Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
November 4, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 27, 1998
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4.pdf1.08 MB
Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 IMPROVING COMMUNICATION AND COL.LIIBOr:ATION BPIhELN rUROPE 1N PARAPSYCHOLOGISTS: THE EL'RO-PA Deborah L. Delanoy Psychology Departri7ent University of Edinburgh Abstract European parapsychologists face a set of inter-related problems which militate against the existence of an effective communication and collaboration network between researchers. Primary among these problems are language differences, the physical i sol at- ion of many reesearchers, the dwindling number of established research centers and a lack of funding. In an attempt to combat score of these difficulties, European parapsychological researchers have started to hold an annual conference, the Euro-PA. The history and goals of the Euro-PA are discussed, and its effectiveness in overcoming some of the problems facing European parapsychologists is considered. A questionnaire was circulated to European parapsychologists collecting their opinions on a variety of questions relevant to communication and collaboration issues. The responses to this questionnaire are presented. J'3 ' C.'e,y,4' 4s s0 047 Acknowledgements: My thanks to John Beloff, Watt for their helpful carrrre-nts on an earlier draffttroof thisspaper.Caroline Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Good carununication and collaboration among researchers are of importance in any field of study. In a relatively small field paramount such as parapsychology, .where researchers are often working in relative isolation from their colleagues, the importance of collaboration network is greatly increased. a good communication and with other disciplines, publishes a variety Pof journals in chas am-on professional of ournals and an annual body, he Parapsychology Association (PA), which sponsors convention, g many other activities, which helps to provide such a network. But, are these conventional means in providing the necessary communication/collaboration network? successful Researchers in parapsychol inter-related problems, none Unique ltolthe in Europe confront a set of be seen as militatin European situation, which may nst the success of communication and collaboration strategies. Pr the imary ese probl eins are language differences, the physical isolation of many researchers from each other and from established research centers, of established research centers ~ and, last the dwindling number xa least, a lack of funding. It is not the intention of this paper p r means various problems in detail. Instead, these examine these defeat the . the reasons why these factors can conventional communication/collaboration means will be highlighted. The efforts bein combat these difficulties will begdiscuussed, European parapsychologists to the opinions of European PA members and data collected examining collaboration issues will be presented a variety of cararrunication and The problems raised by the language differences found between researchers living in different countries has l? Gently been admirably addressed by Carlos Alvarado (1989) in his article "The Parapsychology". In this article Alvarado describes the various problems which arise from language differences, the most i reseachers, Particularly mportant being that are unaware of i those for whom English is their first language, ar-unawa e of mpoortanteao k which has been and/or is being conducted by detrimental consequences: Alvarado notes, such ignorance has "Clearly, a researcher should be aware of any his or her field of speciality, Publication in but also for practical reasons, such as havvingknowledgee oofage, successful or failed replications, avoiding the repetition of mistakes or problems found in previous work, and obtaining ideas for further work." (Alvarado, 1989, p. 129) These problems are compounded by the numerous languages s relatively small geographic area of Europe. While many Europe Poken Europe the especially non-native English speakers, f in languages, there are few who havemasteredaallctheolanguagestwhichewould be necessary to have a comprehensive knowledge of all parapsychologically-relevant work published in the Europe. Anothr problem created by language differences concerns more dire ct communication between European Parapsychologists. Since most Europeans know sane English, Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 this tends to be the language used when one is trying to reach a broad European audience. Hence, the European Journal of Parapsychology (EJP) is published in English, as are a few other parapsychologically-oriented European journals and bulletins (e.g., the Sychronicity Research Unit Bulletin, the Journal of the Society for Psychical Research and Theoretical Parapsychology). But, many Europeans, even those who are multi-lingual, do not have a truly fluent coimand of English. This can make direct communication between individual researchers very difficult, as one may lack the necessary vocabulary with which to express one's ideas and/or comprehend those of others. These difficulties can defeat attempts at cc mlunication and make any form of collaboration exceedingly difficult. Another problem which hinders communication and collaboration among researchers involves the geographic isolation of researchers from each other and from centers of research. The lone researcher often lacks the facilities, technical knowledge, and equipment necessary to conduct research which would be considered competent by current, justifiably demanding, standards. And, as shall be discussed, research centers which could supply these are an increasingly rare carnodity in Europe, as elsewhere. Also the psychological effects of being isolated from one's colleagues can be very demoralizing. One needs colleagues who understand the complexities of our field, with whom one can explore new ideas, etc. Communicating with distant colleagues, even when no language barrier is present, can still be a difficult undertaking. While modern technology has provided us with some excellent corinunication aids, many individual researchers do not have access to a fax machine ur computerized electronic mail, and the telephone can be prohibitively expensive. The postal services can provide an affordable alternative, but it is nonetheless a very time-consuming and frustrating means of exchanging information, as it entails long delays between each communication. The lack of reseach centers in Europe is another major obstacle to communication and collaboration between European researchers. With the recent demise of the Parapsychology Laboratory at Utrecht University in the Netherlands, the only remaining parapsychological research center, headed and staffed by full-time personnel who are PA members/associates, which has the facilities and equipment necessary to carry out a wide variety of research is the Koestler Chair of Parapsychology, located at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. Unfortunately Scotland, whilst a very favorable location in many respects, is not centrally located with respect to continental Europe. And regretably, the Koestler Chair does not currently have the resources necessary to sponsor research in other countries nor to have guest researchers cane and work at Edinburgh. This lack of reseach centers also results in employment opportunities within the field of parapsychology in Europe being virtually non-existent. There are several other research groups in Europe. These groups generally lack the resources associated with a fully functioning research laboratory, and are most ccnmonly 'staffed' by dedicated part-time researchers, who must look to other full-time occupations to support themselves and their families. Given the limited resources of these groups, they tend, quite sensibly, to concentrate upon fairly specific Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R0004001 lines of research. This can sometimes have the result of f isolating other researchers/research groups, urger relative proximity to the research group, who although living in interests and/or perspectives. Nonetheless, despite the many Obstacles which confront such groups, they continue to play a very many onle in European research. important role e The lack of funding is undoubtably the greatest problem facing European parapsychology, a problem shared by the field in general. This problem underlies all the others mentioned thus far, and is the main contributor to the difficulty of solving them. We lack the funds to hire translators which could help resolve the problems raised by differing languages. many European researchers are multi-lin etl' And fluent in a language(s) does not necessarily involve having (relatively) required to accurately translate carefully worded technical Furthermore, most multi-lingual researchers are unable to su nopport themselves via parapsychology (due to lack of funding), other occupations for their livelihood, Thus, even v)' and that must do turn h have the ability usually do not have the time to act as translators, either for their own work, or that of others. The lack of funding also means that most individual researchers and research groups lack the resources necessary to conduct many types of work and are unable to caranunicate with others as readily as is desirable. Indeed, most European researchers find it impossible even to attend conferences which are not `located in their vicinity. The lack of research laboratories in Europe is a direct consequence of the lack of funding, which subsequently leads to the virtual complete lack of employment opportunity within eraps chol in Europe. Furthermore, lest we become myopic, it must be r y o9y in Europe generally, there has or~exribered that p all tar been a marked reduction in funding for aaderic and research reduction, whilst affecctinnggsallffields, fWill beiespeciiaally felts in areas such as parapsychology which, at the best of times, has never enjoyed more than a subsistence level of funding. One means of responding to these problems would be to hold meetings in rope specifically for European parapsychologists which would provide the opportunity for greater communication and collaboration between researchers. This idea was put forth by Martin Johnson, creating a European branch of the PA who proposed , in , and in (Johnson (1978) raised the issue again in 1978 he 1976), ed the formation of a European regional branch of the Paraps holes the Association (ERPA) (Johnson, 1979). One objective of this group was to arrange regional colloquia for PA members/associates, active in research, where they could exchange ideas and receive constructive criticism of proposed research projects. The other primary objective was 'to stimulate and guide students and persons interested in carrying out some piece of research but living in areas which are less integrated in the main stream of parapsychological research' (Johnson, 1979, who was elected to the working-committee, ' the EA ? According anf to Imes at other conferences (PA conventions and conferences), butanever theld a meeting independently of another organization. Apparently, rather inforn-al meetings ceased in the early 1980's (Beloff,1990). these 66 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 The idea of having a specific meeting for European parapsychologists was revived in the late 1980's. Again, it was thought that a conference for European PA members and researchers would help address sane of the communication/collaboration problems discussed above. The necessity for a European parapsychology conference, in addition to the annual PA convention, stemmed from many European parapsychologists being unable to afford either the time or the money to travel to the PA conferences when they are held outside of Europe, as is usually the case. Thus, it was decided to hold a three day conference for European PA members and associates who were actively pursuing parapsychological research. This conference was brought about by the combined efforts of Jeff Jacobs and Hans Michels of the Synchroncity Research Unit (SRU), Dick Bierman of Amsterdam, and Robert Morris from the Edinburgh research unit. The first meeting of European members/associates of the Parapsychology Association (Euro-PA) was held during October 1988, in Holland. The format for the first conference was that each participant was required to make a brief presentation lasting no longer than fifteen minutes, which would be followed by a lengthy discussion period of approximately 30 minutes. With the format being aimed at encouraging open discussion, attendance was to be limited to 25 participants, and in fact, only 23 attended. Given the funding situation in Europe, conference costs were kept to a minimum. Holland was chosen as a venue as it occupies a relatively central European location, thus being readily, and relatively inexpensively, accessible to many Europeans. There were no registration fees, and a very pleasant yet inexpensive venue was found for the conference. Costs were further reduced by having participants make their own bed, assist with serving food and clearing tables, and performing our own her catering. These measures resulted in an eminently affordable conference, a necessary and much appreciated feature. A wide variety of primarily theoretical and methodological topics were discussed the first two days of the conference, and the half-clay session of the third day was devoted to a roundtable discussion about inter-laboratory research (for further details of the conference see Blackmore, 1989). The primary outcome of this first conference was that ccmnunication between researchers was greatly improved. The lengthy discussions which followed each presentation, and continued during the breaks, over meals, and at the bar into the not-so-wee hours of the morning, resulted in all of us having a much better knowledge and understanding of each other, our ideas and perspectives, and our individual problems in pursuing parapsychological research. In short, it was a great success and it was unanimously decided to hold a second conference. Further, it is thought that most participants would agree they left the conference with renewed enthusiasm and increased impetus to continue pursuing their parapsychological work, despite the many difficulties this entailed. Before holding the second Euro-PA conference the Edinburgh research unit circulated a questionnaire to all European members and associates of the PA, eliciting their opinions on a variety of issues concerning the Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-007 organization of the Euro-PA and other topics relevant to parapsychological research. Of 58 questionnaires distributed Europe returned. 28 ire Those who returned questionnaires tended to be most actively ein conducting parapsychological answers engaged research. The answars questionnaire were to be adopted as policy in those cases where a clear majority opinion had been expressed, and in other these issues would be discussed and decisions made at a business cases, meeti which was held at the end of the next Euro-PA conference (which occurred in November 1989). It t should annual No Fero-PA mee perhaps be mentioned, that at the second g there was no restriction on the number of people attending the conference, excepting that one had to be a member of the PA. The main points raised by aor which are relevant to the issues of ccrrmunication and collaboration related to the main goals of the Euro-PA and its administration/coordination (see Appendix 1 for a copy of the questionnaire and a summary of the responses received). The questions regarding importance. administration and coordination were of primary A key uestion regarded whether European parapsychologists should establish a' formal organization. A related whether to organize by country. Given the many difffeerentonco ntoriess represented by the Euro-PA members and the different, sometimes divergent, research interests contained in each country, have a committee established in each country, thwas e it best rs and associates of that country, elected by the PA members country, or would it be prerableo to have t aC central tlorgaanni ational committee? The responses to the ab(Dv e APproxirrately 65 per cent of fie- bons ?: re clear cut. committee whose the responses favored having one central wished ee who cane beersh owoulded b to annually, and only one respondent opinion was against establishing aCformal.or anization, tthe he mprimary reason reason for this appearing to be the lack of resources to Support primary organization. Other questions were asked regarding whether there should be an annual conference. Twenty-five (89 an annual conference. per cent) of the respondents favored having anoat Other decisions regarding the conference were: the paper, long discussion format would be retained; the conference would be open to all PA members, associates, affiliates and a limited number of invited guests; each conference would focus on a wide variety of issues as ofesentasues would prefed to one specific topic; conference do refereed, the location of the conferences should vary throughout be should be kept as loweas possible for priority was that conference costs Other questions posed regarded fund-raisin research, and publications, g, public relations, inter-lab With cent) of the respondents were in rfavoorr of fung~ andnd- (36 ng projects, but only one was willing administration of such g to help with the organization and adminiatran projects. It was ultimately decided that g activites wore outside the scope of an informal organization with an annually rotating ccmdttee. However, it was stated at the 68 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 business meeting following the second Euro-PA conference, that members would make an effort to keep one another informed of possible funding sources, and that this would continue to be a topic of discussion. Indeed, an informative presentation on how to pursue funding for research projects had already been presented at the conference (Parker, 1989) (for further information on the second Euro-PA conference, see Watt, 1990). The issue of public relations is ccmplex given the many differences which exist among the European countries lay populations. While there is a generally high level of lay interest in parapsychology in Europe, this is especially marked in some countries, with The Netherlands possessing arguably the greatest degree of such lay interest. Other countries are confronted by a most vociferous sceptical community, West Germany being a notable example. Much of the discussion regarding public relations had focused on the interest accorded our field by the lay population. To address and support this population, several members were in favor of supporting a popular journal where formally conducted research, including that published in our professional journals, would be re-written in a manner accessible to laymen. Here again, language difficulties intervened. It was feared that an English language journal would not address the needs of many non-English speaking laymen, and producing such a journal in several languages was obviously beyond the means of the Euro-PA members. In the end, it was decided that the pursuing of both public relations and publication activities per se were beyond the scope of the Euro-PA members. However, with regard to professional publications, at the bun_": eSS r e ny notion to support the European Journal of Parapsychology by publishing research in that journal was strongly carried. Twenty-one (75 per cent) of the respondents thought that inter-laboratory research projects should be a priority of the Euro-PA, with eleven indicating interest in participating in such projects. Supporting this idea is difficult due to many reasons previously discussed (e.g., lack of labs, distance between researchers, lack of funds, etc.). Nonetheless, means of making inter-lab (or inter-researcher, as the case may be) research more of a reality continues to be a topic for active discussion, and as shall be shortly discussed, some strides are occurring in that direction. One final comment about the Euro-PA concerns language. The question of language was not raised in the questionnaire, as prior to holding the first conference, it was decided that English would be spoken at the conference, and indeed, all communications about the conference, and the Euro-PA in general, have been in English. The reason for this is simply that it is the language of which the greatest number of Euro-PA members have at least score knowledge. Yet., some of our members, even those who are multi-lingual, find conmlunication in English very difficult. And as previously mentioned, not only is it difficult for same to express themselves in English, also it can be difficult for others to u language. nderstand them, especially those for wham English is not their first difficulties have dissuaded Vere rbeen a esearchers from instances attending where the lEuro-PA Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 conferences. Furthermore, it has periods, that sane conference been evident during the discussion pe iods, problematic, conference participants find communicating their ideas ish and therefore are less active in the discussions. The possibility of hiring translators was raised obvious financial reasons. Thus, for lack of ' and re Meted fe, a English has been adopted as the language of the Euro better alternative, offers a less than ideal solution to the language although it problem, Also, language problems may be a contributing factor to an observed north/south divide which has occurred at the two.Euro-PA conferences held thus ffar. Most conference participants thus ar, most nofe are from northern European no one living in Spain orGItal Britain, West Germany and Holland, while at a notnded the gonfreae ors y (southern, Mediterranean countries) has than languages differences fortthis acre are many possible reasons other approaches/interests, standards and the more northernlyrorlenteddlocation (in The Netherlands) of the two attempt to address a few of these previous Euro-pp, s. Partially as an at td t Faddre possibilities, the 1990 Euro-PA will be ' a country which occupies a central location having boundaries with both 'northern and southern' reason for the lack of southern participation isrlooccati , as es, If the count language, it is hoped that the 1990 conference will attract oatttoendees from the southern countries. However, if language is an important factor in the north/south divide, simply shifting the location of the conference is likely to have little effect. The primary problem facing European researchers has a lack of funding. The r,~;rf~_PA has _ been identified as aO c o puning and hnot been able to find a direct answer organza pr im is nd,in as discussed above, given its (lack of) orzation, po been able to accomplish thus farlis to host?veryelowscost the Eur confeerrences, which makes the conferences more accessible to its members. Yet there are still potential Euro-pA participants who, mainland, find travel expenses a prohibitivetfactor. On the e PA occasion has provided travel grants for a limited number of overseas attendees who would have otherwise been unable to attend the this year the PA has dedicated $2000.00 for this purpose. inonventiTh, Indeed, his excellent. idea, and it will be suggested at the business meeting of the third Furo-PA (to be held in France in October 1990), scheme which would be funded by ~ tall hat we adopt nference participants a minimal fee on top of that requirednto meet conference expenses. However, there are several indirect ways in which the Euro-PA may have a #x)sitive effect upon the European funding situation. One ns involves the Euro-CA's decision to invite researchers from otherufieldsato our conferences. Parapsychology is an interdisciplinary field, and through increased interaction with those from o may arise joint research projects which examine issuesaooffdconcrn to both parapsychology and other fields. Such projects may have better funding opportunities than do projects concerned solely with issues. Another possible way the Euro-PA could serve toindirectlylaid Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 the funding situation, is via the increased carmunication with one another that has resulted from the conferences. Most European countries (those who are members of the European Economic Community or EEC) are currently combining econcmic forces, and in 1992 many economic boundaries which have previously separated these European countries will cease to exist. One outcane of this is that research proposals which involve researchers and institutions in different EEC countries are currently being encouraged by the various governmental bodies who normally finance scientific research, via the offering of preferential consideration to such joint research proposals. The increased carmunication among researchers stemming from the Euro-PA conferences may encourage the formation of such joint research projects. Also, while this is purely speculation, we may also shortly be finding similar funding encouragement (from the EEC or specific governments) to conduct joint research projects with those countries which were previously behind the 'iron curtain'. Again, the Euro-PA offers an excellent means of bringing such researchers together. Language also remains a problem for which no immediate solution is apparent. To this observer, it appears that most of the younger members of the Euro-PA are increasingly fluent in spoken English. Yet an increasing level of fluency in English does not necessarily address many of the problems that Alvarado (1989) noted, as writing and translating in English can remain a very difficult and time-consuming task. It should also be noted that the recent crumbling of the 'iron curtain' could increase the ,;ulnler of ',''_fferent languages encountered within European parapsychology (and all the problems inherent therein), although at the moment this is purely a manner of speculation. In his article Alvarado (1989) suggests four strategies which could minimize the problems raised by language differences, namely: 1) publishing in English the summaries, bibliographies and reviews of works originally published in other languages; 2) English-language journals actively seeking and encouraging publication of the research of foreign-language speakers; 3) developing an active translation policy into English of works previously published in foreign languages; and, 4) efforts on the part of the PA to encourage greater foreign participation. These suggestions were aimed at the 'conventional' communication and collaboration network, and they are all excellent strategies, the implementation of which would benefit all. However, as Alvarado notes 'possible solutions such as conferences and translations may prove to be expensive and, consequently, beyond the means of groups and individuals' (pg. 134). As has previously been discussed, they would certainly be beyond the means of the European parapsychology community. There is one problem area which, in the opinion of the author, the Euro-PA has successfully addressed. It has decreased the isolation of individual researchers and of research groups from each other and, by this means, greatly increased communication and collaboration between individual researchers and also between the various research groups. As has been previously stated, as a consequence of the conferences we know one another better on a personal level, and have a much better Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 understanding of each other's ideas and research able to exchange research ideas and learn of s l~rselop ent. We are members, who have thus far always e de s, by xpressed a will pelliningnes ness tos sloo shtshare idma eas, software developments, etc. Also, it should be noted that this increase in communication has not been restricted to those who attend conferences. Via the questionnaire, all Euro-pA m tto voice an opinion of what they wanted to see develop in European parapsychology. Indeed, over a third of the returned questionnaires (36 per cent) were received from people who have not attended a Euro-pA conference, as of yet. Also, all Euro-PA members developments via mailings, are kept abreast of deveerencn or return gs, regardless of whether they attend the lint nce n questionnaires. And, as reflected by our mailing umber of Euro-PA members has increased by over twelve per cent since the first Euro-pA conference. With recent developments Europe, we hope we will see further increases in the near future. Eastern attempt to further aid carm1unication, a directory is being compiled In ay the Edinburgh research unit which will be sent to all Euro-PA members. Nbile similar to the PA directory, it includes some information, such as whether includes additional rnfarch and/or corresponding members are interested in conducting with one another, and whether they have rher grand of e r but outwith se ed about which they wouldlbe willingttoooffer help and advvice. It is hoped that by having a separate directory, It European parapsychologists, members will be further encouragged to interact one another. with with Thus, while many of the problems facing European parapsychologists remain unaddressed, the formation of too F"rn-p': 11-~i , cc(m unication and collaboration between researchers. Therei,iststillpmuch room for improvement, and it is hoped greater interaction and that future years will produce reacts. to act least tree the development of inter-lab research p to improve some of the circumstances usEuropean with an opyohouoity and it places us in a better position to take ad antagep ofhoo er opportunities which may develop. Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 References Alvarado, Carlos A. (1989) The language barrier in parapsychology. Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 53, No. 2., pp. 125-139 Beloff, John (1990) personal co munication Blackmore, Susan (1989) 1988 Euro-PA Conference. Para2syshology Revie Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 5-7 Johnson, Martin (1976) Some reflections after the P.A. Convention. European Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 1-5 Johnson, Martin (1978) Are we ready for the establishment of a European branch of the Parapsychological Association. European Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 203-205 Johnson, Martin (1979) The European regional branch of the Parapsychological Association (ERPA) is now established. European Journal of Parapsychology, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 1-2 Parker, Adrian (1989) Applying for Research I1undinr i,rn Parapsychology. Paper presented to the Second Annual Ebro-PA Conference:, Vught, The Netherlands, Nov. 10-12 Watt, Caroline (1990) Ebro-PA 1989. Parapsychology Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 10-11 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Appendix 1 The Euro-PA Questionnaire: (the numbers given refer toTheQuestions and a Summary of the Res e number of respondents answer ngnses specific uestion? q 58 questionnaires were sent out and 28 were returned) EURO-PA QUESTIONNAIRE Country: When completing this questionnaire, please feel free to write on the back of the sheets, or include other sheets been provided for your answers. , if you need more space than has 1. What should the main Euro-pA goals be? Please tick as many the following as appropriate: of 25 An annual conference 7 I would be willing to help with the organization and administration of the conference 10 Fund-raising 1 I would be willing to help with the organization and administration of fund-raising projects 18 Public relations/publications 1" would be willing to help with Public 15 I would be willing to help with publications ons 21 Inter-lab research projects 11 I would be interested in participating in inter-lab research projects Other (please specify): 4 genera generally supporting Parapsych.or interdisciplinar 1 generall 1 scientific(recogr~itp,ioneof ' y search 3 contact with each other European parapsychology 2. What type of administration or coordination would be needed to achieve these goals? a. Do you think there should be just one central Euro-PA ccnmittee, or different committees for s connu ttee, public relations committee pecific , If areas (senleecify which coutnittees you think should be etc)? If so, please specfy 17 one central committee established. 7 few smaller' committees 1 minimum possible committees adrr org wel whJ T ICE col col pal re: an at pr gu A Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 b. Do you have any other suggestions as to rrx3aris of or:gari i z. ind I-11(- administration and coordination of the Euro-P1\? flow formal an organization do you think we need? Should it be organized by country as well? 1 formal organisation similar to PA 3 formal European branch of PA 5 against a formal organisation 7 semi-formal organisation 12 against organising by country I for, organising by country 1 affiliation with other scientific bodies c. flow should we attempt to ensure rotation of responsihi 1.i t ic-s whilst continuity? Should we have an election at each annual meeting? 16 in favour of annual election 2 infrequent election 2 postal vote 6 voluntary duties 1 decide Euro-PA aims first 3. Would you normally be interested in attending an annual FULO-I'A conference? (please circle) Yes 23 No 2 if yes: a. Please specify what the presentation. foznoL should he for the conference (e.g. , short papers with long discussion pericxls, fornail. papers with shorter discussion periods, etc.). Should presentations Ix- refereed? 18 short papers, long discussion 3 long papers, short discussion 4 flexible format 10 in favour of refereed papers 5 against refereed papers b. Please express your views on whether the number of attendees for any given conference should be limited, whether non-PA mend.ers should attend, whether any restrictions should be applied to who makes presentations and/or enters into any discussion periods, and any guidelines which should be used in deciding the alxwve. Attendance? 6 PA members only 14 PA members plus guests/invited speakers 4 anyone can attend Present? no restrictions PA present, guests attend firm chairmanship Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96- c. Would you like each conference to be centered around a slecif.ic problem area of Parapsychology? If so, pleases cif different areas which you would like add.tessed by such a conference. , Y 13 were against 4 partly/occasionally 2 specific topic linked to a general theme 1 healing d? Should the conference be held in the same (centrally locate country ) ntry each year, or should its location var countri d es? Please list, in order of your y between different refer, you would like the conference to be held. Also cs in What countries which are located at such a distance frcxn you that you _cify ay would be to attend the conference if it were to be held there. 15 varying locations 7 central locations 3 Holland, 1 England, 1 France, 1 Italy choose location for special reasontaly e. Should low cost be a priority in deciding the conference venue or would you prefer nx,re expensive conference venues, facilities, etc. in favour 2 low to medium cost 76 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 f. Please list in what nci-ths of the year it would be rrxast convenient for you to attend the conference, and when it would be least convenient: Opiniondvery varied, but generally May to October most favu, November to April least favoured, with May and October the two most popular months. 4. If you think that fund-raising should be a priority of the Piro-P11, please provide further infornk-ition as to any fund-raising strategies and/or projects which you think may be successful. Polic 5 against fund-raising as a priority y 2 Euro-PA support individual fund-raising activ- ities, by letters of support or coordinating efforts to minimise interference 1 against use of professional fund raisers 1 ask successful fund-raisers Projects? 1 raffle of videos, RNGs, etc. 1 seek practical spin-offs in applied psychology 1 seek EEC support 2 ask international companies for support 1 use ESP/PK for small-scale gambling 1 What other catcttents do you for supporting EJP or technical journal similar combine EJP and JSPR resources Euro-PA supports but doesn't technical journal reorient present journals field of abnormal psychology too many technical journals I lave? 1 EJP too d r y English should be the official Euro-PA conference language .Euro-PA should seek to affiliate with other scient_it'_ic and professional bodies membership of Euro-PA should be through contribution to development of parapsych. and election by council, ns PA Euro-PA members should lower barriers by writing articles f Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4 5. Please provide further information regarding what:., if any, puiiic relations activities you think the Euro-PA should pursue. Also, it has been suggested that the general public nwy appreciate having a ' jout-ttal ' available which presented high quality research in a lxgA11,11 , non-teclutical manner. Do you support this idea, and if so, would you he willing to contribute popular versions of any technical articles you may publish in other professional journals? As such a journal would need to be published in different languages according to country, would you Ixr willing to help with the translation, editorial, and/or admin.islt:at.ive work involved in producing such a journal in your country? by Ettro-1'A 2 Popular Journal? 8 11 7 in favour against volunteer to help write or produce 1 help translate popular books 1 produce six-monthly newsletter 6. Presently, the European Journal of Parapsychology (F.iE') is the primary technically-oriented research journal published in Europe which is aimed at an exclusively professional parapsychological audience. (We now have the Journal of 'I1ieoretical Parapsychology as well.) 'I'Ite future of this journal is currently uncertain. Do you feel that the Euro-PA should be involved in supporting the continuance of EJP, or sane outer similar. professionally-oriented journal? Would you ho w:il l inn to contril.ntte to such a publication as an author, editor, translator, and/or i adm nistrator? Support EJP/ Technical Journal? or other professions research would suffer if time devoted t.o popular too few parapsychologists to allow Euro-PA to be Public relations, fund-raising, publications iour-rI"1.1 active in Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100009-4