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Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400180002-3 aesthetic criteria, subjects consistently selected certain instances and avoided other ones; whereas one would expect each Instance of a particular element to be chosen about an equal number of times - specifically 106/16, or 6.625 times- there were Instances which had been chosen just once or twice, and others chosen 15 or even 20 times!. By comparison to the conflicts induced by the scanning task, the timing task was effortless and entertaining. Given that all subjects went through both conditions, it is possible that the significant timing-task result simply. reflects a preferential effect: this condition may have fared better because subjects perceived it as less frustrating. Alter- natively, Insofar as subjects had little control over their selections during the timing-task, and just had to press the button when they felt the time was "right", they were less prone to counter-productive psychological sets (e.g., trying too hard) and more apt to adopt a passive, "goal-oriented" approach. The study's results may be seen as analogous to those of RNG-PK studies suggesting the superiority of goal- oriented over process-oriented strategies (Morris, Nanko and Phillips, 1979; Levi, 1979), or of hidden RNG-PK tasks over explicit ones (Berger, 1988; PRL,1984; Varvoglis, 1989). It should be noted, though, that the specific distribution of scores in the timing task does not lend Itself to any simple interpretations . It is not clear why hitting should manifest at a level at which it is least rewarding, and at which psI-Information Is least useful. Similarly, it is not clear why the trend toward missing (most apparent in the overall results) should manifest at the pair-level, at which psi-information was quite precise, and a hit, presumably, quite rewarding. CONCLUSION It Is obvious that this study's results, though significant, are not 'particularly encouraging for psychic criminology applications. The overall patterning of experimental scores seems to have been due to a combination of hitting and missing, with the most conspicuous hitting occurring at too low an informational level to be especially useful. On the other hand, It should be stressed that the task was as removed from real psychic criminology as could be involving repeated trials, "normal" subjects, and fictional faces, rather than a single trial by a "psychic" attempting to describe a dangerous criminal. Also, Insofar as the procedures encouraged subjects to focus upon facial-features rather than upon the face as a whole, our tasks may have been simply too elementaristlc to fairly assess the utility of faces as psi targets. Be that as It may, we are looking to shift our approach with Visages. Leaving aside psychic criminology, for now, we are Preparing to recast the program as a PK-orie U&?pr8v88rF'V1 Wel8YJre 2 d/?811 IAeRp p 0 ~ 2-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400180002-3 wou r block subjects" receptivity y Nextslt 1nfor than askang pre them effective PK n and participants to fight going toetel igthemdto go for ncIets, and response biases, we're (try to) have it their way... . REFERENCES Agor, W.H. (1984). intuitive iskilmsnaPren-t ice 1Hal gPrelss: NYft and right brain management M.A. (in press). Applications et apprent is,o g 3. en , paraps arapychologie. Revue Francalse de Psychotronique, Berger, R. (1988). Psi eff5cts1without real-time feedback. Journal of Parapsychology, Ellis, H. (1975). Recognizing faces. British Journal of Psychology, 66, 409-426. J. & Davies, G. (1975). An Investigation Ellis, H., Sheperd, of the use of the Ps?ologyte66n129e37 ~r recalling faces. British Journal of Ych K., Targ, R., & White, A. (1985). An applications rrery J rientation to psi research. 954~ ?W~ppe 1 and 9 1.20)1fvScarecrow o Research in Parapsychology Press: Metuchen, NJ. Hibbard, W.S. & Worring, R.W. (1982). Pray cric criminologi- An operations manual for using psychics gations. Springfield, Ill: Charles C. Thomas Levi, A. (1979). The influences ooff imagery and8feedback on PK effects. Journal of Parapsyc and Phillips, B. (1979). Intentional Morris B., Nanko, M. observer influence on measurements emmage yfstrateglesUmIneWhGnRo11 system: a comparison of 1978 (pp.146-150). Scarecrow (Ed) Research in Parapsychology Press: Metuchen, NJ psi. ve, J. (1986). Psionics: the practical application of In p psi. In B.Shapin and Pa apsychologY Foundation: Yorksi (Eds.) Current research (pp.130 136 ? Csis, K. (1984). The application ESP and c criminal investigations, locating missing persons ngs24f 7a 4 Symposium on Anomalous the Proceed(ing airplane disasters. Applications of APsychophysical Research Laboratories Research Laboratories. Report. Princeton, NJ: PsY P Saxe, S. & Wagner, C. (1979). An Reiser, M., Ludwig, L., t~ the Investigation of Appro~r9gilEe -lea a 0YO 1f# G9AY~56-00792R000400180002-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400180002-3 maJor crimes. Journal of P0l Ice clence and AdmInisrr. tion, 7, 18-25. Sergent, J. (1984). An Investigation into component and configural processes underlying face perception. British Journal of Psychology, 75, 221-242. Varvoglis, M. (1989). A "psychic contest" using a computer- RNG task In a non- laboratory sett In R.Berger (Eds) Research in Parapsychology 1988 'Henkel and Scarecrow Press: Metuchen, NJ. pp.10-15). 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