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November 4, 2016
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May 19, 2000
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January 22, 1981
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Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RD.P96-00788R002100450005-6 Ab s; es Tell' UnIC Ho tag b,a 0 1 -~~ I If ris Bar Carte Decries Ex-President. Declares 52 True Heroes' One CCaIIS His 'Captors op.; . syc o#ic' Tortureas'Physical, Than He Had Known --By Phil Galley Washington star staff writer WIESBADEN, West Germany,- Former President Jimmy Carter with the 52 freed American hostages, embracing each and calling them "true heroes" who had suffered physical and mental torture, far., worse than he had previously be Carter, acting as President Rea- ,,in 's emissary, came away from his meeting with the Americans at the U.S. Air Force hospital here "clearly outraged," as an aide put It by the stories of mistreatment they'told.' "One very serious fact is becoming evident," Carter told a news confer- en;e, "and that to that our much worse than has bogt1 ppre- viously revealed..The acts of bar-, barism which were perpetrated on our people by Iran can never be Eondoned." l s Some of the former U.P. officia traveling with Carter said that placing the hostages before mock firing squads apparently had been a more common occurrence than they had realized from the reports received through diplomatic chan. nels. But beyond that, they refused to provide specifics. For Carter, who was deprived of the opportunity of greeting the lib, erated Americans as president by a last-minute snag in the negotiations with Iran, the meeting was the emo? tional climax to the 444-day crisis that haunted the last days of his presidency. Ironically, one of the first sights Carter saw upon his arrival at the hospital was a quotation from the inaugural address of?onald Reagan, who took the oath as president only 33 minutes before the first planeload of hostages left Tehran for freedom. A large banner draped from the Returnee Bruce Laingen of Bethesda and former President Jimmy Caner embrace at Wiesbaden.: Reagan Holds Off on Pact Until He Reads Fine Print Rejection of Deal Said to Be Unlikely' By Walter Taylor Washington Star Staff Writer Last-Minute Iranian Haig Approved For State Post On 93-6 Vote, By a vote of 93 to 6, Alexander Hitch Said Legitimate M. Haig Jr. won confirmation: from star Wire Services. the Senate yesterday as secretary of state. WIESBADEN, West Germany - But there was political skirmish- Officials said yesterday the Rea- Former officials of the Carter admin- lug between Capitol Hill and the gan administration will review the istration yesterday said that they are White House on President Reagan's fine print on the hostage agreement convinced Iran "had a legitimate first full day in office, with Iran before deciding whether gripe" in raising last-minute ques- Even while they were welcoming to honor its provisions. tions that delayed release of the 52 Vice President George Bush, the American hostages until after Jim- new president of the Senate, sen- Spokesmen at both the White free.Afterall -weAmericans." my Carter was out of office. Behind the banner er some of the House and the State Department And they publicly urged the Rea- Sen. Helms is blocking Carlucci's er'h stn es - now referred to held out the option,of repudiating an administration to honor terms nomination, A-3. or o g Mental, amities Told By Maureen Dowd. washingtou Star staff writers t tagesyesterday told ofphysical and psychological abuse at the hands of their Iranian captors.' Life'as`a hostage was not full of the "luxury hotels,,and:medicalspe cialists-that jranian officials bragged aboutor the cordial guards and overflowing'6owlsof fruit like those seen in the Christmas. films, transatlantic telephone cans from West, Ge'rmalay to relatives and friends; in the Uttited.States. It was full 'of nhvsical.abuse and Instead` 4 no ej$ there, were ' SAVAKK (former.' ran n secret po- '`lIce) {prisons and isolation cells in ,dame asements that prisoners nick- named "Nfushirod`m Inns." Russian roulette with female, hos- tages, held mock executions and conducted midnight raids, wearing white masks and fatigues and carry- ing automatic rifles. At'the US. Air Force hospital in Wiesbaden, WeSt Germany, Freder- ick"Rick" Kupke savored the feeling of slipping between crisp white sheets for the first time in 14 months and remembered his bard cot in an Iranian prison. Kupke, 34, a communications spe- cialist, is one of the 52 former hos- tages who are recuperating from their long Iranian ordeal at the Air Force hospital in Wiesbaden. "Rick had it real bad, but he's so proud to be free that he says he's feeling no pain now," said his father, Arthur Kupke of Francesville, Ind., who talked with his son three times yesterday in a transatlantic reunion. Other former hostages found dif- ferent pleasures. After a diet of beans and rice in captivity, Bert Moore delighted in ordering out for an ice cold beer. And for Jimmy Lopez, who had been forced to sleep in a closet for several months, happi- ness was a haircut and shave. Keeping the phone lines buzzing all through the night and all day yesterday, the hostages-turned- heroes were bright and cheery with their relatives, chatting mostly about the,euphoria of freedom and the family milestones they had missed. But the slick surface of the chit. See HOSTAGES, A-7 g one or more elements of the as "returnees" - stood in sub. of the agreement with Iran. FBI unable to corroborate charges freezing weather to greet Carter agreement hammered out by U.S. On the flight here, where Carter against Donovan, A-3. with waves and, in the case.of one negotiators in the closing hours of held an emotional meeting with the Marine braving the night air in a the Carter administration. released hostages, former U.S. offi- ators on both sides of the aisle were T-shirt, a sharp salute. Privately, officials of the new ad- cials traveling with him described warning they would keep their in- After a briefing from hospital of- ministration said it was unlikely - the last agonizing hours of the hos- dependence and exert pressure on ficials, Carter went to a meeting that President Reagan would abro- tage negotiations. the White House when they felt it See CARTER, A-7 See PRESIDENT, A-i See CARTER, A-8 . necessary. M' 1. L d Robert r r S e enate tnor y a e Byrd of West Virginia, who voted against the nomination, complained See GEN. HAIG, A-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00788R002100450005-6 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00788R00210045 0054.7 :Hostages, Describe - Dark, Side Continued From A-i The militants lied constantly, their captives soon learned, telling the hostages irinuiperable tall. tales about their families and about why the Great Satan,"=as they dubbed America, was letting them languish in.Iran. ~ r...:x After a few months, the hostages furniture to frozen meat. Most of us lost everything,' Rich. and H. Morefield, consul general at the embassy, told his wife ln San Diego. "I walked out with my wed. ding ring, and t had to fight for that." chat soon began to chip away, show. log the pain and shock beneath. Those guards were psychotic," one hostage, his voice edged with bitterness, confided in his brother. - e " ey'.wdre SOBs said. Col. Lelan lland, who told his 79-year- old mother Clara he had spent a month in a "dungeon.- A State Department spokesman put it slightly more diplomatically yesterday, accusing the militahts of "serious mistreatment" of some of the Americans. The "students" stole the hostages' personal effects and raided Hol- land's house in Tehran, taking everything they could carry, from were sa confused by a eal's cradle 1 ' of lies and propoganda list they "ended up beligvlingntrthingg," p..ooliti- cal officer. Michael J. Metrinko; 34, of Olyphant, Pa., told his brother, Peter, who lives in Arlington. Each prisoner was treated differ- ently, according to their relative im- portance in. the embassy; their alleged spying activities and their comportment. Marine Sgt. Johnny McKeel Jr. told his parents in Balch Springs, Texas, that he had assumed until yesterday that his mother was dead, something interrogators had told him in a vain effort to extract in- formation. When the Marine gave only his name, rank and serial number, a guard knocked out one of his teeth. Another hostage, 49-year-old Mal- colm Kelp of Fairfax County, told his brother he was beaten, put in solitary confinement for months aild cutoff from any communication with his family because he tried to ,escape several times. .They knocked me around a coil pie of times in the beginning," Rob- ert 0. Blacker of North Little Rock, Ark., told his mother Hazel Albin. "But toward the end, I don't think they wanted to beat anyone up un- less they could help it." Lopez, who lost 50 pounds during the ordeal, was forced with several others to sleep In a closet for several months, and Metrinko, Kupke and several others spent long solitary stretches in Jail. After the first few months, how- ever, the torture was more mental than physical. The guards would bring in the baskets of mail from families, open it and hold up snapshots and letters, and then, before the hostages' bitter gazes, burn the coveted stacks of mail from home. Richard Queen, who was released after nine months because he con- tracted multiple sclerosis, yesterday Approved For Release 2000/08/08 CIA-RDP96-007106 00-6 they were 54 t. line up against ? the wall and were stripped and searched Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00788R002100450005-6 Queen also described a mock ex- ecution the hostages were subjected to when the militants pulled the triggers of empty guns. - Another hostage who was released early, Elizabeth Montague, now an assistant on. the China desk at the State Department, talked of "threats with guns, including an "incident when the militants played Russian 'roulette-a}1U1 her and another em- bassy secretary tb' ryttd t informa- tion, William Quarles, one.of the'13 hostages released earlier, visited his former colleagues at the hospital yesterday afternoon. Quarles said ? i tl oy ' 1 that oae of them told him had been kept separated and were moved all over the country, some "mown to differeht parts, :some taken by car; - Nearly all of the hostages were . been. moved out reported to have . of the US. Embassy -compound shortly after the abortive rescue at- tempt in April. Most hostages reported being blindfolded and moved at least four. times, .,Rick, Kupke told his,; agtiiy to communicate with net' codes. Col. Thomas Schaeffer, a military z that Jobi Jr., alone in a tell for nine months, wrote camouflaged let- ters home. "When he told me he was working on knotty chess prob. solitary confinement.- Bruce Laingen, the charge d'af- f faires who remained with two other i_hostages in the relative comfort of t the Foreign Ministry, was able to I call home the first few months. De- o spite the fact that the Iranians mon- -t itored the line, Laingen and his wife 6 Penne in Bethesda were able to pass u surreptitious messages - that were later passed on to to Depart- u ment - by speaking in ?i - Washington Star Staff Writers P Lindsay Gruson, Christopher P. Win- p ner, Patrice Gaines-Carter and Diane Brockett also contributed to p this article. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00788R002100450005-6