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September 13, 1988
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Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 f -THE `WASHINGTONTOST CPYRGHT . M77 said the 11 140" Ill 111 1 L111 11 1 is 11 1 put, as nonsense " ''I`he statement' nal of the oppressed" on spying " their charges. shed captor effor s:.t . ;.:. ry . rYer~ The Organization of the Op- ictims "grotesque'..and'a' t - ressed on Earth, believed made up ion q( civilized aR4,.,universal con- p . it , u"';' "0'0enounctD what of Shiite Moslems loyal to Iran, had " charged that Higgins used his U N: ? t to tt emp cynical a it called the uniform as a cover for espionage , exploit the plight of Higgins during Christmas season, the State De- In today's statement, the group id "It has been proven by dear- sa , partmen ndiled, for his immediate cut evidence that [Higgins] and',his e ervers are l b i f c _-.- sourc s ona o ondit . American team o and un [Administration sources said U.S. WILLIAM RICHAU HIGGI$SZ{ officials have been unable to deter- guilty of providing the Zionist en- emy with accurate and detailed mil "revenge for blood of martyrs" mine the validity of the announce- itary and security information about f ,. M meat or any of the previous claims our resistance fighters, their pos-- perer` `de Cuellar, made a special Higgins' release when he ,by s staff s'~rcaptors, Washington tions, movements, supply routes appeal for Post staff writer Molly Moore re- and the quantity and quality of their accepted the Nobel Peace Prize in ported. "There is a great feeling of weaponry." Oslo on-behalf of,the 1.0,00,0.,,-U. ence-keeping forces.. turned over to inistra d b ' p een m py has said one a "The s ,woman helplessness; lion official. those responsible for executing this Tonight, a U.N. spoke Higgins, 43, of Danville, Ky., was just and revolutionary verdict," the said, "the secretary general urgently , head of a .76-man observer group statement said. No specific execu- calls on those holding Col. Higgins attached to 'the U.N. peace-keeping lion date was mentioned. not to caCry out their threat but to force in southern Lebanon when he There have been three Other release him immediately;, and un- munications from the grow harmed. The secretary general also the southern com aped near was kidn or Higgins abduction-tw urges all those who may be in a po- porf city of Tyre on Feb. 17. since The new picture of Higgins, the statements listing demands for hi sition to help to do all that they c n ta assist in s curing the releas.u e to wh-c t id ap eo e isi in 10 month , resembled a release and .a v Lsecond photograph released by the kidnap- Higgins repeated the delta s , ,'ftegn g are d The demands Focused on the r "and presumgd_ktdnaped ln.~.e thq h ree owe It il 21 Tht photo s ern Apr.a and Lebani e., the balding` Higg-ttsr stoop-shout- lease of Palestinian Isr el'' and ey Britons r one Irish man,cons Ita y risoners held bs not The longest held down p , dered with his eyes cast the South Lebst1o and aSwiss. Terry Anderson, 40, of }i He had gray pro , r i xy ica era < n ,. i .mer looking at the. cam Israel rejected the demand , stubble on his' cheeks and was wear- Army. 1 e the Associated Press; who was get ing a dark fief jjacket. On Saturday, the secretary The statement accompanying the eral of the United Nations, Jav- r gaped March 16, 19.85. 42. Lebanese` Doe . ndnapers holding -U.5i arine ' . =Cot William R. Higgins said today they had decided to,"execute" their hostage because. hey, believe he is a ' spy for Israel. ,,We have -issued the irrevocable sentence to execute: this American spy," said a typewritten Arabic statement signed by the Organiza-, tion of the Oppressed on Earth and delivered to the independent Beirut newspaper An Nahar. A photocopy of apicture purport- ing to show Higgins,. the most re cent kidnap .victim of nine Ameri= cans held hostage 4n,Lebanon, .was printed at the bottom of ahe' 1:5=line CPYRGHT ;anol usaa~y insert'a picture with a ist toifent to prove its authenticity. In its statement, the group said the decision' to kill Higgins was a retaliation Iot ' ,.?Israeli , attacks against "our ;people in.,occupied Pal- estine" the, ;West Bank, and Gaza Strip-an d'?' predotxiinan~tly Shiite southern Lebanon. It also said Higgins would die in "revenge for the blood of the mar- tyrs of the latest Israeli raid" on a Palestinian guerrilla base nine miles 'south of Beirut. Nine guerrillas were killed Friday in the Israeli at- tack. An Israeli officer also died. In Washington, the State De pa>:tment issued a statement sayin the charge that Higgins was a?sp CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 ' .- Terry Anderson with Madeleine Bassile and their daughter Sulome in a "fresh and bright and beautiful" world "The World Is Fresh and Bright And Beautiful" After recuperating in Antigua, Terry Anderson talks about his chief captor (surprisingly pleasant) and the West's mistrust of Islam Did you ever knou or sure w zo your rz r . were? A. We had our ~iuesses. They would always deny be- ing connected With the Hizballah [Party ofGod], but I don't think it's surprising that kidnappers should lie. We believed I lizballah was the umbrella organi- zation, althouLh it's not a unitary group but an as- semblage of factions or family-connected groups. All had diflerent names. It was very strange. There were Brian Keenan, John McCarthy, Frank Reed,'1'om Sutherland and 1, all in the Bekaa Valley in one underground secret prison, all of us being held under different names. We would laugh about it, wondering which hat they he going to wear the Islamic Jihad hat and talk to Tom [Sutherland] and me? Or was he going to wear the Islamic Dawn hat and talk to Frank Reed? Q. Did you ever meet the person who seemed to be in charge of all the hostages? A. Yes. There was a gentleman called the Hai who was the chief of our particular faction, and I guess one of the senior members of Hizballah. Ile was ac- tually a very pleasant man. He was a rather stocky man. I never saw his face, of course, was not allowed to, but my biggest impression is of his hands. Ile has big, thick hands, and he's paunchy. Ile would come in, and he'd take my hand, and he'd say, "Z'ssalamu alaykum [Peace be with you I." I'd say, "Wa alaykum essalam. Ilaj." He'd say, "Kecf halak [Ilow arc you]?" He was unquestionably in control. I mean, they jumped when he came. Ile almost always spoke soft- ly, and he almost always seemed reasonable. He was not vicious to us, as some of the guards were, partic- ularly when he wasn't there. Q.If he came into the room nou', what would you say to irirn? A. Ooh, that's much, much too difficult. I have no reason to like the man. Ile was responsible for hav- ing me kidnapped and for chaining me to a wall. I don't want to see hint ever again, and I have no idea what I would say to him. Q. You were with 7tv-rtl I1/ailc/hra loztq lime. What was he like as a fellow prisoner? rrpp RR~~yyTT I tnn~. %rw IN, 1992 CPYRGHT 57 Approved For F~dles~`2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For "You can't lock five men in a room for 24 hours a day without fighting about something. Sometimes i . would LC sIV[aaIi a'_ off IT`\' or in car Ei acs ; , @ke t[ic: v you p=ha;. bridge. R..e qv9 /98/i(Aos4IA-MPS"OI'89P personality. There were disagreements in the room. I have nothing bad to say about Mr. Waite. I think he's a very, very courageous man, and I ad- mire what he tried to do. About half the year we were together, he had extreme asthma, to the point where I thought he was going to die on us. He would hyperventilate himself to unconsciousness. It's very difficult to live in a small room with a man who has got asthma, because you don't get any sleep. He's gasping all night long and having crises and attacks. Q. What were the disagreements about? A. You can't lock five men in a room for 24 hours a day without fighting about something. Sometimes it would be something as small as "Stay off my cot, or my mattress," or "I don't like the way you play bridge," or something like that. Q. You were moved to different locations about 20 times. How did they move you? A. Usually in the trunk of a car or quite often in a se- cret compartment built under the bed of the truck and bolted in. They would come in, and they'd take this wide plastic tape, shipping tape, and they'd tape you up. Then they would wrap a towel around your head this way and over your eyes: Youwere just like a mummy. Q. How could you breathe? A. They left your nose out. A couple of times I had fights with them. I had to struggle and buck and go "Mmmmm!" because I had a cold. I had to make them understand that they couldn't completely cov- er my mouth, because I couldn't breathe. You'd get exhaust fumes underneath the truck. I was deathly afraid during one move that I was going to vomit-I was very sick, and of course my mouth was taped up-and that I would choke to death on my vomit. When we went to South Lebanon, it was four or five hours underneath that thing. Once they dressed me in a chador [the head-to- toe veil of strictly religious Muslim women] and put those little round spot Band-Aids on my eyes, and then they put the sunglasses on. Well, the Band- Aids came loose, and with the prescription sun- glasses on, I could see perfectly well. So I was sitting in the back of the car with a guard sitting next to me, just kind of peering around. Q. What do you think about the Iran-contra affair? A. It was a bad mistake. Those kinds of bargains are not the way to deal with kidnappers. They only encourage more kidnapping. I think it made it very difficult for Reagan to convince the kidnappers that he was still a virgin, that he wasn't going to bargain with them, because he had already done it once. 04()O0OO1f4rly plain, and they're not all t iat They are paranoid in the way they look at the world. They see America as the Great Satan that does everything wrong, and yet it is all-powertul, and therefore all American acts must be deliberate; they can't be the result of accident or misunder- standing, or simply stupid policy. Q. Do you think Westerners understand this mentality? A. No, not at all. Even many of the hostages after some years of it could not understand it, could not grasp it. We need to understand these people, we've got to understand their motives, how their minds Q. What did they allow you to read in captivity? A. At various times we did have a lot of books. The book I got first was the Bible, and I kept that almost I read that over and over and over and over and over again and thought about it. That book was by far the most important to me and remains the most impor- We Lot westerns, we got science fiction, we got very interesting. Then when we moved to the Bekaa us TIME and Newsweek and the Economist and, for sonie'reason,-FORTUNE and Business Week fairly regularly. Q. Did your philosophical outlook change while you were a captive? A. I was brought up a Catholic. I left the church and was an apostate for most of my life. 1 called myselt an agnostic, which simply means I was too lazy to figure it out. I returned to the church, luckily enough, about six months before I was kidnapped. I believed in God, I believed in Jesus Christ, I believed in the things the Catholic Church believed in. Well, too much, but I am a Catholic, whether he likes it or not. And thinking seriously about my religion was providential, I guess, because I needed it very badly Q.After being awayfrom the U.S. so long, what has struck you on your return? A. I think it's a better world, in general. Despite the events of the past few days, I think America is also making progress. I think it is a better place than I had worked through in my head a lot about my life before I was kidnapped that I didn't like. I thought of myself as not a good person. Ana pray- of that, gave me a different way of looking at Q. During your years as a captive, you were constant- 11. exposed to the beliefs of your kidnappers about themselves and the rest of the world. What were they salting? A. They were radicals within the fundamentalist movement.'I'he way they interpret their religion al- lows them to do things or to justify to themselves doing things that any normal reading of the Koran would find insane or evil. I've read the Koran; I'm ",.4 itn Iclnm ,.'y".,.- h,,t 0- .vnrrlc and the con- things. Q. Do you have any bitterness toward the people who held you_/br so long? A. I don't have any time for it. I don't have any need for it. It is required of me as a Christian to wish them no ill in their lives. My life is very, very busy--it is full of joy. The world is fresh and 55 TIME', u.Ati IS, 1992 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT A42 FREDAY, MARCEE 16,1990 Moslem Group Threatens To Kill Three Hostages AR photograph of Robert Polhill, one of three American educators kidnapped in 1987. The others are Alann Steen and Jesse Turner. The statement denounced "media reports about humanitarian moves to free the hos- tages" and asked "the authors of these moves not to interfere in this matter be- cause we are holding agents and spies against our people, and they will be exe- cuted if the American administration fails to meet our demands." BEIRUT-A Moslem faction holding three American professors hostage threat- ened yesterday to kill them if the United States fails to meet its demands, which it did not specify. The group, the Islamic Jihad for the Lib- eration of Palestine, also threatened to at- tack airlines that carry Soviet Jewish im- migrants to Israel. The organization, believed made up of Shiite Moslems loyal to Iran, made the threats in a statement delivered to the newspaper An-Nahar, accompanied by a Mongolians Promised Vote ^ ULAN BATOR, Mongolia-Mongolia's new Communist Party leaders promised to hold the country's first free elections after 69 years of communist dominance. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGH A New Victim in Lebanon Terrorists kidnap a U.S. officer serving with unprotected United Nations observers --- - ---GPYRGHT The first reports were bad enough. A U.S. Marine Corps officer attached to a United Nations peacekeeping unit had been kidnapped in south ern Lebanon, apparently by pro- T Iranian gunmen. The victim, Lt. Col. Wil- liam R. Higgins, 43, instantly disappeared into Lebanon's terrorist underground, where eight other Americans have long been held prisoner. Then came word that made the nation's newest hostage drama look even more serious. It turned out that in his previous assignment, Higgins had worked in the office of Caspar Weinberger, who was secretary of defense at the time. Contrary to usual practice, Higgins went from his sensitive post at the Pentagon to a new job as an unarmed, unguarded U.N. observer in lawless Lebanon, with an American flag sewn on his shoulder. It wasn't clear what Washington could do to help Higgins. President Reagan off- handedly told reporters that "we'll try to get him located, and certainly we want to rescue him." Fearful of increasing the risk to Higgins, White House aides quickly said that they had no idea where he was being held and insisted that no rescue mission DI PARTMENT OF PN A glaring security breach: Higgins in the field as in the works. he a mml trongest hope was that other Muslim mili- iamen would track Higgins down and take im away from the rival Shiites who kid- apped him-a perilous undertaking at est. Meanwhile. Washington tried not to hink about the glaring security breach hat allowed Higgins to go to Lebanon in he first place. For more than 48 hours, the Pentagon anaged to keep a lid on Higgins's back- round. The Defense Department's new spokesman, Assistant Secretary Dan How- ard, easily persuaded Pentagon corre- spondents not to publicize the fact that "Rich" Higgins had spent two years as a relatively low-ranking aide to Weinberger. But that was hardly a secret; Higgins's as- signment was listed in recent editions of the Pentagon phone book, which is sold to the public. Two days after the kidnapping, a Beirut radio station revealed the Weinber- ger connection. With Higgins's cover blown, the Pentagon announced that he had served as "a junior military assistant" and was "one of 36 people who worked in the immediate office of the secretary," where "handled hp, a rwork and other adminis- t Weinberger's top military assistant was C lin Powell, then an Army major general and now Reagan's national-security adviser. Higgins, who is married to a Marine ma- jorandhasateenage daughter, volunteered for duty with the United Nations in Leba- J non. He was facing one of the toughest "cuts" in an officer's career, the jump from lieutenant colonel to full colonel, and there was a shortage of jobs in which he could stand out. "He wanted a field command," said one colleague, "and he wanted some- thing that was adventuresome, where he could be independent." The U.N. assign- ment would give him command of 75 truce observers and could open the door to other political-military slots in Washington. Pulling strings: He was well qualified for the job, having specialized in Middle East issues during a hitch on the Pentagon's International Security Affairs staff. Hig- gins pulled strings to get the U.N. assign- ment, which normally goes to an Army officer. Pentagon gossip had it that Wein- berger's influence won him the post; in any case, his position on the secretary's staff gave him what the military calls "juice." 32 NEWSWEEK : FEBRUARY 29, 1988 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release CPYRGHT CPYRGHT ragnet for abducted wo LEBANON, From Al M1er Group, Lebanon, since Jan. 8. The ggroup, made up of officers from 16 ;,,countries, is attached to the 5,800- "tman, nine-nation UNIFIL, deployed k+~. in south Lebanon since 1978 to police the border with Israel. Higgins was the third U.N. offi- "h''cial to be kidnapped in south Leba- "non in two weeks and the 25th for- w eigner being held in the country. Amal spokesmen refused to say "whether they believe Higgins was --seized by the militant, pro-Iranian Hezbollah, or Party of God, which 111;,'Jas been vying with Amal for domi- ,'fiance of the south. Hezbollah fac- -'tions in Beirut are believed to hold ,most of the 24 other hostages. bab Plainclothes militia security men In cars blocked roads along the Li- nani River from the Mediterranean coast 25 miles inland to the slopes of ;Vlount Hermon. Uniformed militiamen armed with submachine guns and rocket- propelled grenade launchers pa- AP Ued iFd9 slues r(2G10W8i08 coast from the Qassmieh Bridge flet0O7894O4O1-3 - - 1 hunts 0. S 's Marine TYRE, Lebanon (AP) - United Nations peacekeeping troops and Shiite Moslem militiamen sealed off 300 square miles of southern Leba- non today, searching for a kidnapped U.S. Marine officer who heads a U.N. observer team. Lt. Col. William R. Higgins, 43, was abducted yesterday by gunmen who blocked a highway and pulled him from his car. His abduction brought to nine the number of Amer- icans held hostage in Lebanon. U.N. troops and Justice Minister Nabih Berri's Shiite Moslem Amal .. militia combed the region around tl,, ancient port of Tyre' as the search went into its second day. "We hope the kidnappers will have no chance of slipping out with their captive. That's why all exits have been blocked," an Amal spokes- man said. Timilr Goksel, spokesman for the U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, said the search had U.N. `peacekeeping troops operating in Ct*ir zone and Amal militia active in othtN,non-U.N. sectors. He said ~l "has vowed to car- ry on the search until Higgins is found." ? . i Official's said two gunmen in a brown Volvo car seized Higgins af- ter blocking the coastal highway three miles south of Tyre. Higgins was driving back to UNIFIL head- quarters in the border town of Naqoura after meeting Amal offi- cials. Higgins, of Danville, Ky., has commanded the 76-member Observ- LT. COL. WILLIAM HIGGINS Pulled from car by gunmen American ment's military commander in south Lebanon, and security chief Moham- med Harqous. "They have personal orders from Berri that no one sleeps until we get the man back," the spokesman told the Associated Press. He said Amal was "anxious to protect and safeguard UNIFIL irre- spective of the nationality of the peacekeepers. Amal views Higgins' abduction as a deliberate challenge." Security sources said French spe- cialists were dispatched to Tyre from UNIFIL headquarters to inter- rogate an unidentified Lebanese bus driver who claimed he witnessed the abduction. "The French have managed to draw a face sketch of the gunman north of Tyre to the scene of the ab- the eyewitness says he saw pointing duction, the spokesman added. a pistol at Higgins' head as he forced "Our men are searching villages him into the kidnappers' car," said in an 800-square-kilometer area one source, speaking on condition of north, east and south of Tyre," he anonymity. said. U.N. troops are blocking the In Washington, White House southern exits." spokesman Roman Popadiuk said CfAuRM86140 8014M0 000400$4131d the kidnappers responsible" vised by Daoud Daoud, the move- for Higgins' safety. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT S. Marine Officern UrS. Abducted in Lebanon Gunmen Seize Colonel Working With U.N. . By Nora Boustany Special to The Washington Post BEIRUT, Feb. 17-A U.S. Ma- rine officer in charge of a U.N. ob- server group in Lebanon was kid- naped by unknown gunmen today as he drove in a two-car convoy near the southern port city of Tyre. The officer, identified by Penta- gon officials as Lt. Col. William ;Richard Higgins, 43, of Wood- bridge, Va., was seized after leavin a meeting in Tyre with Abdel Ma feed Saleh, a senior political officia of the mainstream Shiite Mosle Amal group, Amal officials said. By late tonight there was n claim of responsibility for the attac and no indication of who might hay carried it out or of the motive. The kidnaping, which brings t nine the number of Americans hel captive in Lebanon, brought imme diate expressions of concern fro the White House and the Unite Nations, whose peace-keepin forces in southern Lebano mounted a wide search for the miss ing officer. "Most of [the U.N. peace-keepin force] is involved in the search, i cluding helicopters, and we are get ting substantial help from Amal, Timor Goksel, spokesman for th U.N. peace-keeping force, said. The White House called for th prompt release of Higgins. Pres dent Reagan, asked about the ki naping as he boarded Air Force On in California to return to Washin ton after a vacation, said, "We'r still investigating, trying to lear more about it." U.N. Secretary General Javi Perez de Cuellar, traveling in A rica, expressed "profound concern a U.N. spokesman in New Yo said, and Undersecretary Gener Marrack Goulding, who is traveli in. k, 8 a Rijn?,. is efforts to gain lgginsrelease, The kidnaping came just 12"da after two Scandinavian officials the U.N. Relief and Works Agenc which administers the Palestini refugee camps in the Middle Ea were kidnaped by unknown gunm in southern Lebanon, and it rais new fears for the safety of the tho sands of foreigners working in v. ious U.N. organizations in chao Lebanon. Higgins served with the U. a Truce Supervision Organization, small unit that, since its formati e in 1948, has supervised armist' d agreements between Israel a See LEBANON A19 Col.3 Unit Leader Had Sought Lebanon Duty By Molly Moore and Lynda Richardson Washington Post Staff Writers Marine Lt. Col. William Richard (Rich) Higgins, kid- naped by gunmen in Lebanon yesterday, "actively sought" the post with the U.N. obser- vation unit he heads in that country, according to Penta- gon officials. Higgins, 43, lived in Wood- bridge when he was assigned, last June to the Lebanon Ob- server Group, part of the U.N. Truce Supervision Or- ganization that operates throughout the Middle East, Pentagon officials said. Last month, he became chief of the 75-member Lebanon unit, which includes 16 U.S. mil- itary officers, officials said. Pentagon and State Depart- ment officials said yesterday that Higgins' kidnaping has not triggered discussions about removing the remaining U.S. team members from Lebanon. "These people are not as- signed as a national contin- gent," said State Department spokesman Charles E. Red- man. "There are U.S. officers assigned to this organization, and as such, they are under the authority and responsibil- ity of this [U.N.] organiza- lion.? ~:.~~.r .. . Some Pentagon of rf is ex- presbed concern over the vul- .;, bility,?;oL,U . sere ing in Lebanon, ? nQ ng "tha the State Department has recommended for the past several years that American civilians leave that country. But other military officials noted that the United States has participated in the U.N. unit since it was formed in 1948 and did not withdraw its members even after the 1983 bombing of the Beirut Marine barracks, in which 241 Ma- rines rines and other U.S. person- nel died. The Lebanon Observer See MARINE, A19, Col.1 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 USA TODAY - THURSDAY, FEBRUAFI. CPYRGHT The .other eight held in Lebanon LT. COL. WILLIAM HIGGINS Pulled from car by gunmen Terry Anderson, corre- spondent for Associated Press, was kidnapped. March 16, 1985. - Thomas Sutherland, agri culture dean at America University of Beirut, wa seized June 9, 1985. Edward Tracy, a writer from Vermont who was liv- ing in Beirut, was abducted Oct. 21,1986'. Jesse Turner, a math in- structor at Beirut University College, was kidnapped Jan. 24, 1987. mericans 'erry Anderson, 40, chief Middle East corre- spondent of The Associated Press. Kidnapped March 16,1985. Thomas Sutherland, 56, agriculture dean at the American University of Beirut. June 9,1985, -- Frank Reed, 55, director of the Lebanon Interna- tional School in Beirut. Sept. 9, 1986. Joseph Cicippio, 57, acting controller of the.``:; Edward Tracy, 57, author. Oct. 21 1986 Frank Herbert Reed, direc- tor of Lebanese Intema- tional School, was kid- napped Sept. 9, 1986: Robert Polhill, a business professor at Beirut Univer- sity College, was seized' Jan. 24, 1987. -CJesse Turner, 40, visiting professor of maths mut ics and computer science at Beirut Unive'r- -00- Roy?rt Polhill, 53, assistant professor of busi- at Bel itC l 24 8 .,.. o lebFVan, , 1/ /. ---'y Alann Steen, 48, journalism professor at Beirut University College. Jan. 24, 1987. Marine It. Col. William Higgins, 43, head of a U.N, observer group attached to the U.N. Interim:jk; Force in Lebanon. Feb. 17,1988:, Joseph Cicippio, comp- tro9er at American Univer- sity in Bei'r'ut, was kid- napped Sept. 12, 1986. r~. n Alann Steen, a journalism professor at Beirut Univer- sity College, was kid- napped Jan. 24, 1987. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2DGOTQB/08`"` - - 001=$------- - CPYRGHT CPYRGHT ATTAR-SYGMA Hostage Escape Attempt A lann Steen, one of nine American hostages still held in Lebanon, tried to escape from his terrorist captors but was caught and beaten, U.S. in- telligence has learned. Fellow hostage Mithileshwar Singh, an Indian with U.S. resident status who was freed last month in Damascus, has told U.S. officials that Steen didn't make it far before neighbors in the Beirut suburb where he was held last year spotted him and turned him in. Several fillings were knocked out of Steen's teeth when he was beaten, Singh said. One of three teachers cap- tured with Steen from the Bei- rut University College campus in 1987, Singh told U.S. officials he was treated better than the Americans because he is Indi- an. The four men were kept in Beirut but moved frequently because their captors feared a U.S. rescue effort. Most of the time they were chained and sometimes blindfolded. Their captors never talked politics; critical of the United States, they also fantasized about a U.S. visit. All four hostages had expected to be released around Election Day or the presiden- tial Inaugural, Singh said. The Taxmen Strike Again It was just the sort of heartless harassment that has made the Internal Revenue Service one of the most resented arms of the Federal Government. A while ago, the IRS sent a computerized notice to journalism professor Alarm Steen, telling him that if he did not cough up back taxes due on his 1984 return within 30 days, the tax collectors would take him to court. But there was a hitch. For the past 21 months, Steen has been one of the Americans held hostage by Islamic terrorists in Leba- non. As such, Steen, 49, seems to qualify for the unofficial IRS policy not to pursue hostages or prisoners of war. That exemp- tion expires once a hostage is freed. It may be enough to make captivity look just a little bit appealing. ^ I Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT Israel Says 5 Hezbollah Guerrillas Killed Associated Press JERUSALEM, Aug. 24-Israeli troops ambushed and killed five guerrillas of the pro-Iranian Hez- bollah group in southern Lebanon today, the Army command said. Six of the soldiers were wounded. Guerrilla and Israel artillery bat- teries exchanged fire after the bat- tle, and the attacking soldiers moved back behind their lines, Is- rael television reported. Hezbollah, or Party of God, is an umbrella group for Shiite Moslem extremists believed to be holding American hostages in Lebanon. The clash was near the village of Kaou- kaba, north of Israel's security zone in southern Lebanon. The zone, up to 10 miles wide, is patrolled by about 1,000 Israeli sol- diers and more than 1,000 out Lebanon Army militiamen trained and financed by Israel. The Army command said the Israeli force op- erated in Lebanese territory on a search-and-destroy mission. The Army command said five of the soldiers were treated on the spot and a sixth was slightly wound- ed and hospitalized. Israeli troops were last known to operate outside the security zone in May, when they attacked two Hez- bollah strongholds, killing more than 40 guerrillas. Three soldiers died in those attacks. In Nablus, in the occupied West Bank, Israeli soldiers shot and wounded up to 15 Palestinians today. Troops fired on Palestinians who hurled stones and burned tires in the central market, the Army said. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 200Q/Q8/~~"""A-RPP6-00789R000400040001-3 TON POST 0 r JACK ANDERSON and DALE VAN ATi'A Why Khomeini's Designated Heir Quit CPYRGHT T he fanatical followers of Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini tortured their own ambassador to the United Nations nearly to death. that was the last straw that drove Khomeini's designated successor to resign last month, according to a highly sensitive Central Intelligence Agency report. The report details the secret struggle between Khomeini and Ayatollah Hussein Ali Montazeri, who was designated in 1985 as Khomeini's heir. According to the CIA, Montazeri was furious over the arrest of Mohammed Mahallati, Iran's ambassador to_,the_ t,Jnited ations. he Pasdaran, Khomeini's Revolutionary Guard Corps, claimed that"Mahallati?was?not'faithful to the revolution. They arrested him in Tehran and tortured him until he had a heart attack. He was rushed to the hospital in critical;condition., It was too much for Montazeri, who had long been disgusted with Khomeini's abuse of civil rights in his country. The resignation doesn't make Montazeri a saint. Even at his most charitable, he is by no means A nice guy. It was Montazeri who called for attacking 'Americans anywhere in the world after the USS. Vincennes shot down an Iranian airliner mistaken for a bomber last summer. For years, Montazeri has supported terrorism against:Americans - Montazeri's faction leaked the story of the U.S. arms-for-hostages deal to a Lebanese magazine in November 1986. Montazeri had hoped that the exposure would cripple the chief backer of the deal, U ian Speaker of the Parliament Hasherni sanjani. Instead of being mad at Rafsanjani, Khomeini turned on Montazeri and had at least 200 of Montazeri's followers arrested, including his son, son-in-law and brother-in-law. The brother-in-law, Mehdi Hashemi, was tried for various "crimes" and executed in September 1987. Montazeri wisely kept a low profile after that episode, but would occasionally object to Khomeini's repressive domestic policies. Last summer, when Khomeini's regime hit rock bottom and had to accept a cease-fire in its long and bloody war with Iraq, Montazeri was emboldened. He wrote at least two secretaetters::of.protest to Khomeini about. the torture hnprisonment-and executions of political opponents. Thousands of dissidents, many of them members of the anti-Khomeini People's Mojahedin, have' been imprisoned without trial and tortured to make'them admit the error of their ways or cough up the names of their compatriots. Khomeini ordered wholesale executions of his opponents after the cease-fire. He feared that without the distraction of a war, his internal enemies could foment rebellion. Montazeri's objections festered for months. Khomeini became increasingly angry with the man who was once his student, whom he called "the, light of my life" ` ,~; With.Montazeri fiita~ p tesrover the torture of the U.N. ambassador, Khomeini demanded his resignation. Khomeini said it.was clear Montazeri didn't have the stuff to succeed him to this "very grave responsibility that requires endurance more than your capacity." Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 200, TON POST ... 'IONDAY, APRIL 17,198SA17 ,'SAL PAGE CPYRGHT Can Nominee Illuminate Hostage Deal?, . State Dept.s Bartholomew Was on Scene of First Arms Shipment CPYRGHT By Walter Pincus Washington Post Staff Writer Reginald Bartholomew, whose confirmation hearing as President Bush's choice for undersecretary of state for security affairs, science and technology takes place today before the Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committee, was on the scene for the first, and one of the more mysterious, arms-for-hostages ship- ments in the Iran-contra affair. He was the U.S. ambassador in Beirut when Israeli shipments to Iran of 508 American-made TOW antitank missiles led to the release on Sept. 14, 1985, of the Rev. Ben- jamin Weir, one of six Americans then held by Islamic Jihad, a group of pro-Iranian extremists. The background of that first arms-for-hostages shipment, and particularly the involvement and knowledge of it by then-President Reagan and his top Cabinet advis- ers, has never been publicly ex- plored, although it formed the foun- dation of the Iran-contra scandal. In their first statements, shortly after reports appeared in November 1986 about the arms sales to Iran, Reagan and others said they had not known about the September 1985 shipments and their relationship to Weir's release. The president and his aides have always said the operation was run solely by the Israelis. Materials released by the White House-authorized Tower Review Board, by the congressional Iran- contra, panels, at the trial of Oliver L. North and in. interviews with par- ticipants show that U.S. involve- ment in the September 1985 events was greater than publicly disclosed. North testified at his trial last week that there was ongoing intel- ligencemonitoring of the: planning by the Iranians and Israelis for the September shipment and U.S. re- sponses. "We were aware when Rev. Weir was going to be re- leased," North said. "We didn't know which hostage it was or how many there would be. We had to position people in places where he could be safely recovered and brought back to the United States." Government sources have de- scribed how a U.S. aircraft carrier was moved near the Lebanese coast and Delta Force commandos were put aboard to be ready to attempt to free any hostages not released in response to the arms shipment. Under the plan, a counterterror- ist team would be sent into Beirut in hopes it could track the hostage release operation. If all six Amer- icans were not freed, the plan called for trying to follow the hostage- holders back to their headquarters and mounting a rescue operation after the location of remaining pris- oners was determined. Weir was released "Sept. 14, but his freedom was kept secret. He was flown to the U.S. carrier and interrogated by the head of the Del- ta Force, then transferred to Nor- folk and questioned again. On Sept. 18, when it became apparent no more hostages would be freed and the counterterrorist teams had failed to locate the others, Weir's release was announced. At his trial last week, North said that "at the direction of the pres- ident" he met with Weir, carrying a letter from Reagan "in an effort to assure Rev. Weir that his cooper- ation was necessary for us to be able to help rescue the other-or recover the other hostages." Bartholomew, who has been in- formally interviewed, but never called as a witness in any of the in- vestigations, was identified by Sec- retary of State George P. Shultz in his 1986 appearance before the Tower board as having informed him on Sept. 4 that "North was han- dling an operation that would lead to the release of all seven hos- tages," according to the board. "[A U.S.] team had. been deployed to Beirut, we were told," the report quotes Shultz as saying. "Ambassa- dor Bartholomew had been alerted directly by the [National Security Council] and would assist." The record on this first arms-for- hostage effort is far from clear, and Bartholomew's knowledge could help in reconstruction of those events. . Reagan has said he cannot re- member if his authorization of the Israeli September arms transfer took place before or after the event. Then-national security adviser Robert C. McFarlane, who said it was authorized beforehand,' has been fuzzy in his recollections of how the shipments occurrej. Then-Defense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger, who/ received copies of the electronic intercepts that North said monitored events closely, has maintained he knew nothing about the arms shipment and its relationship,to the hostages. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 If Approved For Release 240/08/08 : Cl RDP96-00789R000400040001- 3 c Syria, Iran Impose Truce in Lebanon Halt in Shiite War Seen Aiding Hostages CPY GHT By Nora Boustany Washington Post Foreign Service CPYRGHT BEIRUT, Jan. 30-Syria and Iran the chief supporters of two warring Lebanese Shiite Moslem factions, signed an 'agreement today that is intended to impose a truce on the rival groups and allow the pro-Iran- ian Hezbollah forces to return to southern Lebanon. Officials from all three countries expressed hope that the accord also will help gain the re- lease of foreign hostages. Leaders of the pro-Syrian Amal movement and representatives' of Hezbollah, which is backed and fi- nanced by"Iran, grudgingly met ;and embraced in Damascus after signing a pact negotiated by Iran and Syria. Sys Foreig Mmistec..Farnuk. Charaa attended the signing ceiemo- nyand told reporters later: "Any pos- itive step in Lebanon like this will help gain the release of hostages." 1in F=ig Minister----Ali Akb r1e]ayati expressed the same wises when prodded to comment on the issue. "Anyhow," he said, "we do hope that all hostages, despite their nationalities, will be freed very soon on humanitarian grounds." Amal leader Nabih. Berri asked about the fate of U.. arine Lt. Col. William Higgins, abducted. by Hezbollah ' on Feb. 17, 1988, said that the. agreement did not specif- ically deal with the hostages but he, too, sounded an optimistic note. "I can, say I am sure this agree- ment will help the release of the hostages [as] quickly' as possible, but I cannot say _or give a date for that," Berri said. Under today's agreement, secu- rity in Beirut's southern suburbs, where most of the foreign hostages reportedly are held' would be con . sideredas part off Beirut's overall security, which -'in; theory, at least, Puts. the .mainly ~hnte slums, under' 'in airy, case, the; intensity of Syrian and' Iranian peace-making ` efforts Approved For Release 00/fil8V0>ii+1tgQ1A-RaWi4W8,9L 0 into focus. The plan signed today was the out- come of long talks over the past week between Char and Velayati as well as senior Ama) and Hezbollah officials. The accord, worked out to end bitter fighting that has killed more than 150 people in the past three weeks, was a setback to efforts by Amal to shut Iran-inspired ex- tremists out of the embattled south. Amal fighters drove Hezbollah from southern Lebanon last April with the aini of. policing and paci- fying that part of the. country to protect it from Israeli reprisal raids provoked by guerrilla attacks. The agreement, however, calls for a return to the situation before April 1988, but also provides that Amal will be in charge. of security in south- ern: Lebanon and allows both factions to: carry out political, cultural and propaganda activities there. A vague article provide's,that Amal and Hezbollah will establish a joint military operations room in southern Lebanon to "coordinate and escalate resistance missions against Israel, with each side retaining the right to carry out individual operations." An Amal spokesmen here said he was "not exactly happy with the end result, but it seems this is the best they could come. up with_." The agreement calls on both par-' ties to, abide by a cease-fire that was declared last Wednesday but has been largely ignored. The -only clear victory for the more moderate-Amal movement is a declaration th sides should refrain from harming U. ce- ee in" fo Bonne of other international organizations . in Leb- anon ran? c ed groups *attacked. U-.-troops in southern Lebanon in 1986, and Hezbollah has seen them as an, obstacle to ,its missions against Israeli' soldiers " In Chrism east Beirut, mean- bile, a car omb killed two' people and wounded 15 as the motorcade of Phalange': Party, .President George 11~2~:~aadeli was .not hurt, but his car was destroyed. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 JACK ANDERSON and DALE VAN ATTA FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1988 E5 CPYRGHT Swap of Spies, Hostages in the Works? American traitor Jonathan Jay Pollard and his wife may be released from.a U.S. prison and sent to Israel in a three-way trade that could mean freedom for one or more of the American hostages in Lebanon. U.S. intelligence sources tell us that the White House and. State Department are engineering the swap, which also may involve a top Sovietspy who has been secretly imprisoned in Israel for five years. Here is how the complicated trade would work: The United States would send Pollard and his wife, Anne Henderson Pollard, to Israel. Israel would release a captured Soviet spy to the Soviet Union. As the last link in the chain, the Soviet Union would lean on Syria and Iran to negotiate the release of one or more American hostages being held by terrorists. Syria and the Soviet Union are allies, and Syria controls Lebanon. The Soviets are desperate enough for the release of their spy, Marcus Klingberg, to consider pulling some strings for U.S. hostages. Klingberg is believed to have entered Israel as a Jewish "immigrant" and then penetrated Israeli military intelligence for the Soviet Union. His career as a spy ended in 1983 when he was arrested by Israeli counterintelligence. Klingberg's coup in penetrating the inner workings of Israeli intelligence and his arrest have been kept a secret from the Israeli people and the world. Pollard, an American citizen, is serving a life prison term in,the United States for spying on the United States for Israel from 1984 to 1985. His wife is serving a five-year term as an accessory. The Israeli government, embarrassed that it was caught spying on the United States, claimed that ,.: Pollard was part of a renegade operation.:Israel has consistently denied any interest in having Pollard released. But our sources say Israeli officials have been working behind the scenes, to: get Pollard out. The Justice Department, which has jurisdiction. over Pollard, has refused to consider a swap, so the Israelis turned to the State Department and White House to try to cut a deal. . Two experts in the art of spy-swapping have been recruited to make the arrangements-East Berlin lawyer Wolfgang Vogel and an American rabbi in New York. Anne Pollard's father, public relations executive Bernard Henderson, has led the public campaign in the United States for the release of the Pollards and has made much of the fact that his daughter is suffering from a stomach disorder. If the three-way swap is carried out, it is likely that only the Pollards' side of the triangle will be ,acknowledged publicly. The United States could explain the release of Anne Pollard as a humanitarian gesture. The release of Jonathan Pollard would be harder to finesse, It would be the first time a U.S.-born citizen and traitor was turned over to another country. Pollard gave the Israelis more than 1,000 classified'documents, and more than 800 of those were top secret. His revelations included intelligence about Syrian and Iraqi chemical weapons, Palestine Liberation Organization radar systems and Libyan air defenses. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000108108: CIA-RDP96-00789R00040004f)'do1YYGHT THE WASHINGTON POST ... WEDNESDAY, APRIL 20, 1988 A29- 3 Iranian Mines Found; U.S. Ship Reports Silkworms Fired Monday; By Molly Moore Washingtm Post Staff Writer No more armed clashes between U.S. and Iranian naval forces were reported in the Persian Gulf yesterday, but internation- al minesweeping units found three addition- al Iranian mines in gulf shipping channels and confusion erupted over reports that Iran had launched Silkworm missiles at American warships during Monday's bat- tles. President Reagan said yesterday the gulf activity was "quieting down and we hope it stays that way" after U.S. warships at- tacked two Iranian oil platforms in retalia- tory action that set off a string of sea and air battles that the Pentagon said sank three Iranian vessels and crippled three others. The captain of the frigate USS Jack Wil- -liams reported that five Chinese-made Silk- worm missiles were launched against three American warships during missile ex- changes between U.S. and Iranian forces i the Strait of Hormuz Monday. Defense Department officials said yes- terday they have no "positive proof' that the Iranian missiles were Silkworms, the most powerful in Tehran's arsenal. But the officials said that evidence of Silkworm at- tacks would add a new dimension to the gul conflicts and could prompt further retali ation against Iran. Pentagon spokesman Dan Howard sal that in the aftermath of Iran's renewe mine-laying activities and Monday's battles the United States is "reassessing" its force in the gulf region. There are 30 Navy ship in the gulf and north Arabian Sea, includin the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise, official said. A Marine Cobra attack helicopter wit two crewmen aboard remained missing yes- terday as nine ships and numerous helicop- ters continued to search for it, but no othe American military personnel were reporte killpri inilirptl or lost during Mo day's day long hostilities, Defense Department offi- cials said. They identified the missin Cobra crew- men as Capt. Stephen C. slie, 30, and Capt. Kenneth W. Hill, 3 , assigned to Squadron HMLA-167 base at the New River, N.C., Marine Corps A Station. Pentagon officials said th e were no re- ports of hostile fire in the ea where the Cobra was conducting patro Monday. The helicopter was reported mi ing after dark when it was 40 minutes late eturning to its base on the guided missi cruiser USS Iranian officials reported hat 15 of their sailors were killed and 29 uuded in Mon- day's clashes. A French minesweeper covered three additional mines yesterday: as an interna- tional mine-hunting force continued comb- ing the central gulf area where the U.S. frigate USS Samuel B. Roberts hit a mine Thursday, ripping a nine-foot gash in its hull and injuring 10 crewmen. Pentagon spokesman Howard said yes- terday that American, Dutch and French vessels have found eight Iranian mines since then, excluding the one struck by the Roberts. "All are new and recently laid," he said, adding that serial numbers have identified all of the mines as recently manufactured Iranian weapons. He said it is unknown whether the additional mines have been sown since Friday. Howard said Pentagon analysts are sift- ing through reports that are pouring in from U.S. units involved in Monday's gulf battles. Many of the details remain confusing and contradictory, officials said. The most controversial issue involves reports from the officers of the Williams that their radars tracker five Silkworm mis- siles fired from Iran at three U.S. warships that had exchanged missile attacks with the worm attack was supplied by a pool of U.S. reporters who were aboard the Williams, but Pentagon officials say they have no pos- itive proof that any Silkworms were fired. The journalists' pool reported that five times the call went up on the.bridge of the Williams: "Silkworm incoming!" -after the ship's radar detected the missiles. Each time the frigate turned violently to put its stern to the oncoming missile and fire metal particles called chaff into the air to confuse the missile's radar guidance system. "Everybody look astern!' Everybody look astern!" Lt. Augustino Ponturier, the officer of the deck, shouted. None of the first four missiles were. close enough to be observed visually from the Williams, according to reports. But the re- ported fifth attack sent crewmen sprawling flat on the deck as a missile. crossed astern of the ship and slammed into a nearby oil rig with an orange-yellow flash. Adm. William J. Crowe Jr., chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, told President Rea-, gan and Republican leaders during a White, House briefing yesterday that "we have no! positive evidence to indicate that Silkworms were used," Howard reported. He said the Williams and the other ships in its group "were operating well within the envelope [range] of the Silkworms. Any ship operating in such a circumstance that gets a track on, the scope has to assume a worst-case scenario." Pentagon sources said U.S. reconnais- sance aircraft patrolling over the Strait of Hormuz detected no activity at known Silk- worm sites. Officials noted that Iran has never before fired Silkworm missiles from its mobile launch sites along the Strait of Hormuz, with the exception of one known test-firing. It has launched several Silk- worms from the Faw Peninsula at the northern tip of the gulf-one of which hit an American-flagged Kuwaiti tanker last Oc- USS Wainwright takes part in search for helicopter that failed to return from a patrol Monday. Pentagon officials speculated that in the heat of battle the skipper and crew of the Williams may hava misidentified the mis- siles. The Chinesebuilt Silkworm is essen- tially the same weapon as. the Soviet Styx missile, which Inn has been known to launch from surface ships. Officials noted that half a dozen different types of missiles and other weapons were fired by both sides in a sea-and-air melee that involved the Williams and two other U.S.- ships, U.S. Ah attack planes, and two of Iran's biggest warships, the sister frig- ates Sabalan and S hand. Army Maj. Barr' Willey of the U.S. Cen- ship as "both spectacular and frightening;" adding that contrails from missiles could be seen in all directions. The Pentagon reported that the Sabalan fired a surface-to-surface missile at the Wil- liams and antiaircraft missiles at A6s from the USS Enterprise. The planes responded by dropping laser-guided bombs that hit the Iranian ship, disabling it. The Sabalan was reported in port yester- day. Officials said it is believed to be serf- Meanwhile, the Sahand was struck ,by laser-guided bombs and Harpoon antiship missiles from the A6s, and a Harpoon from the USS Strauss, a frigate. Left a smoking wreck, the Sahand "has disappeared" and is presumed sunk, Howard said. Iranian frigate Sa } r o m e c t f f e o m R H e a f s e 2600l0$fRtitrVALMP%li06Th9RII10461e4693ip d rho was accompanying the gulf. on two oil platforms at the Rostam field a journlists aboard the Williams, described A rlrnmttir nrrnnnt cif the reported Silk- few days later. the scene from th flying bridge atop the Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 .~"~~/ 1"1 /'~ I 1i rwHT ~r Iran Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Britain on Feb. 14 when he issued the decree against Rushdie, whose he declared a blasphemy a Islam. Last week, British Foreign retary,Geoffrey Howe, in an eff defusethecrisis, criticized the as "offensive" to Moslems, the ish government and many Br Iran, however, rejected the ge as insufficient to lift the death tence against-Rushdie, who ren in hiding under police protectic Britain.. The first consequence of the lomatic'': break with Britain Iran's refusal to allow a prom consular visit today to 53-year businessman. Roger Cooper, N has been detained on spy charges in Iran for three years. [Reuter reported that Jc Waite, cousin of Church of Engla envoy Terry Waite, who vanished Beirut in 1987 and is believed hf by pro-Iranian kidnapers, said sympathized with Moslems fended by the book. ["But no one could condone tl order to kill Rushdie," Waite said., don't see that the British goverr ment could have acted in any othe way over this."] Tehran Attacks British `Treachery,' Cites Need to Defend Islam By Jonathan C. Randal Washington Post Foreign Service LONDON, March 7-Iran se- vered diplomatic relations with Britain today at the expiration of Tehran's week-long grace period, during which the two countries failed to resolve their three-week dispute over British author Salman Rushdie's novel "The Satanic Verses." In fiery language that echoed of the religious fervor that powered Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution, the nation's Foreign Ministry an- nounced the rupture in a statement that simultaneously accused Britain of treacheries dating back centuries and proclaimed Iran a global pro- tector of Islamic honor. In the past two centuries Britain has been in the front line of plots and treachery against Islam and Moslems," the ministry statement said, reiterating a view of British manipulation in Iranian affairs that has been common in Iran since the late shah Mohamed Reza Pahlavi was ousted a decade ago. "The Foreign Ministry considers itself not just the executor" of. Iran- ian foreign policy, the announcment added, "but in a larger scope the executor and protector of tho for.- eign policy of the Islamic world against blasphemy and thus regards defending Islam and its values as a divine and legal responsibility." A British Foreign Office spokes- man said today the government-had not yet received formal notification of the Iranian action. That notifica- tion would likely come by way of the Swedish Embassy, which now rep- resents British interests-in Tehran. The spokesman added that the For- eign Office would "make known its response in due course." Britain withdrew its five-man staff from the Tehran embassy, which had resumed normal opera- tions only last November, after the 12-nation European Community pulled out its top envoys from Iran to protest an order of death against Rushdie that was pronounced by Ayatollah Ruhollah'.Khomeini, the Iranian"spiritual leader. The British Foreign Office spokes- man sail; "the present situation was entirely of, Iran's making," had been "vigorously condemned around the world" and "made it impossible to conduct normal business." Today's announcement seemed to confirm the Iranian Foreign Min- istry's political accedence to th(1 hard-line policies of Islamic funda- mentalists in the governnment. The fundamentalists have used the Rushdie crisis to reinvigorate the Islamic revolution, which was drained by. Iran's eight-year war with Iran,..and have attempted to prevent any... diplomatic openings to the West; Khomeini . first invoked Iran's claims to pan-Islamic responsibilities CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 ~wrqO Release2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R00040000440001-3 , i~ I'u5T - One Peace-Keeper Not Free to Celebrate By Richard Homan W e.!ongion Post Foreign Service While most of the 10,000 U.N. peace-keeping troops were cel- ebrating their Nobel Peace Prize yesterday, one of the forces' high- est-ranking American members, Marine Lt. Col. William R. Hig- gins, was in his 226th day of cap- tivity in the Middle East. Higgins, of Woodbridge, Va., was kidnaped last Feb. 17 near Tyre, in southern Lebanon, where he was serving as head of a 76-member unit of the U.N. Truce Supervision Organization. .U.N.,-officials .and Higgins' fam- ily used the occasion of the an- nouncement yesterday to renew demands that his captors free him. Higgins' sister, Mary Fisher, told United Press International in Louisville, Ky., "I hope this proves CPYRGHT , to them that they are holding a man who was on a peace mission. We have been praying hard since my brother was abducted. We hope this Nobel prize will bring an answer to our prayers." Higgins' captors-the Ord ization.rof the Oppressed- on accused him of using his U.N. post as a cover for U.S. es- pionage, a charge U.S. and U.N. officials have strongly denied. Higgins, 43, was seized by gun- men who ambushed his U.N. ve- hicle after he left a meeting with a senior official of the Shiite Moslem Amal group, Amal officials said. The U.N. group in which Ilig- gins served since June 1987 was formed in 1948 to supervise armi- stice agreements between Israel and Arab countries. Earlier Hig- gins served here and lived in LT. COL. WILLIAM R. HIGGINS 226th day as hostage Woodbridge with his wife, Marine Maj. Robin Higgins, who is as- signed to the Pentagon. 1 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 U.S. Caut" us About `Signals' of Hostage Release By Lou Cannon Washington Post Staff Writer The Reagan administration i exploring "inconclusive signals" that some of the nine American hostage now held captive in Lebanon will soon be freed, a knowledgeable U.S. official, who asked not to b identified, said yesterday. But the administration is ap- proaching the issue gingerly be- cause of its sensitivity and because past reports of prospective hostage releases have not proved accurate. White House spokesman Marlin Fitzwater, commenting on a story in The Wall Street Journal about "fresh hopes" that some of the hos- tages may be released before th end of the year, said he knew of n change in .the situation. Fitzwate u ' were always worKing, 13111, WC VC also had those hopes dashed so of- ten that we're reluctant to read anything into those events." The events to which he referred include the recent release of a West German hostage, apparent political changes in Iran and a message last week from one of three Iranian- backed terrorist groups thought to be holding U.S. hostages. The group released a photograph of two hostages, Alann Steen and Jesse Turner, and issued a statement hinting that they might be freed if the United States supported Pales- tinian autonomy. Fitzwater said Reagan plans to raise the hostage issue next week when he meets with a number of the region's foreign ministers dur- ing a two-day U.N. visit. But an of- ficial who participated in a planning meeting Secretary ot State o P. Shultz conducted for the trip said the issue would be brought up only "peripherally." Nonetheless, officials said they took seriously various signals that some U.S. hostages may be freed. "This is such a sensitive and emo- tional issue, it's best not to talk about it publicly at this time," one official said. On other issues yesterday Rea- gan signed a spending bill that al- locates $1.2 billion for the fight against acquired immune deficiency syndrome and prodded Congress to complete work on 13 appropriations bills before fiscal 1989 begins Oct. 1. Reagan also urged Congress to complete work on a $299.5 billion defense appropriations bill similar, in some of its features to a defense authorization bill he vetoed earlier. CPYRGHT A" rt~gSd um 5 tinue the policies of the last eight years-the policies that led the So- viets to the bargaining table and out of Afghanistan," Reagan said. "I want defense legislation that will advance national security, not sac- rifice it on the altar of congressional pork barrel." At the same time, Fitzwater praised Congress for making prog- ress on appropriations measures and said Defense Secretary Frank C. Carlucci was ready to negotiate. "We're trying to walk a fine line between praising the Congress and prodding it on these appropriations matters," said an official. CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT U.S. Karate Expert Frees Himself, Bride From Captors Washington Post Foreign Service r n said. o CPYRGHT Kenneth Wells, 25, who officials said works in au i _ abia, and his wife, Samia, were seized as they left their wedding reception Baal- bek miles east of Beirut. Wells, who has a black belt in karate, according to his wife, over- powered his attackers and the cou- BEIRUT, Sept. 12-An Amer- pie fled to a Syrian military post. ican who had just been married to a They were taken to the U.S. Em- Lebanese woman used karate to bassy in Damascus and released. escape, still wearing his tuxedo from men who tried to abduct him , In Washington, State Depart- and his bride shortly after the wed- merit spokesman Charles Redman ding yesterday, sources here and expressed gratitude to Syrian au- their assistance. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 ciA~RDP96-0 18~1~006400O40001- - l; Marlene Cordes leaves her home in Frankfurt after learning that her husband was about to be released in Beirutce-Paesse Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 THE WAsIIINCTt CRGHT HOSTAGES IN LEBANON Gunmen in Leh American Marin Terry Anderson, chief Middle East correspondent of The Associated Press, March 16, 1985. Thomas Sutherland, dean of agriculture at the American University of LEBANON, From Al Beirut, June 9, 1985. neighboring Arab countries. The CPYRGHT Frank Herbert Reed, director of the Lebanon International School in Beirut, organization's 75-man unit in Leb- Sept. 9, 1986. Joseph James Cicippio, acting' comptroller of the American University of anon, %yhich Higgins headed, Beirut, Sept. 12, 1986. worked closely with the much big- Edward Austin Tracy, author, Oct. 21, 1986. ger-and better known-U.N. In- Jesse Turner, visiting professor of mathematics and computer science at terim Force in Lebanon, the actual Beirut University College, Jan. 24, 1987. peacekeeping force. Robert Polhill, assistant professor of business at Beirut University College, Higgins, according to witnesses Jan. -4, 1987. Alann Steen, journalism professor at Beirut University College, Jan. 24, 1987. Marine It. Col. William R. Higgins, head of a 75-man observer group attached to the U.N. Interim Force in Lebanon, yesterday. Alec Collett, March 25, 1985. John McCarthy, April 17, 1986. Terry Waite, Jan. 20, 1987. Marcel Fontaine, March 22, 1985. Marcel Carton, March 22, 1985. Michel Seurat, May 22, 1985. Jean-Paul Kauffmann, May 22, 1985 Rudolf Cordes, Jan. 17, 1987. Ralph Rudolf Schray, Jan. 27, 1988. and U.N. officials here, was return- ing to the U.N. peace-keeping force's headquarters at Naqurah, 15 miles south of Tyre, when he was abducted at 2:15 p.m. local time (7:15 a.m. EST). He was driv- ing alone in a U.N. car flying the blue-and-white U.N. flag, they said, following another U.N. vehicle, .when three men armed with Kalashnikov assault rifles inter- cepted his car as the first vehicle rounded a curve near Ras Ain, four miles south of Tyre. Witnesses said they saw the gun- men shove Higgins into the trunk of a red Mercedes and speed off with him along a dirt road forking off the main coastal highway. When the three U.N. officers in the first vehicle realized Higgins was no longer following them, Gok- " they turned back and ~,Lz III set said, Mithlloswar Singh (Indian), Jan. 24, 1987 Brian Keenan (Irish), April 11, 1986. Alberto Molinari (Italian), Sept. 11, 1985 William Jorgensen (Norwegian), Feb. 5, 1988. Jan Stoning (Swedish), Feb. 5, 1988. Two people of unknown nationality were kidnaped Jan. 26, 1987. found Higgins car empty. The coastal stretch where the attack took place is contested by the Arnal militia and the more rad- ical, Iran-backed Hezbollah move- ment, which in 1986 launched rock- et attacks against soldiers of the NOTE: In March 1086 tstamic Jihad etaia od that Michel Souat had been killed. The following I I U.N. peace-keeping force. month the noa-hit1enar Qrgan,zation of Socialist Moslems said Alec Ccllott had 1-on killed. Amat chief Nahih Berri went into a closed session with key military advisers this evenin . Hassell Tunis' Approve or Release - - 7 1 l Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIAVWpI6-00789R00040Q#MG$-IT The Lost Life Of Terry Anderson The American journalist is beginning his fifth year in captivity somewhere in the bowels of Beirut, a coin for a cruel human barter that no one has been able to redeem CPYRGHT Imagine it. You are chained to a radia- tor in a bare, dank room. You never see the sun. When your captors fear that a noise in the night is an impending rescue attempt, you are slammed up against the wall, the barrel of a gun pressed against your temple. Each day you have 15 minutes to shower, brush your teeth and wash your underwear in the bathroom sink. Your bed is a mat on the floor. One of your fellow hostages tries to escape, and the guards beat him sense- less. Another tries to commit suicide. One day you too reach the edge of your sanity. You begin furiously pounding your head against a wall. Blood oozes from your scalp and smears down your face. Life has been like that for Terry An- derson ever since March 16, 1985, when the chief Middle East correspondent for the Associated Press was kidnaped in West Beirut. The men who grabbed him. members of the Shi'ite Muslim funda- mentalist group called Hizballah, were in- tent on swapping Western hostages for 17 comrades imprisoned in Kuwait for a ter- rorist spree. Four long years later, Ander- son is still held hostage. From accounts by his former fellow captives, TIML has pieced together a glimpse of the life he has led. The first day: Terry Anderson lies on a cot in a dingy apartment in Beirut's sprawling, bomb-ravaged Shiite slums. A blindfold is tightly wrapped around his head, and chains shackle a wrist and an- kle, biting into the flesh. He can hear the roar of jets; Beirut airport is near. The for- mer U.S. Marine is stunned and sobs con- stantly, frustrated, angry and afraid that the kidnapers intend to execute him. A guard bursts in and threatens him merely because he creaked the bedsprings. "I am a friend of the Lebanese," Anderson had told his family. "They won't kidnap me. I tell their story to the world." Anderson is lost in the bowels of Bei- rut, but he is not alone. In the same 12-ft. by 15-ft. bedroom, also shackled hand and foot and crouching on the floor of a dirty clothes closet, Father Lawrence Martin Jenco of Catholic Relief Services (kidnaped Jan. 8, 1985) peers under his blindfold at the new arrival. A month lat- er, they are led down to the dungeon, a basement partitioned into cramped cells with thin plasterboard, and held prisoner with others: William Buckley, Beirut sta- A hostage's never ending ordeal: a picture chronicle of Anderson's captivity. When it suits them, the kidnapers send Polaroids or videotapes of their hostage to a news agency in Beirut. The pictures accompany the kidnapers' repeated demands; in the videotapes, Anderson usually pleads for help to win his freedom. The final words in his last message: "One day soon, God willing, this will end." AiI R't 3fdfRelease 2000/08/08 t 1 161 39 . An'O '9g' ~db789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000108/08 : CIA-1Wfflfi-00789R000400040001-3 tion chief of the CIA (kidnaped March 16, 1984), the Rev. Benjamin Weir, a Presby- terian missionary (kidnaped May 8, 1984), and eventually David Jacobsen, di- rector of American University hospital (kidnaped May 28, 1985). The hostages are repeatedly threat- ened with death. Their meals consist of Arabic bread, foul-tasting cheese and tea. Buckley's treatment reveals the full cruel- ty of the kidnapers. He catches a bad cold that develops into pneumonia, but the guards show him no mercy. "Mr. Buckley is dying," Father Jenco pleads one day. "He is sick. He has dry heaves. Give us liquids." Speaking to one another in whispers, the hostages listen to Buckley's moans as he grows weaker, and finally delirious. On June 3, Buckley squats on the tile floor be- lieving that he is sitting on a toilet seat, and food fantasies fill his head. "I'd like some poached eggs on toast, please," he mumbles. "I'd like an order of pancakes." That night Buckley starts making strange grunts and the others realize they are hearing the rattle of death, and a guard comes and drags Buckley's body away. Anderson's first letter to his family con- tains his last will and testament. Out of the blue comes hope. At the end of June Anderson learns that TWA Flight 847 has been hijacked and 39 American passengers are being held. Ilajj, the chief guard, arrives with word that a package deal is in the works. "You will be going home," he says. Nothing happens. The guards, how- ever, improve living conditions for An- derson and the others, apparently in fear they might fall sick and die like Buckley. "Christmas in July" brings dinner of Swiss steak, vegetables and fruit, medical checkups by a kidnaped Lebanese Jewish doctor, and the chance to start worshiping together. Anderson, once a lapsed Catho- lic whose faith now grows stronger by the day, wheedles permission from Hajj to make his confession to Father Jenco. Lat- er, all the hostages are allowed to hold daily services in their "Church of the Locked Door." They celebrate Commu- nion with scraps of Arabic bread. Ander- son tells the guards to shut up when they mock the Christian service. After the first worship, Pastor Weir reaches out and grasps Anderson, and the two men hug. Perhaps worried that the frail minister might be slipping, Anderson urges him to be strong. "Don't give up," he tells him. "Keep going." Another new hostage has arrived, Thomas Sutherland, dean of agriculture at American University (kidnaped June 9, 1985). Eventually the captors permit their prisoners to be together all the time and to remove their blindfolds when the guards are out of the room. One day in September. Hajj raises everybody's hopes again by an- nouncing that a hostage will final- ly be released. lie has them play a cruel game: they must choose for themselves who will go free. "Think it over," he com- mands as he walks away. The hostages drag their agonizing dis- cussion late into the night. Pastor Weir and Father Jenco make no effort to put themselves forward, and Sutherland is too much of a gentleman. But Anderson near- ly takes a swing at Jacobsen as the two men engage in a bitter contest to be cho- sen. Anderson wins the vote, but then is devastated when Hajj refuses to abide by the decision. "Terry Anderson will not be the first to be released," he snaps. "Ile might be the last one." A few nights later. Hajj tells Pastor Weir he is going home. On Christmas Eve the hostages hear on the radio that Church of England envoy Terry Waite has failed to negotiate their freedom, and has returned to London. An- derson is crushed. Father Jenco tries to sing carols but is too depressed. Jacobsen draws a crude Christmas tree on a piece of cardboard and sticks it on the wall. Anderson fights back boredom and de- pression by throwing himself into habits and hobbies. Each morning he obsessively cleans the sleeping mats and takes spirited 40-minute walks around and around the room. When he fashions a chess set from scraps of tinfoil, the guards take the game away. Anderson takes French lessons from Sutherland, and stays up all night reading the Bible and novels by Charles Dickens that the guards provide. After solitary confinement. the cama- raderie is energizing. From memory Suth- erland recites the poetry of his beloved Robert Burns, in the brogue of his native Scotland (he once played professional football with the Glasgow Rangers). Fa- ther Jenco takes the hostages on an imagi- nary lour of Rome and the Vatican. An- derson makes a deck of cards from paper scraps, and they all play cutthroat games of hearts. Like sophists, Anderson the liberal Democrat and Jacobsen the Reagan Re- publican constantly provoke each other into arguments to keep their minds alive. More than the others, Anderson chal- lenges the guards, although for some rea- son he is beaten less frequently. He goes on a seven-day hunger strike when they suddenly ban the radio and the occasional copies of the International herald Tri- bune. He does not know it. but the news blackout is imposed so he will not learn of the deaths of his father and brother back in the U.S. He does find out. hove',er, that since his kidnaping his second daughter, Sulome, has been born. In July 1986 Father Jenco is freed. Ja- cobsen goes home in November. but the public revelation of a secret U.S. arms- for-hostages deal with Iran torpedoes any further releases. Two months later, Waite the mediator is himself kidnaped Feeling increasingly abandoned by his government, Anderson spends much of 1987 in isolation. In December he gets a new roommate, French diplomat Mar- cel Fontaine (kidnaped March 22. 1985). Anderson is denied permission to send out a videotaped Christmas message to his family. The frustration becomes un- bearable, and one day he walks over to a Approved For Release 2000/08/08 :' I(:4'A"-1lbPM=.iYO189R000400040001-3 41 PPYRG6?T~proved For Release 2000/0> A 9i00789R000400040001-3 wall and beats his head against it. Blood seeps from Anderson's scalp. "Terry!" Fontaine pleads. "Think of your family!" All the hostages find the cruelty too much to take. Sutherland, who had gone to Beirut passionately hoping to help Leb- anese farmers, is treated worse than the others. Ile tries to kill himself by putting a nylon sack over his head. A more recent kidnap victim, Frank Reed, director of the Lebanese International School (kid- naped Sept. 9, 1986), attempts to escape but is caught. The guards beat him vi- ciously and break his spirit, leaving him prostrate on the floor. In 1988 Anderson and Fontaine find themselves in an apartment that has car- peting, heat and hot food. Are they being fattened up in preparation for their re- lease? Despite the constant disappoint- ments, Anderson is determined to think about his future. He ponders quitting jour- nalism to take up farming. At last on May 3, after he has spent more than three years as a hostage, his time appears to have come when a guard tells him to get ready. "You should do the same as I'm do- ing," Anderson says, trying to improve the Frenchman's chances. At midnight they come and take Anderson away. Two hours later, Fontaine learns that it is he who is being freed. Fontaine remembers a conversation with Anderson. Feeling ill and more de- pressed than usual, he had turned to An- derson and said, "Terry, I am not afraid to die. But I don't want to die here and have them throw my body into the sea like they did with Buckley." Anderson thought for a moment and replied, "I don't want to die anywhere." Five months ago, Anderson's most re- cent videotaped message was dropped off at a Western news agency in Beirut. Sign- ing off, he said to his family, "Kiss my daughters. Keep your spirits up, and I will try to do the same. One day soon, God willing, this will end." - With reporting by William Dowell/Paris and Edwin M. Reingold/Los Angeles CF'R yaHTalso a prime suspect in the 1985 skyjacking of TWA Flight 8 The Man Who Holds the Hostages t is no secret who holds Terry Anderson. Imad Mughniyah is his name. He is a 38- year-old Lebanese leader of the Shiite fundamentalist group Hizballah whose his- tory of terrorism is grislier than the record of Palestinian renegade Abu Nidal. Mugh- niyah's villainy, U.S. officials say, runs from bombings, like the suicide attacks on the U.S. embassy and Marine barracks in Beirut, to hijackings. He is a prime suspect in the U.S. for his alleged role in the 1985 skyjacking of TWA Flight 847 in which a Navy diver was murdered. And he has made a specialty of kidnaping: U.S. officials believe that Mughniyah. under the cloak of cover names like Islamic Jihad and the Revolutionary Justice Organization, has been involved in the kidnaping of at least 31 Westerners since 1984 and that he continues to hold most of the 13 still in captivity. The kidnapers specifically wanted Terry Anderson. Fatefully, perhaps, the re- porter advertised his availability the day before his capture, when he ventured into Beirut's southern suburbs to quiz Hizballah spiritual leader Sheik Mohammed Hus- sein Fadlallah. But Anderson's colleagues at the Associated Press believe he may have put himself on Hizballah's blacklist as far back as 1983, when he traveled to their stronghold in Baalbek to grill Shiite leaders about the bombing of the U.S. Marine barracks. The grandson of a Shiite mullah, Mughniyah trained with Yasser Arafat's Fatah faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization. A high school dropout, he excelled at terrorism; his boldness and quick grasp of explosives and weaponry impressed his commanders. But he fell out with Fatah leaders and in 1982, when Israeli troops invaded Lebanon and occupied his village, Teir Debbe, Mughniyah joined the newly formed and more radical Hizballah (Party of God). He took to wearing religious garb even as he recruited activists and professionals to the Shiite cause. He rose quickly to the top of the organization, and as security chief, Mughniyah is thought to be the group's most powerful figure. He continues to hold the Westerners captive despite public pleas from Fadlallah that they be set free. His original motivation was to avenge the mistreatment of Shiites in Lebanon and to vent his hatred of the U.S. and Israel. But U.S. sources say he has become obsessed with trying to secure the freedom of his brother-in-law Mustafa Badreddin. and 16 other Shiites jailed in Kuwait after a 1983 bombing blitz. Mughniyah launched his subsequent kidnaping and hijacking spree to spring the 17 in a prison- ers-for-hostages swap. Among his victims: William Buckley, the CIA station chief, who died in captivity. Mughniyah reportedly gets his financing from Tehran, and is considered Iran's man in Lebanon; his closest mentors there include conservative leaders locked in rivalry with Iran's would-be pragmatists. Even so, Mughniyah has been forced to free numerous American, French and West German hostages when it served Iran's inter- ests, while his personal demands have never been met. Mughniyah seems content to bide his time until the U.S. breaks. But he has not tired of fi ding ways to press Hizballah's confrontation with the West. Britain's Guarr4' ,.ewspaper reported last month that he was busy organizing mass demon- stratint . Lebanon. The cause: demanding Salman Rushdie's death for writing The r.ses. 42 l IME. MARCH '0. 1989 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 TILE WASHINGTON POST WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1989 A35 Iranian's Unexpected`~ist to Britain CPYRGHT CPYRGHT By Jonathan C. Randal Washington Post Foreign Service .,-LONDON, Feb. 7-Iranian For- eign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati arrived here unexpectedly today and conferred with his Jrtttsb coup- terparcnn` what was seem as. a pos- sible "indication of !hawing relations that could favor release of western hostages. held. in Lebanon by pro- 'tranian groups. Diplomatic sources said that Ve-. layati's visit ~ itself-the first here by an Iranian foreign minister since the Islamic revolution in Tehran 10 years ago-outweighed the impor- tance 'of his brief remarks after con- ferring with Foreign ":Secretary Geoffrey Howe at the 'Foreign Of- fice. "All of us want to work for the release of the hostages no matter what their nationality," he said, re- iterating Iran's position on western hostages, most of them British or American, who are held by pro- Iranian groups in Lebanon, and on three Iranians who disappeared in Christian-held Lebanon in 1982: A Foreign Office spokesman de- scribed the 90-minute meeting as "useful." Nothing Velayati said pub- licly suggested imminent release of for Progress on this' British or other hostages despite bassy in December after an eight- renewed speculation-that Ayatollah. , year break. But after Velayati met Ruhollah `Khomeini might make with William Waldegrave, Howe's such a gesture to mark his decade '. deputy, in Paris` last month, rela- in power in Tehran. tions cooled because of the Thatch- Velayati's sudden appearance er government's insistence that here came; to light when aLondon ' . progress depended oa the release datelined 'dispatch' from IRNA, . of Cooper and the three Britons Iran's 'official news agency, ; an- held -in Lebanon by the pro-.Yranian nounced that while flying from Teh- Hezbollah faction. ran to. Madrid, he. "was forced by They are Terry Waite, the bad weather to break his journey:' Church of England emissary seized He was scheduled to confer with two years ago; journalist John Mc- Spanish officials before 'attending Carthy and teacher Brian Keenan. U.N. discussions in New York about Velayati's visit also renewed the stalled implementation of the speculation that Kuwait might now Aug. 20 cease-fire in .the Persian be willing to drop its refusal to re- Gulf war.' The IRNA dispatch did lease any of the 16 men convicted not say where the "bid -weather" of attacks against Kuwaiti oil instal- occurred, but meteorologists 'i& lations and the U.S. and French ectn- ported clear weather- in both the - bassies in December 1984. British and Spanish capitals. Sources following the situation of Sources here said Howe told his, the western hostages suggested visitor Britain was convinced ;that that Kuwait was considering such a the three Iranians who; Tehran in- gesture to thank the United States sists are still alive were killed soon for protecting Kuwaiti oil tankers after their abduction. during the final year of the Persian Howe expressed concern about Gulf war. Some of the men held in the fate of journalist Roger Cooper, Kuwait are related to prominent, a longtime British resident of Iran pro-Iranian Lebanese believed to be detained in Tehran in 1986. Iran holding western hostages. recently has threatened to put him Howe stopped in Kuwait during a on trial as a spy. gulf tour last month, and Walde- Britain reopened its Tehran em- grave is expected there shortly. Iranian Clergy Asked toRDefer to Professionals CPY TEHRAN, Feb. 7-Iran's spir= itual heir-apparent, Ayatollah Hos- sein Ali Montazeri, today admitted shortcomings in the 10-year-old Islamic revolution and urged the ruling clergy to relinquish more of their decision-making prerogatives to qualified professionals. , In a statement carried by the of- ficial Iranian news agency IRNA, Montazeri listed a number of inter- nal factors including "deficiencies in religious thinking regarding state administration" and "insufficient competence of the officials." justified in seeing that there is a big gap between what they have gained and. what they were promised," he said in remarks coinciding with the revolution's 10th anniversary cel- ebrations. "But instead of disillu- sionment and losing hope, one should discover the real reasons for lack of success and think what should be done." He cited a long list of shortcom- ings that have "caused the most tremism, se is ess, monopo m, group inclinations, injustices, ignor- ing the people and the genuine val- ues of the revolution, and the lack of real power in the hands of the people." IRNA identified Montazeri as "Iran's designated future leader" and noted that this was his.first public statement since last July's U.N.-sponsored cease-fire with Iraq. damage for the revolution," warning Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini that unless' these are "redressed pushed for Montazeri's designation before it gets late, they can no long- as his successor in 1985. But Kho- er be compensated." meini's disciple is known to be fac- The defects cited by Montazeri ing strong opposition from powerful AipfKd gxgRigr*ia{l;Of l0 lddl4-R 4@i? OO04J6004 Wr4n in Tehran. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 `ije U3a 1jingtan Time; CPYRGHT launching an assault on the militia's positions around the villages of Kfar Milki and Kfar H-++- H e By Samar Kadi UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL shoot it out south of Beirut 53 killed as Shi-ite factions ..~ ., u~~,U~~ - rival mut- tias battling to dominate Lebanon's Shi'ite Moslem community ex- changed barrages of mortars, rock- ets and artillery fire south of Beirut yesterday, killing at least 53 persons and wounding 85, police and hospital officials said. The latest casualties in fighting between the pro-Syrian Amal militia and the Iranian-backed Hezbollah, which began Dec. 31, brought the toll to 77 killed and 146 wounded in the inter-Shi'ite power struggle cen- tered in Beirut's southern slums. Fighting with machine guns and rockets.. spilled over into Moslem y~est Beirut or, a t it ay, bu r- ian peacekeeping troops intervened and no, casualties were reported there. House-to-house fighting was re- ported in Iklim Al Thfah, 28 miles south of Beirut, where Abou Ali Hammoud, a senior Amal militia of- ficial was killed with 10 relatives and bodyguards, police and militia sources said. An Amal spokesman accused Hezhollah of starting the clashes by bollah fighters used knives and axes in the assault. "It was a real massacre.... They took the people by surprise," the spokesman said. "This will not go unpunished:' Police and hospital sources said 53 persons were killed and at least 8S were wounded in the fierce fight- ing in the cluster of villages. Among the wounded were a policeman and three Lebanese Red Cross rescue f rkers. Witnesses said black smoke bil- owed over Kfar Milki, Kfar Hetta, d Ain Bouswar where dozens of eavily armed militiamen traded rodke o rs.an a t ery fire positions in Kfar Milki. "The atheists in Hezbollah brought in fighters from the Bekaa Valley through Israeli lines, and slipped into Kfar Hetta and Kfar Mid, carrying out the ugliest of massacres, killing women, children and elderly people," the Amal com- munique said. In the Amal-controlled port city of Tyre, farther south, security sources said the militia dispatched 300 fighters to back up its forces in Iklim Al Tbfah. Witnesses said Amal cars toured the city as militiamen speaking through loudspeakers urged the population to donate blood to help wounded militia fighters. "Nothina will sto a fighting; the two sides are ilrmine to gei done with it until therels a loser and a winer," the police spokesman said. "Even if cease-fires are worked out, the battles are bound to renew in the absence of an all-out settlement.,, The feud between Lebanois'two main milita groups began last April when Aihal evicted Iiezbbllali from most of the south in fierce battles that killed 62 combatants.' The fun- Security sources said the militias, fighting for dominance of Lebanon's Shi'ite community, stormed each ther's positions with grenades and ortars. A source said Hezbollah fighters ptured Amal bases in Kfar Milki d Kfar Hetta after four hours of nabated fighting, but an Amal com- unique said the militia fighters re- overed Kfar Hetta and launched a nunteratthrk k to rrranfi;- *ti,.i.. In... Approved For Relea 49mentalists have since vowed to re- Gl vt-P9 CPYRGHT Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 CPYRGHT treeu7uuu, a1uvrwu o, Foreign Minister Roland Dumas was inKuwait' j . Iranian o is ...;,,:star that cnmP hostages in Lebanon iv z 7:9 WPM--r, r-.71 o . a brellaforgroups holding most of the Xp ist Hezbollah, which is considered.an promise from responsible pfficials (m Te ) t 9 k `1 a number of Western hostages held in Lebanon vy~l't ine tnuwi a nuwa -6--J eling with Dumas assaying. Dumas "ob dined a Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R000400040001-3 pproveld F6r Release, 2000/08/08: CIA-I DDd96-00789E 00a40d040001-3 Kidnaped TY.Marine Officer U.S. to Seek Release In -Of ficial Channels By Lou Cannon Washington Poet Staff Writer CPYRGHT 2. The doctors said he was coma- tose at the time his son was kid- Doctors said he had been under- liam, 72, of Louisville, Ky., died yesterday of cardiac arrest and kid- ney failure, according to doctors at Humana Heart Institute Interna- tional. Department officials said they have never heard of the Islamic Revolu- tionary Brigade and questioned its authenticity. Charles E. Redman, who also dis- counted the idea of a U.S. military rescue, denied assertions by a group calling itself the Islamic Rev- State Department spokesman official said that, despite intensive efforts to find Higgins, his where- abouts and that of his kidnapers are not known. edged privately that the president had raised the idea of a U.S. mili- It. IVAKALea present: aL Lae photo-taking session, dismissed Reagan's statement as "just an off- the-cuff remark of the president." White House officials acknowl- the U.N. and governments in the ment accompanied by a picture of group that has supervised armistice ..-.-- ,,._ _ ,. rcement erivaatt ler et~nnd ha hen!Tlissing,AmericanTthe xn, thod e r am y we want LT. COL. WILLIAM It HIGGINS sation with an international news to rescue him." ... seized Wednesday in Lebanon agency in Beirut, accused Higgins A White House official promptly of being "one of the directors of the discounted the idea that the admin- where he was on duty as head of a CIA in southern Lebanon." He said istration might be planning a rescue 75-member U.N. observer team the "hostage will not be freed until attempt, saying "the president was that is part of the U.N. Truce Su- after his trial," and said the captors referring to ongoing efforts through pervisory Organization a am all would follow up with another state- plied. "We're trying to find out as y e 1 one o t e areas many in ttant, much as we can, and we'll t to et a K pro-Iranian factions. t ? I try get The caller, in a telephone conver- him located and " Reagan ~t xti and most suspicions pointed toward everything we can, re- f h Authorities Doubt Responsibility Claim By Nora Boustany Special to The Washington Post Reagan administration offlcialsi 'r , Lebanon, Feb. IS- PYRE said yesterday that U.S. efforts to, Around-the-clock searches by U.N. secure the release of abducted Ma. peace-keeping troops and Shiite rine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins wills Moslem militiamen in the muddy be undertaken through the United' d~ , t I ` a s; countryside of southern Lebanon Nations and governments in them turned up no sign today of U.S. Ma- Middle East rather than by U.S. rine Lt. Col. William R. Higgins, the military forces. head of a U.N. observer group who President Reagan raised the pos- ~$ was kidnaped by gunmen near here sibility of a rescue attempt when he yesterday. was asked at a White House photo- An anonymous caller in Beirut taking session if there was anything claimed responsibility for the kid- he "could do for Col. Higgins," kid- naping on behalf of a previously un- naped Wednesday in Lebanon by known group called the Islamic unknown gunmen. Revolutionary Brigades, but author- "I have to tell you we're doin ~t i