Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 4, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 11, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00788R001400020002-4.pdf896.62 KB
- eA ifr I 'o Release 000/08/07 rv was_select dtn 1 58 a to f r na ionaf; l ~rvatory :tens ,'-e ,year surveyhat it cude moehan 15th v gTdr t nges across the )nited= tares h~nat on o clear ?eatF er, rct nimuri~t al-r turbulence, from bright Ii hts, v talon cover, Fr fight and rnmit'ar a over all fact_ rs leading #o th final selec- Peak. loi ated in the_ uinlan Mounta ns of the_Sc nova the _l~apago Re ervahurl. The reservation, cane of ire the ,United Mates, rs the hczrri of__rnore h n .gos and spreads soure 9d miles across t ri c na's Porn -UN .gos leased'` 1Federal Government e tablr h d ire incesctentifk progre _in the United States. 1 -1957, lered= into a contra trw th the Association of Univer- ?seareh to Astron y AUI )~ Inc , for the operation tie c rf rtal contract and subset ant agreements, peen res onsc Ce for this construction, de eloprnent. urng operatron of Kitt :Peak _as a natronal research is a non pr ifrt cc rpor Iron rn , rizo -a rn X957,=AU A ~roni its rt to l 7 charter mer l ers -to the present 1 all wi#h strong research angd graduate training zro- tronomy member in tlt - fa utrns re sity zf Arr-on rni tntrtute tf Tecnlogy dtyof ai forma _ city of d hicagu styo f ratoat80llider -v f, d Urir~rersrty [~fv of'Hawai i _ _ r a Univer)it city of Michigan Mate Liniversrty - i ton. Ur rv'rslty= tea; sity of TevJS at Austin city of Wisconsin . r! F Jrnverstyc w )nal center, Krtt Peak allocates 6 percent; f its=tale to qualified visiting astronomers t_rorri all over the lion of users rs based entirely upon the merit of the eseatch programs proposed., The remaining 40_per~- rwthe , AU also n#atihI~SF operates=the Cerra merican Observatory in Chile a .IFORMATION: "Write Public Inform for Office, )nal Observatory, P fl }Six 26732,: Tucson, AZ 85 726.. a walking to roved For Release 2000/08/07 : CIA-RDP96-00788 R001400020002-4. 'ES an- i's _S U. MAYALL 4-METER TELESCOPE . a fuzed quartz mirror 4m srQV(.'ed c Q,rinJiel ai t0e2DA0/08/07 rent is the nation's second largest optical telescope. Together the telescope and the mounting weigh 375 tons, yet they are so With this instrument astronomers can study objects as taint as 23rd magnitude-more than six million times fainter than the dimmest star visible with the unaided eye. Darkrooms, laboratories, offices, and sleeping quarters are housed in the 19-story-high structure. The movable dome weighs 500 tons; the shutter opening measures 30 feet across. The building itself is 105 feet in diameter. An elevator provides access to a glass-enclosed observation deck that presents a panoramic view of the observatory; from there steps lead to a telescope viewing gallery for visitors. The telescope was dedicated in June, 1973, and is named for Dr. Nicholas U. Mayall, former Director of the Kitt Peak National Observatory. 2.3-METER TELESCOPE 050-CM ;RAPH lebula in Orion, I with the Mayall ELEVATION tain lies just North of the 4-meter telescope, at an 1.5 MILES REST ational Observatory, you will note that some points of =low is a brief description of each site. l-meter telescope, with the McMath Solar Telescope you will be looking south. Behind you stand six of the 13 the three telescopes of the University of Arizona; 9-meter Nicholas U. Mayall telescope dome invisible. AltarValley and, visible some 18 miles tothe o your right) is the town of Sells, tribal headquarters .ans. The distinctive dome-shaped mountain peak due ri, traditional home of the Papago Indian God !-!'toy. a schematic diagram of the McMath Solar Telescope. clescopes before them. The large telescope building louses the University of Arizona's 2.3-meter telescope. s of 100 miles on most days, and special non-glare as area enhances picture taking. To help with along thegallery showthe fourpoints of the compass :f surrounding towns. Mountain ranges visible to the ed in Mexico. iles down this roadway is the Picnic Area with cooking eink machines, drinking water and restrooms for your beauty, the Picnic Area itself draws many nature 1.3-METER TELESCOPE RI emphasis on infrared astronomy, this telescope observations of objects such as stars embedded Jst clouds that woulda . r ll _' _ 1 J: .cations ak telescopes. 10.75-METER MILLIMETER-WAVE RADIO TELESCOPE Operated by the National Radio Astronomy Observa- tory this 10.75-meter (36- foot) dish antenna explores the universe in radio wavelengths that are not (Not open to the public) WI' ' n, stand facing the f `lelesscope.`'Y'o Pn``8`tFi3t your Walking Tour agree with the structures visible atop the mound Welcome to the kitt peak national observatoi A Walking Tour As national center for ground-based optical astronomy, Kitt Pe the largest collection of astronomical instruments in the world. Sc over the world use Kitt Peak facilities for research programs in st planetary studies. In addition to visiting scientists, over 50 people are employed o but only the necessary support staff Iives there. Resident astronomy in Tucson. During observing periods, they, as well as visiting sc dormitory rooms at Kitt Peak. Kitt Peak is open to the public from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. ev Christmas. There is no charge or ticket for admission. Regularly scl the Observatory are conducted at 10:30 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. Sunday and holiday. All tours begin at the Visitor Center. Although no food (other than candy and soft drinks) is sold on 1 grounds, a picnic area is provided with tables, benches, and fire pi This Walking Tour Guide has been prepared for visitors who scheduled tour or wish to tour the facilities on their own. Please for a handy reference to the National Observatory. Your interest in the Observatory's programs and facilities is a sincerely hope that your visit to Kitt Peak will be an ei informative-occasion. Exhibits feature many as- pects of astronomy, including models of telescopes and the research programs being con- ducted at Kitt Peak. Visitors can operate an actual solar telescope, and Kitt Peak- produced films are shown on weekends and holidays. Papago handicrafts and vari- ous mementos of the Obser- vatory are available at the gift shop. A 1-met( coelostat m sunlight to meter (41-i forming mi sends the down throe tanks hous meter-high tower-desi imize the to the obs( Its daily n solar ma? give scient understanc complex pi occur with The Vacuu is also us solar veloc spectra, al ported NI program I constantly formation 4 ity for the i nauts.