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January 27, 1981
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Weather 'viable Cloudiness Today Fair, Cooler Tonight High Today 56 Low Tonight 29 See 9.2 nunages mean. Their Ordeal Feeegmet fT00/08 Ambassadors gfotlfai4C6oloi TheWashington Star Eat Year No. 27 ' VITAL Ronald Reagan's speech home the freed Americans no warning to the world that abuse of American diplomats tire is not likely to go ed. A-1 ? Reagan's freeze on federal nt angers and frustrates , s and employees who have bv the government since the - freeze date of Nov. 5, A-1 lent of a local ovned bus service says the .cceived end followed from Business Administration has 30 broke-he can't even pay alary. p. Richard Kelly of Florida is ty of bribery and conspiracy -misting from the FBI's vestigation of political A-4 me Court unanimously televising of some criminal z that the presence of i Dykes and cameras does not jeopardize the right to a fair ?REIGN leader Lech Walesa meets , in southwestern Poland .?-ed a sit-in since Jan. 2, in r discourage new strikes in heir effort to obtain for their farmers' union. in the murder trial of Jean rris tells the jury that the orman Tarnower prescribed -inted to her confused the day she shot and killed 1-2 ittprerne Court ruling Iconic media to cover state he door for wider use of , atlas in Maryland and redings. B-1 lericans will receive a iota Washington with an torcade along . Avenue followed by a reception. 13-1 bean farmer is awarded 'a D.C. Superior Court t-'e used "excessive forcer sted him in the face with citing him in his left eye at larch in 1979. B-1. i/FINANCE le.; Inc., based in plans to buy Drug Fair ,toiring the 47 percent Eisberg and Gerber GTON LIFE Women's Political . . luncheon honoring the 'hers of Congress. C.1 , freed Americans' -monies in Washington VBC's television is Tonight, Anthony Adolf Hitler in CDS' Th.w=?' r WASHINGTON, D.C., TtlfSDAY, JANUARY 27, 1981 PM. 120.1444030Clo..1401144003 Ctrottason ssis, 30X 20 Conti or Hostages Walesa Tries.; To Put Off New Strikes Meets With Peasants Seeking Recognition Star Wire Services - WARSAW, Poland ? Solidarity la- bor leader Lech Walesa has gone to a southeastern Polish town in an at...- tempt to head off new strikes in sup- port of a farmers' union sit-in which' began Jan. 2. If work stoppages are called, they probably will begin tomorrow, which has been designated a day of solidarity with the farmers. Solidarity said there was a pent, bility that a key meeting of the Soli- darity leadership, scheduled for tomorrow and Thursday in Gdansk, would be held hasteadin Rzeszow, where peasants occupied govern- ment buildings to support a demand that negotiators meet with them to discuss recognition of their farmers'' union. The government has said it is against such recognition._ The Solidarity meeting ovould elect delegates for talks with thagov-. eminent on demands furs five-day, 40-hour workweek, The ruling Com- monist Party Politburo met yester- day on Solidarity's demands, and an ' official statement emphasized that . the government was willing to nego- tiate a compromise with the labor confederation to end the race wave of strikes. The atatementrsa the party "is open to discussion" on . variants for shortening the six-day workweek. Meanwhile, more than 2,000 eta- dents held a sit-in yesterday at Lodz University, and a leader of the dem. onstration said the polytechnic and film schools in Lodz would join the protest today. The students sent a delegation to Warsaw to discuss their complaints with student lead- ers add government officials. The students are demanding that compulsory classes in Marxism be made optional, autonomy for some student groups from the Education Ministry, the barring of police from campuses unless permitted by uni- versity officials and access to printing facilities. See WALESA, A-7 - Careers Melt As Job Freeze Takes Its Toll By Philip Shandler Washington star Stiff Writer Charles Gossett, 29, of San Francis- co, spent about $800 to buy new clothes and fix uhis car so he could drive here for 0 rgebiedaste nnesday, in Chicago, begot word roug that he could hang up the clothes nation. and turn MS car back toward the - Former hostage Gary L91 and M Flooding Routs 200 in SE After Break in Main Two hundred persons were evac- uated from their homes this morn- ing when a water main in Southeast Washington ruptured, flooding base- ments and streets and swamping cars in more than six feet of water in some places. No injuries were re. ported. Evacuation of residents in two apartment complexes and 25 homes at 12th and I streets SE was ordered by fire department officials when it was feared the water would inun- date furnaces and hot water heaters and cause explosions. Firemen reported that two gas lines to private dwellings ruptured under the pressure of the water and that there was fear the Southwest Freeway might have been underc mined by the tons of water that swept up against it from the rup- tured main. There were no reports of injuries as many of 1sose evacuated left their o to the scene for the eves- See WATER MAIN, A-4 ewite, Ppsr. go toy 4?!voll at West ? w ? ? ? ,Hostages Tiy to Catch Up On ',Missing' 14 -Months - By Maureen DOwd and Suzanne Hello Wallitollos Star Stall Wrilero WEST POINT, N.Y. ? Protected by this stony fortress of a campus and a cadre of military police, the, 52 re- turned hostages emerged from their 14-month time warp yesterday. From dawn until early this morning, they played catch-up. - They jogged in the cold morning mist, read magazines painting them as the new American heroes, traded more family gossip with their rel- atives, gobbled up smorgasbords of gourmet food, got haircuts, visited an elementary school and played video games 6,4 Associated Pens int. 'The Lees live In nib Chtirch, was so mir to talk to his mother that he woke her up three times, starting at 7:15 sm. to urge her to hurry down to a laVish meal of cham- pagne and smoked salmon. Gary Earl Lee of Falls Church and Rodney 'Rocky" Sickmann of Krakow, Mo., talked with their fam- ilies on long and so loudly at the hos- tage hideaway in the stately Hotel Thayer that by mid-afternoon they had laryngitis. Gregory Persinger, the 23-year-old Marine from Seaford, Del., roamed through the record section of the campus canteen, asking sales clerks to catch him up on the Mtest albums by Kenny Rogers and other record- 'We're all just walking .around ing artists. Sickmann said he spent with silly grins on our faces," said .his first evening back on native soil Elizabeth Swift of the District, 'soak- drinking a lot of liquor and chasing ? women.* , tages, it WAS ail load cheer that was the 52. mattomatorporoosonwith his in the , premien and even an attempted old diplomat from San Diego, con- inThgitottl:hincia'rk tele; of beatings, de- suicide during the captivity contln- ued to leak out from the former hos- ' .e ayear-old heroes, it was a belated ity until he saw his wife's tooth- brushthat it was difficult to believe be had returned to a life of domestic- Richard H. Morefield, the 51-year- , or artYe hostages turned ? William Geller, th Marine corporal TOM Pueblo, Colo , See 52 AMERICANS, Alt Reagan Sets Warning on Kidnappings Low-Key Reception And a Firm Stance By Mu Myers Within/WA Stal. thtfl ivrar President Reagan today will use a White House ceremony honoring the freed American hostages to warn the world that any such abuse of American diplomats in the future is not likely to go. unpunished, senior White House officials say. The president also will seek to reassure the 52 released 'captives, some of whom reportedly are suf. , fering from severe mental problems, that their professional careers are In no way jeopardized by their 14- month ordeal. Concern over resum- ing their military and 'diplomatic careers was the most widespread worry expressed by the hostages during debriefings prior to their re- turn Sunday to the United States, according to press secretary James Brady. Reagan yesterday received an in- depth briefing on the condition and concerns of the former hostages, as well as their mistreatment at the hands of the Iranians. He was told, for instance, that Thomas L. Ahern, . whom the Iranians thought was the embassy's CIA station chief, was beaten not long before the hostages' release, sources said. ., Reagan apparently VMS not mid, however, that one of the eight Ma- rine hostages was sexually abused by his captors, as reported by a senior former Carter administration official. Tears formed in the president's, eyes while advisers, led by Secretary of State Alexander M. Haig Jr., re- counted the ordeal of the former hostages and reported that a dozen or so of them are suffering from 'severe problems,' mostly mental. The most common affliction is 'ex- treme guilt," according to adminis- tration sources, for some action committed under duress or for in- ability to perform their duties at the time of the embassy seizure. Reagan was cautioned to avoid la- beling the former hostages as "he- See REAGAN, A-s2 52 'Punished For Vietnam,' Hostage Says WEST POINT, N.Y. (AP) ? Freed hostage Moorhead C. Kennedy Jr. said yesterdaythat the Iranian mili- tants who captured:the hostages told them repeatedly they were being . punished for America's role in Viet- nam. In an interview with the Assori- Appr Appro e banker, is "a pit. ink of Marked,' he 'accustomed to ; billions, was and for $15 million, In Tehran, meanwhile, Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad All Raja' yesterday said the United States was forced to unfreeze Iranian assets in order to free the 52 American hos. sages because the U.S. economic sanctions and boycott of Iranian oil failed. in Expected to Warn 4St Hostage Taking n A.1 ? - if turning the guilt iinistration officials -as told that the 52 hero status and be. ly were doing their while public ac. of the hostages' set, on is appropriate, a -aganza" should be ; advised.-? ' y a festive occasion" Aided that although .als will be attending come for the return- le House South Lawn there would be no ls or a formal parade sets of Washington. residents were ex- he route of the me- AndreWs Air Force te House, but Weill mployees have not leave to watch the . . by advisers VIM do- Reagan in his-first be hostages- as well tell aspects-of today's :re tailored with the being in Mind: Ken le president's senior sat in on thebriefing. ogical considerations into account in draft- rief remarks he plans the-South Lawn, 3 precise wording was ,d out, White House agate has decided that ve.minute speechdur- ceremonies on the ill include a warning n that choses to emu- vines risks American eeply that this must again," said a White ent Zabiocki, Woomfield, ft.-Mich. ? members of Congress Reagan yesterday ? dent who giving the overall problem of terrorism highest priority and would send proposals to Congress soon for combating it. Beginning at 1155 a.m. today, four planes carrying the 52 former hos- tages and their families will begin arriving at Andrews Air Force Base at 15-minute intervals. They will be greeted by Vice President George Bush, Defeffse Secretary Caspar Weinberger. Haig, congressional leaders and others, then bused along the motorcade route to the White President and Mrs. Reagan will be introduced privately to each Of the hostages before a formal 3 p.m. ceremony on the Soath Lawn. ' The 53 hostageS? their number includes Richard Queen, who was released last July because of illness ?will be given miniature American flag gift sett at Mementoes of the occasion. Brady said. Atter the 15-minute tribute, a re- ception will be held for the hostages. their-families, the rescue force that unsuCcessrully tried lo free them, families of tbe eight soldiers who died In the Iranian desert during last April's aborted relation, and 19 former hostages released Pre- viously. -- - Also invited is Kenneth Taylor, the formdr Canadian ambassador to Iran who helped three Americans escape, and officials from Algeria, West Gentany, Switzerland, and Great Britain countries that in one way or another aided in the hostages' release. ' Former President Carter, who met with the hostages in West Germany soon after their release, will not at- tend the ceremonies. 'He felt strongly that the sole honor of greeting the returned Americans be- longs now to the sitting president," Brady said. Reagan yesterday proclaimed Thursday a national day of thanksgiving for the safe return of Americans who "have shown by ex- ample that the spirit of our country will never be -broken." ;es Told They Were Being hed' for U.S. Vietnam Role an A-1 Almost offhandedly, Kennedy t, not panicking, was Said in his interview with Walters " he said. that one of the hostages had at. ,ned posture gave us tempted suicide and the Americans' mild have restrained , militant captors were "shaking us 11 through. Our very dawn for anything which might be p0100 in a good post- used to help somebody commit sub We," ouch as belts, razor blades and has improved its neckties. he world because of Kennedy, a native of New York nducted itself during City where his parents now live, ;risis, Kennedy said, said in the Al' interview that he all the damage that thinks America should honor its done to us." commitment to Iran. wife, Louisa, was the "It's important that we maintain for FLAG ? the Fate- our moral leaderhip," he said. "We're lion Group ? and she a great nation because we're all mor- es of several hostages ally strong. And in the third world, situ European.leaders that's so important." opts to gain freedom Kennedy said he is seriously con. es. The Kennedys have sidering quitting the State Depart- ment, not because he -feels bitter erview with ABC-TV, about his experience, but because . be thought that while be wants to open a new chapter in ity to escape he felt it his life. "I don't feel bitterness," he said. i escape,' he told WM- 'I've spent 20 happy years in the .atticularlY, was very State Department. III leave the de- lee said, referring to partment, it will be because I want rhostageMalcolmKalp. a different challenge... I paid .my na escaped ?tried to debt to the United States. I shouldn't have to continue If [don't want to." He added that he doesn't feel the State Department was prepared fee the Calmer takeover end Mit he hopes the govertitneEt learns frore, Walters how he knew men, Kennedy replied: Lad e which wera liner be b1 bead isr hi aVVAAVAMIA ker., durinc their captivity and mencans Try Making Up For Lost Time Continued From A.I ? - Thanksgiving Day. -In-the morning there was an interdenominational service at the Cadet Chapel, a lovely . gothic church with vaulted ceilings and flags from every American war. Accompanied by the cadet glee , club, they sang the traditional thanksgiving hymn "Nov/Thank We All Our God,' and recited biblical psalms redolent with the joy of lib- eration. lathy anguish, I cried to the Lord and he answered by setting me free," they read from Psalm 1113._ "It was almost as if we had written the service ourselves," marveled a radiant Kathryn Koob of Fairfax. "The scriptures were the same as the ones we used in our private reedita. lions' in Captivity in Iran. In the ev- -ening they dined on filet mignon in the mess hall with hundreds of ca- dais in dress grays, as the glee club serenaded them with the "Halls of Montezuma' and the national an- them. But the prevailing mood of extk L5erance among those of the former hostages and their families who min- gled with cadets and the press did net eclipse the lingering specter of trauma and depression. . .Morefield was subdued as he strolled past the horde of reporters, his hands plunged into his raincoat pockets.- 1"Giveme time, pdease,to come into thie gradually," he said softly. "Ob, vlously, I'm all wound up It's impor- tant for me to share with all of you4: What. happened, but give me a: chance to cope and do what [think': . 'I have to take it one step at a time, coming backwards, reversing -the chain of support that went from my wife in San Diego to the U.S. to the rest of the world to me." , Clair Barnes, 3$, of Falls Church, Va., also had some disquieting thoughts. "I'm depressed sometimes," he said. "I did expect to get out of captiv- ity eornetime or other, sooner or later, but I didn't know hoW long it would be." ? Many of the former hostages were preoccupied yesterday with the im- mediate future. "I'm ready for a vs. cation," said Frederick Kupke of Francesville, Ind. . Most others, however, said they are eager to go back to work. "I hope the- powers that be send me back overseas," said Joseph Hall of Little Falls, Minn., an Army warrant offi- cer. "But not to the Middle East" Army officials were taking great care to see that cadets and Point em- ployees did not inadvertently trig- ger any latent trauma; they were specifically. told not to ask any ques- tions about the time in Iran. Others among the group tried to dispel the clouds of the ordeal. Wil- liam Gallegos' parents indignantly dismissed the idea that their son was suffering aftereffects of his nightmare. "Why should he be depressed. That's bull?," Jose Gallegos said. "The Marines were gong-ho when they left and they're double gung-ho now," insisted his mother, Theresa. She said the, two toughest adjust- ments for her son and his friends were 'getting used to wearing shoes again and seeing a lot of people all the time. Their feet are killing them, poor guys." Atter their morning jog. Gallegos and six other Marines took an hour out from the family reunion to visit the children at the West Point ele- mentary school. The second grade greeted them with a kitchen band of egg beaters, drums mode of cereal boxes and rub ber bands and kazoos and sang e spiritual called 'Free at Last' 'Gallegos, James FL Lopez from Globe, MIL, Johnny McKee' Jr., of gj3 Springs, Texas, and several othere Med on the floor with the a children and he - signed Amor! oan a Harsh Treatment in Iran By Fred Hiatt Warbler= Star Raft Writer WEST POINT, N.Y.? They threatened to put otit his eyes. They kicked him in the ribs, stepped on his hands and banged hls head against the well, 'They treated us just like an ant. mal in the zoo,' said former hostage Charles Jones, the only black held for the entire 444-day ordeal. Speaking out for the first time since his release, Jones, 40, told're. porters yesterday of the phyaidand mental abuse he received from his captors, speaking with calm somb times, with great anger at others. The Iranians who took over the embassy released all the black hos- tages except Jones soon after the seizure. Jones wouldn't speculate yesterday on why they kept him. Captured in the U.S. 'Embassy . vault on Nov. 4, 1979, as he finished destroying the embassy's classified records, Jories said he suffered for refusing to provide information and to say publicly that he was well treated. He said he, wad 'interrogated" five times and, near the beginning of his imprisonment, physically abused. ; ? "As few rough treatment, no ? aside from being kicked in the ribs, having my hands stepped on, my head bumped up against the wails and a few little odds and ends like , that, guns put up against my bead and being threatened toltaVe -My" eyes Int out -- no, there was no rough treatment," he said. Jones, a communications special 1st and teletype operator from De- troit had a yellow ribbon pinned to his khaki jacket when he talked.' with reporters on the snowy campus of West Point He spoke with his wife, Matti, at his side, and he seldom let go of her hand. Not only did the Iranians phys- ically abuse him early on, Jones re. ported, but he was also forbidden to talk for more than four months: from the day he and the others were seized until ? and he remembered the exact date ? March 17. After that, he said, he. could speak occa- sionally ? he was always kept with five or fewer other hostages ? but not too loud, too fast or too often. "One of their favorite things was, 'don't speak, don't speak,- he said. 'We got kind of tired of that.' In addition to his anger toward his Iranian captors, Jones also showed some harsh feelings toward some Americans who visited Iran as "sympathizers," as he called them. He said the 52 former hostages were preparing a statement on the sub ject. "There's something that's coming out about the people who did visit 111? The Washington SI. ' EKHOSTAGE CHARLES JONES ' yeslieked, mapped on. that's ? that's not very nice; he said. His wife hushed him at that point and Jones would not elaborate , except to say that many of them "were very, very sympathetic to (the lrani,artel cause? Despite the difflculty of his Coq; Ity, Jones said that he never doubted that he would be reached, ? "My faith was always in'the had States government, and .1 alwayi women th ?thought they, would di,Whelhing right bac to ggt as out,' hie Aeld. 'Wa, went strength? loo rigler (theldarinea) - Lai day. ? .! " `! Jones that he on e'sint, pie mattress on the floor during WS captivity, generally in dm mei, roundinge He said, he was rncriOd "IS or 20 times' and kept with up" to six fellow Americans at ,a time., News from the outside World via scarce, with "everything censored, including letters," he said. Most of his outside news `canie through sports and photography Magazines. he said, and only once ? when Time magazine named the Ayatollah Kho- meini "Man of the Tear" becaae of his great influence on world affairs ? was he shown a copy of that news magazine. - "The students made a big thing of that, they showed it around," he said. 'How would poll hke It if you can't talk and you're treated like an animal, and then you have your nose rubbed into something like thM?" But despite his ordeal, Jones was unwilling to label the Iranians as barbarians. "I consider them a little uncivi- lized, but barbarians? That's a little strong," he said. Star staff writer Marc Kaufman contributed to this story. plalt*I. tell there fW.e kra she quote thdn't hoe : tages, Was by Aznerk of the otl daY, at he Narrates; family, to .1 ialket 37.year-ole Ice sale time with told him - Ba ist", y a Ii One sot leg in tat; ? his treate assay. but ? By cent ? of Bethes American spoke out Lookinf what tense Bill, Laing ment is spent 12 de About r hostages a depressiot a doctor. 1 periences. dence kn Carter Deficit Would Be Higher By Hill Budget Office Projection By Sheilah Kest . Washmpon Sur Staff Writer Former President Carter's pro- posed fiscal 1982 budget would actu. ally result in a S332 billion deficit, instead of the $27.5 billion deficit his administration projected, the Con- gressional Budget Office said today. The CB0 said Carter had underes- timated, by about $S billion, the amount needed to pay for the de- fense programs he proposed. 'Fewer aircraft, ships and tanks would be procured at significantly higher costs per unit in 1982 than previously planned,' the CEO said. The agency said inflation would add $2 billion to spending for weapons, S2 billion to the bill for fuel to be used by the military and Si billion for other, defense it compered C.artees propouts with lintrealrendy in effect end cicsairetatecl._ approved by `ftb? iparorkett reseeteale4 the budget' year the* iodate a 'MSS toot an trrir r :te7: r t't r ^ ?- The report said die increases in personal and excise taxes would re- duce economic activity, cutting GNP by 0.7 percent and raising unemploy- ment 0.2 percent compared to C.BO's "base-case assumptions." Carter's proposed 10.cents-ae. gallon gasoline tax would increase the Consumer Price Index by 0.6 or 0.7 percznt in 1982 and up to 1 per- cent in future years, the CBO said. At the same time, the tax would force conservation equal to about 100,000 barrels a day in fiscal year 1982, the report said. The office said its estimates of rev- enues proposed in the new budget are close to the $711 .8 billion project- ed by the Carter administration. _ That includes $15.3 billion In ;to- pond tax reductions ? moray Um tacentiee tar haloes/10a in Seer- cent Who sygeD ke Make any the 'rank . "They'ri us," he sa sphere of , I' happiness. Laingen back .stro with his dent at U. napolis, a chapel se Hymn of gusto,'-he above his For Cie yearold F first day I treat. Wear it marked '5 ers, Ihae Superbow . -Barnes chose Tot song as it hostages them. Ti Days.and Fender, I Like m Barnes s to his he 'Not fa like a he who can . 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