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November 4, 2016
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April 10, 2000
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February 1, 1993
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2ebruary 1, 1993/Army Times 13 Missiles flew once the party ended By William Matthews Times staff writer WASHINGTON ? Iraq's cease-fire didn't last long. Twenty-nine hours after promising not to threaten U.S. planes over the northern and southern no-fly zones, an Iraqi air de- fense 'radar illuminated two Air Force planes during a routine flight. The planes, an F-4G Wild Weasel and an F-16 Fight- ing Falcon, attacked the radar with bombs and missiles. A day later on Jan. 22, it happened again. Two U.S. warplanes patrolling in the northern no-fly zone were "locked on" by Iraqi anti-aircraft radar, according to Pentagon officials. One of the planes, an F- 4G, launched two High-speed Anti-Radia- tion Missiles, or HARM, at the site near Mosul, officials said. The missiles apparently missed their target. The radar illuminations and the U.S. at- tacks in response ended a brief cease-fire declared by Iraqi President Saddam Hus- sein as an inaugural olive branch to Presi- dent Clinton. Iraq announced Jan. 19 it would stop fir- irkg oft edited planes over the norlhern and southern no-fly zones at midnight, ending hostilities for Clinton's Jan. 20 swearing-in. But at 1:09 p.m. Iraqi time Jan. 21 ? 5:09 a.m. EST, as the new administration awakened from late-night inaugural balls ? radar warning gear on the two U.S. planes sounded, notifying the pilots they were being tracked. The F-4 fired a radar-homing missile at the Iraqi radar site and the F-16 dropped two cluster bombs on the installation, U.S. European Command reported. Defense De- partment officials were unable to say whether the missile and bombs hit the ra- dar installation. Out of range Minutes before the planes were illumi- nated by radar, pilots reported seeing anti- aircraft artillery flashes on the ground. They did not respond to the flashes because they were out of range and were escorting a French Mirage on a reconnaissance mis- sion, the European Command said. The radar site was located in the north- ern no-fly zone, about eight miles south- west of the city of Mosul. A Pentagon spokesman said U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf region did not consult with Clinton or Defense Secretary Les As- pin before attacking the radar sites. "When we're threatened, we react. We inform them afterward," he said. "We were hopeful that the cease-fire would work," he added. "But we don't pay attention to Saddam's words, only to his deeds." At the White House, Clinton said the pi- lots did the right thing. "We're going to ad- here to our policy" of attacking radar and anti-aircraft sites when targeted, Clinton said. After the first incident, the Iraqi govern- ment insisted the cease-fire remained in ef- fect and denied the Pentagon's claim that U.S. planes were illuminated by radar. In other developments, Iraq permitted U.N. weapons inspectors to fly unimpeded into the country, a requirement of the United Nations cease-fire resolutions Iraq had been violating. But Saddam announced he would begin rebuilding a manufacturing plant destroyed bye U.S. cruise missile attack Jan. 17. U.S. officials said the plant, near Baghdad, was used to make material for nuclear weapons. Iraq also announced it was reopening ls plant the U.S. said was a biological weap- ons factory that was bombed during the Persian Gulf War. Iraq said it was an in- fant milk formula plant. String of encounters The Jan. 21 attack by U.S. planes on the Iraqi radar site followed a string of encoun- ters between U.S. and allied aircraft and Iraqi radar and anti-aircraft artillery sites in the northern no-fly zone immediately be- fore Iraq announced the cease-fire. The Defense Department said that from Jan. 17 to the cease-fire, Iraqi forces were aggressively painting coalition aircraft with radar and firing on allied planes with anti- aircraft artillery. After two days, U.S. planes began to strike back. On Jan. 19, a U.S. F-4G was illuminated by radar about 14 miles east of Mosul. The F-4 fired a HARM at the radar. An hour later, an F-16 reconnaissance plane was fired on by anti-aircraft artillery, but was not hit. And two hours after that, two F-16s were fired on by anti-aircraft ar- tiII 12 miles north of Mosul. In re- sponse, the F-16s dropped cluster bombs on the artillery site, the Defense Department said. Bush Pentagon spokesman Pete Williams said Iraqi warplanes were making a series of quick flights into the no-fly zone Jan. 19, "sticking a toe over the line" in hopes of luring coalition aircraft into an anti-aircraft missile trap. Avoiding the trap Before announcing its cease-fire, Iraq set up an array of SA-2, SA-3 and SA-6 anti- aircraft missiles, Williams said. "They're trying to lure coalition planes into the area so they can shoot them down," he added, but coalition planes were avoiding the trap. The run-ins with Iraqi radar in the north followed major strikes by U.S. and coalition planes against missile sites in the southern no-fly zone and an attack by U.S. cruise missiles against a factory capable of produc- ing weapons- grade material for nuclear weapons. Williams said the strikes "functionally neutralized" Iraq's southern air defense ra- dar system, destroying much of it and leav- ing the remaining parts unable to commu- nicate with one another. In the cruise missile attack against the weapons plant, Williams said, 45 missiles were launched, one failed upon launch and 38 of the remaining 44 struck their targets. Three landed short of the plant in an or- chard, three landed inside the plant com- pound, but did not hit any buildings, and one apparently was hit by anti-aircraft fire and crashed into the Al Rashid hotel in Baghdad, killing two hotel workers and wounding many workers and gdests. Inside the weapons plant compound, the cruise missiles destroyed four of seven buildings, heavily damaged two others and moderately damaged the seventh, the De- fense Department said. . Elsewhere in the region, the allied pod- Lion appeared to have improved along the Iraqi-Kuwait border. Iraq staged provocative incursions into Kuwait to retrieve military equipment in early January, but by Jan. 19 had with- drawn from the border, the Defense De- partment said. Tensions rising 36th parallel TURKEY Tigris River KEY -k Targets ?s? Carrier task forces MI "No fly" zones immi U.S. soldiers IRAN , ? ? 0 JORDAN 400 MILES - SAUDI ARABIA "NiffOgi Persian Gulf chronology Friday, Jan. 15 President Bush demands that Iraq allow U.N. flights or face another attack. Baghdad beaks off. Saturday, Jan. 16 Iraq threatens to down allied aircraft over the southern "no fly" zone and over the northern zone above the 36th parallel established to protect Kurds. Sunday, Jan. 17 U.S. jets down an Iraqi MiG-23 Flogger over the northern zone and hit anti-aircraft missile sites that fired on allied aircraft. Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, marking the anniversary of the gulf war, declares: "The aggressors will fail in their evil purpose." U.S. warships fire 45 cruise missiles at an alleged nuclear facility near Baghdad, killing at least two people. Monday, Jan. 18 In the first daylight raids on Iraq, U.S. and British aircraft, with French planes providing air cover, bomb Iraqi missile sites that survived the Jan. 13 bombing in the southern zone. U.S. jets bomb Iraqi anti-aircraft batteries in the northern zone. Iraq reports 21 dead. Source: Associated Press KUWAIT Tuesday, Jan. 19 An F-4G "Advanced Wild Weasel" fires a missile at a surface-to-air missile and radar installation after the radar "locks on" to the American plane. Two F-16 Fighting Falcons drop several cluster bombs on an Iraqi anti-aircraft artillery site after being fired on. Wednesday, Jan. 20 An Iraqi-declared cease-fire takes effect. Allied military surveillance flights continue over the "no fly" zones. About 300 men from the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Division travel by convoy to the Kuwait- Iraq border area to counter any assault. President Clinton is sworn in. Thursday, Jan. 21 An F-4G fires a HARM missile on an Iraqi air defense radar site about 10 miles south of Mosul after the Iraqi installation turns its radar on. U.N. weapons inspectors land in Baghdad. Friday, Jan. 22 An F-4G and an F-16 are targeted by Iraqi anti-aircraft radar, near Mosul. The F-4G launches two HARMs in response. AT FCC Cristina Rivero Approved For Rplease 2000/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-P0792R000400330001-7 14 Army nmes/February 1, 1993 Advemsement APJUOVeC MILITARY MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE We prosecute serious injury claims against the U.S. Government worldwide for military dependents and retirees. BIRTH INJURIES DPT INJURIES MISDIAGNOSIS DISABILITY CLAIMS FREE Medical / Legal Consultation No Fee If No Recovery THOMAS J. LYONS, ESQ, Certified Civil Trial Attorney Former LTC JAG USAR MARTHA L NEESE, ESQ. Former Surgical Nurse Veteran's Hospital (612) 770-5155 or 1-800-642-5076 1560 Beam Ave., Suite A St. Paul, MN 55109 SeilattiffeiMeltietfierPOINIIMIPMetnam By William Matthews Times staff writer WASHINGTON ? It started with a prom- ise that a live American POW would emerge from the jungles of Southeast Asia in 30 days. But 15 months later, at the end of the most exhaustive investigation ever into the fate of Americans missing from the Vietnam War, a special Senate committee has concluded there almost certainly is no one left to bring home. There is "no compelling evidence that any American remains alive in captivity in South- east Asia," the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs reported Jan. 13. And despite an intense search, the commit- tee turned up no evidence that there ever was a government conspiracy to leave behind pris- oners of war, or POWs, or withhold knowledge of their fates, the committee said. "The con- spiracy cupboard is bare," the committee said in its 1,000-page report. While conceding that, it is impossible to say with absolute certainty that no American is being held captive anywhere in Cambodia, Laos or Vietnam, the committee said evidence gathered over the past 10 years offers no encouragement. No live-sighting report checked out, photos said to be of POWs proved fraudulent, leads led nowhere and even the best evidence was inconclusive, the committee said. In its search, the committee combed through thousands of pages of previously clas- sified military documents, repeatedly visited Vietnam and questioned scores of U.S. offi- cials, military men, POW activists, family members, Vietnamese government officials, missionaries and others. The efforts yielded evidence, and in many instances, "tantalizing evidence that raises questions," said committee chairman Sen. John Kerry. "But evidence is not fact and not proof." Kerry, D-Mass., a Vietnam veteran, said the massive amount of information the inves- tigation amassed provides the nation with "a reality base" with which to deal with the POW and missing-in-action, or MIA, issue. ? For example, the Defense Department's count of MIAs from the Vietnam War is mis- leading, he said. The Pentagon lista 2,264 Americans as un- accounted for. In fact, nearly half of those ? 1,095 ? are known to have been killed, but their bodies never were recovered, Kerry said. Among the remaining 1,169 missing, 305 "were either known to have been taken cap- tive or were lost in circumstances under which survival was deemed likely or at least reason- ably possible," Kerry said. "There is no indi- cation at this time that any survive." Committee member Sen. Jesse Helms, R- N.C., who promised at the beginning of the in- vestigation to produce a live American POW, apologized for missing most of the committee's meetings. He underwent heart surgery. ? The committee's investigation was "as good a job as could possibly have been done,' he said. "I associate myself with [the committee re- port]," said Sen. Charles Grassley, R-Iowa, who frequently challenged government offi- cials who said there was little likelihood that Americans remained in captivity. However, Grassley and Sen. Robert Smith, R-N.H., included footnotes to the report that said they did not agree with the majority of committee members that there is little evi- dence of Americans POWs in Southeast Asia. They said they put much greater credence in live-sighting reports and aerial photographs of what appear to be signals stamped or dug into fields. Grassley called for continued investigation of possible distress signals and demanded a Justice Department probe of possible illegal, privately funded covert operations approved by the White House to search for missing Americans in Laos in the 1980s. Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., a former POW who has consistently has discounted the passi- bility that Americans remain alive as prisoners in Southeast Asia, said, "I have yet to see evi- dence that I can point to and say, 'See, there's an American alive.' " However, McCain said, it remains a mystery why so many pilots were shot down over Laos and so few prisoners returned. One of the committee's most startling find- ings was that Nixon administration officials believed there might have been POWs in Southeast Asia when they announced in 1973 that all captives had been returned home. But, the committee concluded, the U.S. gov- ernment did not "knowingly abandon" troops in captivity. "American officials did not have certain knowledge that any specific prisoner or prisoners were being left behind," the report says. The Senate committee also said it found the Defense Intelligence Agency guilty of overclas- sification. It also was evasive, unresponsive, defensive about criticism, slow to follow up on live sightings and frequently distracted from its basic mission, the committee said. But, "we found no evidence to link anyone in the government to a cover-up," Smith said. ....... Send A Valentine to Someone You Love It's one way to say you care. So say it in our special Valentine's Day page that will be appearing in Army Times, Navy Times and Mr Force Times. Your Valentine will appear worldwide in the issue of February 22, so you'll be sure to reach that special someone? wherever he or she may be stationed. It's simple and easy to do. Just write your message on the form below (or use a plain piece of paper). Count 35 letters and spaces per line, and send your message plus a check or money order for $15 for three lines (additional lines $5 each) to: Army Times Publishing Company Classified Advertising Springfield, Virginia 22159 1-800-424-9335 EXT 8900 Don't delay. We must receive your Valentine's Day message by February 5. For that extra touch, add a RED HEART to the top of your ad. Your Choice: 0 IP ($10) 0 V ($15) 0 IP ($20) METHOD OF PAYMENT: 0 Check/Money Order 0 Visa 0 MasterCard Visa/MasterCard Account # Expiration Date Advertisement MEDICAL MALPRACTICE INCLUDING BIRTH INJURY Experienced in claims involving the United State's. Military dependents and retired personnel may have a claim for damages resulting from negligence of military or other government employees. NO FEE IF NO RECOVERY For free consultation call TOLL FREE (800) 487-8760 Ask for attorneys Jim Ryan, Susan Weingartner or Anne Brown DOHERTY RUMBLE Er BUTLER PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION Established in 1859 MINNEAPOLIS ? ST. PAUL ? DENVER WASHINGTON, D.C. Approved For Release 20p0/08/11 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000400330001-7 February 1, 1993/ArrIty77msa 43 Approved For Reteabu 200" "1792R000400330001 7 Cre r By P.J. Budahn An easy fit into the civilian world Q. I've worked as an aircraft refueler for four years on active duty. As I'm waiting for a medical discharge, I would like to know about the civilian job market for aircraft refuelers. A. Sometimes what you've done isn't as important as what you've done it with. A military aircraft refueler may switch to the same job in the pri- vate sector fairly smoothly. You're lucky. Many active-duty folks don't have an easy fit with a job in the private sector. Still, it's useful to survey op- tions. In your case, there are po- tential jobs far outside the avia- tion field. The modern world runs on pe- troleum. You've spent the last four years working with it. You have skills and experiences that are valuable away from the flight- line, such as: ? Testing oils, fuels and haz- ardous materials; ? Operating and maintaining pumps, pipelines, hoses and valves; ? Storing petroleum products; ? Transporting petroleum; ? Keeping records on ship- ments, transfers and storage. Think about all the people who deal with petroleum, from those who draw it from the ground to those who use it to run an inter- nal combustion engine. The U.S. Labor Department projects a shrinking work force during the next 15 years for the people who work the oil fields and petroleum refining plants. But any large-scale user of petroleum has need of people with your skills ? from school systems with their fleets of buses, to industries that use petroleum in the manufactur- ing process. Then there are the storage plants, pumping stations and tanker trucks that get petroleum Advertisement ADMINISTRATIVE DISCHARGES COURTS MARTIAL APPEALS Contact: Gary Myers Former Judge Advocate Washington, D.C. 800-355-1095 202-857-8465 24 Hours to industrial users. You should be prepared for a starting salary that's less than what you made on active duty, but you may be pleasantly Bur- prised. If your new civilian job doesn't match what you did for Uncle Sam, expect having to prove yourself. Your original question was about getting a job as an aircraft refueler, but you mentioned that you'll be getting a medical die- charge. That's a "red flag" for any employer. Look at it this way. You are be- ing discharged from active duty because the military doesn't think you can resume your job as an aircraft refueler. Why would a ci- vilian employer hire you for the same type ofjoh? Aircraft refuelers do a lot of heavy lifting and hauling. Perhaps this is a good time to look at other career options. Per- haps your best long-term career move right now is one that will put you in a classroom to learn. YOU CAN ON% 111?111. A ? ,wor aro - MIL ?11 1111?0...=,. Noir Emir 11 Our principle undentli ter is American Amicable .life Insurance Compam Of Witco. Tems, A LlsLo.:. I; :it-rated company. TAKE IT mill YOU Keep OBA level term insurance when you leave the military - at the same low rates! 650 000 COVERAGE FOR AS LITTLE AS $2L8* per mo-.. Come coverage leaves you unprotected when you leave the service. ...7But you can keep OBA's low-cost level term insurance and take it with you. Your premiums will increase slightly once each five years to keep your coverage strong as your needs and your family grow - but no civilian insurance can match our low rates. Choose the coverage you can take with you when you leave the service. OBA term insurance. CALL TOLL FREE 1-800-633-4632 ASK FOR EXT. 10 *For military personnel E-3 and up and federal employees. * Officer's Benefit Association P.O. Box 7 ? Birmingham, AL 35201 ? Toll Free 1-800-633-4632 9 I want more information about OBA's low-cost level term life y insurance protection - the coverage I can take with me. ? Please mail a FREE brochure and application to: Name Rank Address City/State Zip Area Code & Phone *Premium based sea non-smoking member under age 30 insured under (Option A) after premium refund. ? Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96700792R000400330001-7 44 - Army Timesifebruiry 1, 1993 People By Karen lowers No kidding, UFOs are out there, say former service members By Karen Jowers LIFE IN THE TIMES staff writer &tired Army Mad. Ed Dames' company uses special- ized intelligence techniques to study current UFO opera- tions in the New Mexico desert Dames, who says he has firsthand knowledge of UFOs, is president of Psi Tech in Albuquerque, N.M., a private company that studies UFOs. He is writing a book. Djimes describes strange alien machines going under- groi4nd in the desert. He and other former military mem- interviewed talk about their ongoing research on alien activity and "mental abductions," in which aliens en- ter the minds of earthlings for hours. They disagree on many issues in their research, but they all take a stand against widespread ridicule of UFOs. Psi Tech takes private and government scientists to se- cret sites where the company has found repeated UFO activity. He and eight other off-duty or retired military of- fiats who work for the company use a technique called remote viewing, which involves training the unconscious to explore a target with rigorous discipline while suppress- ing the imagination, he says. They are not psychics, he says. Dames was an Army intelligence officer until he retired in 1991. He started Psi Tech in 1989. The company works for a number of clients, including private companies. Their work does not deal just with UFOs. For instance, they gave information to United Nations officials about underground biological warfare research and development facilities in Iraq just before the Persian Gulf war. Others who are or have been connected with the mili- tary also investigate UFO reports. For instance, there is the 4,500-member Mutual UFO Network, Inc. (MUFON), some of whose members have been members of the military. Former Air Force Capt. Kevin Randle and retired Air Force Maj. George Filer, who both served in intelligence, will speak at MUFON conference in Washington, D.C., Feb. 8. The focus of the conference is the question of whether the governmenVis hiding the truth about UFOs, a preoc- cupation Dames doesn't like. Among those convinced the government is withholding information is Randle, a Vietnam veteran and an intelli- gence officer in the Air Force Reserve for 10 years. He wrote UFO Crash at Roswell with Don Schmitt, pub- lished in 1991 by Avon Books. Randle is now an inactive, reservist. - Randle is convinced a crash near Roswell Army Airfield, N.M., July 4, 1947, involved a flying saucer, and was cov- ered up by the federal government. The official explana- tion is that a military balloon crashed. Randle and Schmitt have interviewed more than 400 people, including 37 who say they handled pieces of -the _ flying saucer debris and eight witnesses who say they saw bodies of dead aliens recovered at the crash site. Filer awe he has talked to more than 50 people who claim they have been mentally abducted by aliens. Dames shares some of Randle's and Filer's conclusions. He says Psi Tech has compiled evidence of mental abduc- tions. He believes that's what happened at Roswell in 1947. Aliens orchestrated the crash in the minds of the witnesses, using highly technical methods to create an illu- Alien ship? The arrow points to an alleged UFO that Ed and Frances Walters show in their book, The Gulf Breeze Sightings (Morrow, 1990). Photo was taken in Gulf Breeze, Fla., in 1987. sion in their brains. Neither bodies nor debris ever existed, he claims. (Randle scoffs at this theory, and says he has held in his hand a piece of debris that one witness claims to have taken from the scene.) What happened at Roswell is similar to other "mental abductions," Dames says. In Psi Tech's remote viewing, "We have Been the [Roswell witnesses] standing outside in a catatonic state, or lying in bed, or driving up and down the road, while these 20 or so spheres moved overhead, zigzagging back and forth from person to person." The military's unusual way of remembering events By Loretta Howard sped,a to LIFE IN THE TIMES Hurry up! Be here now! Be there then! Don't be late! Be on time! Time! In our fast-paced world, time is a valuable com- modity. Our day-to-day schedules are dependent on traditional watches and clocks: Wake our spouses for physical training at 0400; get the children off to school by 0730; be on the job by 0830; stop by the commissary for more bread and milk before lunch ends at 1300; leave work at 1730; stop by youth set Aces to pick up children from practice at 1800; and so on. A typical schedule all based on exact timing is part of our daily existence. Military families have an additional and unusual way of telling time. We measure time periods by location. This is the stan- dard by which we retain memories. The longer we have been military and the more locations we have shared, the more we use this method. Once we have been in the military lifestyle for more than one location, we almost always answer the question of "when" with "where." When did our youngest daughter learn to ski? That was Germany the third time. When was our son named most valuable player in a basketball championship? This happened the second tour in Germany. When did we first learn of the sport of throwing buffalo chips? Oklahoma. When did a tornado hit a nearby town? Missouri. When did I have my appendix out? Korea. During the Persian Gulf war, I was working for a bank in the Maryland sub- urbs of Washington, D.C. My friends and co-workers were predominately people who had never had direct contact with a mili- tary lifestyle. The majority had grown up and even attended college in the same gen- eral area. Aside from numerous worldwide vaca- tions, all of their lives had been spent in the Northeast corridor. After my 16 years as an Army spouse, this ws.s the first time I took the time to notice that place associa- tion is characteristic of-military families. Initially, it was a matter of translation. For instance, once during our lunch break, there was a discussion about the best age to allow your teen-age children to date. -5 3 Right away I thought Georgia and Mary- land. Our two oldest began dating when we were in Georgia and the youngest ones were just starting during our time in Mary- land. Therefore, the oldest had to wait un- til age 16, but the younger ones were dat- ing at 14. Another time some friends and I were discussing when we became interested in the banking or business aspect of our para- legal field. I responded with Germany, which I then translated to the late 1980s. My co-workers were amazed with the system but quick to acknowledge its poten- tial usefulness. One friend and fellow em- ployee, a former Air Force man, was de- lighted to hear the old system again. Many people spend their entire lives in one geographic location. We all know peo- ple who live near or in the home in which they grew up. . While, of course, there is nothing wrong with this lifestyle, it does require a more exact method of analyzing time than we in the military have. I remember my brother's wedding as our second time assigned to Georgia. Other people would have to remember August 1983. That seems harder, somehow. Sometimes, military families complain about the problems of each move with the implication that it would be easier to re- main in one location. This special item was broken; that heirloom was lost. It is work to get the kids to adjust to the new environment. Shopping was better at the old location. Windows are never the same size as the 40 pairs of curtains that you shipped. Life is not perfect but each move achieves a new perspective for our place-time memory. Being aware of the value of our place- time association gives the military family an additional positive aspect to look at dur- ing the next reassignment. We are moving along our own historical timeline with the advantage of new, exciting locations to spark our memories. Where do you remem- ber for 1992? Loretta Howard is a paralegal and free-lance writer married to an Army sergeant first class assigned to Fort Leonard Wood, Mo. Approved For Release 2000/08/11: CIA-RDP96-00792R000400330001-7