Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 4, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 17, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
July 1, 1992
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00789R001001550005-5.pdf463.62 KB
Qusiioiis Linger in AlgeRV9 Press Looks Beyond Fundamentalists for Motivation of Assassin By Jonathan C. Randal Washington Post Foreign service ALGIERS, June 30-More than 36 hours after the assassination of chief of state Mohammed Boudiaf, Algeria's military-dominated gov- ernment faced widespread ques- tioning today about the identity and motives of Boudiaf's killer. Although in permanent session since Monday's assassination, the government's two key bodies-the High State Council and the National Security Council-have said noth- ing of substance other than an- nouncing an official investigation of Boudiaf's killing and arrangements for his funeral here on Wednesday. But the freest press in the Arab world has underlined the lack of a equatesecunty for Boudiaf' vxsi istryofficial accused of taking kick- to the MJeI ~d' erranean ? pot 1cs o I'backs on arms procurement in the Annaba a d suggested that sIamic mid-1980s_ At the times informed to win a landslide victory in Alge- Khaled Nezzar, widely viewed as ria's first free parliamentary vote the real power in the regime, was when the military government concerned that the case would re- seized power in January and can- vive charges of other corruption in celed the elections-were not the the military. only group with reasons to kill him. But in a recent communique Suggesting "numerous" potential bearing Boudiaf's mark, the High assassins, newspapers said Bou- State Council, the unelected collec- diaf's campaign for "radical change" tive presidency hurriedly intro- and against corruption had upset duced after the army forced pres- not only the fundamentalists, but ident Chadli Bendjedid into retire- various vested interests that many ment, swore to punish the corrupt, Algerians believe wield excessive "whatever their social position or political and financial influence. hierarchical rank." ia,cY~ iain anered funda- Known to be under study at Bou- a ".- t`s'" end~ ly ng~ hisg reputation diaf's reqest was legislation provid- for honesty and his legitimacy as a ing criminal punishment for fiscal hero of Algeria's war for indepen- fraud and creating a special tax on dence from France to the military those who could not legally justify crackdown against them. their wealth. - But since returning from a 28- The press also warned of the year self-imposed exile, he criti- dangers in automatically blaming cized established interest groups the fundamentalists for the murder. and spurned offers of "national rec- The daily Quotidien d'Algerie said onciliation" from established polit- such accusations "would only cast ical parties. the non-fundamentalist, Muslim Newspapers also referred to majority into the camp of the ene- Boudiaf's repeated vows to punish mies of progress." corrupt officials and their well-con- Some observers suggested that nected friends for tax fraud and such reasoning was at the center of contraband trade. a debate that had paralyzed the gov- In April, Boudiaf temporarily ernment's two' top councils: with backed off the corruption issue af- some officials arguing for a stiffen- ter the rearrest of Gen. Mostefa ing of the state of emergency, in Belhoucif, a former Defense Min- force since Feb. 9, that has allowed 94 banning of the fundamentalist Is- lamic Salvation Front, arrest of its leaders and ouster of its elected officials. Others, however, are said to be arguing that the regime should open up and accept some form of "national reconciliation" with the National Liberation Front, which monopolized power from 1962 to 1990, the Socialist Forces Front, smaller democratic parties and even moderate Islamic fundamen- talists, including dissident members of the Islamic Salvation Front. Among practical questions raised in the press were why Boudiaf's de- tailed itinerary in Annaba had been known for 10 days and whether the A soldier guards entrance to Algiers' al-Alia cemetery, where chief of state Mohammed Boudiaf is to be buried today. security-forces_had_beenrpenetrated b the a sin, ho appareently had trou 11 ~ thty's' e ~' o 1 o tural tenter. though the official Algerian news service, APS, said the man who killed Boudiaf was wearing a riot Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001001550005-5 squad trooper's blue uniform, at 11' neck sweater and trousers it - least one reporter disagreed. a er fr ehind l the stage, fire A reporter for the daily Le Soir at he h adr f stae, and then disap d'Algerie said-he saw Boudia f's}vrt kill- pear by the same route. er-"abf mediumu ,h APS first said the assassin was. hea 2 d. laud, w~earua ;short- killed, but later the High State Coun- s shirtand a cil said he had been captured.