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Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 II DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY January 1983 PROJECT GRILL FLAME (U) Defense Intelligence Agency Washington, D.C. 20301 2sr REAP 3 ~ H. E. Puthoff, Ph.D. E. C. May, Ph.D. B. S. Humphrey L. A. Lavelle Radio Physics Laboratory SRI International Menlo Park, CA 94025 CLASSIFIED BY: DT-5A This document contains 47 pages REVIEW ON: January 2003 Copy No. NOFORN WNINTEL proved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002 0788R001800060001-7 I PROJECT GRILL FLAME HISTORY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 II PSYCHOENERGETICS, PSI, "ESP" } (DEFINITION). . . . . . . . . . 3 III INTELLIGENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 A. USSR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 B. People's Republic of China . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 C. Other Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 D. Other Successes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 E. Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 IV GRILL FLAME REMOTE VIEWING (RV) PROGRAM. . . . . . . . . . . 11 A. RV Phenomenon--Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 B. RV Phenomenon--Example (Aschersleben, East Germany, CW Storage Facility) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 C. RV Phenomenon--Scientific Support . . . . . . . . . . . 15 D. RV Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 E. Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 F. Product of RV Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 G. RV Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 H. RV Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 I. Value of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 J. Future Efforts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 K. Finances/Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 L. RV Enhancement and Intelligence Support Program . . . . 45 1. Data Base Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 2. RV Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 3. Location/Tracking Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 ,"r'/"nrT 40,1_0 %w 0% 0w-1 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 . - 6-00788R001800060001-7 To: From: Subject: 26 January 1983 I am sending this publication to you as a friend and interested party, not as a participant in the Grill Flame Program. I hope you find it interesting and useful. Your comments and suggestions will be welcome. ?'''~ ASSI 3{ D WHEN SERA .11T CLASSIFIED ENCLvrY~. Approved For Release 2002/05/17 . 8R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2 I P96-00788RO01800060001-7 Project Grill Flame is a DoD/Intelligence program set up for the following purposes: ? ? To assess the potential for U.S. applications of developments in parapsychology ("ESP," Psi, Psychoenergetics). To determine the threat potential of corresponding Soviet/East Bloc efforts. ? 1972 - Startup of a continuous effort, still ongoing, involving SRI International as major contractor, and a number of agencies as sponsors (CIA, FTD, MIA, DIA, etc.).* ? 1979 - In-house applications program set up by Army's Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM). ? 1980 - Joint Services Integrated Program set up under single-agency (DIA) management to handle external contracts. See funding chart, next page. low o- Am% ft# MW 1%0 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002/ 96-00788RO01800060001-7 DOD/INTELLIGENCE PSYCHOENERGETICS PROGRAM FUNDING (SRI) Date Organization Budget Thousands of $ 1971-75 CIA 1975-76 NAVELEX 74 1976-79 FTD, WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB 300 1977-80 MIA, REDSTONE ARSENAL 281 1978-80 AMSAA, ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND 230 1978-80 DIA 228 1979-80 I 105 1979-80 ARMY INSCOM 75 JOINT PROGRAM FY 1981 DIA 300 ARMY INSCOM 130 FY 1982 DIA 330 ARMY INSCOM 185 FY 1983 DIA 340 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002/ -00788R001800060001-7 II PSYCHOENERGETICS, PSI, "ESP" (DEFINITION) Psychoenergetic phenomena are a class of direct interactions between human consciousness and the physical environment that, although as yet unexplained as to mechanism, can be observed and recorded. Psychoenergetic phenomena include: ? The acquisition of information not presented to any obvious sense. These are perceptual processes that act as information input to an individual. Examples include: - The (mental) viewing of the contents of a safe, or a distant military site (clairvoyance). - "Pickup" of the thoughts of another (telepathy) - Direct foreknowledge of a future event, such as the firing of a missile (precognition). ? The production of physical effects not mediated by any obvious mechanism. These are perturbation processes that act as action output from an individual. Examples include: - The physical movement of an object by a (mental) effort of the will alone (psychokinesis). - Perturbation of an electronic or mechanical component, such as a microchip or a gyro, by mental effort. - Perturbation of a basic physical process, such as the decay rate of radioactive material, by mental effort. A more complete breakdown of psychoenergetic processes is given in the chart on the following page. Application of psychoenergetic processes to military/intelligence objectives include use of the perceptual processes in data collection (verified), and the use of the perturbation (psychokinetic) processes to influence weapons systems (potential). Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 I I. I kpprov For 4 lease 1002/05/17 : CIA RDP96-P0788Rc1800010001-7I I I I I (U) BREAKDOWN OF THE VARIOUS PSYCHOENERGETIC PROCESSES (U) PERCEPTUAL PROCESSES (Information input) SPATIAL TEMPORAL m Q (Remote (Precognition, vi - m ) e PERTURBATION PROCESSES (Action Output) wg Retrocogn tuon) REMOTE REMOTE RANDOM DIRECTED BEHAVIOR PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES PROCESSES MODIFICATION PERTURBATION, TELEPATHY MEDICAL CLAIRVOYANCE, PSYCHOMETRY DIAGNOSIS DOWSING (Temporal History) HEALING CLASSICAL MECHANICAL NOISE FORCES DISTRIBUTION (Electronic Noise, TEMPERATURE Brownian Motion, etc.) QUANTUM -J MECHANICAL STATISTICAL DISTRIBUTION (Radioactive Decay, Zero-Point Fluctuations, etc.) `--- FIELD GENERATION (Electric, Magnetic Gravitational, etc.) T v Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 200 6-007888001800060001-7 Beginning in the mid-1970s, Soviet psychoenergetics research became sub- ject to increasingly more stringent controls by both the government and the military. In 1975, a high-level commission was officially established in the USSR to review psychoenergetics research. The commission was under the direction of the vice president of the USSR Academy of Sciences and included several institute directors and deputy directors as well as Party officials. After a 3-year review period, this commission's recommendations led to an integrated approach to the study of psychoenergetics in the USSR. A centralized coordinating and review group was identified which had several Ministry of Defense (MOD) representatives, a member of SKB VYMPEL (the antiballistic missile design bureau), and at least one laboratory leader who is believed to be KGB affiliated. There is also backing from high-level officials in the Communist Party, probably at the Council of Ministers level. The review group is closely associated with a new psychoenergetics laboratory (Bioelectronics Laboratory), which reviews and integrates psychoenergetics research performed at other laboratories and also performs its own research. Such research ranges from long distance experiments in information transmission to psychokinetic influence on physical devices and biological systems. In addition, the laboratory also serves a screening function'for identifying people from the general population, throughout the USSR, who can perform well on psi tasks. In general, it is known through intelligence data that applications oriented research is being pursued. Application goals are no doubt of high interest to MOD and Party officials who support and monitor this work. Specifically, there is evidence of a strong interest in applying ESP/remote viewing phenomena in accessing secure data, in information transmission (i.e., long distance communication), and in locating lost or hidden material or people. Although it is difficult to assess the advances in Soviet psycho- energetics research, the high-level sanction by both the government and the military would indicate that progress in this area is sufficient to merit its continuation. The scope and magnitude of this support would also tend to indicate that intelligence and/or warfare applications of ESP/remote viewing have most likely been attempted and will be continued in the future. IT"*;Wamb Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 200 MMpq - 07888001800060001-7 B. People's Republic of China Since 1979, a rapid increase of interest and mobilization of resources has occurred in psychoenergetics research in the PRC. In this short period large segments of the population have been screened and a number of indi- viduals identified as possessing psychoenergetics skills. Some of the major universities and research institutes are currently involved in psychoenergetics research. The skills catalogued are essentially identical to those observed by psychoenergetics researchers in the West and in the Soviet Union: various forms of acquisition of information that are inaccessible by normal sensory means (e.g., identifying written Chinese characters sealed in a box), and the generation of small-scale physical effects on shielded targets (e.g., the fogging of film). There are, however, certain differences in research directions that reflect their scientist's efforts to correlate research findings with certain unique Chinese concepts, such as the search for pos- sible relationships between psychoenergetic skills and martial art practices. Since 1979, investigations have moved from the public media to the universities (e.g., Beijing and Yunnan Universities), to research institutes of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (e.g., Institute of High-Energy Physics), and to the national laboratories involved in space/military research (e.g., institute of Space Medico-Engineering, and an unnamed Air Force Institute). The signs of increasing research activity and steps toward legitimization and official sanction indicate steady progress at a relatively rapid rate. At this time, there is no direct evidence of PRC interest in psycho- energetics phenomena for military or intelligence purposes. However, the pursuit of this research at national laboratories and mllitary-related institutes, and the leadership role for this research by a leading rocket expert (H. S. Tsien), would indicate that PRC interest in military appli- cation potential of psychoenergetics phenomena is a good possibility. Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002 96-00788 R001800060001-7 C. Other Countries A "Free World" study, which would focus primarily on psychoenergetic research in the United States, Britain, and possibly Japan, among other countries, has been recommended as a possible intelligence project for FY '83. Such a study is warranted by the increased activity in psychoen- ergetics research taking place worldwide as evidenced by the expanded effort at SRI International (Menlo Park, CA) and by new research programs at Princeton University, McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (Huntington Beach, CA), Bell Laboratories (Columbus, Ohio) and elsewhere. SRI is currently awaiting instructions from DIA as to the scope and format of such analysis and the time-frame for its commencement and completion. Other institutions in the United States include: ? American Society for Psychical Research, New York, NY ? Ballistic Research Laboratories, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD ? City College of New York (Department of Psychology), NY ? Duke University (Electrical Engineering Dept.), Durham, NC ? Eastern Michigan University (Dept. of Sociology), Ypsilanti, MI ? Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man (FRNM), Durham, NC ? Institute of Noetic Sciences, San Francisco, CA ? Menninger Foundation, Topeka, KS ? Midwest Psi Research Institute, Chicago, IL ? Mind Science Foundation, San Antonio, TX ? Parapsychology Foundation, New York, NY ? Psychical Research Foundation, Durham, NC ? Psychophysical Research Laboratories, Princeton, NJ ? Science Unlimited Research Foundation, San Antonio, TX ? Stanford University (Psychology Department), Stanford, CA ? St. John's University (Psychology Department), Jamaica, NY ? St. Joseph's College, Philadelphia, PA ? Syracuse University (Communications Studies Lab), Syracuse, NY ? University of California, Davis (Dept. of Psychology), Davis, CA ? University of Virginia (School of Medicine Dept. of Psychiatry), Charlottesville, VA ? Washington University (Physics Dept.), St. Louis, MO Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 SG1B L Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002/ 6-00788R001800060001-7 The principal aim of the FY '83 DoD/SRI intelligence program is to bring to completion the archival effort for all intelligence data and materials that have been collected to date. This objective will be accomplished primarily through the completion of a simple intelligence database management system. In order to achieve this end, SRI intends to implement new, updated software, to write the necessary applications programs for easy data retrieval, and to provide a readily understandable manual for the end-user. This system will enable us to inventory, in the most effective manner possible, the intelligence gains acquired during the SG1B three-year DoD/SRI program. N1STtt2.`/ Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 2002/ / P96-00788R001800060001-7 4W MMoop IV GRILL FLAME REMOTE VIEWING (RV) PROGRAM Remote viewing (RV) is the ability of certain individuals to access and describe, my means of mental processes, information blocked from ordinary perception by distance or shielding. Targets for remote viewing have ranged from small objects in nearby light-tight cannisters to remote technical facilities at intercontinental distances, from numbers generated at random in a computer, to nuclear tests in a foreign country. Successful viewings for the DoD/intelligence communities include: ? A secret NSA facility, including codeword retrieval. ? Soviet R&D facility at Semipalatinsk (PNUTS). ? Static tests of Minuteman and Poseidon solid-propellant missile firings in the Western United States. ? 'Circumstances surrounding release of Iranian hostage, Queen (obtained prior to release). e rM r% IN 9F I%# sm 11% 16 1 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 SG1B Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 200 P96-00788R001800060001-7 C. RV Phenomenon--Scientific Support High-quality anecdotal reports of such phenomena can be traced back through millenia of history by scholarly research.' Such reports are not confined to history, however, but have continued to persist into the modern age, even when brought under scientific scrutiny with the founding of the British Society for Psychical Research in 1882, a date that in a certain sense marks the beginning of formal investigation of psychoenergetic phenomena by the scientific/academic communities.2 Beginning with a seminal paper on remote viewing published by SRI researchers in 1976 in the Proc. IEEE,3 well over a dozen major similar studies have been carried out and reported in the literature, the bulk of which have been successes. (For a summary, see recent review article by R. Jahn, Dean of the School of Engineering/Applied Science, Princeton University.4). As a result of this work, carried out over a number of laboratories, a scientific data base has been established from which certain conclusions can be drawn: (1) Descriptive material about remote locations can be obtained which exceeds chance correlation.3-4 (2) The quality of insensitive to description appears to be relatively distance. 3-4 (3) Detailed analysis of the patterns of correct/incorrect response elements indicates that the laws governing remote viewing are not askew to, but correlate with those laws governing (a) Cerebral (brain) functioning, specialization, and cognitive processes in general.6 (b) Subliminal perception in particular.6 (4) Although the mechanism of transmission is as yet undetermined, the observed results are not necessarily incompatible with electromagnetic? or quantum models,8 and thus a rapprochement with physical theory cannot be ruled out. B. Inglis, Natural and Supernatural: A History of the Paranormal, Abacus Press (1979). 2J. Arthur Thomson, The Outline of Science (in 4 Vols.), G. P. Putnam's Sons (1922). Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Releas l(!tiA I -D788R001800060001-7 3H. Puthoff and R. Targ, "A Perceptual Channel for Information Transfer over Kilometer Distances," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 64, pp. 329-354 (March 1976). 4R. Jahn, "The Persistent Paradox of Psychic Phenomena: An Engineering Perspective," Proc. IEEE, Vol. 70, pp. 136-170 (February 1982). 6 J. Ehrenwald, "Cerebral Localization and the Psi Syndrome," J. of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 161, No. 6, pp. 393-398 (1975). 6N. F. Dixon, "Subliminal Perception and Parapsychology: Points of Contact," Proc. 27th Annual International Conference of the Parapsychology Foundation, New York, NY (1978). I. M. Kogan, "Is Telepathy Possible?" Radio Eng., Vol. 21, p. 75 January 1966); F. Blau, Telepathy, private publ. (April 1981). 8E. H. Walker, "Foundations of Paraphysical and Parapsychological Phenomena," in Proc. Conf. Quantum Physics and Parapsychology, Parapsychology Foundation, New York, NY (1975). UNCLASSIFIED Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 20 I - P96-00788 R001800060001-7 To carry out a remote viewing (RV) session, a "remote viewer" and ^r an "interviewer" begin by seating themselves at the opposite ends of a table in a special remote viewing room equipped with paper and pens, a ad tape record d er, an an overhead TV camera to permit recording for documen- tation, or monitoring by individuals outside the room. The room is homogeneously-colored, acoustic-tiled, and featureless, with light con- trolled by a dimmer, so that environmental distractions can be minimized. The session is begun by the interviewer providing to the remote viewer whatever targeting information is appropriate to the task at hand, such as the coordinates of a military site, or a picture of an individual. Under normal testing or operational conditions, the interviewer is typically kept blind as to the site, etc., so as to prevent inadvertent cueing or leading. The session then proceeds with the interviewer repeating the targeting information at intervals, posing questions, etc., and the remote viewer providing quick-reaction responses, both verbally and by means of notes and sketches, until a coherent response to the overall task requirement emerges. (The use of the quick-reaction-response procedure has been found useful in minimizing imaginative embellishment of basic raw-data signals.) There is no use of drugs or technology to produce an "altered state of consciousness," session time at a single setting rarely exceeds an hour, and the ambience of the session is kept as natural and stress-free as possible. 5'EGRF.L Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 206WQQQ P96-007888001800060001-7 E. Personnel Historically, the search for medical/psychological/personality measures that might provide a quantitative "psychic profile" has been unsuccessful. Several years of observation by workers in the field has, however, led to an informal guide based on subjective evaluation of the personality traits of successful viewers. This rule-of-thumb guide is based on the observation that successful remote viewers tend to be confident, outgoing, adventurous, broadly successful individuals with some artistic bent, and possessing "middle-of-the-road" views about psychoenergetic functioning. Neither "total skeptics" nor "true believers" tend to do well on psycho- energetic tasks. Rather, good remote viewers seem to come from the ranks of generally successful photographers, engineers, mathematicians, artists and businessmen who have a relaxed interest in the phenomena and are challenged by it. Recently, SRI researchers cooperated with a private group (Mobius Group, Los Angeles, CA) to conduct a mass RV screening test, with psycho- logical profiling, through a major magazine publication. The data base of several thousand entries is sufficiently large that profiling infor- mation may be forthcoming from this test. S. A. Schwartz and R. DeMattei, "Psi-Q Test II," OMNI, p. 136 (October 1982). S%Rit. Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 200 96-007888001800060001-7 F. Product of RV Technology The steps in producing a product from remote viewing (RV) sessions is as follows: (1) The individual designated a "remote viewer," in conjunction with an interviewer, generates raw data in the form of a tape-recorded transcript of verbal comments, along with notes, sketches and drawings. On occasion a videorecording of the session may also be made. (2) The raw data is summarized in a one- or two-page cover sheet(s), and affixed to the typed transcript and associated notes, sketches and drawings, and the data package turned over to the consumer for analysis. (3) Following preliminary analysis, the above procedure may be iterated a number of times to produce additional data in response to analyst questions. (4) Finally, the analyst fills out an evaluation sheet covering the usefulness of the RV product (see following pages), and the data is integrated into the overall intelligence mix in whatever way is appropriate. w 0- it w r'T #J 16 %-o-IM a. I Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 Approved For Release 20ft P96-00788R001800060001-7 (S) INSTRUCTIONS TO ANALYSTS (U) (U) The information provided as enclosure to this report was obtained in response to a collection requirement provided by This information was acquired from a new and potentially valuable source of ? intelligence. Work is currently being pursued to determine the accuracy, reliability, and improvement potential of this source. Your remarks and attention to the evaluation sheet will be the basis for our assessment of this new collection technique. Therefore, the effort you expend will greatly assist us and will ultimately result in you receiving more data of increasing accuracy and reliability. (U) While formulating your judgements concerning the data, the following comments concerning this new source of intelligence may be helpful. (U) Foremost, the data is likely to consist of a mixture of correct and incorrect elements. Specifically: (1) (S) The descriptive elements are generally of higher reliability than judgements or labels as to what is being described (recreational swimming pool may be mistaken for water purification pools, an aircraft hull may be mistaken for a submarine hull, etc.). Therefore, seemingly appropriate descriptive elements should not be rejected because of mislabeling. (2) (S) The data often contain gaps (in a 3-building complex, for example, perhaps only two of the buildings may be described, and an airfield may be added that isn't there). Such gaps or additions should not be taken to mean that the rest of the data is necessarily inaccurate, (S) Therefore, a recommended approach is to first examine the entire information packet to obtain an overall "flavor" of the response, reserving final judgement even in the face of certain errors, and then go back through for detailed analysis. (U) If you have questions regarding the data you have received or on its evaluation please feel free to contact me at any time. Thank you. c/o L. Lavelle -Bldg. 44 SRI International Menlo Park, CA 94025 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 : CIA-RDP96-00788R001800060001-7 1 Approved For Release 2002/05/17 CIA-RDP96-00788ROO18000600Q1-71 I I a I , a .C I E , M s.+ a 41 b 41 41 to x 4J E-4 (d to 0 bo `~ 0 .74 a 0. co H a U 41 a b 41 o. as $4 ^ o 0 u to w I I a a 1-1 to a m b o ^ C) ~? ~+ bo 41 4) M W C - r4 rl j H L U U 'U O n dJ M to a u C W 0 9., m u m 0 s.1 M ..4J M aJ u M 41 O r-I W a .r1 ??~ CO 0 ., H to U ?, T r?, 14 M 0 -H O a tG M O) 41 O M bO s~ . o M to A U . 4 bO u 0 44 r 0 U s 4-. 4-ia 1r M d.1 U W W 04 M V4 "" 0 U O 9 uw bO18 0 Q) a t4' m a M or a 0 is ,N ~ n to P4 0) ~c 4 4J c IJ $a 'A rH-1 W n a -I L' a ^ r a M i+ u M a) 4j N a 14 4.1 .IJ M a U M M 0 .9 O W 0 s - . 1 9 v W .ri o '-' C7 to 41 W Ri v 44 Q 1 41 , 1 to 1 1 1 , 1 a 1 I tO I 1 4_S 0 1 1 W tv 1 u41 1 1 t ^ t 1 I H 1 I ?bbo 1 sa 4-I H O 41 a 004j~'4 O 'rI w.D a 41 M u Q) 41 41 to u CO 0 W O 41 a 0 (1) 41 4 .J -H 0)41 W 0) v Wi 0 H to H U a o U r4 co .0 H4 o CO CO 41 0 41 u O4 V w ++WUUH ? 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