant ~~ch~.eventent , Most airnaxing perhaps , Swann passed through a s.~_~.o :over, '"traveling'" down ~an~til r~~~,.rhi ng a connec.tinc~ 3::a,~.sarre7L ~ Goinel thrcauc~-a th?..s passac~c . gray e exitered a ~;c~p~m~~rad anc~.. :~..on~tL~o:1. room . ~~ne comrc~c~nt , ~m~ang maxtap, s~tarzds rauf:: ?`The i'lracar~: are ~aa.v~:d in 'whi.te ;il~~s~ 6~ t~) (S/N01~'ORN Ir'x l~.ug2x:~t 19?~3 , D~~ `Jt~x,;~na s ~~ ~ ~.:xa~~ired a i~iu~;ting ~=~r, ~:l~velop a c:r.~:~rdi~a~~t~~~:c;:eptable~ experim~~rxts and aiva.luat:ion ~~ethor~ologie~s; (b) :~ns~are valid inve:_=sticlation caf milit~~ry applicationc~ of ~S_~ -ar7de (r.) i.nvest~gate sigr~~i.ficance of :foreign tec:hnica~. ~~nd military PSI efforts. The working group also acts as a clearing house fur information on the subject within -the DOD framework, and monitors protocols for compliance legal and medacal guidelines. (7) (S/NOFORN) In September--October 1978, Army ACSI and INSCOM designed a small program to narrowly examine purely intelligence application of RV. The concept was to familiarize (train) a cadre of personnel who had been subjectively culled from the whole Washington area INSCOM organization. Selection criteria included: above average intelligence, outgoing personality,. adventuresome, open-minded, mature, artistic nature, and successful life career. It was preferred that-the individual SG1C ~C~~ :o o s~a~ c~a~~~ CdG~[~ ~~dC/~.~ Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-RDP96-007888001300120002-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-F~~~DO~T~F~ ~ 0 p ~~G~i~ ~ ~ dLI ~ ~ 'b ~~~~~~ SG11 not have. in-depth PSI knowledge or background. The following potential intelligence PSI applications were identified: locating and effecting undetected entry . into denied enemy units facilities; SALT verification; advance warning of hostilities; "reading" enemy battle plans and intentions; tracking and locating key enemy clandestine HUMINT operations and activities. Implicit was the development of appropriate countermeasures to known or suspected enemy PSI capabilities. (S) (S/NOFORN) AMSAA concluded a contract in September 178 ~:o have SRT conduct a number of experiments ~.n s~.dpport o:f the Areas of out~_.~~rned in paragraph 1_c(~Y) abc.~ve. These would be carr~.ed out i.,n ~~oncert witka 1,'gi ~ q~~+.D' A~DE ~.~ , ~' or 1. ?rd . '~ :10 ) ( S/:~IO~"Ok~iV ) Also on 1 ~ F~abrtixax?;, ~ D? ~ , ~;h~, a:s ~ i:,1, t"'~:,AMN DOD S~oering ~"ommittee first met te: hear and ~~~-.-e~- comments orY the program"s developrnerxta~_ status. .ter ~`~;s~~ta~i t tee r~c~nrbc~rs included : all Service ACSI ? s ~ Dr . Ruth -~ SG 1 I x7~~vi ?~ , D.r . i~~~Eerge , and Dr . Vorona { starid~..~ag ?~n fo~? T~,TG `~'~_~~he) ~ ~ The ~;orxe of the muting was a pos:.tive one . (1.1) ("aJ) Ms Valner, AGC, provided legal guidance ors 1S February 179, to the effect that any GRILL FLAME protocol should be reviewed by the Sxxrgeon General's Human Use Testing Committee. If found to :involve humans as subjects of research, or "risk" was entailed, appropriate HEW guidelines and AR 70-25 would apply. (12) (5/NOFORN) On 6 March SRI briefed, at his so on request, subsequent brie~ings were provided to him by DIA, CIA, and the Army.. SG11 (13) (S/NOFORN) On 26 March SRI and AMSAA presented their RV-related protocols to the Surgeon General's ad hoC Human Use Subcommittee for GRILL FLAME. That panel judged the proposed RV-work to be technology transfer and application oriented, rather than research or ~~~~~~ 16 Q? ~ ~~ ~~ d ,~ ~ C~C~G~I~ b~L~~/~l.~~l~ C~a~G3~7 Approved For Release 2000/08/07 :CIA-RDP96-007888001300120002-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/OD7 ? -~~~ ~l?~8~0~~0120002-4 C~G3~ c~dc~~ b o~dC./~.~a~~ c~a~c~~ ~~ testing; therefore, HEW and AR 70-25 did not apply... It was recommended, however, that:' (a)' adequate .scientific review of research. protocols should be provided;- (b) a behavioral scientist should participate in protocol execution; and (c) separate organizations like AMSAA and MICOM should develop Human Use Review Committees and processes. These recommendations will be incorporated whenever appropriate. .(14) (S/NOFORN) .This week, MG Thompson requested the Surgeon General deignate, by name, a fully qualified behavioraa..scientist to act as consultant during protoco:~ dev~~.le7pment. In adclita.on, the Deputy for Scien~:~ a.:cad Tc~~sx~r:rlology t_n ~;he Office of ~+,SA(RDA) , Dr. Yore, Baas :};, ~~