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November 4, 2016
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April 4, 2000
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May 10, 1995
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PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00791R000100040003-1.pdf591 KB
MAY 10 '95 11~30AM p'~ enclosures A ? Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 SENATE APPROPRIATIONS CDIi~tITTEE CDNGRESSIONALLY DIRECTED ACTION ~~ RE The DCI is requested to construct a retrospective review and technical analysis of the data that has been produced by the program since its inception 20 years a o. This includes an inventory and analysis of theThleles held in the CIA, whidress comilianceewitheCongressiona1edirectlonDlA~C) study should also ad P Res o The data for this retrospective review, technical analysis, and compliance with Congressional direction have been retrieved from current DIA activity files. CIA will conduct its own program review. DIA is not the home of record for results obtained by poD Service organizations regarding this phenomena during the 1970s. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEL) During the period between 1975 and 1979, the following DoD Service elements supported psi research: -- The U.S. Navy program was to evaluate an individual's ability to perceive remote visual stimuli. This effort was to answer the question whether the phenomena exist. Nd additional information is on file regarding the Navy program. -- The U.S. Air Force National Air Intelligence Center, formerly the ?eign Technology Division (FTD), initiated its program by asking whether the nomena existed and whether it could be used to collect inte111gence. The ar~aiysis revealed that further research was required before remote viewing (RV) could become an effective tool. As a result, FTD began to explore areas that would have a direct bearing on improving the application of RV to include the effects of feedback and effectiveness over distance. In addition, FTD focused on the former Soviet Unian and initiated attempts to replicate foreign experiments. No further information is on file about the FTD work in this arena. arch SG1 B __ The chose to SG1 B effort focused on the use of RV to co ec n abandon the study for reasons that are unknown. CLASSIFIED BY MULTIPLE 50URCE5 DECLASSIFY ON OADR REPRODUCTION REQUIRES WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR SOURCES OR METHODS INVOLVED OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PAG '^ HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 1 LYMITED DISSEMINATION Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~31AM P.4 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 -- The U.S. Army's Missile Research and Development Command (MIRADCOM) had Stanford Research Institute (SRI) under contract from Au ust 1977 to 197'8. The work was done under the sponsorship of the Missile Intelligence Agency (MIA). The ob,~ective of the MIA program was to determine whether selected individuals could interact and influence, by mental means only, sensitive electronic equipment. The extension of MIA's effort was related to the general question concerning the existence of the phenomena. Under the division of labor in the Army GRILL FLAME project, MIoRA~mOM 7h~ propjectiwasito for developing a Remote Perturbation experimental p 9 have been conducted in two phases. -- Fram May 1979 to September 1979, SRI assisted MIRADCOM in developing sensitrv~ontractewith SRlippossibly involvpng~human test$sub,~ects,to be anothe -- The MIA portion was to be passed to another MIRADCOM element (the Missile R&D Laboratory). "Jo further information is on file regarding MIRAdCOM's efforts in this arena. (S/NOFORN) The Army Material Systems Analysis Activity (AMSAA) extended the appiicatlons- Its interest was RV oriented research lines begun by other organizations. and it sought immediate applications of the phenomena by targeting SRI viewers on daily field exercises. In September 1978, AMSAA contracted with SRI to do a number withaSRIctolApri1e1980.RVNoafurtherninformatlonAisxannfilethe contract (5/NOFORN/WNINTEL) During this same period of time, the U.S. Army Intelii-gents and Security Command (USAINSCOM) was also asked whether RV could be used to collect intelligence data. As a result, USAINSCOM established an in-house unit to collect intelligence information in response to customer requirements. The USAINSCOM personnel that were assigned to the unit received initial RV training at SRI. In addition, USAINSCOM financed research efforts that were closely linked to its applications and operational mission. End,of-year funds were to have bean inciudeddfor Pro,~ect~GRILLiFLAMEIformFYH1981T program funds were to have (SJNOFORN/WNINTEL) REPRODUCTION REQUIRES WARNING NOTICE~INTELLIG#NCE APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR 50URCES OR METHODS INVOLVED OR NIGHER DaD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION LIMITED DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED 8Y PAG OR HIGHER OoD AUTHORITY ..._--- NOT RELEASABLE TO FQREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 2 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 ~1~32AM P.5 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~~~ the following funding summary for the U.S. Army portion of the program was extracted from Project GRILL FLAME docum?ntation. Fundin Purpose Year Sponsor g (Do1lars in Thousands) CY 1977-18 M1A S$0 Program VI Psychokinesis (PK) CY 1978 AMSAA 5220 Program VI ~ Remote Viewing (RV) CY 1979 MIA 5118 Program VI Psychokinesis CY 1978-80 USAINSCOM 575 Program III Remote Viewing CY 1979-80 MIRADCOM S94 Program VI Psychokinesis CY 1979-80 MIRADCOM 5190 Program VI Unknown CY 1979-80 INSCOM 525 Program III Operations FY 1981 DA Staff/ SI50 Program III Remote Viewing USAINSCOM FY 1981 DARCOM 5700 Program VI Remote Viewing Psychokinesis (S/NOFORN/WNIN7E1) During the period that Do0 Service organizations were involved, DIA also pursued some aspects of psychoenergetics. Its activities were restricted, however, to aspects clearly related to threat assessment and intelligence data collection. DIA contracted research with SRI to train individuals to do RV and supported attempts by experienced remote viewers to Collect inte111gente on former Soviet sites of. operational interest. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEL) The ,joint program between DIA and USAINSCOM began in FY 1981. Although it may appear that DIA and iNSCOM research lines diverge, both organizations were following their respective missions and both expanded the already identified research lines. A chronology is as follows: -- In FY 1981, the DIA program looked at ways to improve the reliability of RV data, assessed foreign research, began work on countermeasures, and REPRODUCTION REQUIRES APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR oR HiGNER DoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION ONLY AS QiRECTED SY PAG OR HIGHER Dap AUTHORITY WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE SOURCES OR METHODS INVOLVED LIMITED DISSEMINATION ~~ NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 3 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 1~ '95 11~33AM Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~~R explored methods to input RV data into a computer for storage and manipulation. .Additionally, efforts were begun to develop a comprehensive training program for RV. USAINSCOM, on the other hand, was looking for ways to improve the quality of data from its in-house capability, researched audio analysis, and means of targeting remote viewers. -- The FY 1982 research was primarily an extension of the tasks begun in the previous year. One new area was initiated, however, involving one of the most difficult problems in RV research,-how to evaluate RV-derived data. Although evaluation of RV data had been investigated for many years, this was the first identification of evaluation as ,a separate and special task. -- All but one of the areas researched during FY 1983 were follow-on efforts to the FY 1982 work. The one new task was an attempt to develop a search methodoloveytherinted111gencetappllcationeoflRV, This was clearly an effort to impr -- The follow-on program covering FY 198 and 1985 filled the gap between the end of the Jaint Service Program and the U.S. Army 5-year program. The lines of research were extensions of work in the past fiscal year and focused on research needed to enhance RV to the point where it could be applied to intelligence problems. Training, evaluation, and search were emphasized. AnNOF4RN~WNINTELjort concentrated on screening and selection of personnel. (S/ I In January 1985, Project GRII.I. FLAME was transferred to DIA and was placed under the staff cognizance of the former Directorate for Scientific and Technical Intelligence. Moreover, a 5-year psychoenergetics program (FY 1986-1990), using Army medical research and development funds authorized by the then U.S. Army Surgeon General, was begun at SRI. The new program emphasized the medical and biological aspects of psychoenergetic phenomena. The stated objectives were to document that psychaenergetic phenomena are real and reproducible, to determine the underlying mechanisms, and to bring psychoenergetics research into the mainstream of human performance research. To accomplish these objectives, SRI began work to identify explanatory neurophysiolagical mechanisms and specify phenomenological properties. In addition, the Army medical program sought to determine physical, physiaiogtcal, and psycholS~~~FORN/WNINTEL) ?f RV and to d?velop optimal application strategies. The FY 1991 Congressional language directed DIA to initiate anew program in anomalous mental phenomena (AMP). Asa result, Project SUNSTREAK, former codeword for this project, was renamed Project STAR GATE and restructured as REPRODUCTION REQUIRES APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR OR HIGHER OoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PAG OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY NOT RELEASABLE TE~GN NATIONALS STAR GATE 4 WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE SOURCES DR METHODS INVOLVED LXMITED DISSEMINATION Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~34AM Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~'I!'R 'MDIS program vice its former SAP categorization. The program objectives ~ccompllshments are as follows: -- Funding of S2 mi111on received and obligated (51.5 m1111on R6~D, 50.5 million 0&M). Sole source R&0 contract (Sl.a mi lion) with the Cognitive Science Laboratory (CSL), Science Applications international Corporation (SAIL) an line by July 1991. -- Objectives included formulating along-range comprehensive plan, developing an integrated foreign data base, publishing foreign ass?ssments, developing proper documentation, and obtaining external assistance. -- Project 5TAR GATE established on 91 January 1991. -- published Foreign Assessments, Long-Range Comprehensive Plan by 30 May 1991. -- Published or documented all other project requirements by June 1991. ,~ Emphasized foreign data base development; initiated select basic research/application research projects. -- Magnetoencephalograph (MEG) brain-wave measurement work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANE). Analysis of results was reported to be inconclusive. -- Planning completed for a new significant research project scheduled .0 March 1992 that may isolate transmission mechanisms. (S~NOFORNlWNINTEL/SG/LIMDIS) 'The FY 1992 Congressional Authorization directed that the following be accomplished: -- DIA realign 10 civilian billets. Realignment completed and Project STAR GATE personnel placed in civilian billets. -- Prepare a 2-year architecture report within 12Q days and provide it to the Committees on Appropriations. The report, ~roiect Architecture, ODT-S-1042-SL, 30 March 1992, was delivered to the Committees. ~- Operational users should be identified in Dob and the Intelligence Community....and that a tasking relationship be developed with the Department of Defense Special Operations Command. The "Project Architecture" report REPRODUCTION REQUIRES APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR OR NIGHER OoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PAG f`' "'iGNER DcD AUTHORITY WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE SOURCES OR METHODS INVOLVED LIMITED DISSEMINATION NOT RELEASABLE TAO FO SIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 1~ "35 11~35AM Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~L~R~ i~ `ified over I2 users to include USSOCOM, USCENTCOM, and Joint Interagency 1 =orces East (formerly JTF-4} and West (formerly JTF-5), and JTF-6. Pt..,,~cts a]so initiated with DIA analytical elements. ~- An even balance between foreign assessments operational activities and research....such that the three areas are related to and enhance each other. The "Project Architecture" report developed approaches that were implemented for achieving this program balance. -- An additional Congressional pins up of 3Z million dedicated for R&D. The contract was with the Cognitive Sciences laboratory (CSL), SAIL. The Focus of the research effort was to develop an integrated 5-year research pi an, provide research support for applications development, and conduct basic research leading to an understanding of the mechanisms far AMP. (S/NOFORN/wNINTEL/SG/LiMDiS) The FY 1993 Congressional direction authorized 30.6 m1111an-for STAR GATE and directed the DIA Director to determine the feasibility of transferring the p~ ;t to the Armed Forces Medical Inte111gence Center (AFMIC), .Fart Detrick, M end. The study was undertaken and a decision was made to retain the pru~ect at Fort Meade. Major accomplishments included: -- Collection strategy revised and new data received, especially for the farmer Soviet Union and Peoples' Republic of China (PRC). Do0 HUMINT collection requirements personnel briefed and sensitized to activity requirements. -- All research initiated by the 32 million funding received in FY 1991 completed. Major findings related to factors important in target/task selection, data enhancement methods, and exploring select application areas. REPRQDUCTION REQUIRES WARNYNG NOTICEwINTELLIGENCE APPRQVAL OF ORIGINATOR SOURCES OR METHODS INYQLVED OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION LIMITED DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PA6 OP "?GNER DoD AUTHORITY L* NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIbNALS STAR GATE 6 SG1 B SG1 B Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~36AM P'9 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 -- R&D funding (5Z million) received in FY 1992 put online. and most of the research/support obdectives initiated. An additional 5131 thousand of iI8-D funding was programmed for the remaind?r of FY 1993. Emphasis placed on psychophysical correlates, potential mechanisms, improved analysis methods, foreign data base development, and expanded foreign assessment support. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEI,/SG/LIMDIS) The FY 1994 Congressional language requested that the Director of DIA prepare a program plan and submit an appropriate budget request for a research effort, over several years, to d?termine whether the STAR GATE program can show results that are cost-effective and that satisfy reasonable performance criteria. The plan and any research under this program was to be subject to peer review by neutral scientific experts. The Director of DIA was also directed to prepare the research and peer review plan within existing program funds. -- Proiect STAR GATE Research and Peer Review ~1 an, PAG-TA-1068-SL, was published i~n June 1994. With the receipt of FY 1995 Congressional language, the plan initiatives were not completed along with other DIA unfunded production requirements. -- SAIC R&D program funds expired in May 1994. SAIC was put on two "no- cost--to-the-government" extensions with final expiration of the contract on 31 December 1994. -- Customer base expanded throwgh visits to USSOCOM, IfSCENTCOM, Joint Interagency Task Force-East, J7F-6, E1 Paso Intelligence Center. (EPIC), and with in-house DlA elements. -- Intelligence requirements in support of the Foreiggn Assessment Program ware briefed to key CONUS-based interagency and DoD collection elements. -- Forty five SRI/SAIC contract-generated R&D pro,~ect reports were approved by DIA for declassification. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEL/SG/LIMDIS) Since FY 1980, the manpower structure devoted to Proiect STAR GATE remained constant (10 billets). During the same period 0&M and R&D dollars fluctuated. REPRODUCTION REQUIRES WARRING NOTICE-INTE4l.IGENCE APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR SOURCES OR METHODS INVQl.VED OR HIGHER DoD gUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION LIMITED DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PAG OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY ~~ NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 7 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~37AM P.10 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 funding summary, extracted from DIA documentation, is as fellows: FY Year Other (0~M/R&D) (~ in thousands) Remarks 1980 450 None 1981 250 None 1982 175 None 193 750 None 1984 1,300 None 1965 -` ArrtUr Surgeon general 1985 1,904 eon General S A 1987 2,340 urg rmy 1988 1,150 Army Surgeon General l 1889 1,000 Army Surgeon Genera 1990 '"' Con ress +u g 1991 2,000 ress +up Con 1992 2,000 g 1993 600 DIA 1994 500 D 1995 650 IA {S/NOFORN/WNINTEL/SG/LIMDIS) The technical analysis presented below is drawn from SAIL supplied data.. SAIL drew three primary conclusions from the overall efforts of the extornal unitive Science Program R&D effort with SRI and SAIC for the period .1973 to sent: -~ The evidence far a va11d information transfer anomaly (anomalouar cognition (AC)) meets all recognized statistical and methodalogical criteria. This means the anomaly +cannot be explained by poor experiments design, incorrect protocols, faulty analyses, ar fraud. The magnitude of this anomaly is considered to be medium-to-large when Compared to other known human behaviors. REPRODUCTION REQUIRES APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED BY PAG ^~ HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY YARNING NQTICE-INTELLIGENCE SOURCES OR METHODS INYOLVED LIMITED DISSEMINATION NOT RELEASABLE T~O~ OR~IGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 8 SG1 B Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~37AM P.11 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ei~ ,IC-supplied data shows that the applied research focus far the period 1973 ,~ present was as follows: -~- Regardlthe ?roblemsiare similar~nyToeimprove(thelquailtysefrtheademic understanding), p results, it is necessary to: - Identify individuals (called ~,,eei, very) who p?ssess skill in AC. Develop training methodologies to improve AC performance. Create protocols that are optimized to elicit AC. - Invent sensitive and efficient analyses of AC data. (S/NOFORN/SG/LIMDIS) These topics and their supporting activity (e.g., data base construction) are included in what is defined as applied research. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEL) A summary of applied basic research results for these four topic areas are as follows: rict statisticaitGriteriarfartexhibitingnarrobustuACtabiljty~ars to meet st ~, While a number of training methodologies have been developed, CSL servedversy theitfoundcthat~theseereceiversndoynotglose.whatever abilityber ~f rece7 e they had at the start. Y- Without completely understanding the mechanisms involved. CSL developed ~ nsuccessfuleinabothadomains~ti(S/NOFORN/SG/LIMDIS)appeared to be consistent y SRI/SAICstandinc ofstehecphysicalfophysioiogical19andtpsychological mechanisms an under g of AC by: -- Identifying its source. That is, what is the "stuff" that is sensed with AC in analogy to photons in vision? REPRODUCTION REQUIRES WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR SOURCES OR METHODS INVOLVED OR HIGHER OoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DIS5EMINAtiON LIMITED DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTED GY PAG ~R HIGHER DaQ AUTHORITY ~F~ NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 9 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 10 '95 11~88AM P'~~ Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~r -- Understanding the energy-transfer mechanism. That is, how does information prapa~gate from point A to point 8? ~~ ~~ -- Locating the sensory apparatus within the body. That is, what are the biological transduclrnervoushsystem?he(S/NOFORN/SG/LIMDIS)ose transducers processed by the contra These items are defined as basic re*~;arch,~ The research by CSL has been bas~ad on a transmitter-receiver model as an underlying assumption. (S/NOFORN/WNINTEL/gGJLIMDIS) SAIC's summary of the results of basic research for these thran topics includes: -- During the CYs 1992-1994, CSL may have dlscovere~arsetoobeCe of an AC signal. CSL found that the strength of the AC signal app proportional to the tatjnfarmatianftheory, thisristtechnically calledbtheat the target site. From total change of entropy. If this result can be confirmed by ongoing research, target selection could be considerably enhanced. For example, we will know what target types will yield information from this brand of "sensor." In this could provide a method of selecting potential viewers. If the addition, information of a particsli~ thegqualityiof datatfrom various viewersewpthsib e to correlate difference inherent talent. -- CSL identified a number of speculative theoretical approaches that could provide a tranentroion mpetailed modelsvareed9fficultsatnthis sta;tiding the total change of PY because AC, while statistically robust and behaviorally large, is "unre sable" in comparison to other physical systems. However, they developed one heuristic model, pgri in AuQmentattnn Theor.Y,, that organizes a 20~-y?ar data base for a specific class of experiments. -- Although CSL has not yet been successful at identifying physiological cent ex erimental data from the former Soviet Union and similar mechanisms, re P experiments conducted in this country suggest that the peripheral nervous system may be susceptiblentoeVMPde~Celfarcthe existenceeandtthenverificationdof it could provide supports g effeCFORNuWNINTEI./SG/LIMDIS)-called "PHOENIX" Project. (s/NO / REPRODUCTION REQUIRES MARNIHB NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE, APPROVAL OF ORIGINATOR SQURCES OR MEiIiODS INYOLYEO OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY FURTHER DlSgpdINATION LIMITED DISSEMINATION dNLY AS DIRECTED 6Y PAG OR HIGHER DoD AUTHORITY NOT RELEASABLSTAR 6ATEIGN NATIONALS 10 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 MAY 1~ '95 11~39AM P.13 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1 ~B~!!~f ^~'n~,~,: The DCI's declassification committee should r?view the history and ire of this program to determine what parts of it may b? declassified and .. converted into an open-world activity. (U) RE In March 1994, and prior to the receipt of Congresslonai language to review program documents for declassification, the pIA's Technology Assessment and Support Activity in concert with the SAIC's CSL initiated a review of SRI-originated R&D reports covering the period 1973 through 1989. As a result of that review, 45 SRI-originated pro,~ect documents were reviewed and all references regarding Do0 involvement were excised and the documents declassified. DIA's General Counsel and Public Affairs Offica concurred with the declassification action in September 1994. This DIA initlative should establish the precedent for the DCI's declassification committee to continue this effort once the program is officially transferred to CIA. (S/NOFORN) REPRODUCTION REQUIRES WARNING NOTICE-INTELLIGENCE APPROVAL QF ORIGINATOR SOURCES OR METHODS INVOLVED OR HIGHER DoD AUTHgRITY FURTHER DISSEMINATION LIMITED DISSEMINATION ONLY AS DIRECTEA BY PAG ^" HIGHER OaD AUTHORITY NOT RELEASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS STAR GATE 11 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 :CIA-RDP96-007918000100040003-1