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or We ap- ~z- ier As be in os ch of App yP6f0N&9sea2@@1/03/07: CIA-RDP96-00792R000700710001-2 go on ...:' Psi! The human a 02442. Martens, Ronny. Forum 1984 r(1\ 30 35 2 - fraud and poorly controlled views an experiment by Ran through the years. His availability of money does standards and (2) that scie investigator to reconsider both the researcher and t meaningful dialogue and quisition and seemed determined to ban "claims of the paranormal." The author states that blind faith in one's own belief leads to underestimating the quality of the proponent and the complexity of the subject under discus- sion. This explains the unfair treatment of the French psychologist/statistician, Michel Gauquelin. Hoebens and other skeptics who supported the investigation of Gau- quclin feared that the Committee was a lost cause: All moderates would probably leave and turn their backs on the crusaders. Fortunately, this ye (1984) a "Reappraisal" took place through internal and xternal pressure. It seems to the author that they vre learned their lesson from this affair. He praises the w evolution which aims at cooperation between ske cs and critical para- psychologists as allies in the fi t against irrationalism. - D.D. di's Project Alpha. I'si- ogy is heavily marked by riments. This article re- roject Alpha) to test our. h tandards. Unfortunately, t t 'figs have not improved o theses: (1) that the t no rily improve research :ts are a very bad position riment es the paranormal s position d research, and (b) skeptic sho d strive towards a ianiel. Sp orum, 1984, omatic ref nd canV g e at. In by I'M town act whal for J to ive vchic ill (1), 25-29. 1 ref e the layman the impres- few recent TV programs plc who claimed to be 02443. Zorab, Georgf Poltergeist-slpdrome. Psi. The author traces a origin of the to " 1% and the history of the enomena. This is it trated with well-known cases betw n the years 1450-1968. a author states that now, after 0 years, it has become ar that there is no different between local (haunting) a per- sonal (poltergeist) ha ntings. In both cases the same phenomena can occur He concludes that the paranormal is dominated by the ing and there is no need for super- 02444. Gondry, Di . 250 years: Franz A. Mesmer. Psi-Forum, 1984, 1( 86-82. 13 refs The career of esmer is placed in its historical con- text. The author sh s that the ideas of Mesmer were not original, but can placed next to the works of other authors as early as 0 B.C. His idea of animal magnetism and his life seem to ave been influenced by several per- sons such as M. ell, Count de Gebelin, and Maria- Theresia Paradis. After his downfall his ideas were taken up by several persons such as Dr. E. Perkins (US.) and do Puys6gur (France). - DA 02445. Martens, Ronny. Observational theories: Part 1. Psi-Forum, 1984, 1(2), 108-117. 7 refs The author introduces the reader to the new observa- tional theories within the field of parapsychology. These theories are based on quantum physics, which shares some elements with paranormal phenomena. The reader is provided with an introduction to quantum physics upon which two of the three most developed theories are elaborated. - DA Tenha written to mostly of a none of the mal, have observe tities at seances a such phenomena answer was g put that sa the seance tion. So netized. suddenly Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000700710001-2 ychologie, 1932/1933, 5, 62-79. lairvoyant experiences, which were e nature. A drawback was that told to other people so that they e, 1934, 6, 24-26. entity that was present at The answer was, "Y"ou are thought about this queer fled to find any explana- he had himself mag- of magnetic sleep, he on is in the same etized trance. Al- 02448. ietz, P.A. Experiments concerning the homing ofd S. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie, 1934, 6, 86- manl/in the neighborhood of Munich. Three dogs were tested. The transport of a dog was done in such a way that it could not see where it was going. They were taken to a place about 6 miles from their home, in the middle of woods and hills. According to the experimenters the dogs found their way home not by using their senses, but by a capacity of orientation which migrating birds also possess. - G.Z. 02449. Tenhaeff, W.H.C. Dr. G. van Rijnberg and parapsychology. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie, 1934, 6, 123-129. Professor van Rijnberg, who for many years was the editor of a prominent Dutch medical journal, was inter- ested in spiritualism and all things mystical. He was one of the'very few Dutch people who attended seances with the famous medium Eusapia Palladino. He published what he observed at these seances in a Dutch periodical under Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000700710001-2 the title 'The Third Arm of the Medium:' He wrote: "It was at Rome, 21 years ago, that I had a seance with that famous medium, Eusapia Palladino. At that seance, a married couple was also present. Eusapia told us that she would try to levitate the table without using her muscles. All of us stood around the table, holding each other's hands which were placed on the table. Eusapia stood at one of the short ends of the table. I squatted on the floor on her right side. I put my left hand around her legs. I raised her skirt, so that I could see the two legs of the table nearest to me. This made it impossible for anyone to place his foot under the table-leg and lift the table. With my right hand I got hold of Eusapia's right hand. This hand was also held by Mrs. P. Mr. P was holding Eusapia's left hand. There was not much light in the room, but it was sufficient to distinguish the various ob- jects in the room. After waiting some time the table sud- denly began to move. The table moved for a few mo- ments to the left and to the right, and then suddenly left the floor and floated about 15 cm above it. This lasted a few minutes and then it dropped to the floor with a loud bang. When the table started to move about I suddenly saw that Eusapia's right hand became indistinct. Then it seemed as if a whole series of arms, one arm above the other, were visible for a short time. The levitation of the table too was of short duration. Those present at the seance were very pleased with what they had seen. This made them urge the medium to repeat the phenomenon. The medium guessed correctly what he wanted to see again, for she said: 'You want to see my astral double, don't you?- "The phenomena were again observed and were a great deal better than those in the beginning. Out of Eusapia's left thigh, just in front of his head, projected a straight black spoke which looked like a long thin arm. That arm ended in a broader piece that got hold of the right table-leg. All the time that I saw this ghostly thing, the table remained levitated. The phenomenon was only visible during a short time, but long enough to give me+ the certainty that I was not having a hallucination." - G.Z. 02450. Walther, Gerda. Seances with the medium, Rudi Schneider. Tijdschrift,voor Parapsychologie, 1934, Describes the earl, histiry of the medium-thin nf agate Ruai-s mediumsnip rticular. Some of his sit- tings are described in whi _ G. Juno and others were 02451. Kooy, J.M J., E piences concerning the The 'Dunne effect" is Dutch erm for precognitive experiences such as were d ribed b J.W. Dunne in his creams were generally of ;a symbolic sure, and the dreamed future events pened within a short time (rarely over a month). dreams of this kind. Fro the very beginning Kooy wrote and the past, and that time was a human fiction. He describes some of his experiences in this article. - G.ZJR.A.W. 02452. Hamel, A.G. van. Paranormal phenomena In Iceland. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie, 1934, 6, 177- 199. Paranormal phenomena were already known in Iceland in 900 A.D, and many cases were described in the Island's Sagas and in the book, Landnamabok. In the lat- ter such cases are described in detail, and the place where they occur is also mentioned. This book was written in the 13th century. From the very beginning, parapsychologi- cal phenomena were cited in the Icelandic literature. These phenomena were mostly spread among the Icelandic population. Not everybody, however, possesses this paranor- mal gift. Why this is the case, is still unknown. The Icelanders themselves would like t know why so many people of other countries re devoid this gift. The best book about the paranor 1 experie es of the people in Iceland is that writte by Gu undur Finnbogason (Reykjavik, 1933). The principal parano al ex rience described is the dream. The dream might pre gnitive, or one that in- tina missing people, dead o al' e. Many dreams have a symbolic meaning that have decoded. Dream appari- tions are also often mention The man or woman who was drowned or murdered ap rs in the dream of one of their beloved ones, and tel where she or he can be The article gives manynamples of clairvoyant men Len Know special things, e.g w re to find runaway cattle or horses, the hour and on of the death of certain people, the finding of th e w committed criminal ac- tions, etc. - G.Z. 02453. Van de Kroo A.A Some paranormal phenomena the atttho invest ated at first hand. Tijdschrift voor Paraps hologie, 34, 6, 216-223. Describes some of s own ps is experiences. One involved knowing a yo g patient would die where there were no overt signs th he would do so. The second in- volved the dream of a emale relative concerning theft in the largest church in eda All but one detail was later 02454. Tenhaeff, I.C. Pygmies of Central Africa and their paranor al capacities. Tijdschrift voor Parapsychologie, 19 6, 301-306. [Reprinted from R.P. Priller, Les Pymees de la Foret Equatoriale. Paris, 1934.1 Quotes some psi experiences of African pygmies described by R.P. Triller. Their sorcerers used a scrying method of polished copper or mirrors to obtain informa- tion. Several cases of ESP, some precognitive, are described. - G.ZJR.A.W. GERMAN LANGUAGE (Editor: Gerd H. Hovelmann) ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PARAPSYCHOLOGIE UND GRENZGEBIETE DER PSYCHOLOGIE 02455. Kcil, 11.11. Jurgen. Pavel Stepanek and the focusing effect. Zeitschrift fur Parapsychologie and Grenzgebiete der Psychologie, 1977, 19(1), 1-22. 33 refs Stepanek emerged in the 1960s as one of the most successful and consistent ESP subjects. Over a period of Approved For Release 2001/03/07 : CIA-RDP96-00792R000700710001-2