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SG1A Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 -007928000300300001-1 PUBLICATION TITLE: ZIRAN ZAZHI [Nature Journal] SUBJECT TITLE: PROCESSES IN SENSING FIGURES ON CRUMPLED AND ROLLED-UP PAPER USING SPECIAL INDUCTIVE FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY AUTHORS: Shao Shaoyuan, et al. Young children who possess special inductive functions of the human body can recognize writing and figures on crumpled and rolled-up paper with- out using their eyes, but by using their ears and other parts of their bodies. This recognition mechanism is more complex and more difficult to understand than the mechanism of recognizing writing and figures on flat paper. When studying the process of sensing figures using special inductive functions of the human body, we discovered runy indications that helped us to understand the mechanisms of recognizing patterns on crumpled paper. For example, when using folded paper for testing, sonic- testees demonstrated that they sensed figures that were at first spread out flat, and then after a while they were again folded; in February of 1980, when Xiaofeng was working with the charac- ter "* it written on a crumpled piece of paper, she first sensed a curved and crooked stroked but then the crooked strokes slowly straightened out into the character " 7k ." In order to investigate the mechanism of sensing patterns on crumpled paper, we examined separately patterns for crumpled paper by eight young children with different special inductive functions. All to- gether 62 tests were carried out on the process of subjectively sensing fig- ures when the paper was rolled up. Test Results of Crumpled Paper We cut up several sheets of approximately 4 cm2 into different shapes and wrote characters or figures on the'pieces. Then we crumpled the paper without using any special method into small balls with diameters of about 4 mm. During the tests, we randomly selected a piece of crumpled paper and placed it on the external auditory canal of a testee and asked the testee, to tell us or draw out the process of subjectively sensing the characters or figures on the paper in their auditory canal. After the crumpled paper was placed in the external auditory canal, its position was not changed. The hands of the testees did not come into contact with the crumpled paper. The tests were carried out separately and each testee independently gave an account of the process of sensing the figures. Below we present the accounts of several of the testees: Xiaoli (female, 11 years old). After the crumpled paper was placed in her external auditory canal for several minutes, she sensed the figure on the crumpled piece of paper in her brain and spread it out. After several minutes, this spread-out figure rolled up into a ball again and several minutes later this closed ball of paper appeared in her brain and repeatedly opened out. Afterwards, it closed uptagain. During each test, Xiaoli could open up and close the paper with the figures several times in her brain. At first it opened only partially but afterwards it gradually expanded, and then finally the figure on the entire piece of paper opened up. At the same time, each -1- Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 time the figure on the paper opened up and appeared, Xiaoli could recognize part of the contents written on the crumpled paper; at first the strokes of these characters and figures were crooked, but after the paper was opened up the strokes gradually straightened out. When the paper was completely spread out, Xiaoli was able to recognize the different shapes on the paper. After the figures on the paper opened out and closed for the last time, they did not open up again after a short period of time. Xiaopu (female, 11 years old). Her sensing process of figures on paper was similar to that of Xiaoli. Her special characteristic was that the crumpled paper opened up and closed many times. Several seconds after the paper opened up it closed, and several seconds after it closed, the paper opened up again. With this alternation of opening and closing, the time of each opening of the figure gradually lengthened. When it lengthened to more than ten seconds or several tens of seconds, the figures on the paper were completely spread out and she could recognize the characters and figures on the paper. After the final opening up of the crumpled paper, clear figures could be maintained in her brain for several minutes without closing up or disappearing. Xiaohong (female, 13 years old). After the crumpled paper was placed in her external auditory canal, at first there appeared figures on the crum- pled piece of paper, and afterwards the figures on the "loosened ball" of paper gradually opened up. Yet, as soon as the paper opened out, the figures on the paper disappeared and afterwards only independent characters and figures appeared. Xiaofeng (female, 12 years old). The special characteristic of her sens- ing of figures was that there was no appearance of figures on the paper. There was only the appearance of character forms of "crooked to flattened out," such as 11% -. 4%, . When characters were written on colored paper, the color of the paper could appear but not the shape.of the paper. We can see from the test results of the four above-mentioned testees that the process of sensing crumpled paper is always a process in which the figures in space open up into plane figures. This type of opening-up process can be accomplished completely in one attempt, and it can also occur gradually after many repeated attempts. We also observed similar situations among other tested children. Table 1 gives some cases of the sensing of figures on.crum- pled paper. Test Results of Rolled-up Samples We used a rectangular piece of paper 1 cm wide and 6 cm long with two ends cut into different shapes. We used a color pen to write characters or symbols on the paper, rolled up the paper into a ball with a diameter of 4 mm, and then used cotton thread to bind it into a test sample. The aim of using the rolled-up sample for testing was to examine whether or not the opening process when sensing rolled-up paper was similar to that of mechanically open- ing a piece of rolled-up paper. Table 2 gives the results of several tests. From the descriptions of Xiaoli and Xiaopu, when sensing characters and figures on rolled-up paper, there still occurred the process. of repeated opening Approved For, Release 2003/09/09 : t"1A-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 .LN 725-83 0 U a 14 41 0 to m a U 0 H P. 00 aqi m a r I r r '-I a r-4 $4 0 'a d) 0 V4) tn '40) b 1 q ~ P I 1 1 1 .~7 m P m a a 0 to rl ro N W a a C r-l ro >+ m a a m ~, a 1 l 1 I l= a a a a ~ r 0. Q) 0 p y Q ~ r ? 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'U 1 al $ a) I p l ^` 'Lf 1 r1 w I a 1-4 1 rl 1 a) 1 b n I .I 1 v o 1 I 1 I I 1 I 1 1 I 60 00 a) b a 1 i i s i a i 44 w i x 01 0 1 0 l 0 s 10 1 0 I 10 I N l 0 I all H u cli H cci I H I cd 1 1 cd I art ca I H I rl 1 H >C 1~ >4 15C 1~ 1~ rt I`q IM 1~ I I 1 -4- Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 and closing of the rolled-up pa er. When the rolled-up paper was still not completely opened, sometimes appeared and sometimes appeared. Moreover, the figures on the rolled-up paper could rotate in the brain. The sequence of the appearance of the characters and figures on the rolled-up paper sometimes first appeared near the inside end of the pattern and some- times appeared near the outside end of the pattern. Sometimes they also ap- peared in the middle of the rolled-up paper. This shows that the opening process of figures on rolled-up paper is not related to the outside end in a rolled-up paper sample, and it is also different from mechanically flatten- ing out rolled-up paper with the hands. After tests on recognizing crumpled and rolled-up paper samples, we further noted that the use of special inductive functions to. sense samples was completely different from using the eyes to see things. One eye perceived the projection of an object in space on a certain surface but could not dis- criminate the projections of overlapping figures. Special inductive func- tions can be used to sense three-dimensional objects in space and can also carry out more complex processing. Based on the opening processes described by the testees, they are similar to the repetitive grouping of figures in space by a computer. The differences between the several testees in their sensing of figures are possibly related to the'strengths of their special inductive functions. Xiaofeng and Xiaohong participated in many special in- ductive function tests and generally their functions were relatively strong, so that after the sample was opened once it could be clearly and completely recognized. When Xiaoli and Xiaopu participated in special inductive func- tion tests which were conducted relatively late in the day, their functions were at an intermediate level and only after processing the samples many times could they cause the figures of the sample to advance from partially to completely open. Sometimes, Xiaoli was unable to recognize completely and clearly the test contents. After the figure of the sample closed up it did not open again, so that it was best to halt the process. This shows that the level and sustained time of opening for the sample are related possibly to the level of the special inductive function. Based on the results of us- ing multifolded samples, as well as crumpled and rolled-up paper, to examine the sensing process of pictures by special inductive functions in the human body, this type of sensing process is not the mechanical copying of samples; but it is rather a more complex process, whereby an existing weak signal is drawn from an interference background,1 selection for recognition is based on the number of the layer,? and the figures in space open up to become plane figures. Today, scientific techniques such as hologram photography, fault photography, CT, recombination of figures in space, etc., have already been realized, and an examination of the principles of these scientific techniques can perhaps help us to understand the mechanisms of special inductive func- tions '-z the human body. Moreover, special inductive functions in the human b%dy have possibly more profound significance than these modern scientific and technological achievements. 1 Wang Chu, et al. Ziran Zazhi [Nature Journal], Vol. 3 (1980), 2 Luo Liner, et al. Ziran Zazhi, Vol. 4 (1981), p. 291. Approved For Release 2003/09/09 :1 I7 -RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 p&awe^' F4*44e lease 2003109109: CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 SUBJECT TITLE: PATTERN RECOGNITION OF THE HUMAN BODY WITHOUT USING THE EYES AUTHOR: Ye Ziquan (Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences). Since the publication of the "Observation Report of 'Non-Visual Pattern Recognition"' in the Nature Journal [Ziran Zazhi], there have been many find- ings and reports published in our country. Our observation findings also confirm that some people possess the ability to recognize patterns without using their eyes. The facts prove that certain peplcafluseamanyoparts of their body to discriminate colors, characters, pictures, their objects, and even pictures on crumpled pieces of paper aluminum using ing foil, eyes. Moreover, they can penetrate through paper, plastic, without copper foil, and various other obstructions. Because the process. of sigh _ t- less pattern recognition is relatively slow and because images appear forehead, the testee can write or orally relate the process and results of their own perepithe ? fofesightlessupatternarecognition~the human body itself to observe process This article treats the sightless pattern recognition capability of the human body, including the recognition of colors and shapes of pictures, the recognition sequence, the function of position fixing and turning during recognition, the function of orientation, the function of measuring the angle, as functions, makindug the assemblin rasts, as conformity tact and cont recognition. Methods We used various colored characters, symbols, and pictures written on white paper as the test samples. Some were studied and recognized by the testees, while others were images which the testees. had never come in contact with. 1. The test sample which was fixed in direction, as well as open and flat, was stuck to the center of the palm of the testee. The testee was not permitted to move the position of the picture in his palm, and the left and right palms independently carried out sightless recognition. 2. The test sample was open and aflat folded, directly on the palm in a random direction 3. Certain protective screens were arranged for the test sample: we used black paper wrapping; it was placed in a cardboard box with wall thickness of 1 mm and dimensions of 52 x 34 x 15 mm2; it was placed in a black resin ink box with wall thickness of 2 mm, a diameter of 60 mm, and a height of 20 mm; it was placed in an aluminum box with wall thickess of 0.2 mm, a diameter of 68 mm, and a height of 90 mm; the test sample was rolled up and placed in a glass test tube with wall thickness of 1 mm, a 10 mm, and a height of 100 mm; the test sample was placed in the above-men- tioned container in a random direction and the testee held the container in his hands for sightless recognition. Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-R P96-00792R000300300001-1 Each sensation reported by the testee during the ieognition process was recorded by a tester or spoken out and written dQW,by the testee. Testees: A (11 years old, female), B (10 years old, male), C (7 years old, female), D (5 years old, male). Results and Discussions 1. Observations of the Recognition Sequence When the sightless pattern recognition functions occurred, the testee said he sensed a light screen moving on his forehead and sensed one screen after another of the figure disclosed. One screen after another appeared separately in a certain sequence,and finally he sefd"'the appearance of the entire figure. The results are shown in Table 1. It is very possible that the sequential sens n sightless pattern recognition by the human body truly reflects the rel a speed processes of the human brain in dividing and discriminating patte information. The dif- ferences between the methods of testees A and B are pobsibly related to their sexual distinctions, individual characters, ages, educational levels, and, other factors. to inference type. was However, testee B took even greyer dei].gnt In pull- ing together the strokes'in the same direction. For, ex ple, " a " was "l( if was It + ;JR X_ +7 +...._+ 4 tr tr 43 tr was it w + I + + (# ," and ~ s tI +V +* ." Moreover, the more strokes in a certain direction, the earlier the sensing occurs. We call the method of testee A the partial to imitation type and the method of t is called the partial We can seeafrom the observations that the process of sightless pattern recognition of the human'body is a process with a certain sequence. It can divide the characters and figures into certain types of figure units, such as it rt " n n n ? it " tt rr tt "3tr etc. fo~R; recognition. However, it is not " n " carried out in sequence according to the. strokes of Chinese charac tern. Various shapes of screens are used foi test samples which are flat and open, folded and rolled. After a testee recognizes the system and obtains the test sample information, he first differentiates the total contour, color, etc. of the test sample and then separately processes the separate parts of " tr d tr n it the characters. For example, is + Q + , Ty *)N is 3 if; ~Iyl and 6en" M& 11 is A + CL L is *, A 'for simple characters, the character ",7` " is divided into the recognition pro- cess of " A + r.}-k." The processes of the two accounts by testees A and B were the same for the recognition of the character " * ." It is of interest that testee A seemed to enjoy searching from the protruding part of the out- side towards the center and setting up logical connections. For example, .. ~.e L . on n it ^ I of As regards the sensing of sequential recognition` the testees stated that when one "screen" image flashed by and they stile not clearly "see" it, they could use their thoughts to pull back the "sc'reen" and "look" at it again. That is to say, it is controlled by one's piousness. The se- quential image sensing of the figure unit is the reulY f the analysis of Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : 4A-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 Table 1. Observations of the sequence of sightless pattern recognition in the human body Test sample Blue 3 1 Blue Q, -y- + -OX t or } I% -t B B Glass tube Cardboard box------ Ink box Blue t 4. _..-r1} ------- ------------ Blue' -* Black ---------------------------- Red A } - -} - Black A } ---------------------------- - }_}A, -* Blue---- --} ------------ Blue L. ---------------------------- Black)' ,0-}Q-} _ Blue ?p- , Y_* -------------- Blue ` -j' --------------------------- Black4 ------------ ------------ J~ In a quilt 9 Blue 1 with light _2ut out---- ------- ----- ------ --- Aluminum ---box ------ Ink box Imitation leather--- Cardboard box 42 Blue 1 1 Blue , 4- 11 -}Ef 4' Main account (MA) Results of MA Red I I - .tee. -* z + ... ->- OP T Black 4 I Black ---- -* I -* _ . --------- I---- l ----- J . Blue 6 Blue 1 ----- - ----- ------- Gray 1 Red Gray 1 --------- ----- ----- K Blue 3 Bluel --- 1 ------------------ -- -- Blue --3--- Black 1 ----------------- Blue Rolled 1 Blue Blue 2 I Blue t -9--'- --------------------------------- Blue One strip of "three characters" with sep- arations in between Of them. Note: Where there are blanks for the screen items, the test sample was placed directly into the palm and the direction of the test sample's position was random. Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA8RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 the picture by the human brain, and it is also a reflecttp, Mp=--U kJL V4...v v,.... ..r ---- -__.-_/ ___ - - cf the final results is the data and results of people's hig di rimination. feet were facing the wrists, and the face was looking towatd the~Ce? For figures with axial symmetry or which are non -$ we aimed them directionally in the direction of the testee's middle, tiger, ,'e sur- face of the figure faced the center of the palm, and the t right hand palms or clenched fists separately carried out sightless ..Testee A was tested with 18 figures, 9 in each of her hands; testee B was tested with 6 figures, 3 in each of his hands, and he carried out eying tests. The testees said that when they "saw" the figurew screen on their foreheads, they used the middle finger as the top Fist as the bottom. It was the same as "seeing" the figure right in front of the forehead. When the hands were lowered or level, or when the peg . Cats standing, sitting, and lying down, there was no influence "on a ng direction of the figure. It was as if the eyes were for. palms of the hands, the head was pointed toward the tip of the er, the See Fig. 1 for the results. eyes. . then it will be. impossible to realize pattern recognition withoi It can be assumed that if direction finding usin the eyes directional ability is a necessary condition of pattern D* nition functions of the human body have directional abilit' The results of the' observations show that the sight between "induction" and "feeling," the direction of the tips o ft middle fingers of the left and right hands is the same as the disc the top of the head of the body's axis. However, when the left and r h ~~ands have inversion symmetry, the position of each spot on the hands sn inver- sion symmetry relationship in the brain. This causes the f ore $cognized separately by the left and right hands of the testee toe recog- m hive of the skin and figure are fixed, and the skin and brain t in corres onding relationships. That is, as regards the re i.onehip p fitted in it is induced by the skin, then the relative posit" r;on0 111 One ossibility is that if a path which has figure ini' rates- How does sightless pattern recognition discriminate di.rec: not yet attended school, whereas testee B had already beets Otte gag $ o0 for three years., We can explain from testee B's recognition pro s," which tion sequence related by testee B was 11 + ... -~ h 1 acter was placed in a random direction in the hand o testee D. his account was However, as can be seen from Table 1, when t O .Character "90 " was placed in a random direction in the hand of testee B, tl ,e reco$ni- ~~ ~~ ee n had ihis type of directional rule is possibly innate in hp t~ , ,Moreover, each part of the human body possibly has correspondences? direc- tional axis and central axis. It was observed that when ample char- Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : C9-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 ppA roved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 Samp R - (Ollie okMi la n~ Iv,m Ivies Ivaw 1` ! ~1, r-4 ~~ ( ia~n. icd \ ' Ira ~n ui ~! rn m Ito 0 a~ d d t o Ira fl 9 Para I o i I ~ t 1 ~ ~ 1 1 ~ I~~ ''r j a- ~ !~ rn f R d~ ri j~s u /'o I`nN 1cn~ I l ar a `I) ~/ '~. lay a I s I p as 1 cn e i. I r.0 (A lcnm W B r' ~ U Q ~?r I N P. 1 a~ a / ~( y cn u, I cn m --- The figure is - in the thumb dir ection in the center of the palm --'The figure is -- i the thumb dir- ection in the center of the palm Fig. I. Observation results of the directional functions of sightless pattern recognition of the human body. was capable of changing " B " into " 4* " that: (1) when the information was being processed in the brain, testee B had the ability to rotate the figure information around the vertical axis of the center axis; (2) this type of rotational ability is possibly related to the educational level of the testee. It was observed that in the recognition process of the character " 7Z it by testee B: " F -} ".b - ." This is possibly the function of still having the figure information rotate around its vertical axis on the center axis when processing the information in the brain. For figures randomly placed in the hands, ears, and other parts of the body, as well as for figures placed in certain kinds of containers, the sight- less pattern recognition capability of the human body can still accurately find and discriminate the. direction. During the recognition process, the position of the sample sometimes changed, but the direction of the sample could still be found accurately. As regards samples that were folded, Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CI11~DP96-00792R000300300001-1 information, find the direction, and rotate it. This ability of sightless pattern recognition by the human 3. Orientation, Angle Measurement, Assembling, Functions In the process of pattern recognition without usi the character information is divided into figure units recognition sequence to obtain sense perception of the figure units assembled together to form a complete charae cording to the testee, the character is divided into three parts By adding the three strokes of the direction-finding fu it - to and to to and they had already used their directs.. - ;f-_ positional relationship between them can be arranged in 0 types of arranarrangement methods, then the positional relay - 144 F and 01 ; and to 1 to uses the , , ... all.tQget. r' 9' three parts are fixed on a coordinate plane and we use t,.rir n "~thod F .. . w . rh i.,oee nh~r~rtor " C '' then 11 1 to uses three p tionsi to c esign is entirely fixed in direction, each of the divided unik Y mined that it was the character "..." This is to say a t actuall first assembled it into the character "I " an direction. However, it is also necessary to fix accuta eliminate the various random positions in order to be'. accurately. From an analysis of the teat results, after the pi_t and each of its units are fixed in direction on the point or a figure unit is fixed on the center axis d is also fixed. Then, each unit of the picture is dete axis. In the recognition processes of ". " + " " + "C) "t rr + teal" or it al to ~. rr it we can >.. , d and from "O{"" -+ " s to that on the transverse axis the center axis there is relative movement between e information. The movement of each part of the figure is called "assembly." The correctness of assembly is related to the siz VW= by each part of the figure and the determined relative.: in the processing of information for each unit of the f checked so as to be able to fix accurately the posit iot' seg~b le the figure. For example, testes B fixed the pos. ~ "q '. and divided it into "S to + It It " + " S ." At this formation appeared in a plane, rotated 90? (or 270?) ar and finally the testee discriminated the character In sightless pattern recognition by the human bpi ing a certain angle of inclination with the center axis the length scale, also have measuring angle position fixtn Table 2 for the observation results. e in t iot pt nai ca e ~ d center .. and _ e.. for tly c aracter isaembled t 1 ure in- ca~l: axis, t~ fay- from un .~ See Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : C1A-RDP96-00792R000300300001,=1 braved Fur-Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 LN 725-83 Table 2. Observations of the measuring angle position fixing functions of the sightless pattern recognition by the human body estee A i B A T T led e$t~ X- ~ '# ~7 A 3C tRo], ars Screep I4~ ~! e Q r Ma4 account (MA) Results A A A A S I A b l 4 1 1 4 l d l j 4 1 1 -" ) Jl ~c ~c ~c ak * I Key: 1.- aluminum box; 2 - ink box; 3 - cardboard box; 4 - black paper; 5 - paper tub. We can see from Table 2 that the figure units are not parallel nor per- pendicular to the center axis and transverse axis, and their sensed images rv n rr rr n " ?#, ,r ~ ~ often appear continuously or simultaneously. r? " " " ~r..+-r',... -r /~ -~ ," etc., show that there are measuring angle position fixing functions- in the information processing of sightless pattern information. However, if the position fixing function of the ratio of the measuring angle fixed position to length do not match well, then the error of "A" assembled into " *, " can occur. It can be considered that measur- ing angle position fixing has a process of independent analytical processing. As regards the recognition of circular and arched patterns, the testees said that the circular shaped images were sensed in their entireties, and the circles were always sensed before the arcs. In the recognition of circles, the phenomenon whereby there was division into separate sections of arcs which were later connected tog't n her did not occur. The observations are given in Fig. 1. For the pattern n, testee A said that "there are two circles and the one in the middle. is black and indistinct." This shows that there is an independent process for the processing of circles and arcs in the sight- less pattern recognition by the human body. This area of work still requires further observations. We can see from Table 1 that for more complex charac- ters, such as " 5 it if 7, ," ilia.. 'It "a," r' ~ rr rr A ' , rr etc., the method of processing by dividing the characters into parts was used. More- .over, we can see that following the development of recognition functions, the figure units divided for recognition can change from simple to relatively complex. After the process of dividing the characters into parts, they then use uniform proportions, fixed positions, measuring angle, etc., between each divided part to form a complex character pattern. 4. Practice, Making Contact, and Contrastive Functions We discovered in the observation process that following an increase in the number of tests on the testees, the testees said that the sightless recog- nition of characters was "one character at a time jumping on a light screen." -12- Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1 r v L cAatua~+.LC, ...r.. ........ .. - r._ _ .. -- i - !i X [stud hard] " to 1kr -k*i [exercise t e:9 y]', y 1 4 1j F61. ( [ardently love one's country]," " protect ersevere] _ " " 'yid J~:L~' J 4 " " ~~ .i- 1 ~ / ' / ' a r p [hard work-doe s not shoulder strong-willed people], etc, w that the sightless pattern recognition function by the human body o `into con- tact with data processing channels after being used many times. This is a self-organizing function, and it causes the recognition capabilities to in- crease from the recognition of simple figure units to the.reeognitioinof complex figure units. We call it the "making-contact fun,' On ';- The testees must always check their own sightless recognition results and samples. The testees always appear very happy when there are eQrteCt sightless recognition results. This is also a process of gamin actice, so that after study and training, the speed and ability of testae to process figure information can be raised. The "making-contact function" in the sight- less pattern recognition by the human body is the basis of the ability to gain practice through training. The strength of the ability to study reflects the strength of the "making-contact ability" and study can strengthen the "making-contact function." The testees could copy out the characters on the &8,e W!,they did not know, for example, etc, Moreover,'-hey co:.d compare 10 and even guess and determine them from what they had already studLed: for example, they distinguished " to by saying it had one less dot "'t" thatt to* 11 [Tr. Note: last page of original text missing.] Translated by: SGFOIA3 .UNCLASSIFIED Approved For Release 2003/09/09 : 6!A-RDP96-00792R000300300001-1