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November 4, 2016
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May 12, 2000
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December 29, 1985
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PDF icon CIA-RDP96-00792R000500510003-4.pdf125.28 KB
Approved For Release 2000/08/11 :CIA-RDP96=007928000500510003-4 LABORATORY FOR RADIOELECTRpNIC STUDIES OF BIOLOGICAL.OJECTS Moscow IZVESTIYA in Russian 29 Dec 85 p 3 _ [Article by B. Konovalov, Izvestiya science commeritat~}: ~~, [Abstract] The article reports on the work of a special laboratory for radio- electronic methods of studying biological objects, whic~i has been created at. the USSR Academy of Sciences' Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (IRE). Th's research direction was initiated by Aead~~ncian Yu. U. Gulyayev. The h, ead of the a ora ory is oc or o ysica - a ema ica ciences E. E. Godik. Research reportedly is being done in s~~n areas: electrical fields, magnetic fields, radiothermal radiation of i* 'rnal organs, infrared radiation from the surface of the body, optical chem. ~,Lninescence of humans, acoustic signals, and chemical composition of the er~vronment directly surrounding humans. ~ The author of the article visited the laboratory, which occupies the first floor of an old building in .the center of Moscow. Gad first showed him a cafe-like structure in which an electromagnetic system compensates for the effect of the Earth's magnetic field, so that magnetl.G fields emanating from humans can be recorded. Godik explained that non-confect magnetograms can provide more valuable information than electrocardia tarns, for example. The ~-:: -. physicists reportedly are working on this in collaboration with the All-Union Cardiology Center. The laboratory also has a chamber ~rhich screens out external radio emissions. In this chamber, a radiometer can record heat emission from deep within the body and measure intern~l__body temperatures in seconds. It is said to be also possible to record detailed information in the superhigh-frequency radio range, so that the distribution of temperatures throughout the body can. be determined. The laboratory has a chamber with highly sensitive e,l,e~trical-field sensors. They can, for example, record the 'seismicity'~of they-rib cage when one breathes. Heartbeat also affects the rib cage, and`~.n this chamber it is possible to record cardiograms by non-contact methods. The sensors also can record the movement of muscles, which is said to open up possibilities for remote monitoring of the emotional state of humans. Another facility is a darkroom in which chemilumineseence of the human body is recorded. Its instruments are capable of recording+_individual photons. Approved For Release 2000/08/11 :CIA-RDP96-00~ 000500510003-4 Approved For,Release 2000/08/11 :CIA-RDP96-00792R0005005100Q3-4 The intensity and distribution of luminescence along the body are said to depend on its condition, and this can serve as a diagnostic tool for detecting tumors and determining the degree of burns, for example. The laboratory also has laser instruments for measuring chemical compounds in the air directly surrounding the body in amounts as small as 10 molecules per .cubic centimeter. The laboratory has developed an infrared television process which is likened to time-lapse photography. It is c aimed that for the first- time in the world, dynamic processes occurring in the cerebral cortex of animals have been made visible in real time, without opening the skull. Studies have been made of how these processes are affected by various types of stimuli; visual, auditory, and drugs. These studies are being done with scientists of the USSR Academy of Sciences' Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neuro- physiology. It is noted that most of the laboratory's associates are recent graduates of the Moscow Physical-Technical Institute. Work reportedly is under way on creating a research chamber in which all the different technologies can be combined in unique isolation from the external environment. FTD/SNAP /12955 CSO; 1840/382 Approved For Release 2000/08/11 :CIA-RDP96-007928000500510003-4