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November 4, 2016
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April 5, 2000
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December 1, 1980
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PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00792R000400240002-6.pdf632.03 KB
The Journal of Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R000400240002-6 Parapsychology Volume 44 Number 4 December 1980 TRANSCONTINENTAL REMOTE VIEWING By MARILYN SGHLI "z AND ELMAR GRUBER ABSTRACT: Two experimenters carried out a long-distance remote-viewing experiment, with one of them, in Detroit, Michigan, acting as percipient and the other, in Rome, Italy, as the agent. From a pool of 40 geographical target locations in Rome, 10 were randomly chosen without replacement, and the agent visited them one at a time for 15 minutes on each of 10 consecutive days. The percipient, at the same time, recorded in words and sketches her impressions of the agent's location. Later, five independent judges received copies of these sketches, and the impressions translated into Italian. They visited the locations and judged the protocols with respect to their correspondence to the target sites. Analysis of the results by a direct-count-of-permutations method yielded ap of 4.7 x 1076 for judges' ratings and 5.8 x 10-6 for rankings. The authors point out that free-response remote viewing maybe a psi-conducive procedure, but that the results may also have been influenced by exceptionally high motivation on the part of the two experimenters. Experimental parapsychology basically utilizes two forms of ESP testing: forced-choice, in which the range of target/responses is restricted, and free-response, which allows for a vast scope of target/response possibilities. The forced-choice paradigm has been highly influential in establishing parapsychology within the scientific framework. This is largely due to the ease with which statistical methods are applied to it. The early free-response work by such researchers as Thaw (1892), Sinclair (1930), and Warcollier (1938), however, provided great quantities of rich qualitative materials. Although these early studies are devoid of any true form of statistical assessment, the available protocols are provocative, to say the least. This paper is a modified version of one presented at the twenty-third annual convention of the Parapsychological Association at the University of Iceland in Reykjavik, August 13-16, 1980. The authors would like to thank Debra Weiner, K. Ramakrishna Rao, and Robert Morris for their useful suggestions at various stages in the preparation of the paper, and would like to give special thanks to James Kennedy for his invaluable help and encouragement throughout. Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R000400240002-6 v-c c o 'I7 R v0 CD CSD p O - ~+ tV w UP G ~D -p C O J? n b '-- S Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R000400240002-6 yy n c 510 M ,..?O' n G O or Q. N, !D p .h .0 OUq r w < G O n p O "'t O N CD C ~+ G n ~, n b7 O w K .y n 'LS ~ G aq ?, + O CD