Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 4, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 30, 2000
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
February 12, 1990
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0.pdf659.23 KB
Approved For Release 2000M0 / CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 WARNING NOTICE: INTELLIGENCE SOURCES AND METHODS INVOLVED ------------------------------------------------------------------- P'ROJ ECT NUMBER: 0126 (Tng) SESSION NUMBER: 1 DATE. OF SESSION: 1' FEB 90 DATE OF REPORT: 12 FEB 90 START: 1417 END: 1443 METHODOLOGY: CRV 1e (S/NF/SK) (MISSION: To describe the target site (Volcano eruption in Columbia) in Stage 2 terminology. 2. (S/NF/SK) VIEWER TASKING: Encrypted coordinates only. 3o (S/NF/SK) COMMENTS: No Physical Inclemenci.ese 052 had progressed beautifully right up to the complete resolution of the site, when I inadvertently cued some site information into the session. I am teaching 052 to NEVER allow a monitor to "feed" into the session mr y- -i.-rrfor?mati. on they may, want the Viewwe,r_.-.tom--} 0 I therefore apologized and had 05 abort the session, making note of my)error. L . (O/NF/SK) EVALUATION: 5 (S/NF/SK) SEARCH EVALUATION: N/A MONITOR: 01(:3 HANDLE VIA CHANNELS ONLY JOFORN CLASSIFIED BY: DIA (DT) DECLASSIFY: OADR Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R00120005 004 i`1,7 O/2 t)l(~& :i:~) ova Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 PQ-cw (;z Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004S0 fi, C&(-tt~ ja(Q~ DQ6 A -, k-b- j y ~9~s Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R0041 0004-0 - Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R00120005 POL BL Sa Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R0012000 j2JO / D~ / ~-/ mod q1,),, 4Guc,4 Ucecc~ wow J Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 CPYRGHT Weather Today: Partly sunny. High 61-66. Low 37-42. Wind NE 10-20 mph. Saturday: Cloudy, 30 percent chance of rain. High 50-56. Yesterday: AQL- 60 Temp. range 55.77. Details m Page C2. A News/Editorials B Style/TeleYSion C Metro/Obinuriesf(lassfied D Sports E Busmmwomirs Inside Weekend Detailed iederon Page A2 '0, Colombian Volcano-Erupts, Killing Thousands Unidentified child pulled from house hit by 15-foot wall of mad sits dated Dear Armero. Survivors Recall Night of Horror By Bradley Graham Wafiugn Pu F,,,& nS,,.,, MARIQUITA, Colombia, Nov. 14-It came over them in the black of night, with the suddenness and force of a giant wave, swallowing everything in its wake. Survivors of Armero, the Colombian cot- ton-growing town drowned in a river of mud and stones after the Nevado del Ruiz vol- cano erupted, told today of a night of horror in which family members were torn from each other as they struggled for air and se- cure ground. Caked with mud, burned by the scalding temperature of the river of dirt and debris that overwhelmed their town, cut and bat- tered from being dragged hundreds of yards across the valley floor, some of the victims of Armero were brought here to this neigh- boring village by Red Cross, Civil Guard and Army units. They were unloaded from helicopters and transported in jeeps, trucks and other makeshift ambulances to a small, over- crowded country hospital There they lay on crowded beds or cots and waited, many with tubes in their arms feeding medicine, to be evacuated to hospitals in Bogota. Some wept. Others. dressed only in the underwear or bedclothes they had on when the disaster struck, shivered in shock in the warm air here. The stories they recounted had haunting similarities-about awakening in their homes before midnight to cries of alarm and a heavy rain of ash, about grabbing children and the elderly, then fleeing to the streets, about finding nowhere to run as the Lagunilla River, normally just a tributary of the valley's main Magdalena River, turned into a raging mass of liquid earth. Doris Rico Aldania, 21, said the river of mud and rocks came crashing through the doors and windows of her home, pursuing See ARMERO, A34, Col. 5 Red Cross Sees Toll Up to 20,000 By Bradley Graham wahogm Post Fmcpu Smiw MARIQUITA, Colombia, Nov. 14-A volcano in central Colombia erupted last night, triggering floods in valleys below that buried large sections of at least two towns under tons of mud and rubble. Government and Red Cross officials said the death toll could reach 20,000. President Belisario, Betancur declared a national emergency as Army, Civil Defense and Red Cross teams rushed to the disaster zone located around the 17,400-foot Nevado del Ruiz volcano, about 85 miles northwest of Bogota. The tragedy is immeasurable," said the president, who visited the devastated re- gion this morning. "It is a new tragedy that has hit Colombia," he said, alluding to the siege of the Palace of Justice in Bogota last week in which 97 persons were killed. "But wstxwDO Was Three children, whose parents are missing, sleep in the back of a truck as they wait for a helicopter to fit them out of Armero. The girl in the foreground has it broken left ankle. Approved For Release 2000/08/08 : CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 worm ann in me country, we wur ones- come, he added. Part of the volcano's top exploded late yesterday, breaking off chunks of snow near the summit. The ice melted rapidly into cas- cading waters that gathered dirt and debris and turned the rivers at the mountain's base into killer currents The inundation took inhabitants of this farming region by surprise during the night, despite recent warnings that the mountain might erupt. It had been dormant for 400 years but had become restless in recent mouths. Colombian geologists said the volcano, the second highest peak in Colombia's cen- tral range of the Andes, might continue erupting, further threatening populations below it. The government issued urgent appeals See VOLCANO, A34, CoL 1 ^ Monthsof harmonic tremorspreceded the Nevado del Ruiz blast. Page A34 Approved For Release 2000/08/08 CIA-RDP96-00789R001200050004-0 SHINGTON POST CPYRGHT Manizales Honda. Mariquita Guali River Chinchina largest mud slides in South Amer- ican history. The USGS' Dr. Darrel G. Herd described it as a "wall of mud, trees and ice that went racing down the valley to the Rio Mag- dalena, killing an estimated 1,000 people" then living in the valley. Why did Nevado del Ruiz go al- most 400 years without a major eruption? Geologists say they don't know, but many suspect it is in. the makeup of the magma that lies be- low the volcanoes that formed the Andes Mountains. "The magmas in the Andes are very viscous and stickier, let's say, f than the magmas that lie beneath the Hawaiian volcanoes," Christian- Approv lagunilla River Libano NEVAD_ I. ".1%.1i;,"~,_.....ZZ~ sen said. This means they retain their gases, allowing pressure to build, rather than venting them in a way that would relieve the pressure that builds up inside volcanoes, he said. "Hawaiian volcanoes are al- ways blowing off pressure, which might be one reason they don't erupt catastrophically." Another reason lies with volca- noes themselves, among the most unpredictable phenomena of nature. Said Dr. Meyer Rubin of the USGS: "Volcanoes can go 1,000 years without an eruption. There's no way to predict.their behavior.." The upward movement of 'magma can continue off and on for years, Volcanic eruption: magma reservoir underneath the volcano increases in size and pushes upwards. When rock strata can no longer contain the - pressurized magma, lava erupts through fissures. Nevado del Ruiz erupted on.its northeastern side, melting its ice cap and causing huge quantities of mud to flow down its flanking rivers. building in strength until it exce the weight of the rocks above t are holding it in. The result can another eruption. The twin erupt of Nevado del Ruiz Wednes, night could thus signal the start an eruptive period that 'could There is also the chance t Nevado del Ruiz will have-an imp on the world's weather. Depend on how much sulfur dioxide ga. pumps into the upper atmosphe the erupting volcano could sen cloud of gas and dust around world blocking just enough sunli from reaching the surface to the earth by a degree or two. Magdalena River .;;