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rage lies mnd 938 3 in tgle gut. ttio in re- ies se- .13 'ey uc in )e- ?01 )A of 'Y? ae a- `ie :n- ?n- n- .ic ?x- ?-d Appr Wfla lW tt4ffP RDP9&0@ ~9 0 1959 (bum), 1 111, 64-78. 2 refs.-The aim of the present essay is to examine more closely than has hitherto been possible certain curious aspects of the table-tipping and planchette seances which were conducted" at night in Borley Rectory. The seance statements are given and the authors try to verify them. Their findings demonstrate "how seance messages regarding matters known to sitters can be influenced by sugges- tion...It is of great interest that the answers they obtained con- firmed their beliefs in every particular, despite the fact that the stories had no foundation in truth."-DT 75. Amadou, Robert. The situation of para- psychological activity in France. (In French) International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Sum), 1 (1), 79-88.-A con- cise account, with bibliographic citations, of recent para- psychological activity in France. References are made to societies, periodicals, and books. The book section comprises translations, proceedings of international congresses, and original works in French. Particular paragraphs are devoted to literature on important questions, such as unorthodox healing, Catholicism and parapsychology, etc. - DA 76. Kline, Milton V. Soviet and Western trends in hyp- nosis research. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Sum), 1 (1), 89-105. 5 refs.-Surveys trends in Russian hypnosis research as reflected in a series of six papers published in the transactions of the IF. Pavlov Institute of Physiology in 1956. Also discusses current Western research, with emphasis l Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 phenomenon. He deals with hypnotic alterations of con- - Provides a history of the Virgin of sciousness and age regression.- RAW. quivalent of Lourdes. Discusses the 77. Nash, Carroll B. The unorthodox science of para- the shrine and their symbolic psychology. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Aut), 112), 5-23. 37 refs. - General overview of the scientific ap- proach to studying parapsychology through classifying spon- taneous psi experiences and tests of ESP, including precogni- tion. Emphasizes experimental evidence for ESP and responds to specific criticisms. Reviews the characteristics of psi as revealed by experiments. Discusses the implications of psi for religion. philosophy, and medicine and the nnssih!e sr,i,;,,.euon, ~, Psi. Lir ens the signincance of parapsy~r,~.~~j establishment of the nonphysical nature of mind to Darwin's theory of evolution and Freud's discovery of the unconscious. - R.A.W. 78. Lansing, Gerrit. Psychic elements of poetic creativity. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Aut), 1 (2), 24-38. 14 refs.-Parapsychologists can profit from the study of the process of poetic creation, more than any other form of literary creation. This is because the poet while compos- ing is often drawn out of him -- or herself in a state of poetic trance. There is a connection, moreover, between writing poetry and casting magic spells. The poet has no choice-but to cultivate the unconscious and poets have been pioneers in ex- ploring "the peculiar relationship between the conscious ego and the unconscious levels of the psyche." The level of emotion that is touched in poetic creation is also associated with spon- taneous psi and prophecy. Some instances are cited of the possi- ble transmission by ESP of images, symbols, and in one case, an entire poem, between poets working separately. Less impor- tantly, the study of poetry may also benefit parapsychology by providing documentation of the historical occurrence of types of psi henomena.-R.A.W. 39-50. 9-re- fs. - Magic is practically nonexistent on Samoa, as are spontaneous psi experiences, despite widespread belief in magical principles. Administered standard ESP and PK tests to Samoan subjects with only chance results in spite of their great interest and enthusiasm in the experiments. The single outstan- ding psychic or pseudo-psychic phenomenon common in Samoa is ma'i aitu or "spirit sickness," which apparently involves possession. Compares the culture and environment of Samoa with that of the Australian aborigines and New Zealand Maoris, who provide evidence of both spontaneous and experimental psi. Concludes that among native peoples, magic arises only where it is a cultural or environmental necessity, that is, where there is a considerable uncertainty in daily activities, in the struggle to survive, and in relation to other people. Magic is tion to the the propheti ing truth channels."- 71. Hu Guadalupe. meaning.- R.A. 72. Omez, been produced by n ings the natural caus main, without exclu Even Pope Benedict when he established bility to explain the subject, as it seeks to will screen out false licity which these had ciates the work of scie falsely marvelous.- 70. Progoff, Ira. The role of parapsychology in modern thinking. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Sum), 1 (1), 5.18. 16 refs.-Discusses why "a holistic depth psychology contains the means not only with which para- psychology can grow as a science but with which it can play an exceedingly creative role on modern thinking." Depth psychology teaches "that the knowledge which the deep psyche derives from its contact with the cosmos is transmitted in sym- bolic form." In dealing with th tatements of mediums and sen- sitives we must discipline o Ives not to take the messages literally. "On the other hand does not mean at all that the material coming through t cep psyche in the form of spiritualistic readings is 'not but psychological' in the sense of being derived from perso material, conflicts, complexes, etc. ate the opposite-v often such material is derived here the psyche reaches out one investigates the processes and xperiences and represents his rela- r can use this information to fulfill are moving u caning of 55 have b rench.) International journal of um), 1 (1), 32-46-To the Catholic cause. In view of this, the Church hes of parapsychology, which are possibility of a miracle, which is tilized the findings of science eived in the press and public. It appre- ts who make it possible to define more separate what is truly from what is r. The statistical controversy in International Journal of Para- psychology, 1959 (Suff 1 (1),, 47-63. 12 refs.-Discusses the criticisms of probability theory as applied to parapsychological experiments as set forth by G. Spencer Brown. Examines some traditional ESP experiments to see if target peculiarities may have accounted for some of the results. The implications for repeatability in parapsychology experiments are discussed. - R.A. W . 74. Hall, Trevor H. and Hall, Kathryn E. An Appraisal 8 Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R000400100010-2 Approved For Release 2000/08/11.: resorted to in an attempt to influence the environment of the course of events only where there is considerable doubt as to the outcome. Changes underway in Samoan society are describ- ed which may eventually be psi-conducive.-R.A.W. ~mm" 80. Ehrenwald, Jan. "Non-Euclidian" models of per- sonality. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Aut), 1 (2), 51-68. 17 refs.-Several attempts have been made to provide a theoretical framework capable of accomodating psi phenomena but few have taken into consideration the main source of the epistemological difficulties involved in the con- troversial observations on human personality. Ehrenwald focuses on various hypothetical models of personality structure and on the corresponding world-views or modes of experience which, it is assumed, are isomorphic with or attuned to these variegated world-views or experimental modes. He constructs various psychological models of personality without claiming anything like empirical reality or even probability of their ex- istence, thus calling them "non-Euclidian" models of personali- ty. View A considers personality as a closed system. B conceives of personality as nonexistent as in the Zen doctrine of "no-mind." C sees personality as a supra-individual, collective organism. With C, psi would be viewed as an intro-psychic com- munication. Theorizes about temporal anomalies such as precognition and retrocognition as well as spatial anomalies such as telepathy. Psi need not be simply a vestigial remnant of the past but could be a viable function pointing toward the future.-R.A.W. 81. Osmond, Humphry. A call for imaginative theory. International Journal of Parapsychology, 1959 (Aut), 1 (2), 69-83. 12 refs.-Thoughts on parapsychology stimulated by reading the Ciba Qkndation Symposiums Extrasensory Percep- otion that the scientific e tend to forget that the f parapsychologists -superstition we where they exist i community life. ogy-ESP, PK, etc. trol, practices of s natural state." Hei because important spadework had already been done in study- ing superstitious practices there. In what follows, individual points are illustrated by numerous detailed case-histories. II. "Healers." a. Les Rebouteux (Bonesetters). Many bonesetters achieve remarkable results in using rational experimental methods. But these successes are of no special significance to parapsychology. b. Les persigneux (Faith-healers who use prayer and the sign of the cross(. These are by far the most numerous and the most interesting group of "healers" in the area in ques- tion. Three of the best-known Persigneux, described in some detail, are shown to have traits in common. In general, they treat all kinds of human and animal sicknesses, without any clear distinction between those that are "natural" and those in- duced by sorcery or witchcraft. c. Urban-type faith-healers. These have of late penetrated the countryside and look askance at the "primitive" techniques of the traditional rural healers. dwork, t of always too thoughtful of the si may be more akin to artistic ost conducive to creative effort If sensitives prove difficult for ith, parapsychologists should Perhaps the time has come for piricism and, like the physicists, rt L. A review of ESP tests car- International journal of Para- miscellaneous studies which at- the research reported in the first ortcomings, and discusses promis- T. Telepathy experiments in run and a CR of 47. "Evidently the Welsh boys have introduced us to a whole new psychic world, if their results are free of fraud, and much of this review must be concerned with this possibility." Describes sessions in which the boys were caught cheating as well as some of the opportunities for fraud that had been set forth since the experiments were conducted, such as the use ofupersonic whistle. Calls for renewed testing in which these ssibilities are4uled out.-R.A.W. arapsychological studies and ernational journal of Para- 24-36.14 refs- Reviews academic ciences." Phenomena mentioned are owsing, reincarnation, premature periments. - R.A.W. Houston. Religious aspects of and shows high defensiveness. On the , namely that such phenomena as eutral, objective attitude toward 84. Ch literature poltergeists, st burial, and ESP maintain an opposi telepathy, clairvoya the researcher to to establish the fa commitment of t Spiritualistic religi kept in mind as India. (Win), 2 ref or ata, method depends large science starts with we would have new knowledge, Are we asking the right questi to wrestle with theory, every seems doomed to repeat, in Overpreoccupation with fraud gifted people they investiga inspiration than to radio trq should discover the condition parapsychologists to work unleash their imaginations. 82. Van de Castle, Ro, ried out in the classroo psychology, 1959 (Aut), 1 of ESP in the classroom, perimental programs: the of Anderson and White, 83. Birge, Raymo Wales. InternationalJo Z 11), b-Zi.-analysis of too nor expenuieuw -LL1 L- J.,."- boys reported by S.G. Soal and H.T. Bowden in The Mind Many of them use magnetism and radio-electric detection. They Readers (Doubleday, 1960).Summarizes many of the sessions in claim top be able to cure most diseases except cancer and tuber- which 701 runs ~grRie~V~Ct brR 1 0/08t 1'Is 1r1 ~KUl"~0~ VU/ ~ b?U U-2 ipounded. These considerations must be e pursue and evaluate. parapsycological obert. Superstition in the Sancerrois. tional Journal of Parapsychology,- 1960 cture. Although the number of cases of in urban areas is quite high-higher than lcontrast,to phenomena of,parapsychol-: Which are subject to observation and con- erstition are difficult to observe "in their , this study, and the one on Southern Italy