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November 4, 2016
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August 25, 2003
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February 3, 1992
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Daily Spa Ht Soviet News Abstracts Publication FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY CENTER Author: Chupakhin, V., Captain 1st Rank, correspondent Title: SHAPOSHNIKOV URGES GRADUALISM IN STRUCTURING COMMONWEALTH`S ARMED FORCES Primary Source: Krasnaya zvezda, January 7, 1992, No. 5 (20692), p. 1, cols. 1-3; p. 3, cols. 1-3 Extract: Following the Minsk meeting of heads of sovereign states,* many questions connected with the fate of the armed forces remain open. What position the heads of the Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States are taking in these cir- cumstances and how they appraise the situa- tion that is developing around the army and inside it were topics of conversation at a meeting which took place recently between journalists and Marshal of Aviation Ye. Shaposhnikov, commander-in-chief of the commonwealth armed forces. The commander-in-chief said that haste and a lack of mutual understanding in re- solving highly important and complex ques- tions have been noticed on the part of the heads of a number of states, particularly Ukraine. At the present time, the Ukrainian leadership understands the term "strategic forces" to mean only strategic nuclear forces, not taking into account that stra- tegic forces must include everything which ensures the strategic stability of both strategic forces and the armed forces as a whole, noted Marshal Shaposhnikov. The commander-in-chief thought that the posi- tion of Ukraine was not entirely in keeping with the Minsk accords in this regard. [Sovereign states] have the right to create armies of their own. But at the same time, one sometimes gets the impres- sion that not all of their leaders have a complete idea of the problems which they will encounter in this connection, the mar- shal noted. He cited the following example as an lease 2003/09/10: CIA-RDP96-0 illustration. Ukraine has expressed claims to air forces on its own territory. But at the same time, it does not have a single airplane building plant for military equip- ment. In three months, or half a year at the most, airplanes simply will not be able to fly; there will be no engines, spare parts, components, units or even wheels. Whether Russia will supply them and in what order has not been decided, and a suitable mechanism has not been perfected. The mar- shal asked whether it wouldn't be better to take precisely these problems as a starting point and not immediately demolish what we now have. For a whole set of questions connected with reorganization of the armed forces to be solved in logical order during the peri- od of transition, a period of two to three years is necessary, in the opinion of the commander-in-chief. He thought that it would be quite possible, during this tran- sitional period, for the armed forces to be structured so that both national armed forces and general-purpose armed forces un- der a united command could be on the terri- tory of a single state such as Ukraine, Ka- zakhstan, Uzbekistan, Moldova or Azerbay- dzhan. A precedent for such organization exists in NATO. Financing of the armed forces is still another sore and complex question. The commander-in-chief said that several ver- sions have now been proposed for taking ac- count of the share of each participating country of the commonwealth in the expenses of these armed forces. He thought that a certain consensus on this question had been achieved at the latest meeting of heads of governments in Moscow. "We now insist that these questions be resolved for the first quarter of the year during the first ten days of January," stated the commander-in- chief. "An agreed-upon quota will be set for each state." But how will the administrative struc- Approved For Release 2003/09/10 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000600450006-7 F Approved For Release 2003/09/10 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000600450006-7 council of presidents, which would jointly make all fundamental decisions in regard to the armed forces. (SNAP 920203) Author: Ivanyuk, I., Major, correspondent Title: EX-SERVICEMEN DEVELOP SPECIAL CON- STRUCTION MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY Primary Source: Krasnaya zvezda, January 11, 1992, No. 8-9 (20695-20696), p. 3, cols. 1-8 Abstract: The article reports on activi- ties of the Construction Research and De- sign Association (Proyektstroynauka), which is utilizing experience with construction of military and space installations. "Pro- yektstroynauka" is characterized as a high- potential organization which is launching production on the basis of its own scien- tific developments. This association, which has an annual turnover of millions of rubles, takes in several joint-stock compa- nies and small enterprises. A conversation is recorded with Colo- nel of the Reserves Dmitriy Arkadyevich Frumin, a former military construction spe- cialist and now head of the "Proyektstroy- nauka" association. Frumin and colonels of the reserves V. Kostin, A. Sytnik and N. Marichev are among a number of engineers who acquired unique experience in construc- tion of fortifications, missile silos and structures of space-launch complexes while serving in the armed forces, the author relates. For example, concrete capable of withstanding a direct hit by a missile with a nuclear warhead was developed, using high-quality cement and scarce superplasti- cizers. Frumin recalled that while carry- ing out a contract assignment at Kapustin Yar in 1962, he and his associates achieved waterproofness of concrete which was two to three times as high as usual. Experience of former military specialists reportedly has been utilized in building underground structures for civil defense and watertight structures for underground services, in particular. A new process which makes sealing of joints unnecessary, permanent forms which function simultaneously as fac- ing and wet sealing, concrete ten times as waterproof as conventional concrete, and other materials with special properties have been developed in this connection. Frumin showed the author of the arti- cle slabs of siligran, a concrete which is not only comparatively inexpensive but said to be capable of withstanding stresses as great as those for which missile silos are designed. Siligran is considered a possi- ble safe substitute for asbestos cement whose use is forbidden in many countries. Other potentially profitable developments of "Proyektstroynauka" include unique pro- cesses for producing building materials, and equipment for these processes. The association reportedly has concluded 20 agreements for creation of joint enter- prises and facilities, including a Soviet- Bulgarian enterprise, for production of finished products. (SNAP 920203) Author: Tsarev, I. Title: REPORTS OF BIOELECTRONIC-WEAPONS TESTING IN 1970s AND 1980s Primary Source: Trud, December 27 No. 298 (21522), p. 4, cols. 1-2 Extract: Long ago, Gennadi.y Petrovich Shchel kunov, a specs al i st i n the-_f-1.]d. of radioele ronics and an employee of the sci entifi c product. -onassociation "Istok," calculated and substantiated an effect o t long-distance communication without the aid o e u menL ii s effect cons sts e~- t~ay6of exci ttl:o; cerebral fluid, of, acoustic vibrations which reach auditor nerves These vibrations arxcited v pu set microwave r at on. Shchelk~ unv not attempt to carry out-, sco ry in practice, but he considers_itquite fea- from_the tochnical standpoint. In a scrapbook which I leafed through, there was a short 'r - ipping which read: ".I, van ergeyevT 1i p_Kachal i n, and (the name of another inventor followed) made_a__iscov- !, _' A Method of Indu.clrtg Artificial Sleep at a Distance ,Means of Radio Waves,' in t t. ion -' General-Colonel of Avi- ati on V1 adimir Ni ki tov~ c _ _ rainpv rendered practical assistance in formalizing this idover Marsh al~ofAv1ati9n,_.Yevgeniy Yakovlevich SaY skis supervised this work. W Sit/AP~ FEPS 72 Approved For Release 2003/09/10 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000600450006-7 Documents state that "aaper v the.. p. author5r, QL an invention ! JTI-e- tti on of _ Wodulated Electric and Electromagnetic PuTses?on-Oiological Spec-Specwas pre- sented at the bide lectronics laboratory of tie USSR Academy_~of Sciences' Institute of Ra o ngineering and Electronis(IRE). I-~._1~Z , the.,. f ~ r :t.. Rad qs ' (r -a 9 1..eep) unit was developed at military unit 71592 o -ty vosib1rsk and pr l m'_ ar tri a s were condte_ .. . " s__ eport bears the seal of an ?ca- demic ns itute and_g , natures, including those of-academician Yu. Kobzarev and Doc- tor of Sciences E. Godik. And, by the way, the block diagram of the "Radioson" unit inc ues. ..the.,:same,.micrb_wave_9enerator whose pulses, according to G. Shchelkunovcan also ev okeacgsic vibrations in,tIl e We were able to meet with a second in- ventor. Ivan Antonoyich (he requested that an institute of the USSR Acaof Scier - y'Yes, we have developed the.'Radioson' ,snit and--have conducted not just one, but Several successful tests both,0on _,aursels n a 6n -v' un qqr Aol dpi ers. But prolonged :orrespondence with the Committee on Inven- :ions and Discoveries didn't produce any ,esults. They deferred consideration of lur claim, which was registered as early as 974, under a totally unconvincing pre- ext." "Perhaps, because such devices already existed?" "No, at that time, this was out of the question. WWe gave_some reports at va iQ s Jinstitute_, includa_n.g IRE.i.p.._ 9 . i s- kiy arranged a meeting for us with speecciial- i sts_.o ?amUitary scientific} researc.h in st.].tute. Thy listened with si 0terst, but Approved For Release i Ie3/ 10 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000600450006-7 _everything disappeared as i.nto._a__morass. The total indirect evidence? makes_.t possible to conclude:_ 'psi' weapons are fec-bnically entirely feasible, prototypes 6f -them were testedd as,.:ear_ly as the-i97-0s. and 1980s, and this?meansthat-they may also exist now. 1991, . 4 co SNAP 920203 1VeJO-~( 16 SNAP November 25, Comments should be addressed to: Addit list istribution Recipients o e at y are advised that SNAP is intended solely for U.S. gov- ernment agencies and their designated con- tractors. Approved For Release 2003/09/10 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000600450006-7 SG1I