Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 20, 2007
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
September 22, 1977
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP99-00498R000100120117-2.pdf133.49 KB
Approved For Release 2007/08/20: CIA-RDP99-00498R000100120117-2 STAT All IICLE A '1 I_..4,9,S OAr, T i GE. i - - THE'WASHINGTON STAR (Green Line) 22 September 1977 51 nea -P,-'sts - Aie. and ` ' By Jeremiah O'Leary The.-man who ran the CIA's covert mind-control and behavior-modification schemes has defended- the program as indispensable at the time but said ..that one case involving the suicide of a CIA em- ploye caused him much anguish. Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, who was the agency's scien- tific chief from 1951? until his retirement in 1973, testified before a Senate subcommittee yesterday under a grant of immunity from prosecution. - -?.? i Gottlieb was heard but not seen by an audience that filled-the Senate hearing room while the mys- terious former boss of the CIA projects testified in a smaller room nearby. . Senators said Gottlieb's physicians had con- vinced them his health is precarious and the sena- tors had therefore agreed to question him privately while allowing the audience to listen over. a public address. hookup. Soures said Gottlieb had a speech impairment, .but it could hardly be detected over the public ad GOTTLIEB DID demonstrate remarkable skill at answering questions from Chairman Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass, and other members of the Health subcommittee with words so vague that the senators found themselves with very- little sub- stance when Gottlieb was finished. Gottlieb also. said he. resented being "victim- ized" by the CIA as the mastermind of the. agen cy's drug project now that it has become subject to- controversy- and-investigation. -But he maintained the project was indispensable at the time.' :.. ;; "The .context in. which this investigation was 'started-,. about 1952," ho; said, '.was- that of the height of the'Cold War-: ?c with the- CIA organiz- .- ing its. resources to'liberate- Eastern Europe by paramilitary means.. . "There was tangible evidence that both the Sovi-- ets and the Red. Chinese might be using techniques of altering human, behavior which were not under- .stood by the- United States and which would have implications of national survival.". r.,-? >; HE SAID HE suffered personal anguish and con- sidered resigning, in November 1953 after-- the,. suicide of Frank Olson, a CIA employe who was unwittingly given a dose of LSD as part of the dug-.- testing program. But Gottlieb decided not to quit when he" became convinced the. administration of drugs did riot bause Olson to leap to his death from; -.a New York hotel window.;..-r, ,, .-.. < :. r.. r ~ He caused a stir when he men ion once "asked to determine whether any of President Nixon's traveling party were drugged during a trip to an unfriendly foreign country in 1971. According to Gottlieb, Nixon was not drugged but some members of the party exhibited peculiar symptoms, including outbreaks of crying at inap- propriate moments. He said the symptoms af- fected Dr. Walter Tkach, the White House physi- cian. = The records show that in 1971 records show that Nixon traveled only to the Azores, Bermuda and the Bahamas, none considered to be. unfriendly. countries. Reporters pursued Gottlieb a fair distance away :,from the Senate Office Building trying to get more "particulars on his testimony, but he did not iden- tify the country he meant. r.. ONE OFFICIAL who was involved in most of Nixon's trips - said that two years after the 1972 journey to Moscow he heard that some members of the White House medical department had be- -come ill on the return flight. But this person said = he probably would have known it if anyone had been ill on, the Moscow trip, at which the SALT I' - agreement was signed. A source, who declined to be named, said he did not believe the Russians would try to drug anyone.,'the President's party on the same trip which re- - suited in the arms limitation agreement. --. Gottlieb said all the drug - programs were ;cleared - with CIA, directors but he did not know how much information Congress had about what was going on. He said he considered the-drug test ing to be in the highest national interests because '- there was tangible evidence that the Russians and the Red Chinese might be using techniques for altering human behavior. ; . _ BEFORE GOTTLIEB finished -what he had" to say and left to return to his retirement home in California, he came asa close as he ever has to justifying what the CIA did in the United States,. He said:, "I"understand that one of 'the principal interests' . Of this committee is the degree of protection that.. was afforded to the subjects used in those experi .ments where human subjects were used. As far as -the Bureau of Narcotics project is- concerned, my. ;impression was that there was no advance knowl edge or protection. of the, individuals concerned..' - Harsh as it may seem in retrospect, it was felt that- .in an issue where national survival might be con- cerned such a procedure and such a risk was- a., reasonable one to take." The senators tried to find out from Gottlieb what 'the CIA got in return for all the money it spent on` MK-ULTRA and the other drug-testing oro;e - :l He never really claimed success r,r ad.i:te fail- ure. Kennedy therefore own summing up as he. closed the book on the CIA's- drug-testing ex ,periments- r He- said; "The' bulk. of,, the-:. research- led no-: 'where. ., _ r.., .;r:_ s: _. 6,i Approved For Release 2007/08/20: CIA-RDP99-00498R000100120117-2 STAT