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SECRET Approved For Release 2003/04/ IA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 v2~~ ~--ter D c' f M~ ~a&-~t3-~`0? --- Science Applications International Corporation An Employee-Owned Company SG1J S ~ Sf~1 / ~ ~~,~~~~ ~ ~ Z SG1J Approved For Releas S/~ 8 :CIA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 SECRET SECRET~NOFORN Approved For Release 2003/04/1 :CIA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 01-0187-71-0930-005 s~lcw ~: 9,2 ~ o ~~ ~ ~ ~~ -~ - Phenomenological Research and Analysis Technical Proposal {U) Science Applications International Corporation An Employee-Owned Company Authors: Edwin C. May, Ph.D. and Wanda L. W. Luke U. S. Government RFP MDA908-92-R-0164 Submitted by: Science Applications International Corporation Cognitive Sciences Laboratory 1010 El Camino Real, Suite 33p Menlo Park, California 94025 Classify by: Contractor Security Procedures Guide DT-S-1040-5 Declassify on: QADR 1 10 EI Camino Real, Suite 330, P.O. Box 14 i2, Menlo Park, CA 94025 (o i5) 3P o 809 eatfle, Tucson OtherSAlC Oprr~~, ~c~, ~1~'a~e'~Atl3'/('YY~#1f91'~~ 1~'~Aa1~sd`~57~'9f~~1 d~'2b0001-5 SECRET/NOFORN Approved For Release_,~QQ~(0~/~8 :I~IgBDP96-007898003100200001-5 Technical Proposal ~ IJIVCLq S F~tU TABLE OF CONTENTS I. OBJECTIVE (U) ............................................................ 1 II. BACKGROUND (U) ........................................................ 2 1. Historical Perspective (U) ................................................. 2 2. Recent Program (U) ..................................................... 3 3. Proposed New Effort (U) ................................................. 3 III. APPROACH (U) ............................................................ 4 1. Basic Research (SOW 6.1) (U) ............................................. 4 1.1 Biophysical Measurements (SOW 6.1.1) (U) ............................. 4 1.2 Data Patterns/Parameters Correlations (SOW 6.1.2) (U) ................... 7 1.3 Theoretical Issues (SOW 6.1.3) (U) ................................... 10 1.4 Applied Research (SOW 6.2) (U) ..................................... 12 1.5 Research Methodology and Support (SOW 6.3) (U) ..................... 15 2. Quick Reaction Capability (SOW 7.0) (U) .................................. 16 IV. GLOSSARY (U) ............................................................ 17 V. REFERENCES (U) ......................................................... 1$ VI. RESUMES(U) ............................................................. 21 Approved For Release~$~P96-007898003100200001-5 i Technical F~~~Cf~~fd For Release ~~j~}~~Qp96-007898003100200001-5 I. OBJECTIVE (U) (U) The objective of this effort is to pursue, in response to solicitation number MDA908-92-R 01b4, the most promising basic and applied research in understanding anomalous mental phenomena (AMP). Approved For Release 2~/ ~~,I~6-007898003100200001-5 1 Technical ~d For Releas~~~lR~ia~~~6-007898003100200001-5 I1. BACKGROUND (U) (U) With regard to this proposal, AMP can be divided into two broad categories: ? Anomalous Cognition (A_Cl,: The awareness of information that is considered otherwise shielded from all known sensory channels. ? Anomalous Perturbation (r~1: The perturbation of physical matter under conditions of complete physical and sensorial isolation. 1. Historical Perspective (U) (S/NF) Serious government-funded research of both these domains began in 1973 when the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) initiated a modest effort to determine if a genuine anomalous phenomenon could be verified and to assess the degree to which it could be applied to general intelligence problems. Through fiscal year 1990, a variety of intelligence organizations from the military services and the De- fence Intelligence Agency (DIA) had supported predominantly application-oriented research pro- grams at SR][ International in Menlo Park, CA. (S/NF) Beginning in fiscal year 1986, the U. S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (USAMRDC) initiated the first coordinated, long-term examination of AC and AP phenomena. This program had three major objectives: ? Provide incontrovertible evidence for the existence of AC and AP. ? Determine the physiological and physical basis for AC and AP. ? Determine the degree to which AC data could be integrated into the intelligence community. (S/NF) The results and conclusions from the Army program were: ? The first objective had been partially met. An information transfer anomaly exists (i.e., AC) that can not be explained by inappropriate protocols, incorrect analyses, or fraud; however, there was insuffi- cient evidence to conclude if AP exists. ? Significant progress had been made in meeting the second objective. For example, (1) The central nervous system (i.e., the brain) of individuals with known AC ability appeared to re- spond to isolated AC stimuli. These responses were similar to those observed when their eyes were stimulated directly. (2) 'Iivo physical models have been constructed. One (called Decision Augmentation Theory) sys- tematizesthe data of over 600 separate experiments spanning 22 years in the open literature and suggests a possible physical transfer mechanism for AC data. The other is a speculative funda- mental physical model for the type of information that is sensed by AC. (U) Under the same research program, a number of different physical systems were examined for their susceptibility to putative AP effects. They included single-cell algae, single alpha particles, and elec- Approved For Relea~~Qj1~'~~('~~6-007898003100200001-5 2 TechnicalAl~ For Releas~~~l~~~~F-00789R003100200001-5 tropic devices such as random number generators and piezoelectric strain gages. However, in these carefully controlled experiments, some with experienced AP subjects, no evidence of AP was observed. 2. Recent Program (U) (S/NF) Beginning in February 1991, DIA initiated a comprehensive, 1$ month, investigation of AMP at Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC). In that program, basic research was de- fined asresearch that is primarily oriented toward understanding the physical, biophysical, physiologi- cal, and psychological mechanisms of AC. Applied research was defined as research that is primarily directed toward improving the output quality of AC data. (S/NF) Tha; primary thrust of that effort was to: ? Prepare a comprehensive, integrated, S-year research plan ? Conduct basic and applied research that supported operational applications of AMP. Experiments included investigations of central nervous system responses to AC stimuli and physical properties of AC targets. A complete description of all the experiments and their results can be found in technical fvnal report.l"' We summarize here, however, three major findings. (S/NF) We found a significant correlation between the quality of AC data and a single physical target prop- erty, the total change of Shannon entropy. Should this result be verified in a formal replication attempt, then it can be easily integrated into further laboratory studies and guide the selection of targets that are likely to yield positive results in operations. (U) In the same experiment, we determined that it is not a requirement of AC functioning for an indi- vidual (i.e., sendert) to observe directly an intended AC target. (U) The results of our megnetoencephalograph investigation is less cleaz. We uncovered a flaw in the math- ematical analysis that prevented us from determining if the central nervous system responds to remote stim- uli; however, we are currently re-analyzing the data with better techniques. The results of that analysis will be available as part of an extension of the original work. (S/NF) In very preliminary trials, we observed possible AP effects in special wave detectors. 3. Proposed New Effort (U) (S/NF) 'This proposal suggests two major experimental efforts and a variety of theoretical and other exper- imental investigations. We propose to improve the measurement of psychophysiological parameters to op- timize the likelihood of observing response to remote stimuli. Because of a direct application potential, we propose to replicate our earlier finding: determine if the tatal change of Shannon entropy is a valid intrinsic property of AC targets. The remainder of this document describes our proposal in detail. '" References may be found in Section V beginning on page 18. f For a definition of terms, please refer to the Glossary in Section IV on page 17. Approved For Release ~l~C~',~~~~1~~00789R003100200001-5 3 Technical pkpp~d For Release ~~i~li~~96-007898003100200001-5 III. APPROACH (U) (U) Each heading in this section includes numerical references to the statement of work (SOW) con- tained in solicitation MDA908-92-R 0164. 1. Basic Research (SOW 6.1) (Uj (U) Basic research of AMP is defined as that activity that is primarily designed to understand the pa- rameters of and theoretical basis for AMP. 1.1 Biopt~ysicai Measurements (SOW fi.1.1) (U) (U) Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) will conduct two different biophysical in- vestigations. SAIC will: ? Determine if the dominant alpha rhythm is affected by remote and isolated stimuli. ? Determine if the electrical properties of the skin act as indicators of AMP. 1.1.1 Electroencephalograph Measurements (SOW (U) Objective (U) (U) The objective of this effort is to perform electroencephalograph (EEG) measurements for the pur- pose of identifying neurophysiological parameters that correlate with anomalous cognition (AC). Tb achieve this goal, the behavioral setting for the EEG measurements should match, as closely as possible, that of a usual AC session. Background (U) (U) In a series of EEG experiments conducted at SRI International beginning in 1974, the central ner- vous system (CNS) of individuals was found to respond to remote and isolated visual stimuli (i.e., a flashing light).2,3,4 In the first experiment, during randomly interleaved 10-second epochs (i.e., trials), either a flashing light (16 Hz) or no light was present in a sensorially and physically isolated room. Sig- nificant decreases of occipital alpha power of isolated receivers were observed by Rebert and Turner? T~vo replications were conducted in collaboration with Galin and Ornstein at the Langley Porter Neu- ropsychiatric Institute. As reported by May et al., the results were inconclusive; the first replication confirmed the Rebert and Turner finding, a decrease of alpha power concomitant with the flashing light, but the second replication attempt found an increase in alpha power.4 (U) Under another program in FY 1989, SRI International and the Biophysics Group at Los Alamos National Laboratory conducted an experiment using the magnetoencephalograph (MEG) technique. This experiment was designed as a conceptual extension of the May et al. EEG experiment, although there were :cigniflcant differences in the protocol. Tivo types of stimuli were randomly presented to an isolated sender while MEG data were collected from a receiver. The experimental stimulus (i.e., re- mote stimulus) was a 5-cm square, linear, vertical sinusoidal grating lasting 100 milliseconds. The se- Approved For Release ~~j$~~96-007898003100200001-5 4 Technical lptpgglr0'r81d For Release ~~$~~96-007898003100200001-5 cond stimulus, a control stimulus (i.e., pseudostimulus), was simply a time marker corresponding to a blank screen in the data stream, and was also delivered to the sender. There was no change in the alpha power, as reported by May et al., but a post hac analysis revealed aroot-mean-square average phase shift of the dominant alpha frequency.$ A key result of that experiment was that similar "anomalous" phase shifts were obtained for the remote stimuli and the pseudostimuli. Three candidate explanations for these results were suggested. The observed phase shifts might have been: ? Spurious (i.e., statistical deviations within chance expectations) ? Electromagnetic artifacts ? Evidence of anomalous cognition (U) In order to determine which of these three candidate explanations was correct, SAIC replicated the study in Los Alamos during 1992. In the replication experiment, ten times the amount of data from the 1989 study was collected, including an equal number of control runs, which wntained an equal number of trials with no receiver present under the MEG to check for possible electromagnetic artifacts. (U) As of A~xgust 1992, the final results of our MEG investigations are pending. Using the same analytical techniques that were used in the 1989 study, we did not observe significant alpha activity concomitant with remote stimuli; however, we realized, after the fact, that the 1989 analytical technique contained a subtle flaw. We were attempting to measure instantaneous phase shifts of the dominant alpha rhythm in the pres- ence of considerable noise (i.e. the signal-to-noise ratio was approximately 0 decibels). Under this circxun- stance, the variance of the phase is primarily determined by the noise (i.e., the Crammer-Rao relation- ship6). Thus, if there were phase shifts related to the remote stimuli, we would not have seen them, as shown by the Crammer-Rao relationship. (U) Aside from the technical difficulties associated with the Crammer-Rao relationship, all of our earlier attempts to identify CNS correlates to AC did not contain any concomitant behavioral measure of AC, and the conditions under which experiments were conducted were not similar to those known to be conducive to the producticm of AC data. For example, there is no evidence that a flashing light constitutes a valid AC target. It is also likely that when EEG electrodes are attached to a receiver's scalp or if a receiver is asked to recline face down in a MEG laboratory, that the conditions for the receiver are not optimal. Therefore, we have no independent measures that AC functioning occurred in these experiments. Proposed Experiments (U) (U) We propose to design and conduct experiments to measure CNS responses to AC-stimuli, and since we will not be initially concerned about source localization, we will not immediately require the special proper- ties of a MEG, and thus, realize a significant cost savings. Should the proposed experiments warrant, how- ever, we will provide access to appropriate MEG technology. EEG technology is capable of addressing the specific variables in the Statement of Work. ]n addition, we are able to observe all areas of the brain, albeit with less spatial resolution, with a single measurement-a sigtficant labor/cost savings. (U) Specifically, we will remedy the problems that were described above in a series of EEG experiments that ? Use stimuli that are identical to those in standard AC experiments ? Demonstrate CNS correlates to these stimuli when they are directly presented to receivers ? Provide a potential for independent, but concomitant, behavioral evidence for AC Approved For Release ~>~4a~'$~~~p96-007898003100200001-5 5 Technical d For Releass~.'~f'~~~Q~~~6-007898003100200001-5 In addition, we will use EEG measures that more closely resemble those used in more traditional psy- chophysiologicalexperiments. One such example is event-related desynchronization (ERD). Spontaneous EEG reveals short-lasting, task- or event-related amplitude changes in rhythmic activity within the alpha band. This amplitude change or desynchronization is one of the elementary phenomena in EEG. It was first described in 1930 by Berger in scalp EEG as alpha blocking, and was later termed ERD by Pfurtscheller and Aranibar.$ ERDs can be quantified as a function of time and can then be used to study cortical activation patterns during the planning of motor behavior,9 sensory stimulation, and cognitive processes.10,11,12 Kaufman et al. provide a more recent example of cognitive-process-related ERDs.13 They found a significantly shorter ERD when subjects simply responded to a target stimulus, compared with the ERD that oc- curredwhen asubject had to search visual memory to determine whether the target matched one pre- viouslypresented. Because ERDs can be observed in a variety of tasks, they are a likely variable to use to study how the CNS responds to AC stimuli. Proposed Experiments (U) (U) Experiment 1. We propose to replicate an observation by Kaufman et al. of ERDs from visual stim- uli. We propose, however, to change the stimuli to those that more closely match AC targets (i.e., photographs from the National Geographic magazine). Other than that, the experiment will closely fol- low that of Kaufman et al. The primary purpose of this replication will be to demonstrate CNS corre- lates (i.e., ERDs) to AC-like stimuli that are directly presented to the receivers. These ERDs will serve as a system calibration and may provide data for an adaptive filter to enhance the signal-detection of ERDs when the stimuli are remote. (U) A secondary purpose of this replication is based upon the results of Kaufman et al. They found a significant lengthening of the ERDs when their subjects were asked to review internal mental images. One variable: that maybe important in understanding AC is mental imagery, since for novice receivers, mental imagery is thought to be a source of confounding mental noise. More advanced receivers, how- ever, are able to use mental imagery as a source of valid information. We will examine qualitatively the relationship between the duration of ERDs for advanced and novice receivers when they are asked to scan internal mental images. (S/NF) Experiment 2. The objective is to observe ERDs with AC stimuli. Tb achieve this goal, we will explore a variety of approaches to measure ERDs under circumstances that closely match those during a standard AC session. All approaches will use the stimulus set from Experiment 1, above. In pilot ex- periments, wewill determine an optimal protocol and then conduct a formal experiment using that protocol. The pilot approaches will include, but will not be limited to: ? Searching for ERDs during a standard AC session while a receiver is writing and drawing. Muscle artifacts may be a problem; however, we can determine their impact with a few pilot trials. ? Using a counterbalanced random protocol to conduct a standard AC session without EEG followed by an EEG session where only AC mental activity is used to access the same target. We will collect behavioral AC data as closely as possible to the CNS data. In addition, the protocols for the behavioral and CNS experiments will be as similar as possible. In pilot trials, we will correlate the behavioral d;~ta with the CNS data to determine if behavior can be an a priori indication of a receiver's performance in CNS experiments. If so, we can use this indicator to enhance the likelihood of observing Approved For Releas$~?$~~~0~-Q~6-007898003100200001-5 6 Technical l~gpa~Jd For Releas~'~~-007898003100200001-5 SG1 B effects in the CNS data during formal trials. Likewise, we maybe able to use CNS data to indicate a priori performance in operational AC tasks. (U) In both EEG experiments, standard techniques for sensor placement, artifact rejection, and data collection will be employed. In addition, a "dummy" lead, which will be connected to a fixed resistor, will be used to check for possible electromagnetic artifacts. (U) Depending upon the outcome of the pilot trials, we will use the optimized protocol to conduct a formal experiment to test the hypothesis that the CNS responds to remote AC stimuli. If the formal experiment is successful, we will be more able to address a variety of other variables that maybe impor- tant in determining the CNS's response to AC stimuli. For example, we will than explore the impact of different stimuli (e.g., audio, various changes of entropy) and whether parameters such as distance, shielding, and sender condition affect the functioning. 1.1.2 Electrodermal Potential Measurements (SOW (U) (U) In 1990 and again in 1992, Braud et al. reported on electrodermal correlates of remote atten- tion.t4,15 'T'hey found that the electrodermal properties of receivers correlated significantly with the intense attention, via closed circuit TV, of an isolated and remote experimenter (i.e., p G 0.009, effect size = 0.59). Four other experiments of a similar nature have been reported in the literature since 1913, but Braud et al. observed the largest effect size. The technical arguments for the existence of such a correlation may be found in their report. (U) To examine the claim, we propose to conduct a replication of the Braud et al. experiment. Using a balanced random schedule of attention and rest periods of a remote gazer, we will continuously monitor the electrodermal activity of each receiver. We will explore a number of possible analysis techniques, but they will include a normalized ratio of electrodermal activity in effort and rest periods, the tech- nique used by Braud et al. (U) We will conduct a brief pilot experiment to assure that protocol, equipment, and analysis are work- ingproperly ,and will modify the protocol as needed during this period. We anticipate that approximate- ly 20 individuals will be screened for a positive electrodermal response. The five best of these will be used in a formal experiment. Should the formal experiment succeed, we will add EEG to the protocol and repeat t}ie measurements. (U) We will subcontract to the .Lucidity Institute to gain access to awell-equipped psychophysiology laboratory in which to conduct the proposed EEG and electrodermal experiments. In addition, we will conduct with the Lucidity Institute a few lucid dreaming trials in the same laboratory. In these trials, we will be looking for brain-wave patterns that might indicate a lucid dream/AC state. 1.2 Data Patterns/Parameters Correlations (SOW 6.1.2) (U) (U) The search for patterns or correlations within anomalous cognition (AC) is part of basic research, but contains elements that are applied research. Approved For Relea'S~~?~~4T'il>~?~'i6-007898003100200001-5 Technical ~d For Release ~~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 1.2.1 Virtual Reality and Subliminal Stimulation (SOW (U) (U) Virtual reality (VR), the construction of a sensorial environment using computers, is a technology, which is currently at its earliest stages of development. We will scan the appropriate literature and deter- mine if these techniques may be applied to specific questions in the reseazch of AMP. Specifically, can VR be adapted as a method of registering an AC response, and thus, improve the quality of the data? (U) Subliminal perception (SP) is also at an early stage of understanding. We will continue to follow the pertinent research and provide improved protocols as they become available. 1.2.2 Sender/NaSender in the Ganzfeld (SOW (U) (U) Under a previous effort, we let a subcontract to University of Edinburgh to construct a room that is qualified for Ganzfeld studies. In addition, we let a subcontract to Psychophysical Research Laborato- ries (PRL) to perform a retrospective analysis of the literature to determine the effects of a sender in AC-Ganzfeld studies. That analysis was inconclusive because of an insufficient number of studies.i~ Under the same subcontract, PRL developed a detailed technical protocol for an experiment that would be definitive in determining the role of the sender in the Ganzfeld.l8 Pilot trials for this experi- ment are being conducted as an~ extension to the previous. effort. (U) We propose, therefore, to conduct a definitive formal study to determine the role of a sender in the Ganzfeld. 'Iiventy five of the best receivers from the pilot study will contribute two Ganzfeld trials each. We propose to examine four different sender conditions during which the sender is exposed to: ? The full video and audio of the target material ? The video portion of the target only ? The audio portion of the target only ? No portion of the target material (U) The latter case is one in which the sender is blind to the target material. As part of the standard auto-Ganzfeld procedure, personal and psychological profiles will be collected from each receiver. In addition, we will add the Q-Sort profile. (See Section 1.2.3 below for details.) Full details of the auto- Ganzfeldprotocol can be found in Honorton et a1.19 In conjunction with SOW 6.2.2, we will determine if the sender is important with regazd to specific target elements in long-range AC experiments (see Section III. and page 14). 1.2.3 A Heuristic Variable Search, the D-Sort (SOW (U) (U) We propose to explore potential personality variables, such as verbalizer vs imager, as they relate to AC ability through the use of the Qvcort method, a systematic and quantitative technique for obtaining compre- hensive psychodynamic descriptions of individual personalities, and through ameta-analysis of the ap- propriate literature. Using the Q-Sort, we will address the following questions: ? What personality variables are common to those individuals that perform well on AC tasks? Is there a typological uniformity? ? What would an ideal AC profile look like? ? How do the personalities of individuals who do not do well on AC tasks differ from those who do? (U) First conceived by William Stephensen, the Q-Sort method has developed into a useful tool for comparing personality variables between a wide variety of different populations. For example, studies Approved For Release~i~~BP96-007898003100200001-5 8 Technical,Repgq~osrald For Release ~~$~?96-007898003100200001-5 have ranged from examining the differences between effective and ineffective liars to analyzing the dif- ferencebetween individuals who tend to rely upon external visual fields rather than proprioceptive (i.e., musculo skeletal) cues in determining true vertical. (U) For each individual, the method involves sorting 100 cards into nine categories with an assigned number of cards placed within each category. On each card is written a single psychological statement in a theoretically neutral form, so as to suggest a continuum rather than aneither/or dichotomy. The num- bers of cards within each category must be 5, 8, 12, 16, 18,16,12, 8, 5, respectively. The success of this method, in general, is primarily because the individual is forced to make limited (i.e., ten) decisions about him/herself in the extreme categories (i.e., the very most and the very least characteristic) where the Q-Sort comparisons are most sensitive. Those statements that are sorted into the middle categories represent statements that are psychologically neutral where the Q-Sort comparisons are relatively in- sensitive. The Q-Sort is self administered and takes approximately 20 minutes per individual. (U) In 1989 we conducted a preliminary test of this method using 14 individuals, including three receiv- erswho were known to be talented in AC. Figure 1 shows the results in a cluster diagram. Cluster analy- sis assembles Q-Sort scores into groups of similar profiles, and attempts to create groups that are as different from one another as possible. The result is a visual display of the clusters as shown in Figure 1. Tb the 14 receivers, we have added three standard profiles; a normal and two different types of person- ality pathology.20 It is striking to observe in Figure 1 that the pathological profiles are in a cluster by themselves and that the normal profile is clustered with the receivers. (U) 'Ib date, the Q-Sort method shows potential in that the personality descriptions of the three known talents (i.e., receivers 009, 454, and 389) were grouped together in a single cluster. By averaging the personality traits of these three individuals we have developed a tentative AC profile, which is also shown in Figure 1. "o '~ ~ +; a x P M N M ~ M N r!' Figure 1. Cluster Diagram for 14 Receivers (U) Approved For Release(f~$~~P96-007898003100200001-5 Technical,~i~0~1 For Release 2~'~$1~6-007898003100200001-5 (U) We propose to administer the California Q-Set version of the Q-Sort to approximately 25 people, including individuals who are known to be highly talented in AC, individuals who are known not to be talented in .AC, and individuals with unknown AC skill. All Q-Sort data will be entered into a cumula- tive database where it will be available for analysis. A cluster diagram similar to the one in Figure 1 will be used to dlisplay the results. If the AC profile continues to appear in a different cluster than receivers who have little AC talent, then we will recommend that a formal experiment be conducted to test the AC abilities of those individuals whose profiles were clustered with the AC profile. 1.3 Theoretical Issues (SOW 6.1.3) (U) (U) Theoretical issues include heuristic and fundamental modeling from physics, physiology, and psychology used to systematize what is known about AMP. In addition, experiments may be conducted that address specific constructs that are basic to the various models. 1.3.1 Anomalous Perturbation (SOW (U) (U) In conjtmetion with the sponsor, we propose to design a pilot experiment protocol for an anoma- lousperturbation (AP) experiment, which will be conducted at a facility specified by the sponsor. SAIC will provide two AP high-talent specialists to participate in that study. Their participation will not ex- ceed more than two three-day visits to the sponsor-designated laboratory. Should the pilot experiment succeed, then we will explore the role of a variety of variables such as shielding and distance. 1.3.2 Theoretical Models (SOW (U) (U) The data from AMP experiments have begun to suggest theoretical approaches toward under- standing the underlying principles for the phenomena. Most of the previous modeling has been quan- tum mechanica1,21,z2 metaphoric,23 or behaviora124 and generally has not led to testable hypotheses. One heuristic model does suggest experiments, but it does not provide fundamental insight into the mechanisms of AC.~ We propose to explore a variety of different theoretical approaches that are ei- ther dictated by the strength of the AC data or strongly suggested by fundamental concepts. (U) Specifically, we propose to examine in detail those theoretical approaches, from among the follow- ing, that are most likely to provide testable hypotheses: (i.e., new protocols) and lead us toward a theoretical understanding of the physics of AC: (U) The Einstein, Poldasky, Rosen (EPR) Paradox. The paradox suggests possible information transport during the collapse of a wave function. The paradox arises naturally when considering two-particle correla- tions and the effect of measuring the state of one particle, which gives rise to unambiguous knowledge of the state of the correlated particle even though they may outside each others light cones. While no one any longer questions the validity of the predictions of quantum mechanics for correlated systems, the fact of that validity has caused a philosophical revolution. There is no underlying reality~o absolute reality. There is only reality as defined by measurements made by an observer. This approach is suggested because AC ex- periments appear to show "correlation" of separated events. While it is doubtful that AC is quantum me- chanical, nonetheless the EPR formalism might provide conceptual insight into possible AC mechanisms. (U) Thermodynamic Entropy. For nearly two hundred years scientists have taken the position that the entropy of a closed system can never decrease with time and that, on the scale of the universe, entropy always increases with increasing time. Recently however, Steven Hawking has raised the possibility that macroscopic time or psychological time, the time that we perceive, is actually determined by the change of entropy.26 The study of classical thermodynamic entropy appears likely to be the most productive Approved For Release~~~$~~P96-007898003100200001-5 10 Technlcal,$~~~ For Release ~ySg~~96-007898003100200001-5 based upon. the results of a recent Shannon entropy experiment27 and on the extensive evidence for so-called precognition-AC of targets before they have been determined?g (U) General Relativity. Matt Visser's paper on traversable wormholes suggests that it is physically pos- sible to transport energy (and, therefore, information) can transfer between remote space-time points without traversing the classical distance between the space-time events.29 General Relativity, there- fore, is a candidate for a theoretical basis for AC. (U)1lachyons. It is possible to describe mathematically a fully consistent universe in which everything moves faster than the speed of light. The particles inhabiting such a universe are named tachyons while, in contrast, the particles with which we are familiar are named tazdyons. The important fact is that nei- ther particle can ever travel at the speed of light. Photons, of course, are common to both universes. Moreover, this is anon-quantum mechanical description. Theoretical understanding of tachyons may assist in defining an energy transfer mechanism for AC. (U) Physical Interpretation of Potentials. Classical mechanics and, for the most part, quantum mechanics have treated potentials as convenient mathematical descriptions for which there was no physical instantia- tion. Recent experiments have shown, however, that a potential can affect a particle even when there is no corresponding force present. If potentials could be made to propagate, then they could be candidates for an energy transfer mechanism for AC. (U) All theoretical approaches will be constrained to provide testable hypotheses. We suspect that if a reasonable theoretical model can be developed, that it will entail physics mechanisms that can be tested by traditional experimentation. 1.3.3 Change of Shannon Entropy: An Intrinsic Target Property (SOW (U) (U) Most previous research has considered AC from a "systems" perspective in that the target and receiver are thought of as a single AC unit 30,31 This is not particularly productive if we are search- ingfor intrirnsicproperties oftarget systems to guide target selection. An intrinsic target property is one that is inherently tied to the target (e.g., size, distance from the receiver, activity, entropy) and devoid of any external interpretation. Interpretations, such as emotional impact, can be consid- ered as extrinsic properties of the target or, more precisely, intrinsic properties of the receiver. Extrinsic target properties are critical when AC is viewed from a systems point of view; however, if these properties can be controlled in experiments, then it is possible to examine intrinsic target properties with little confounding interference from the extrinsic ones. (U) As an aici in understanding extrinsic noise properties of targets, we define target pool bandwidth as a qualitative indicator of the number of disparate target elements in the pool. Clips from video movies represent alarge-bandwidth pool; such disparate scenazios as Superman in space, a nature segment on the Grand Canyon, and a James Bond thriller can be included in the same target pool. Conversely, the well-known 2;ener cards represent a vary narrow target bandwidth. Qur collection of National Geographic magazine photographs represent an intermediate bandwith; the size and general content of the material is roughly the same throughout this pool. (U) We hypothesize that the bandwidth of the target pool. is a source of intrinsic noise in the receiver. We assume that the information that is gained by AC is small compared to other sensory mechanisms, and the primary mental task for a receiver is to discriminate the AC data from internally generated, Approved For Releas~~/~'~$~{,~P96-007898003100200001-5 11 TechnicalA-'~pO~etl For Releases(~~($~/~-00789R003100200001-5 target-unrelated information. For large bandwidth target pools that may contain almost anything, a receiver is unable to censor his/her internal experience. Thus, target-related and tazget-unrelated ma- terial are equally reported; therefore, lazge bandwith pools are extrinsically noisy. Small bandwith pools are also extrinsically noisy but for a different reason. If a receiver is cognizant of all of a limited set of target ela;ments (e.g. Zener cards), then he/she has an internal discrimination problem. All target possibilities are experienced with equal intensity because of knowledge about the pool and vivid short- term memory. Assuming there is weak AC information about the specific target, then tazget-extrinsic noise is generated because of the very low signal-to-noise ratio. (U) By developing an appropriate target pool, which possess an intermediate bandwidth, we may be able to control for various target-extrinsic noise sources and, therefore, focus upon intrinsic target properties. If the change in Shannon entropy is an intrinsic target property, then we would expect that AC quality for dynamic targets should be higher than the quality from static tazgets. In the previous program we observed a signifi- cantcorrelation between AC quality and entropy within the static target pool, but we did not obtain signifi- cant evidence for AC within the dynamic pool, and thus were not able to determine entropy correlations within that pool. We speculate that the lack of significant AC in the dynamic pool might be due to band- width considerations. We propose to improve upon this previous study. Specifically, ? We will develop a new target pool of static and dynamic targets that possess an "intermediate" bandwidth similar to our existing photographs from National Geographic magazine. Our approach will be to develop dynamic segments that are similar in quality to the existing static pool, and select frames from that dy- namic set to construct a new static pool. This will assure that the bandwidh of the two target types (i.e., static and dynamic) are similar. The static and dynamic Shannon entropy will be calculated as described in the technical protocol for the earlier experiment.32 ? We will conduct each AC trial at our Menlo Park facility, and each trial will be monitored. This is in contrast with our earlier experiment during which receivers were unmonitored. ? We will provide immediate and full color feedback at the end of each trial. This is in contrast with our earlier experiment during which feedback was significantly delayed. (U) With these improvements, we plan to conduct an experiment to test the specific hypothesis that the quality of AC linearly depends upon the intrinsic target property, the change of Shannon entropy. (U) We will employ approximately five receivers who will contribute a total of 20 trials each (i.e., 10 trials with dynamic and static targets, respectively). (S/NF) A successful outcome of this experiment will determvne, with a high degree of confidence, if the change of Shannon entropy qualifies as an intrinsic target property. If it qualifies, then we will be able to improve target selection significantly for laboratory experiments and intelligence applications. 1.4 Appiled Research (SOW 6.2) (U) (U) Applied research of AMP is defined as that activity that is primarily designed to improve the quality of experimental results. ' 1.4.1 Database (SOW 6.2.1) (U) (S/NF) As an aid to determining the range and limits of AMP for applications, we propose to construct an on-line database that records a number of physical, psychological, and environmental variables for each AMP trial. Examples of physical variables include receiver-target distance and changes in thermo- dynamic and/or Shannon entropy of the target system. Similarly, psychological and environmental vari- Approved For Relea~~~'~f'~~~~~6-00789R003100200001-5 12 Technical~Rp~posatl For Releas~l(~~$'~/~-007898003100200001-5 ables include scores from the Q-sort personality test, and the Ap geomagnetic index, respectively. SAIC routinely enters many experiment variables into an existing database, but we propose to update the da- tabase with variables that are more useful in intelligence applications. In addition, the protocol and outcome of each trial will be coded into the database. (S/NF) Once this database contains sufficient numbers of laboratory and intelligence experiments, then relatively simple queries may reveal ranges or limits to specific variables. We propose to perform such queries each time sufficient new data are added to the database. 1.4.2 Quantitative Assessment (SOW 6.2.2) (U) (U) It is novv clear that free response AC experiments can generate much larger effects than forced choice protocols. However, the problem of determining the quantity and accuracy of informalion in free response experiments has not been satisfactorily resolved. Such experiments typically generate both textual and visu- al information. This information has previously been assessed by ranking and descriptor set methods. Both methods have disadvantages: ranking can greatly underestimate statistical significance, while descriptor- based methods suffer from uncertainty as to how to define the conceptual categories used to distinguish target and response elements. The research described below aims to improve these assessment methods. Neural Networks (U) (U) Neural networks have been widely applied to image and pattern recognition problems. However, they have not been applied to the problem of assessing free response AC data. SAIC will explore the application of neural networks to the existing fuzzy set assessment method. Neural networks will be trained on fiizzy set encodings of stimulus-response pairs from AC trials by individual subjects. If con- sistent patterns between receivers' responses and their intended targets exist, then neural networks can be trained to recognize them. The trained networks can be used to assess additional AC data sets and the results can be cross validated against existing fuzzy set scoring and ranking methods. Because neu- ralnetwork methods can discriminate complex mappings in the presence of noise, the method mayyield more precise estimates of target-response correlation than the current fuzzy set descriptor system. Image Decomposition (U) (U) Numerous techniques have been developed for image compression. While most of these algo- rithms compress images by exploiting redundancy in the pixel array, some recent techniques take a dif- ferent approach based upon image decomposition 33 This "fractal image compression" method relies on partitioning images into subsets that can be used to reconstruct the original by recursively applying affine transformations to the subsets. When applied to conventional image compression, the technique relies on a judicious choice of the original partitioning. It may hold particular promise for assessing AC responses because such responses seem to be characterized by a limited set of formal elements, which give a natural set of basis elements or partitions. We propose to explore the fractal image analysis of AC responses to verify that such responses can be characterized by a relatively small set of underlying forms. These will be used as the basis set for the partitioning of the target material used in the AC\experiments. Judging schemes based upon these forms can then be investigated. A further refinement will involve "`- searTig oi? a set o~optimal basis elements for the partitioning of targets and responses using an effi- cient search method such as a genetic algorithm. The goal will be to develop an analysis method that avoids the arbitrariness associated with descriptor-based methods, while capturing much of the formal richness of information seen in superior AC performance.. Approved For Relea~e~3Q~~~~Qj~6-007898003100200001-5 13 TechnicalRpggr~rald For Releas~~(~~'~~~-007898003100200001-5 Fuzzy Sets (U) (U) We will continue to improve our standard fuzzy set approach to qualitative analysis of AC. In par- ticular, we will determine if the sensitivity of the method can be improved by redefining the visual ele- ments that are 1n current use.34 Intelligence Application Tbst-bed (SINE) (SINE) One primary difficulty in assessing the quality of AC in intelligence applications is that fre- quently there is little or no ground truth. Thus, we have had to rely upon other collection methods to provide corroborating evidence. Even in those cases, the kind of information that is obtained is fre- quently not helpful in learning how to improve AC for the collection of intelligence data. (SINE) Under an earlier program, we carried on two intelligence-like AC trials.35~~ These trials were conducted just as if they were real-world problems except that the tazgets were chosen by the sponsor specifically because complete ground-truth could be obtained. Thus, it was possible to provide quanti- tative assessment in near-operational conditions. (SINE) We propose to conduct up to five such AC trials.. We will provide up to four receivers for this activity. The sponsor will provide a variety of different targets, most of which will contain elements that would normally be of interest to the intelligence community. As a calibration, we suggest that some of the targets be AC sites that are used during laboratory investigations (e.g., bridges, buildings, etc.), and that SAIC personnel should remain blind to the entire target pool. (U) At the end of each trial, the sponsor and SAIC will construct an evaluation matrix, which may include fuzzy sets, to compute the accuracy and reliability of the AC session. The results of that evaluation will be entered into the tracking database so that receiver-dependent historical records will be preserved. SAIC will provide summaries and raw data in a report at the end of each trial. 1.4.3 Intelligence Appl(cations (SOW 6.2.3) (S/NF) (SINE) At the sponsor's request, SAIC will provide personnel to participate in intelligence applica- tions of AC. This will include access to up to four receivers for a total of five separate target systems. SAIC will provide summaries and raw data in a report at the end of each task. SG1 B Approved For Releas~~~~~0~i~~6-007898003100200001-5 14 TechnicalA-'~ppOSetl For Releas~(~~$$~/~-007898003100200001-5 SG1 B 1.5 Research Methodology and Support (SOW 6.3) (U) 1.5.1 Committees (SOW 6.3.1j (U) (U) We propose to use the existing committees as support and quality control for methodological and policy issues. These committees are the Scientific Oversight Committee (SOC), the Institutional Re- view Board (IRB), and the Policy Oversight Committee (POC). The Scientific Oversight Committee (U) (U) The five voting members of the SOC are respected scientists from the following disciplines: physics, astronomy, statistics, neuroscience, and psychology. The membership is as follows: ? Steven A Hillyard, Ph.D. Professor of Neuroscience, University of California, San Diego ? S. James Press, Ph.D. Professor of Statistics, University of California, Riverside ? Garrison Raprnund, M.D. Liaison with the Institutional Review Board (see below) ? Melvin Schwartz, Ph.D. Director, High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Brookhaven NL ? Yervant Terzian, Ph.D. Chairman, Department of Astronomy, Cornell University ? Philip G. Zimbardo, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology, Stanford University (U) The SOC is tasked with three major responsibilities: ? Review and approve all experimental protocols prior to the collection of data. ? Critically review all experimental final reports as if they were submissions to technical scientific jour- nals. All remarks are in writing and are included in the final technical report to the sponsor. ? Suggest directions for further research. (U) In addition to these three responsibilities, the SOC members are encouraged to exercise un-announced drop-in privileges to view experiments in progress. Institutional Review Board (U) (U) The IRB's responsibility is to assure the safety of human subjects in experiments and to assure the sponsor that all research involving the use of human subjects is in compliance with all appropriate feder- al regulations. The IRB members represent the health, legal, and spiritual professions in accordance with govermnent guidelines. The membership is as follows: ? Byron Wrrr. Brown, Jr., Ph.D. ? Gary R. Fujimoto, M.D. ? John Hanley, M.D. ? Robert B. Livingston, M.D. ? Robin P. Michelson, M.D. ? Ronald Y. Nakasone, Ph.D. ? Garrison Rapmund, M.D. (Chair) ? Louis J. West, M.D. Biostatistics, Stanford University Occupational Medicine, Palo Alto Medical Foundation Neuropsychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles Neuroscience, University of California, San Diego Otolaryngology, University of California, San Francisco Buddhist Studies, Institute of Buddhist Studies, Berkeley, CA Air Force Science Advisory Board Neuropsychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles Approved For Releas$~~1R~~~ci~~6-007898003100200001-5 15 Technical For Release~/00789R003100200001-5 Policy Oversight Committee (U) (S/NF) The POC's responsibility is to advise SAIC and assure the Defence Intelligence Agency that the activity under this contract fulfills the requirements of the intelligence community and the Depart- ment of Defense. In addition, the POC recommends policy for the establishment of a long-term pro- gram for the application of AMP to problems of interest to these communities. 1.5.2 Management and Research Support (SOW 6.3.2) (U) (U) We will provide technical, management, and administrative support for all research activity, which will include the production of financial and interim technical reports. 1.5.3 National/International Conferences (SOW 6.3.3) (U) (U) We will provide SAIC personnel to attend selected national/international conferences that relate to biophysics, AMP, and neuroscience. 2. QuicO< Reaction Capability (SOW 7.0} (U) (U) We propose to reserve approximately five percent of the program effort in order to respond rapidly to the sponsor's request for briefings, technical papers, conference attendance, or unanticipated ex- periments or applications. Approved For Releas~i1R,~Q~~~6-00789R003100200001-5 16 Technical,~~p~~ For Release 2L7~$~il~~l~6-007898003100200001-5 IV. GLOSSARY (U) (U) Not all the terms defined below are germane to this report, but they aze included here for complete- ness. In a typical anomalous mental phenomena (AMP) task, we define: ? A~ A form of information transfer in which all known sensorial stimuli are absent. That is, some individuals are able to gain access, by as yet an unknown process, to information that is not available to the known sensorial channels. ? ent-An individual who attempts to influence a target system. ? Anajyst---An individual who provides a quantitative measure of AC. ? Feedback. After a response has been secured, information about the intended target is displayed to the receiver. ? Monitor--An individual who monitors an AC session to facilitate data collection. ? Protocol--A template for conducting a structured data collection session. ? Receiver-An individual who attempts to perceive and report information about a target. ? Response-Material that is produced during an AC session in response to the intended target. ? en er Bacon-An individual who, while receiving direct sensorial stimuli from an intended target, acts as a putative transmitter to the receiver. Session-A time period during which AC data aze collected. ? ecial --A given receiver's ability to be pazticulazly successful with a given class of targets (e.g., people as opposed to buildings). ? Tareet-An item that is the focus of an AMP task (e.g., person, place, thing, event). ? ~g~SiE11~i4Il-A method by which a specific target, against the backdrop of all other possible targets, is identified to the receiver (e.g., geographical coordinates). Approved For Release~~~~~d~~~96-007898003100200001-5 17 Technical,~~ For Release 2b$61~~ V. REFERENCES (U) (U) All titles are unclassified. 1. The technical final report for SAIC project 01-187-07-406 is nearing completion as of August 1992. 2. C. S. Rebert and A. Turner, "EEG Spectrum Analysis Tirchniques Applied to the Problem of PSI Phenomena," Physician's Drug Manuai; Vol. S, No. 9-12, pp. 82-88 (December 1974) UNCLASSIFIED. 3. R. Thrg, E. C. May, H. E. Puthoff, D. Galin, and R. Ornstein, "Sensvng of Remote EM Sources (Physiological COrrelates)," Final Report, Project 4540, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (1977) UNCLASSIFIED. 4. E. C. May, R. Targ, and H. E. Puthoff, "Possible EEG Correlates to Remote Stimuli Under Conditions of Sensory Shielding," Electra/77 Professional Program, Meeting of the IEEE, New Yark (April 1977) UNCLASSIFIED. 5. E. C. May, W. L. W. Luke, V. V. TI?ask, and T. J. Frivold, "Observation of Neuromagnetic Fields in Response to Remote Stimuli," Proceedings of Presented Papers, The PazapsychologicalRssociation 33rd Annual Convention, Chevy Chase, MD, pp 168-185, (August 1990) UNCLASSIFIED. 6. B. Baashash, "Estimating and Interpreting the Instantaneous Frequence of a Signal-Part 1: Fundamentals," Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 80, No. 4, pp. 519-538 (Apri11992) UNCLASSIFIED. 7. H. Berger, "Uber das Elektrenkephalogramm des Menschen, J. Psychol. Neuro., Vol 40. pp. 160-179 (1930). UNCLASSIFIED. 8. G. Pfui~tscheller and A. Aranibar, "Event-related Cortical Desynchronization Detected by Power Measurements of Scalp EEG," Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 42, pp. 817-826 (!977) UNCLASSIFIED. 9. G. Pfurtscheller and A. Aranibar, "Evaluation of Event-related Desynchranization (ERD) Preceding and Following Self-paced Movement," Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 46, pp. 138-146 (!979) UNCLASSIFIED. 10. G. Pfux~tscheller, G. Lindinger, and W. Klimesch, "Dynamisches EEG-Mapping-Bildgebendes Verfahren fuer die Unterschung Perzeptiver, Motorischer and Kognitiver Hirnleistunger," Z. EEG-EMG, Vo117. pp. 113-116 (1986) UNCLASSIFIED. 11. W. Klimesch, G. Pfurtscheller, and G. Lindinger, "Dos Corticale Aktivierungsmuster bei Verbalen Gedaechtnisaufgaben," Sprache Kognition, pp. 140-154 (1987) UNCLASSIFIED. 12. J. Sergeant, R. Geuze, and W. Van Winsum, "Event-related Desynchronization and P300," Psychophysiology, Vol. 24, pp. 272-277 (1987) UNCLASSIFIED. 13. L. Kaufman, B. Schwartz, C. Salustri, and S. J. Williamson, "Modulation of Spontaneous Brain Activity during Mental Imagery," Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 124-132 (1990) UNCLASSIFIED. 14. W. Brand, D. Shafer, and S. Andrews, "Electrodermal Correlates of Remote Attention: Autonomic Reactions to and Unseen Gaze," Proceedings of the Parapsychological Association 33rd Annual Convention, Chevy Chase, MD (August 1990) UNCLASSIFIED. Approved For Release~~~$~dBP96-007898003100200001-5 18 Technlcal,Q~p$~a For Releas~Q,~~$~~-007898003100200001-5 SG1A SG1A 15. W. Braud, D. Shafer, and S. Andrews, "Further Studies of Autonomic Detection of Remote Staring: Replications, New Control Procedures, and Personality Correlates," Proceedings of the Parapsychological Association 35rd Annual Convention, Las Vegas, NV (August 1992) UNCLASSIFIED. 17. C. Honorton, "Impact of the Sender in Ganzfeld Communication: Meta-Analysis and Power Estimates," Final Report, Psychophysical Research Laboratories (1992) UNCLASSIFIED. 18. C. Honorton, "Effects of the Sender on Anomalous Communication in the Ganzfeld: Research Protocol," Final Report, Psychophysical Research Laboratories (1992) UNCLASSIFIED. 19. C. Honorton, R. E. Berger, M. P. Varvoglis, M. Quant, E. I. Schechter, and D. C. Ferrari, "Psi Communication in the Ganzfeld," Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 54, pp. 99-137 (June 1990) UNCLASSIFIED. 20. J. Blcx;k, The Q-Sort Method in Personality Assessment and Psychiatric Research, Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc., Palo Alto, CA (1978) UNCLASSIFIED. 21. E. H. Walker, "Quantum Mechanics/PSI Phenomena: The Theory and Suggestions for New Experiments," The Journal of Research in PSI Phenomena, Vol. 1. No. 1, pp. 38-52 (1976) UNCLASSIFIED. 22. E. H. Walker, "A Comparison of the Intuitive Data. Sorting and Quantum Mechanical Observer Theories," The Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 51. No. 3, pp. 217-228 (1987) UNCLASSIFIED. 23. R. G. Jahn and B. J. Dunne, Margins of Reality: The Role of Consciousness in the Physical Worlr~ Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Orlando, FL (1987) UNCLASSIFIED. 24. R. G. Stanford, `An Experimentally Testable Model for Spontaneous PSI Events," Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research, Vol, 68, pp. 34-57 (1974) UNCLASSIFIED. 25. E. C. May, "Intuitive Data Sorting: An Informational Model of Psychoenergetic Functioning," Final Report-Objective E, Tasks 3 and 4, Project 1291, SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (December 1986) UNCLASSIFIED. 26. S. W. Hawking, A Brief History of Time: From the Blg Bang to Black Holes, Bantam Books, New York, NY (1988) UNCLASSIFTED. C. Honorton and D. C. Ferrari, "`Future Tblling:' AMeta-analysis of Forced-choice Precognition Experiments, 1935-1987," Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 53, pp. 282-308 (December 1989). 29. M. Visser, "T~aversable Wormholes: Same Simple Examples," Physical Review D, Vol. 39, No. 10, pp. 3182-3184 (May 1989) UNCLASSIFIED. 30. D. L. Delanoy, "Characteristics of Successful Free-Response Targets: Experimental Findings and Observations," Proceedings of Presented Papers of the Parapsychological Association 31st Annual Convention, pp. 230-246, Montreal, Canada (August 1988) UNCLASSIFIED. 31. C. Watt, "Characteristics of Successful Free-Response Targets: Theoretical Considerations," Proceedings of Presented Papers of the Parapsychological Association 31st Annual Convention, pp. 247-263, Montreal, Canada (August 1988) UNCLASSIFIED. 32. E. C. May and N. D. Lantz, "Target and Sender Dependencies in Anomalous Cognition," Tl;chniaal Protocol, Project 1-187-07-406-10, SATC, Menlo Park, CA (December 1991) UNCLASSIFIED. Approved For Releas~~~~~~~~6-007898003100200001-5 19 Technical,~pgeposakl For Releas~l(~~$~~i~~-007898003100200001-5 33. R.D. Boss and E.W. Jacobs, "Fractal-Based Image Compression," NOSC'Ibchnical Report 1315, Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego CA 92152:-5000, (September 1989) UNCLASSIFIED 34. E. C. May, J. M. Utts, B. S. Humphrey, W. L. W. Luke, T. J. Frivold and V. V.'Il?ask, `Advances in Remote-Viewing Analysis," Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 54, pp. 194-228 (September, 1990) UNCLASSIFIED. SG1A Approved For ReleasrF2~~~~~6-007898003100200001-5 20 Technical~Rpipposetl For Release ~~(Q$~~96-007898003100200001-5 VI. RESUMES {U} (U) All the following resumes are unclassified. Approved For Releas'$$~{,~P96-007898003100200001-5 21 Technical For Release 2~(~i~$?~1~~6-007898003100200001-5 Edwin C. May, Ph.D. Director, Cognitive Sciences Laboratory EDUCATION Ph.D., Physics, University of Pittsburgh, 1968 B. S., Physics, University of Rochester, 1962 EMPLOYMENT HISTORY 1991 -Date Director, Cognitive Sciences Laboratory Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, California 1985 - 1990 Program Manager, Cognitive Sciences Program SRI International, Menlo Park, California 1979 - 1985 Senior Research Physicist for the Psychoenergetics Program SRI International, Menlo Park, California 1976 - 1979 Consultant to the Psychoenergetics Program SRI International, Menlo Park, California 1973 - 1979 Research Conslultant and Hardware Engineer The Biofeedback Institute of San Francisco, San Francisco, California 19'72 - 1979 Technical Consultant and Software Engineer Digital Pathways, Inc., Mountain View, California 19'72 - 1976 Physics Instructor City College of San Francisco, San Francisco, California 1972 - 1976 'Ichnical Consultant Psychophysical Research Laboratories, Princeton, New Jersey 1968 - 1971 Postdoctoral Fellow University of California, Davis,California 1960 - 1964 Summer Position, Earh and Planetary Sciences Department The RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California SPECIALIZED EXPERIENCE Currently, Dr. May is the Director of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory (CSL) which currently employs over twenty full orpart-time researchers from a variety of disciplines. He refined his management skills while being, the Program Manager for a similar, five-year program at SRI International. Dr. May has been involved in various forms of anomalous cognition research for over 19 years. Prior to that, he accu- mulated over 12 years experience in experimental physics research, nuclear reaction mechanisms, and nuclear structure. His accelerator experience includes athree-stage tandem Van de Graaff (18 Mev); a 76-inch, variable energy cyclotron (SO Mev); an FM cyclotron (450 Mev protons); fixed frequency cyclo- tron (8 Mev); FN tandem Van de Graaff (18 Mev); and an EP tandem Van de Graaff (30 Mev). Other specialize experience includes four years of y-ray spectroscopy (on and off line), one year of trace-ele- ment analysis (x-ray, and a particle techniques), numerical analysis, Monte Carla techniques, digital signal processing, and cardiac blood flow research. For over thirty years, Dr. May has participated in the design and construction of fast (< 0.1 ns) digital electronics, and in the programming and implementation of sophisticated computer systems. Platforms include UNIX workstations and various main frames. Besides C, Dr. May is fluent in Fortran and a variety of assembly and 4GL languages. Approved For Release 2$?~6-007898003100200001-5 22 Technica44~rppm~ll For Release 2(~~$~~6-007898003100200001-5 DISSERTATION "Nuclear Reaction Studies via the (p,pn) Reaction on Light Nuclei and the (d,pn) Reaction on Medium to Heavy Nuclei," B. L. Cohen, advisor, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (1968). PUBLICATIONS Author or co-author of a total of 130 reports:llpapers in experimental nuclear physics, l2 papers pres- ented at technical conferences on anomalous cognition; l9 abstracts presented at professional confer- ences on plrysics and cognitive science; 79 technical or administrative reports to various clients of SRI International; and 9 miscellaneous reports and proposals. GENERAL INTERESTS Applicatioli of experimental nuclear physics technology and methodology to other fields of interest (e.g., psychology, psychophysics, neuroscience, cognitive science, and medicine); compute technology, AI, biofeedback, Indian religions, music, exotic food and soaring. Approved For Release ~$$f~~96-007898003100200001-5 23 TechniealAQpppo~ld For Release 2~'~~$I~~?96-007898003100200001-5 Wanda L. W. Luke Research Analyst, Cognitive Sciences Laboratory EDUCATION B.A., Anthropology, University of Nevada/Reno,1986. EMPLOYMENT HISTORY 1991 -Date Research Analyst, Cognitive Sciences Laboratory Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, California 1984 - 1990 Research Analyst, Cognitive Sciences Program SRI International, Menlo Park, California SPECIALIarED EXPERIENCE Currently, Dr. May is the Director of the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory (CSL) which currently employs over twenty full or part-time researchers from a variety of disciplines. He refined his management skills while being the Program Manager for a similar, five-year program at SRI International. Dr. May has been involved in various forms of anomalous cognition research for over 19 years. Prior to that, he accu- mulated over 12 years experience in experimental physics research, nuclear reaction mechanisms, and nuclear structure. His accelerator experience includes athree-stage tandem Van de Graaff (18 Mev); a 76-inch, variable energy cyclotron (50 Mev); an FM cyclotron (450 Mev protons); fixed frequency cyclo- tron ($ Mev); FN tandem Van de Graaff (18 Mev); and an EP tandem Van de Graaff (30 Mev). Other specialize experience includes four years of y-ray spectroscopy (on and off line), one year of trace-ele- ment analysis (x-ray, and a particle techniques), numerical analysis, Monte Carlo techniques, digital signal processing, and cardiac blood flow research. For over thirty years, Dr. May has participated in the design and construction of fast (< 0.1 ns) digital electronics, and in the programming and implementation of sophisticated computer systems. Platforms include UNIX workstations and various main frames. Besides C, Dr. May is fluent in Fortran and a variety of assembly and 4GL languages. DISSERTATION "Nuclear Reaction Studies via the (p,pn) Reaction on Light Nuclei and the (d,pn) Reaction on Medium to Heavy Nuclei," B. L. Cohen, advisor, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (196$). PUBLICATIONS Author or co-author of a total of 130 reports: l l papers in experimental nuclear physics, l2 papers pres- ented at technical conferences on anomalous cognition; l9 abstracts presented at professional confer- ences on physics and cognitive science; 79 technical or administrative reports to various clients of SRI International; and 9 miscellaneous reports and proposals. GENERAL INTERESTS Application of experimental nuclear physics technology and methodology to other fields of interest (e.g., psychology, psychophysics, neuroscience, cognitive science, and medicine); compute technology, AI, biofeedback, Indian religions, music, exotic food and soaring. Approved For Release ~'~$$1~~96-007898003100200001-5 24 Technical~~}58~~ For Release ~~~~~96-00789R003100200001-5 Joseph A. Angelo, Jr. Director, Advanced Technology EDUCATION Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, The University of Arizona, 1976 M.S. Nuclear Engineering, The University of Arizona, 1968 B.ME. Mechanical Engineering, Manhattan College, 1965 PROFESSIONALJTECHNICAL EXPERIENCE Scientific and Engineering Professional-27 years experience (including 20 years with Air Force) SPECIFIC EXPERIENCE 1990 -Present, SAIC 1. Director, Advanced 'Iechnology, Melbourne Office SGFOIA3 Approved For Release 2~Q~t1~-~~6-00789R003100200001-5 25 Technical~~i~~~~~ For Release ~~`A /~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Philip D. Wasserman Director of Neural Network Applications EDUCATION Study leading to Ph.D. in Computer Science and Engineering MS Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Santa Clara University BS Mathematics, Summa Cum Laude, College of Notre Dame PROFILE OF EXPERIENCE Over 25 years experience in the field of artificial neural networks. Author of two books and several papers on theory and applications. Successfully applied artificial neural networks to solve a wide range of real world problems. More than 30 years diversified experience as an Electronics Engineer, heavily involved in the detailed design of electronic instruments, analog and digital circutits, computer software, computer hardware and computer systems. Extensive project management and technical supervision experience. Founder of two profitable electronics manufacturing firms. Served as Chief Executive Officer for eight years. Designed all of the firms instrumentation products. MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMENTS,1979 -1991 Developed artificial neural network architectures and training algorithms. Applied these to various problems in pattern recognition, optimization, and control. Published technical papers and presented technical seminars on artificial neural networks for a number of organizations. Wrote two books, Neural Computing and Neural Source, on artificial neural networks. Published by Van Nostrand Reinhold in 1989. Developed analog and digital circuits and sub-systems for an automatic instrument used in semiconduc- tor manufacturing, including signal acquisition and conditioning, electromechanical servo controllers, and software written in C for wntrol and processing of data. Designed an autofocus system for a diffraction limited microscope. Included inventing an algorithm, (patent pending) designed a digital signal processing board, and developing the software system to op- erate in amulti-processor environment. Designed .a solid-state high resolution video camera for use in a semiconductor inspection system, in- cludingvideo frequency, low level analog signal processing circuits. Designed .a high speed video signal conditioning and image digitizer board with interface to a 40 Mega- byte/sec parallel digital bus, including a/d, d/a, and analog signal processing. Performed architectural design of high speed digital signal processing circuit intended for SMOS in- tegration. Supervised a group which designed and constructed TTL prototype to evaluate the architec- ture, and implemented digital signal processing algorithms for V22 bis modem. Developed the architecture, circuit, and system design of a high speed modem utilizing a multiproces- sor configuration. Produced a custom assembler, wrote programming instructions and assisted algo- rithm developers in its use. Designed active filters and implemented sample and hold, a/d, and d/a cir- cuits. Designed power supply including thermal design of package. Supervised printed circuit layout, mechanical packaging, and conducted tests verifying performance to specification. Designed three new nuclear radiation measuring instruments and supervised their packaging and pro- ductionengineering. Conceived, designed circuits, and supervised hybrid circuit packaging of a wrist worn digital heart rate monitor. This involved the design of two semi-custom integrated circuits, one bipolar and the other CMOS, and coordination with the integrated circuit producers. Supervised mechanical design and per- formedproduction engineering leading to a successful product. Approved For Release 20Q~Q~j'~$A$~,~~~-007898003100200001-5 ~' .~.? 26 Technical'~i~i8?f~~ For Release ~~(g{/~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Designed hardware and algorithms fora 160 MBPS,parallel-pipelined image processing system. This included software simulation of processing algorithms, digital and analog circuit design, and integra- tionwith optical and mechanical systems. Participated in the establishment of a Computer Science Major at the College of Notre Dame. Recom- mendedcourses, evaluated instructors, and taught many of the courses. Selected software and installed a new administrative computing system for the College of Notre Dame. Upgraded hardware, estab- lishedprocedures, trained personnel, and wrote programs to integrate system for Finance, Admissions, Registration, and Graduate Office. MAJOR RECENT PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYMENT 1990 -Present Director, Neural Network Applications, Science Applications International Corporation Identify applications for artificial neural networks, develop solutions, and implement them. 1975 -Present President, Anna Research, Inc. Designed artificial neural network architectures and algorithms for pattern recognition, optimization, and control. Completed challenging, detailed, hardware and software design projects. This included both analog and digital circuits and systems. Designed software systems and algorithms, from concept to coding and test. Managed development projects, solved technical problems in manufacturing, devel- oped and evaluated new product proposals, performed technical and marketing studies. 1983 - 1989 Program Director and Assistant Professor, Computer Science, (part time) College of Notre Dame, Belmont, California 'Ibach computer science courses, participate in curriculum development, staffing, scheduling. Provide academic advising for students. , 1987 -Pre;sent Lead Instructor, Computer Science, (part time} Chapman College, Sunnyvale, California Teach computer science courses, evaluate instructors, assist in course planning. 1985 - 1986 Director of Administrative Computing, College of Notre Dame, Belmont, California Establish and maintain the central computerized administrative computing system, supervise support personnel, provide training and documentation for the various offices. Approved For Release 20~~i'~-007898003100200001-5 27 Technical ~d For Release ~~~'$~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Steven A. Hillyard Scientific Oversight Committee EDUCATION 1968 Ph.D., Psychology, Yale University 1964 B.S., Biology, California Institute of Technology PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE 1980 -Present Professor of Neurosciences, Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego 196$ - 1980 Lecturer through Associate Professor, Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego 1964 - 1968 USPHS'II'aineeship at Yale University in Physiological Psychology with Robert Galambos 1963 - 1964 Research Assistant at Caltech in Psychobiology with C. R. Hamilton and R. W. Sperry TEACHING AREAS Basic Medical Neurology Sensory Processes: Neurophysiology of Vision and Audition Human Information Processing: Attention and Perception Psychophysiology Neuropsychology HONORS AND AWARDS Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science MERIT Award from National Institute of Mental Health UCSD Neurosciences Department Outstanding Teacher Award ADVISORY AND REVIEW PANELS NIMH Study Section: Mental Health Small Grant Committee, 1976 - 1980. NIMH Study Section: Neurosciences Research Review Committee, 1986 - 1990. Advisory (:ouncil: International Association for the Study of Attention and Performance, 1978 - 1983,1985 -Present. Advisory Panel to NIMH Neurosciences Research Branch, 1982 - 19$3. ~s ^r~? . Approved For Release 20'~~-007898003100200001-5 28 Technical ~~~~ For Release ~~~/~~~F-~~96-00789R003100200001-5 S. James Press Scientific Oversight Committee EDUCATICIN 1961 - 1964 Ph.D., Statistics, Stanford University 1952 - 1954 M.S., Mathematics, University of Southern California 1950 - 1951 Physics, University of Minnesota 1947 - 1950 B.A., Physics, New York University ACADEMIC HISTORY 1977 -Present Professor, Department of Statistics, University of California, Riverside 1984 - 1985 Visiting Scholar, Department of Statistics, Stanford University 1977 - 1984 Professor and Chairman of Department, Department of Statistics, University of California, Riverside 1974 - 1977 Professor, Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration, and Institute of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, University of British Columbia 1966 - 1974 Associate Professor, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago 1972 - 1973 Visiting Professor, Department of Statistics and Department of Administrative Sciences, Yale University 1970 - 1971 Honorary Research Fellow, Department of Statistics, University College, London 1970 - 1971 Visiting Professor, Department of Statistics, London School of Economics and Political Science 1964 - 1966 Lecturer/Assistant Professor, Statistics, UCLA Graduate School of Business Administration -Business 1956 - 1960 Lecturer, Extension Mathematics Courses, UCLA Physical Science Summer 1968 Visiting Professor, Department of Economics, UCLA NONACADEMIC EXPERIENCE 1964 - 1966 Statistics, Econometrics, Operations Research, The Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, California 1954 - 1961 Statistical Analysis, Reliability, Operations Research, Douglas Aircraft Corporation, Santa Monica, California 1951 - 19.54 Statistical Control and Information Theory, Northrop Aircraft Company, Hawthorne, California 1949 - 1950 Cosmic Ray Physics, Microscopy, Atomic Energy Commission, Brookhaven National Laboratories, Upton, New York PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS American Association for the Advancement of Science- (Elected Fellow, January, 1981) American Statistical Association (Elected Fellow, August, 1974) Bernoulli Society for Mathematical Statistics and Probability Biometric Society Econometric Society ' ~~~:~- ~~ ^r~? Approved For Release 20~~~-00789R003100200001-5 29 Techn(cal ~~cpj~sv~ld For Release ~~9 /~l~~~L'~96-007898003100200001-5 International Statistical Institute (Elected December 1979) Institute of Mathematical Statistics (Elected Fellow, 1981) New York academy of Sciences (Elected March, 1979) Royal Statistical Society (Elected Fellow, 1971) The Institute of Management Sciences Approved For Release 20~~~.SAgi~-~~~~-007898003100200001-5 30 Technical ~~c~i~~sv~1d For Release /~~~~~1~96-007898003100200001-5 Garrison Rapmund, M.D. Major General (Retired), United States Army EDUCATION d B 1972 - 1975 ted for Army Administra ioln~half MBArcurnculuml co pleted whenan War College, which superseded MBA course. 1964 - 1965 Chinese (Mandarin), private tutorial in Malaysia 1959 - 1960 1949 - 1953 College of Physicians & Surgeons (P & S), Columbia University. M.D. Degree 1945 - 1949 Harvard College. A.B. Degree 1934 - 1945 St. Andrew's College Preparatory School, Aurora, Ontario, Canada POSTGRADUATE MEDICAL TRAINING: 1961 NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship in Microbiology at P & S, Columbia 1954 - 1957 Pediatric residency: Babies Hospital, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York; Chief Resident Pediatrician, 1956 - 1957 1953 - 1954 Internship, Bellevue Hospital,. New York PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION: 1961 Certified in Pediatrics by the American Board of Pediatrics Medical Licenses: New York No. 077729-1 California No. G-004697 MILITARY EDUCATION: 1976 Army War College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 1966 Officer Career Course, Medical Field Service School, Fort Sam Houston, 'Ibxas 1957 Officer Orientation Course, Medical Field Service School, Fort Sam Houston, Texas PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Present Position Consultant to Systems Engineering and Management Associates, Falls Church, Virginia Responsible for facilitating commercialization of Strategic Defense Initiative technologies to the health care industry and the life sciences research community. 1987 - 1990 Chief Scientist (Biomedical Operations), Flow General, Inc., McLean, Virginia Advised the Chief Executive Officer on health-related activities of the six subsidiary companies world-wade. Served as Director, Biomedical and Veterinary Services Division, Flow Laboratories, Inc., owned by Flow General, Inc. 1957 - 1986 United States Army lion 1966edroomoted toDMAJ (1964),1LTC ( 967), COL (19 8), BG (1979), MG (1981) Retu~ed Sep- , ,p tember 1986. -~ 31 Approved For Release 201~1~-s1~~~-007898003100200001-5 Technical F'~~~i~ua~d For Release ~1 44 ~~~~~p96-007898003100200001-5 MILITARY AS SIGNMENTS: 1979 - 198Cro Assistant Surgeon General (R & D) Pentagon, Washington, DC Represented medical R & D on the Army General Staff and to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, Office of Management and Budget, and Congressional committees. 1979 - 1986 Commander, U.S. Army Medical Research and Development (USAMRDC), Fort Detrick, Maryland Supervised execution of a broad biomedical research program leading to the development of the fol- lowing kinds of products for protection of the health of military personnel: drugs and vaccines against infectious diseases and biological warfare agents; drugs against chemical warfare agents; field medical materiel for the diagnosis, resuscitation and treatment of severe trauma; definition of human perfor- mance limit's in the operation of Army aviation, in the operation of Army weapon systems, and in all types of climatic extremes. 1976 - 1979 Director, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), Washington, DC Command of largest DoD medical research lab (1400 personnel, $40M budget), including research units in Thailand, Malaysia, Brazil, Kenya, and West Germany. 1975 - 1976 Deputy Director, WRAIR 1974 - 1975 Associate Director for Operations, WRAIR 'I~oubleshooting the worl-wide operations of WRAIR. 1972 - 1974 Chief, Life Sciences Division, Army Research Office, and Chief, Life Sciences Directorate, Office of the Chief of Research and Development, Headquarters, Department of the Army (HQDA) Only physician on Army General Staff; staff responsibility for food as well as all medical R & D. 1971 Deputy Commander, USAMRDC Headquarters 1970 - 1971 Chief; Research Planning Office, USAMRDC Headquarters Prepared first long-range plan for Army medical research. 1969 - 1970 Development Command (US~IMRDC) Headquarters Bch and Senior staff cognizance for medical and environmental research. 1965 - 1969 Commander, US Medical Research Unit, Kuala Lumpur Planned and executed lab and field research on rickettsia) and other diseases with British, Australian, New Zealand, Thai, and Malaysian Armed Forces, and with Malaysian Ministry of Health, in Malaysia, Thailand, and Borneo. 1964 - 1965 Department Chief, US Army Medical Research Unit, Kuala Lumpur: Department of Rickettsia) Diseases Mite-borne typhus research. 1961 - 1964 Research Officer, WRAIR: Department of Rickettsia) Diseases Tick-borne spotted fevers. 1958 - 1960 Research Officer, US Army Medical Research Unit, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Arthropod-borne viruses, mite-borne typhus. 1957 - 1958 Research Officer, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR): Diagnostic Section, Department of Virus Diseases Influenza, arthropod-borne viruses. Approved For Release 20~~~~i`~~~~-007898003100200001-5 32 T?chnica) 8~~ For Release ~~~/~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Melvin Schwartz Scientific Oversight Committee EDUCATION: 1958 Ph.D., Columbia University 1953 A.B., Columbia University PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1956 - 1957 Research Associate, Brookhaven National Laboratory 1957 - 1958 Associate Physicist, Brookhaven National Laboratory 195$ - 1960 Assistance Professor, Columbia University 1960 - 1963 Associate Professor, Columbia University 1963 - 19fv6 Professor, Columbia University 1966 - 1983 Professor, Stanford University 1983 -Present Consulting Professor, Stanford University 1970 - 1991 Chairman/CEO, Digital Pathways, Inc. 1991 -Present Associate Director for High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory PUBLICATIONS: Principles of Electrodynamics McGraw-Hill - 1972 Dover Press - 1985 Approximately forth scientific articles in the field of High Energy Physics. RESEARCH: While at Columbia and Stanford: High Energy experimental particle physics with particular emphasis on weak interactions. Most noted achievement is the discovery of Muon type neutrinos. Approved For Release 20~(1sf~'tBAS~I~~~-007898003100200001-5 33 Technical -d For Release ~/ ~~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Yervant Tertian Scientific Oversight Committee Yervant'I~rzian is the James A. Weeks Professor of Physical Sciences, and is the Chairman of the De- partment of Astronomy at Cornell University. He has been a member of the University faculty for 26 years (the fnrst three of which were spent at Cornell's Arecibo Observatory.) He is also a Professor in the graduate Meld of History and Philosophy of Science and'Ibchnology. His fields of expertise are the physics of the Interstellar Medium, Galaxies, and Radio Astronomy. He has been a Visiting Professor at various universities including the University of Montreal (Canada), the University of Thessaloniki (Greece), and the University of Florence (Italy.) He has been Chairman or member of numerous na- tional and international scientific committees affiliated with NASA, the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, and the International Astronomical Union. He has been President of Cornell's Sigrna Xi Scientific Research Society; Chairman of Cornell's Research Policies Committee, a Danforth Associate, and a Research Professor with the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center. he is a member of the International Astronomical Union, the International Union of Radio Science, the American Astronomical Society, and the Society for Scientific Exploration, among other memberships. His is an Associate Editor of The Astrophysical Journal. in 1984, he received the Clark Distinguished Award for :Excellence in Ti;aching. In 1988, he was appointed Director to the New York Cluster of the Pew Undergraduate Program in Science Education, and in 1989 he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science Degree from Indiana University for his scientific achievements. In 1990, he was elected For- eign Meml-er of the Armenian Academy of Sciences. he is the author or co-author of more than 150 scientific publications and the editor of four books. At Cornell he teaches a popular undergraduate course on "The Nature of the Universe" and graduate radio astrophysics courses. Approved For Release 20~~j~$-~-~~~~-007898003100200001-5 34 Technical F~ipappo?sa~fd For Release i~96-007898003100200001-5 Philip G. Zimbardo Scientific Oversight Committee EDUCATION: 1959 Ph.D., Yale University 1988 M.S., Yale University 1954 A.B., Brooklyn College PROFES SIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1968 -Present Professor, Department of Psychology, Stanford University 1970 - 1988 Director, Stanford University Social Psychology Research'I~aining Program 1969 - 1980 Co-Director (with Dr. E. Hilgard), Stanford Hypnosis Research Laboratory 1963 - 1967 'Raining and Research in Hypnosis, Morton Prince Clinic, New York 1961 - 1968 Assistant/Associate Professor, New York University 1959 - 1960 Post Doctoral'Il:ainee, West haven Veteran's Hospital 1959 - 1962 Research Associate, Dr. S. Sarason, Yale University 1958 - 1961 Instructor/Assistant Professor, Yale University Visiting Professor: Yale, Barnard College, Stanford, Columbia University, University of Louvain (Bel- gium), Urniversity of Texas, University of Hawaii, International Graduate School of Behavioral Sciences, Ilorida Institute of 'Iirchnology at Lugano, Switzerland. EDUCATION: 19gg Order of Merit List Selectee, US Army War College 19$9 US Army Computer Science School, Artificial Intelligence Orientation 19gg Science Applications International Corporation, Soviet Military Operations Research Course 1985 US Army Command and General Staff College 1970 Bachelor of Arts, University of Miami PROFES SIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 - 1991 Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, CA. Employed by the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory to participate in a number of anomalous cognition experiments. 1984 - Present Student and Author-Instructor, US Army Command and General Staff College Prepare and present large and small group instruction to student officers in areas of advanced tactics, intelligence and Electronic Warfare operations, and Soviet tactics including Soviet Automated 'Loop Control. Developer of threat scenarios. Recognized Subject Matter Expert (SME) for US Army Intel- ligence and Electronic Warfare operations. Designer of the Artificial Intelligence decision support methodologies for Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) sponsored AirLand Battle Management (ALBM) Program. Principal instructor far Advanced Tactical Operations. Voting mem- ber of the prestigious CGSC Master Tactician Board. Developer of the standardized targeting and 'Ibch- collection management doctrine to support 1989 publication of Corps Deep Operations Tactic Approved For Release 20(~~i~~-007898003100200001-5 35 Approveld For Release ~~9 /~>~~~~1~96-007898003100200001-5 Technical propose niques and Procedures manual. 19$1 - 1983 Tactical Intelligence Officer Principal intelligence staff officer (S3) for a heavy maneuver brigade and principal assistance (G2/Ops) for a heavy division. Direct the activities of a 12 person intelligence element at brigade, ensuring con- tinuous 24--hour intelligence support to the brigade and subordinate battalions during field opera- tions. At division level, coordinate and direct the activities of six principal G2 elements and the intelli- gence requirements of four major and six separate subordinate commands of the division in garrison, during contingency planning, and during field deployment. 1970 - 1980 Human Intelligence Case Officer and Counterintelligence Special Agent in tactical and strategic settings. Plan, coordinate and execute unilateral and bilateral collection operations in support of theater com- mand intelligence needs. Conduct liaison with national level federal and military agencies in areas of positive collection and technical surveillance countermeasures. SKILLS: Career Army Military Intelligence Officer highly experienced in all-source intelligence operations from national level through maneuver battalion. A Human Intelligence Case Officer fully experienced in the development and conduct of highly sensitive and compartmented Department ofDefense collec- tionoperations. a Counterintelligence Special Agent experienced insecurity analysis and investigative procedures. A tactical intelligence officer experienced at brigade, division and corps level. A trainer of soldiers through the general officer level in intelligence and electronic warfare subjects, Soviet-style operational art and tactics, and US Army operational decisior~mellcin nan and Electroni~Warfarerdyd Subject Matter Expert and Knowledge Engineer in US Army g. terns, operations and methods and the application of emerging Artificial Intelligence hardware and software technologies to Army operations. Current SBI. A roved For Release 200 36 pp I~;~1~~0789R003100200001-5 Technical ~~isy~d For Release ~~ /~`+~'~~96-007898003100200001-5 Daryl J. Bem EDUCATION: 1961 - 1964 Ph.D., Social Psychology, University of Michigan 1960 - 1961 Graduate work in physics, Massachusetts Institute of'Ii;chnology 1956 - 1960 B.A., Physics, Reed College PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1978 -Present Professor of Psychology, Cornell University 1987 - 1988 Visiting Professor of Psychology, Harvard University 1978 - 1971 Professor of Psychology, Stanford University 1964 - 1971 Assistant Professor to Professor of Psychology & Industrial Administration, Caznegie-Mellon University PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Personality Editor, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1976 - 1978 Consulting Editor, Journal of Personality, 1982 - 1984 Consulting Editor, Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior,l9$2 -Present Consulting Editor, Psychological Review, 1982 - 1988 Review Board Member for several other journals. Member at Large of the Division of Behavioral Sciences of the National Research Council (National Academy of Sciences). 1971 - 1974. Testimony on the psychological effects of false confessions, delivered before the Senate Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments of the Committee on the Judiciary. July 20,1966. Consultant to Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission, 1970. Author with 5. Bem of Training the woman to know her place: The social antecedents of women in the world of work, distributed by the Pennsylvania Department of Education to guidance counselors. 1970. Several similar articles over the years in various magazines, journals, and textbooks, including: Bem, D. J. (Fa11,1987). A Consumer's Guide to Dual-Career Mamages. ILR Report, 25, No. 1. Research and testimony for the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission before the Federal Communications Commission on sex-segregated practices at AT & T. 1972. Member of the Secretary's Advisory commission of the Rights and Responsibilities of Women (Com- mission serving as advisors to the Secretary of Health, Education & Welfare.) 1972 - 1973. Consultant to the League of Women Voters in asex-discrimination suit against the U.S. Department of Labor (with S. Bem.) Consultant in several other sex-discrimination cases. -~, 37 Approved For Release 20~~~~1~00789R003100200001-5 Technical -d For Release /~`~~F~1~96-007898003100200001-5 Joseph G. Depp 1970 Ph.D. Theoretical Nuclear Physics, Carnegie Mellon University 1966 M.S. Physics, Carnegie Mellon University 1965 B.S. Physics, Carnegie Mellon University PROFES SIONAL EXPERIENCE: Dr. Depp served as an officer in the U.S. Army from October 1969 to June 1971. During this period, he worked as ~~ strategic intelligence analyst for the Defense Intelligence Agency. He also served a tour in Vietnam as the Operations/Intelligence Officer for the 21st Signal Corps. He left active duty as a cap- tain having received honors as the Distinguished Military Graduate, the two-time recipient of the Army Commendation Medal, and the recipient of the Bronze Star. Dr. Depp joined SRI International (then Stanford Reseazch Institute) as a Research Physicist in July 1971. For 'the next five years, he served as manager of a classified field program sponsored by the De- fense Nuclear Agency and under the operational control of the JCS/Joint Reconnaissance Center. In recognition of his contribution to this national program, Dr. Depp was awarded the Exceptional Public Service Medal by the Defense Nuclear Agency. In 1976, Dir. Depp was named manager of SRI's Electro-Optics Program. During this period, the Elec- tro-Optics Program produced the country's first operational differential absorption lidar. The trans- portable lidaz system was built for the Electric Power Research Institute. It was used by EPRI as part of a five-year field program to measure sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere. Dr. Depp also supervised sev- eral programs to examine the vulnerability of laser-guided weapons to optical countermeasures and participated in the development of a design concept for the integrated reconnaissance system. In 1979, Dr. Depp became the founding director of SRI's Special Systems Office (SSO). For seven years, the SSO provided an interface for applying SRI technologies to the problems of intelligence collection and processing. In 1979-1980, Dr. Depp led a multicontractoreffort toproduce afive-year plan for Air Staff Intelligence (AFIN). This plan began with an examination of Air Force roles and missions, developed collection requirements for these mission, assessed current and planned capability to meet tl.~e requirements, and recommended technology and system initiatives to fill shortfalls. During the early to mid-80's, Dr. Depp supervised the design, development, and deployment of an HF system to detect atmospheric nuclear bursts. The system is still in use at several overseas locations. During the same period, Dr. Depp participated in the evaluation of the vulnerability of certain Stealth aircraft. He contributed to the IR signature analysis and he prepared a report on the detectability of LPI radar.. Dr. Depp joined Science Applications International Corporation in 1986. He began the Advanced Ap- plications Division (AAD) in the SAIC Los Altos Office. The AAD focused primarily on the applica- tion ofactive and passive optical technology. During this period, Dr. Depp was a participant in amulti- 38 Approved For Release 20~A~~F~~-007898003100200001-5 Technicall~p~$~~ For Release ~~ /`~~?96-007898003100200001-5 contractor study, the Exploitation 'Ihchnology Initiative, which determined the requirements for automated assistance to imagery analysts and recommended a development program to meet the re- quirements. In January 19$9, Dr. Depp joined Advanced Decisions Systems (ADS) as Manager of Special Pro- grams. In this position, he provided in-depth technical expertise for a broad set of applications. In March 19$9, Dr. Depp assumed the supervision of a major ADS program for the development and de- ployment of a situation assessment system for US ARMY EUROPE. The system was completed on time and successfully deployed to Europe for a demonstration. In July 1989, at the request of ADS corporate rnanagement, Dr. Depp formed the ADS Research Department to provide a clear path for technology migration into ADS from the universities. Dr. Depp was named manager of the Planning and Systems Control Division in Apri1,1991. The P&C Division is the largest division within ADS. It's programs are in the areas of advanced planning systems for defense C2, automated scheduling systems, and automonous vehicles. Dr. Depp remained the division manager until he left ADS to form a new company, ACCURAY, in October, 1991. Dr. Depp is currently the president and CEO of ACCURAY Inc. ACCURAY is a medical electronics company formed to bring to market a new device for radiosurgery, the Neurotron 1000. ACCURAY has been formed with private funding. It enjoys close ties with Stanford University Hospital, which will provide clinical testing for the Neurotron 1000. 39 Approved For Release 20~.~~{~I~-007898003100200001-5 ~- proveld For Release ~~~4~~~~if~96-007898003100200001-5 Technical ~o a Jennifer Lovejoy Dole 1987 - 1991 B.A. Psychology, University of Kansas Graduated magna cum laude. Phi Beta Kappa. EMPLOYMENT: 1991 -Present Research Assistant, The Lucidity Institute PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Jennifer Dole's position at the Lucidity Institute sprang from her keen interest in lucid dreaming. Lucid dreaming is defined as dreaming while knowing that you are dreaming, and is the primary focus of the research efforts of the Lucidity Institute. Jennifer Dole had been experimenting with lucid dreams since early childhood, but did not realize this was an area of scientific investigation until 1986, when she came across the work of the psychophysiologist, Dr. Stephen LaBerge, founder of the Lucidity Insti- tute. This is her first year of employment following graduation. Her duties at the Institute, and as an assistant to Dr. LaBerge, include collection and entry of data, operation of equipment in the sleep laboratory, and much contact with subjects. Jennifer Dole also has specialized technical knowledge of the compa- ny'scomputerized biofeedback device, the DreamLight, which is used to facilitate the induction of lucid dreams. She responds to the queries of DreamLight users, and offers solutions to overcoming impedi- ments they may encounter while working with the product. Jennifer Dole has worked with the Lucidity Institute in all stages of experiments designed to expand the knowledge of lucid dreaming, and to further describe the potential of this powerful state of conscious- ness. She has experience in lucid dreaming research as a collaborator in the creation and design of ex- perimentalprotocols, and as both technician and subject in the sleep laboratory. Jennifer Dole is capable of applying her personal and professional knowledge of lucid dreaming to the scientific investigation of other discrete mental states. 40 Approved For Release 20~,j~'Q~$/~~-007898003100200001-5 Technical Pr~~o?s~aCd For Release ~~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Thane J. Frivold Software Engineer Geoscience and Engineering Center ? SRI International, Menlo Park, CA 1986 B.A., Computer Science (summa cum laude), Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH PROFESSIONAL SKILLS: Technical Expertise: user interface design and implementation, object-oriented design, database de- sign and interface, statistical data analysis, systems programming. Computer ]Languages: C, Objective-C, PostScript, SQL, LISP, ADA, Icon, Pascal, Mesa Window Environments: X11 (Motif, Xt, Xlib), NeWS, SunView Third Party Packages: SunUnify, PV-Wave, S, Ocalc, Mathematica, Macsyma, Interleaf OPS Operating Systems: UNIX (BSD 4.3 and System V), Macintosh, MS-DOS, XDE Foreign Language: French (spoken and written fluency) REPRESENTATIVE PROJECT ASSIGNMENTS AT SRI (Since 19$6 Management of on-going maintenance and development for an existing C3 system (Sitmap) Design ani9 implementation of a Motif user-interface for an existing C3 system (Sitmap/UTACCS) Development of an X11 window manager to coordinate collaborative, multi-media conferencing Development of a UNIX process management tool for use in the administration of C3 systems Enhancement of user interface and graphics features for a C3 system running under NeWS (C21S) Implementation of extensions to a NeWS server for efficient rendering of maps Design of numerous relational databases Development of high level (forms) and low level (C language) interfaces to numerous databases Development of decision analysis methods using fuzzy set paradigms Development of encoding schemes for outdoor scenes using fuzzy set paradigms Development of analysis tools for study of magnetoencephlographicbmin wave data Integratian of a Sun Workstation with CAMAC hardware for real-time data acquisition OTHER PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Public Response Associates: designed, developed and maintained areal-time opinion monitoring tool for use in focus groups. Dartmouth College: contributed to the design and development of an experimental, distributed rela- tional database. A roved For Release 20 41 pp g,/Q?,~~~00789R003100200001-5 Approved For Release ~~0 /~1~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 T?chnical (Proposal Keith Harary 1986 Ph.D. in Psychology, emphases in experimental psychology and clinical counseling, Graduate School of the Union Institute l 1975 ogy, B.A., Magna Cum Laude with. Distinction in Psycho Duke University, Durham, North Carolina d l id 1972 - 1967 an ua Specialized training in crisis and suicide intervention, indiv family counseling, Mental Health Center, Durham, North Carolina PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 - 1991 Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, CA. Employed by the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory to participate in a number of anomalous cognition experiments. 1986 -Present President and Research Director, Institute for Advanced Psychology Advanced laboratory and field research and education in cognition, perception, communication, cre- ativity,learning, group dynamics and stress. 1983 - 1985 Design Consultant, Atari Corporation Psychological consulting in design of video game software. 1980 - 1982 Research Consultant, SRI International Advanced research and applications in cognition, perception and communication. 1979 Director of Counseling, Human Freedom Center Crisis intervention counseling under clinical supervision in halfway house for former Peoples Temple and other cult members re-entering mainstream society. 1976 - 1979 Research Associate, Department of Psychiatry, Maunonides Medical Center Management of laboratory oiler staf consc ousnessscognit on, per eption and communication.arch in sensory deprivation, altered state 1973 - 1976 Research Associate, Psychical Research Foundation Experimental research in cognition, perception and physiological correlates of altered states of con- sciousness, biofeedback, and human-animal communication. 1972 - 1976 Crisis Counselor, Durham Mental Health Center Volunteer counseling in all aspects of crisis and suicide intervention, and supervising and training of other counselors for crisis intervention hotline and drop-in center. 1974 Counseling Intern, School of Nursing, Duke University Medical Center Psychological counseling under clinical supervision with terminally ill patients and their families. ~~ r- ?, pproved For Release 2003 (~~$,{,D0789R003100200001-5 42 - ,~ ~Approv~ed For Release ~~~~~~96-00789R003100200001-5 1974 Research Intern, Dorothea Dix State Psychiatric Hospital chiatric case Studying Milieu Therapy, interviewing psychiatric patients and reviewing long-term psy histories. 1972 Research Consultant, Foundation for Research on the Nature of an Research in psychophysical phenomena associated with cognition, perception and communication. 1971 - 1972 Research Consultant, American Society for Psychical Reseazch Research in cognition, perception and communication and physiological correlates of altered states of consciousness. PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS: Member, American Psychological Association Member, Society for Professional Journalists Member, Association for Media Psychology Member, Natianal Writers Union 43 pproved For Release 2003/~~~LC~~?789R003100200001-5 Technical P1~~posaf- For Release ~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Beverly S. Humphrey EDUCATION: Currently Ph.D. graduate student, Anthropology, Stanford University 1977 B.A., Anthropology, Stanford University 1975 Language Study, The Goethe-Institut, Freiberg, Germany 1975 Archaeological Research, Stanford in Italy SPECIALIZED PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE: Historical and theoretical linguistics; languages (modern and ancient); cognitive anthropology; archae- ologicalfield techniques. REPRESENTATIVE RESEARCH ASSIGNMENTS AT SRI (Since 1978): Design of computerized database management applications Evaluatiorn of free-response psychoenergetic data and development of evaluation techniques Development of psychokinesis experimental protocols and responsibility for PK experimentation Investigation of target demarcation and target selection Participation in RV experiments as both experiment monitor and beacon OTHER PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Historical linguistics researcher in ancient Greek at Stanford University Psychoenergetics research consultant for The Mobius Group (archaeological Egyptian project) Researcher in correlations between botanical anomalies and archaeological site locations, Florence, Italy ?. Approved For Release 20Q,~$I~-007898003100200001-5 44 Technical~~~~~ For Release ~~(L~{/~5~~96-007898003100200001-5 Jean Jacobson EDUCATION: 1985 Master of Science Degree, Water Resources Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 180 Bachelor of Science Degree, Civil Engineering Massachusetts Institute of'Ibchnology, Cambridge, MA EMP 1989 LOYMENT: -Present Independent Contractor Clients include SRI International and EMCONAssociates. 1988 - 1989 Senior'Ibchnical Writer and Editor, SRI Tnternational, Menlo Pazk, CA 1987 - 1988 Supervisor of Tl;chnical Writing, EMCON Associates, San Jose, CA 1985 - 1987 Associate Engineer, Leedshill-Herkenhoff, San Francisco, CA 1980 - 1984 Environmental Engineer, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Oregon Operations Office, Portland, OR PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: Writing and Editing. Responsible for writing and editing effective reports on a variety of topics: hazard- ous waste ;site assessment and remediation, groundwater and surface water hydrology and chemistry, radar, plasma dynamics, artificial intelligence, and many more. Have written policy guidance docu- ments on sensitive drinking water issues for the general public and prepazed enforcement documents for attorneys. Audiences have ranged from the highly technical and specialized readers of journal ar- ticles to the general public targeted by press releases. Have developed document style guidelines for several companies, streamlined their publication pro- cess, and graven seminars on effective and persuasive writing. Familiar with microcomputers and numer- ous word processing programs, including WordPerfect and Microsoft Word. Knowledgeable about desktop publishing. Engineering. Have developed site assessment, remediation, and closure plans addressing contami- nated soils, surface water, and groundwater. Have installed monitoring wells and conducted short- and long-term groundwater monitoring programs. Groundwater investigations have included groundwater flow patterns, influence of geological fault zones, historical water quality trends, and safe yield analyses. Inspected and provided technical assistance to drinking water systems; recommended changes in facilities or operations (or both); reviewed plans. Responsible for ensuring public health was protected during water system emergencies. Research. As an engineer and writer, have conducted extensive literature searches, field investigations, and interviews. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and at Stanford University, performed original research in environmental and water resources engineering. Graphics. Experienced in developing effective figures and tables and in working closely with graphics artists to ensure the final product presents a clear, uncluttered summary of the data. Familiar with sev- eral microcomputer graphic design programs. Approved For Release 20pjj~$~~~~-007898003100200001-5 Technical'~~i~8~~rf For Release ~~(g{/,~s~~96-007898003100200001-5 Gary Langford M.S., Physics, California State University, Hayward Thesis: Experimental Research of the metastable States of Helium, Methane, and Ammonia A.B., Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley Graduate Paper: Kirkwood Gap Anomalies and Gravitational Tidal Forces PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 - 1991 Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, CA. Employed by the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory to participate in a number of anomalous cognition experiments. 1985 -Present Geodynamics Corporation, Sunnyvale, California 1988 - 1991 Manager of Business Development Responsible for corporate business development plan, corporate marketing strategy and Sunnyvale business plan. Set up recruiting and hiring program for Sunnyvale, began in-house seminar series and training courses. Reorganized and redirected marketing and sales activities. Worked with the staff to prepare proposals, white papers, and presentations. 198$ Manager of System Engineering Department 'litrned around a department with morale problems; improved staff feelings of self worth; inspired high- er performance to satisfy customers; and increased business and profit on department contracts. Pre- pared engineering report and contingency plans far major U.S. Air Force installation. 1986 - 1988 Program Manager Increased contract work from one individual to nineteen over a two year period. Was the primary inter- face to prime customer, completing all contract negotiations. 'Rained all task managers and set up seminars to improve the technical staff's marketing abilities. Responsible for training nineteen individ- uals toprepare presentation materials for System Design Review; dvrected 115 engineers and managers to prepare presentation materials for a Preliminary Design Review, and 260 for a Critical Design Re- view. Received letters of commendation from customer and prime contractor, all three reviews were resounding successes. Co-developed a digital engineering technique to geoposition points on the earth's surface using synthetic aperture radar and geodetic reference maps. Designed the digital carto- graphic data storage and retrieval system to support the needs of a ground station data processing and image exploitation capability. helped develop the computer security policy for the program. Prepared the advanced synthetic aperture radar image processing requirements, defined the image processing requirements, and the human-machine interfaces. 1985 Member of the Professional Staff Managed and trained agroup ofthirty-seven engineers and managers toprepare presentation materi- als for a Critical Design Review. Customer stated that it was the most informative and best CDR they had ever attended. Customer and Prime Contractor sent letters of commendation. 1984 - 1985 Private Investment Banking, Mountain View, California Completed a merger between Maid-Rite and Argus'Ihchnology (deal valued at $78 million). Com- pleted an acquisition of Zephre Design by Cal West Industries (deal valued at $28 million). 1983 - 1984 President and CEO of Zycom, Inc. Profit and loss responsibility for $4.3 million public company (NASDAQ listed.) Approved For Release 20~$~~~-007898003100200001-5 Techntcal'~~~~~tf For Release ~(]~~~/~~~~$~96-00789R003100200001-5 1979 - 1983 President and CEO of Abacus II, Inc., Santa Clara, California Profit and loss responsibility for $1.7 million computer manufacturing company. Designed a computer- ized point--of-sale system for the fast-food industry. Major customers included: McDonald's, 5iz- zler,'Iaco F3e11, and Sail-Thru. Started company in my garage, raised $4.5 million from U.S. venture capitalist companies and two industrial companies, Verbatim Corporation and Matra, SA. Took the company public in 1983 through merger with Zycom, Inc. 1979 - 1985 Owner of Consultants International, Mountain View, California Profit and lass responsibility for $300 thousand business.. U.S. based consulting group focused on scien- tific and technical intelligence for the federal government. Participated in President's Working Groups on Strategic Planning. 1974 - 1979 Physicist, SRI International, Menlo Park, California Specialized in scientific and technical intelligence. Responsible for foreign technology assessments in areas of dvrected energy weapons, strategic defense radars, tactical elements and communications, and facilities. 1971 - 1974 Research Engineer, Lockheed Missiles & Space Company, Sunnyvale, California Space sensor technology engineering and qualification testing. Managed activities of high energy laser laboratory. Awarded two patents: one for night vision equipment, other for non-destructive testing device used to test the fuel system on C4 missiles. 1973 Physics Instructor, Foothill Junior College, Los Altos Hills, California Taught first year physics for non-majors. 1970 - 1971 Associate Physics Instructor, California State University, Hayward, California 1965 - 1970 Fruitvale Canning Company, Oakland, California Started low-level and was promoted to Assistant Foreman after two summers. Responsible for night shift operations of canning department. Restructured night work crews over a two night period and increased production by more than 50%. Approved For Release 20(~?~r~~00789R003100200001-5 47 Approved For Release ~~0 /~~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Technicall'roposal Nevin D. Lantz EDUCATION: 1979 Ph.D. Clinical Psychology, California School of Professional Psychology 1976 M.A. Clinical Psychology, California School of Professional Psychology 1969 B.S. Natural Science, Eastern Mennonite College PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 -Present Consulting Psychologist, Self-Employed, Lititz, PA Provide consultation services to individuals, groups and industry in the areas of employee development, management development, problem-solving, training and other issues relating to the use of human resources in research and employment settings. SRI International, Menlo Park, CA 1985 - 1990 Senior Research Psychologist, Multi-disciplinary "think-tank" doing contract research for government and private industry. Worked with a staff of 10 in the Cognitive Sciences Program conducting experiments in hypnosis, per- sonality assessment, and brain function using MEG. Responsible for experimental protocols, conduct- ing experiments, repor~erit~no e t b cdeveloping informed con en~pro edures and forms, subm t ng human use officer for p ~ Y , experimental protocols to and interacting with the SRI Institutional Review Board and acting as project liaison to the client's human use representatives. Became familiar with all aspects of protecting human subjects from research risks. 1985 - 1989 Private Practice, Berkeley, CA Psychotherapy practice specializing in cognitive therapy for depression, relationship problems, and other neurotic disorders. Utilized hypnosis for controlling addictions. 1982 - 1985 Acalanes Psychology Associates, Walnut Creek, CA Co-four-der of group psychotherapy practice specializing in family therapy, psychological assessment and consultation. Provided counseling and employee development services to small businesses. Alameda Co. Health Services, Oakland, CA 1979 - ].983 Staff Psychologist (Licensed CP), eneral Delivered psychological services to the psychiatric and medical in-patienchotheraf a n'sis in erven- hospital. Duties included psychological assessment, DMS III diagnosis, psy PY~ tion, andl expert witness in court cases involving involuntary hospitalization. Developed and conducted training programs for mental health employees aimed at increasing communication skills. 1977 - ~L985 Private Practice (Licensed MFCC), San Francisco, CA Counseling practice specializing in marriage, family and adolescent problems. 1975 - 1977 Counselor, National Center for Solving Special Social and Health Problems, San Francisco, CA Approved For Release 200 07898003100200001-5 48 ~L~~~ Technical P~~posaf~ For Release ~~~~96-00789R003100200001-5 Served as a counselor in a community clinic that dealt with alcohol addiction, drug addiction, sexual dysfunction, and relationship difficulties. 1970 - 1972 Mental Health Specialist, Illinois State Psychiatriac Institute, Chicago, IL Provided staffing for in-patient, emotionally disturbed/delinquent adolescent research program. Du- ties included working with amulti-disciplinary staff developing and carrying out individualized treat- mentplans using a variety of therapeutic modaliries, administration of psychotherapeutic medications, group therapy, and collecting data for research purposes. ?. Approved For Release 20~($~{~~00789R003100200001-5 49 Technical~~8~1$~ For Release ~~(Q /{~'~96-007898003100200001-5 Ellen S. Messer PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 - 1991 Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo _ Park, CA. Employed by the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory to participate in a number of anomalous cognition experiments. 1989 -Present Associate 'Rainer, Program Development Specialist DeT.oayaza Associates 'Raining management and support staff in Human Relations Skills, Meeting Effectiveness and Career Development. Developing and producing workshop materials. 1989 -Present 'Tlrainer, Materials Development Writer Innovations Group Facilitating seminars in the concepts and applications of the Organizational Entrepreneur. 1988 -Present Associate Facilities Trainer The O'Neil Group Presenting Xerox Leadership Through Quality Programs to management and support staff in Xerox Business Service Centers throughout the United States. 1985 -Present Co-Director,'I~ainer, Program Planning and Development Writer ACT Associates, Professional Communication Skills and Organization Development Consultants Developing and writing presentations and workshop instructional materials. Presenting and facilitat- ing management and support staff seminazs in human relations technology specializing in Applied Communication and Assertiveness Skills. 1985 - 1989 Associate Trainer, JEA Associates Presenting seminars and workshops in Management Skills, Team Building and Presentation Skills. Spe- cializing in Organizing Skills Training based on ~gyond Ti_rr~e Manaee^~Pn+' Oreanizin~ the Organiza- tion authored by Dr. Jane E. Allen. 19$5 - 1989 Associate Trainer, Wilcox Training Systems Presenting programs in Problem Solving and Supervisory Skills. 19$4 - 1987 Program Development Writer/Field Coordinator and Trainer, New York State Office of Human Resource Development Developed and produced three day module of Supervisory Transition Skills for the New York State De- partment of Social Services. Delivered program to personnel throughout the state of New York. 1981 - 1986 Co-Director/Facilitator, Copwood Associates - Cazeer Skills Development Consultants Structured, developed and presented workshops and seminazs in all aspects of personnel management including appraisals, team development, managerial skills, stress management, and creativity. ~r - ?. Approved For Release 2~-007898003100200001-5 50 Technicall~~~$~~ For Release ~~v~?,i96-007898003100200001-5 S. James P. Spottiswoode 1976 - 1979 BSc., Applied Mathematics, First Class Honors, University of Wales PROFES SIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1981 - 1990 Consultant, SRI International, Menlo Park, California Research on applications of pattern recognition and signal analysis to the detection of anomalous cognition and on the measurement problem in quantum mechanics. 1987 - 1989 Consultant and Chief Statistician, National Research Group, Los Angeles, California Numerical modeling, simulation and forecasting of motion picture revenues. 1984 - 1986 Consultant, World Bank Design of appropriate computer installations for agronomic monitoring in Africa. 1979 - 1984 Consultant, AGA Signals Plc, London Design of rnicrocomputer hardware, numerical analysis, and optics for navigational aids. 1971 - 1975 Research Assistant, Department of Geology, University of Wales Research into sub bottom profiling, side scan sonar systems, high intensity underwater sound sources and hydrophone arrays. Approved For Release 20j~$~~~~-007898003100200001-5 51 Approv~d For Release~~4~s~~~96-007898003100200001-5 Technical F~roposa John F. Stach EDUCATION: 1979 M.S.E.E., Electromagnetics, communications, pattern recognition, and control systems, Air Force Institute of Thchnology, WPAFB, OH 1978 B.S.E.E., Electromagnetics, communications, computers and optics, Michigan'Iirchnological Umversity, Houghton, MI PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1990 - 1991. Science Applications International Corporation, Menlo Park, CA. Employed by the Cognitive Sciences Laboratory to participate in a number of anomalous cognition experiments. 1984 -Present Research Engineer, Remote Measurements Lab, SRI International, Menlo Park, California Project and task leader for many research projects including development of electromagnet li ations of ment and s:unulation techniques, imaging methods, linear and nonlinear optimization, app ' adaptive networks and systems, and classification of biological signals. Responsibilities include techni- cal management, research, and promotional activities. 1982 - 1983 Branch Chief (Captain, USAF), DSCS III Satellite Program, USAF Space Division, Los Angeles, California 'Ii;chnical ranagement of the communications payload. of the DSCS III satellite. Responsibilities in- cluded all communications related research, development, and deployment of the operational DSC5 III system. 1979 - 1982 Project Engineer (Captain, USAF), Aeronautical Systems Division, WPAFB, OH Performed technical consulting and applied research for various project offices within ASD. Duties included C'o-op training; and antenna simulation, testing, and evaluation on full-scale aircraft. PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS: M.S. Thesis,1979: "Validation and Receiver Design for a Random Point Process Model of Atmospher- ic Radio Noise:' URSI Conference, 1988: "Extrapolation of RCS Data Using an Admittance-Matrix Model," Syra- cuse, NY. ACES Conference, 19$9: "Improving Moment-Method Predictions Using Measurements," Monte- rey, CA. URSI Conference, 1989: "On the Use of Measurements in Moment-Method Predictions," San Jose, CA. PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS: IEEE International Neural Network Society (INNS) Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society (ACES) Planetary Society Approved For Release 20~~~?~~~-007898003100200001-5 ~` Approved For Release~~~ 4~'N~~P96-007898003100200001-5 Technical Proposal Jessica M. Utts EDUCATION: 1978 Ph.D., Statistics, Pennsylvania State University 1975 M.A., Statistics, Pennsylvania State University 1973 B.A., Math and Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE: 1984 -Present Associate Professor, Division of Statistics and Director, Statistical Laboratory, University of California, Davis 1987 - 1988 Visiting Scientist, SRI International, Cognitive Sciences Program, Menlo Park, California 1983,1984 - 1985 Visiting Professor, Stanford University, Department of Statistics 1979 - 1984 Assistant Professor, University of California, Davis, Division of Statistics 1978 - 1979 Assistant Professor, University of California, Davis, Department of Mathematics 1978 Instructor, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Statistics ACADEMIC HONORS: Fellow, American Statistical Association Academic Senate Distinguished Teaching Award, University of California, Davis,1984 Magnar Ronning Award for Teaching Excellence, University of California, Davis, 1981 National Science Foundation 'IYaineeship, Pennsylvania State University, 1973 - 1974 Phi Beta Kappa, State University of New York at Binghamton,1973 PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATIONS AND OFFICES: American Association for the Advancement of Science: Biometric Soc. Rep. to Section U, 1988 - American Statistical Association: President, State College PA Chapter, 1977 - 1978 Biometric. Society, Western North American Region (WNAR): President, 1986; Regional Committee, 1982 -? 1984; Program Chair, 1983 Caucus for Women in Statistics: President, 1988 Institute of Mathematical Statistics: TYeasurer,1988 - ;Assistant Program Secretary, 1980, 1989 Parapsychological Association: Representative to AAAS,1989 - Phi Beta Kappa: President of UC Davis Chapter, 1984 - 1985, Vice President, 1983 - 1984 Society for Scientific Exploration: Council Member, 1987 - Approved For Release 200 i~~~F~~}00789R003100200001-5 53 Approved For Release~Q4 ~~~-~-~~96-007898003100200001-5 Technical Proposal uu''``~~ MAJOR CONSULTATIONS AND PANELS: National Academy of Sciences, Panel on the Evaluation of AIDS Interventions Congressional Office of'Ibchnology pssessmen T Re~u?c~ anagemeent'Itainees gies National Park Service, Statistics Short Course fo California Department of Health Services, Course on Statistics for Groundwater SRI International Cognitive Sciences Program, Consultant California Public Utilities Commission, Consultant Hershey Medical Center, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Study, Consultant ABC News 20/20 Program, Interview (appeared July 4,1985) EDITORIAL POSITIONS: Associate Editor, Joumal of the American Statistical Association, Reviews Statistical ]Editor, Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research pproved For Release 200~p~+ 07898003100200001-5 54 ~1V ~~~~ _~_,__, ~Q,~,~d For Release ~~s~~96-007898003100200001-5 NAME: 160RN: .MARITAL STATUS: OFFICE ADDRESS: HOME ADDRESS: Department of Health Resee 4ch anted Prlicy~ 94305 5092 Biostatistics, HRP, Room 1 G d+ Phone: (415) 723-5687 g,A, 1952 EDUCATION: University of Minnesota Major: Mathematics M.A. 1955 University of Minnesota Major. Statistics Ph.D. 1959 University of Minnesota Major: Biostatistics iViinor. Mathematics ACADEMIC APPOINTMENT-S: Assistant Professor, Biometry Division 1959_1961 University of Minnesota Associate Professor, Biometry Division 1961-1965 University of Minnesota Professor and Head, Biometry Division Director of Graduate Study in Biometry University of Minnesota 1965_1968 Professor and Head, Division of Biostatistics California ersit i d U 1968- y, v n Stanfor Acting Chairman, Department of Family, 1975_1976 Community and Preventive Medicine , 1984 Stanford University Chairman, Department of Health 1988- Research and Policy Stanford University o~ase 2003/Q~ ~1~~789R003100200001-5 Technical F~~~~~d For Release ~~! ~t~~~~96-007898003100200001-5 REt:OGNITION AND HONORS: B.A, magna cum laude, Univ, of Minnesota Phi Beta Kappa; Sigma Xi Fellow, American Statistical Association Fellow, Arteriosclerosis, American Heart Association 1Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science Who's Who in America; Dictionary of~ International Biography Statistics Section Award, American Public Health Assn., 1983 International Institute of Statistics Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences PROFESSIONAL SOCIETY MEMBERSHIPS: American Statistical Association Institute of Mathematical Statistics Biometric Society American Heart Association American Association for the Advancement of Science or a ease 200/~y~$,,: ~~0789R003100200001-5 56 Technical ~~~sl~~d For Release h,bbSS~~96-00789R003100200001_5 Address: uAav PANOAI-~- `~fMOTO, t1.D. p;vtsion of Occupational p1edl~ine 100 Homer Avenue tr~to n!to, CA g~30 t Palo A1t4 Medical Foundatlon SGFOIA3 Date ~of birth: P.[3E:iJNI-PQ-~i.1-Lt~.~.: 0/88 -present Healtfi Cie Medical Director, Occupational Medicine Department, p!vialon, peto Alto Medial Foundation Medical Director -Travel Medicine Clinic, aa;o Alto Medical Foundation, Pal o At tc, C.~ dt,'7,8dER"tiG A-Pt~O1NT_T_'_t~dl.~.~ ~ ,c~:1t C;tr~?.l.:~: ~~v~essor of MediC11'tF, Depar`~,tnert ;f ^lecfcire ! 991 - pmsent A_S:.. Stanford University Medical Center. Stanford. CA i 98'7 - tiresent Assistant C~inica; ~ro z~epartment of ^~edtci Califomi8, San rranci 'es,or of Medicine. re, Sctrsot or t^~iicine, ~.lniver~ity of sco, i A ' Clinical lnstructor'n Medicine, Depantiment of medicine 7 - 198 i 989 5>rantorc tmtivers~ty M pS:oci2te t.T1ei, tnvi ec!;Cal Center, stanf:r~ ~, CA s;on of c~CWpatia~ral Medicine a~: ter 1986 - t 988 ~p1Qy~ee Health Serv , ices, Santa Clara valley Medical Cen 1985 - 1987 San Jose, CA A~ss~netUniversity Medici , fA of CaliforniatMedl~cai Ce +enter Sa Dle9o, 1983 - ! 985 C1lnicai InstrurtCr o tAliversity of Caiifo iMQdlcine. De~mtent otr~otcme, rniaMlediCal Center, San Diega, CA 19F13 - ; 905 Pos~mert ~f ate ac DeA Center. San Dieao. C aneaUnivers~ y af1Ca atom ~~Mietl>q~= ry i tC~NStNG. AND CERTii=~CATiON: t 4iiG t 4~BQ ~43G7S AF~GRt;Rfi7 Medtrai License, State o! Cai!fomia OEA Pepigtratior? nur~?t~er t 483 f3R~ i ~~ Bfk31'ti certified. American aflard of Internal MediCfne t 4,QG 2?4n~ Board certltteo, American Board of P+~evenUverlediclne (Occupational !riedicinej -~~~.~? pproved For Release 200~r~~4~p~4j00789R003100200001-5 57 Technical pS~i'd For ReleaselZ~~`QI~~~96-007898003100200001-5 ~~~~ ! 9132 - ! 983 Medical Cafe! RtS~dent Ger~t {nternat t"{~diclne, Department of Medicine, University of Catiforniar'ledical Cent'. San D1ego- t;A 1980 - t 982 nedlcal Resident of California Medical Qepartment of Medicine. University center, San Otego, cA ! 979 _ 1980 Medical Intern: p$partment of Medicine, University of CaitforniaMedical Center- San pi@go, CA 1975 - ! 979 Medical Sch'oo'l: M.D.: Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, N.Y. e~ ; ! - ; 4 % ~ College g,p.: Oberlin College. Oberlin, OH ~~A"S' 7 1ne Al~jort ,,?;~ oupir Memorta4 AwSM in P~.;lmoraN MPO~c , '? ~'" c3nstein College of Medtcfne Honors at g~ation, Oberlin Catlegs S'`nNStl T NT FO NqX Co~~`~ Fa~t~ tAnalys ~er~ Raychem Corporation, Stanford Universe D. ~lzd ~rporatton, SySteirix Corporal Ci ~ pato Alto, California Biotectni0gyr 1e ~ rei Department-Hazardous Materials ?itanfgrd Research tnsititute, Menlo Park f'i Mountainlvtewt FireCtpepartmentaazar'do~Materlals Teams Teams, Ctty of ~c~~ ! 989 1958 CTIVrT S: Medical Adti-tsa: Santa Cl~ a County infectious Waste TasK Force Medical Advisor - Ha ~ art Valley ~posures A"ong Health C8re WOrkprS, Sar1t Med:r~l ~ 'Infection Contra! ~pcomml*.tee ! 987 - presort Memberttecen Sa~CB C1ar~ C4t~inpty 1MedlcaalSocte~~ ~~~e. ~A Cammi l-C08St Counties g~ r' - { 988 t~em~r ~riattyt Consultant crdnel, Centra ^.~gi;,nat Fc~son Center, Sate ?toss, CA ! 987 - ' 1,389 C~"1`~t' S;~~e+r`iCan Lung Association of San Ole a and pertved t?stec'gy, :;rper~a~ c~~ti~ or a ease 2003/~y{( 8~.~i~1~~~789R003100200001-5 58 Technical Pr~~c$~~d For Release~i~~~tFti9P96-007898003100200001-5 ~~1 V I Ti tcont! Hued} ~ Chairman, ~tJbG0~~1 ~'~I ~un~ci A~~8c1'c`ia tOr~Of sin o~ 9 a~ 193 p~ivPCi FnQr'~+. im~ial Counties County Medical Services program, university of 198 - 198b Medical Director, CaltfOtrta. San Dtega MQdtcal Center' 19k33 - i g$fi 1982 - 198G occupattcna( arch Area ommctmtty Health Center', S~ ~ tgo, Physician, 8e OccuPattonal Medicine Cansvitant, Amertcan Lung,essoctatton of San Diego aid imperial Cotuittes We~tesn pccupationai Med!Cine pssactation Anneric~anOCCtpatlonal MCd1ca1 w9ociatton ~nerlran~Coi1+~ oiMPhyslciab etY psnerign Public ilealtK Association, Oecugational Health Section grnefiCdn Lung ASSOCtatton of Jan Otego and 1mAerial Counties. Orcc~ationfai~ ~E~~~-ctnai Heaiit~ Ca~ilfflrnla ~r~~Li ~"r'1VtT1 gnrontc eitects yr ttr~e fighting anxmg Saz Dtey~ ~ic~ 1'982 -Present Acute and fighters. (Princioai investigator) Ci inicai resear~ vn new antiliyaertenstve medications - f1K ?9$3 - 198'5 ZBb to uficesu~c o.uretic3 and tiaPamil ca calcium thorns! bloomer) A doubts blind clinical firrvestigatlcn Faui Jagger, M.p. (Principal tr-vestigator) Partlclpatton to a SCUtIy of the lhtch~3an elation exposes to C!5/78 ~i~pr?antnated bipherr/is ~:~~~~P96-007898003100200001-5 79 Technical Proposal UNCLASSIFIED Approved For Release 2003/04/18 :CIA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 James R. Ambrose B. S. Engineering Physics (Magna cum Laude) University of Maine 1943 Graduate work in physics and mathematics at Georgetown University, University of Maryland and Catholic University 1943-1948 Naval Research Laboratory 1943-1955 Research and development and research management in the fields of radar, semiconductors, nuclear weapons, nuclear reactors, and nuclear radiation effects. Ford Motor Company (and Ford Aerospace and Communications Corp, a subsidiary) 1955-1979 Vice President of Technical Affairs - management of corporate research and engineering encompassing most physica/science and engineering fie/ds, especially missile and weapon systems, communication networks and satellites, electronic components and equipment, and information processing networks and equipment. Also corporate functional management of engineering, manufacturing, purchasing, and quality control. United States Army (Department of Defense/ 1981-1988 Undersecretary of the Army (also Army Acquisition Executive! - General management of the U. S. Army, with emphasis on operational and procurements requirements, acquisition of ma%or weapon and other systems, capital investment programs, budget and financial management, and Congressional relations. Consultant 1988-Present Defense-related matters. Approved For Release~~~'SS~,~P96-007898003100200001-5 80 Technical Proposal UNCLASSIFIED Approved For Release 2003/04/18: CIA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 (EDUCATION BS (Physics) MIT 1953 PhD(Nuclear Physics) Duke 1957 SGFOIA3 SGFOIA3 1.962.-64: Technical staff member of the Institute for Defense p-na:iyses. Concerned with vulnerabilities of strategic command and c:on~trol, effectiveness of warning systems and the evaluation of F~ro?cedures to prevent unauthorized use of nuclear weapons. I9F;4-89: Service with the Defense Intelligence Agency in the f'o;..llowing capacities 1'64-74: Created and directed Nuclear Energy Division. Responsible for the production of nuclear intelligence, worldwide, :i.n suppos:t of DOD and national requirements . DIA member to the Director of Central Intelligence Joint Atomic Energy Intelligence Committee. Represented Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1973 at the negotiations in Moscow leading to the Nuclear Threshold Test Han Treaty . 1971-74: Assumed directorship of the Physical Sciences Division as well. Responsibilities included chemical and biological warfare, directed energy weapons and materials sciences. 1975-88: Promoted to Director of the DOD Scientific and Technical Intelligence Program with overall management authority for the 5 S&T Centers of the military services. As such, provided all-source finished intelligence to OSD, JCS, Military Departments, U&S Commands and other national level entities. During this period, the S&T Program experienced significant growth and importance and became a vital and recognized contributor to Defense systems acquisition, policy and military operations. Represented the DIA on numerous standing and ad hoc interagency committees to include the Defense Science Board, the Intelligence R&D Council, the Armor-Anti-Armor Executive Committee, t;he President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (as req'd), Under Sec'y of Defense for Acquisition special panels and e::- o:fficio member of the DIA Advisory Board. 1'989: Chief Scientist. Served as the senior executive S&T advisor to the Director DIA and as required, to other Intelligence Community and DOD officials on the application of advanced -? . Approved For Release~+Q~a~E$~~96-007898003100200001-5 81 Technical Proposal UNCLASSIFIED Approved For Release 2003/04/18: CIA-RDP96-007898003100200001-5 technology to intelligence operations and programs. J