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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 9, 2007
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Publication Date: 
September 19, 1977
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PDF icon CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5.pdf1.58 MB
Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5 RADIO TV REPORTS, INC. 4435 WISCONSIN AVENUE, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20016 244-3540 PUBLIC AFFAIRS STAFF Good Morning America WJLA TV ABC Network September 19, 1977 7:00 AM SUBJECT Full Text: Central Intelligence Agency Washington, D.C. DAVID HARTMAN: This is a Good Morning America special program, the first extensive television visit inside the Central Intelligence Agency. - Good morning. I'm David Hartman. The forerunner of the CIA was the wartime, World War II wartime, OSS, the Office of Strategic Services. And General William Donovan, whose picture you're looking at now, ran it from this room in this building; and we're in Washington, D.C. General Donovan considered to be the father, in a sense, of the CIA. In fact, the .d became the CIA exactly 30 years ago yesterday. And as it grew, the CIA expanded its headquarters to Langley, Virginia. And Sandy Hill, during the past couple of weeks, and our ABC film crews have spent many hours filming inside the headquarters at Langley, Virginia. Some of what you are going-to see in the next couple of hours of our Good Morning America program special this morning have never been seen before on television. And our guide through all of this is the new Director, for the ast six months, of the Central Intelligence Agency, and he is Admir(ap Stansfield Turr.,-. Admiral? ADMIRAL STANSFIELD TURNER: Good morning, Da,-id. HARTMAN: Good morning. Nice to have you with us this morning. ADMIRAL TURNER: Thank you. Glad to be here. OFFICES IN: NEW YORK ? LOS ANGELES ? CHICAGO ? DETROIT ? AND OTHER PRINCIPAL CITIES Material suppled by Radio-TV Reports, Inc. maybe used or file and reference purposes only. It may not be reproduced, sold or pub4cty dernansLrated or a hibited. - Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5 Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5 HARTMAN': 'First of all, do you -- I'm going to quote you. Quote: "I think we've got to be salesmen. I think we've got a product to sell, and we've got to get out on the street and_ selll it." What's the product and why do you have to sell it? ADMIRAL TURNER: The product is evaluated intelligence about activities in foreign lands, and the need is to have our policymakers in the government well informed so they make good decisions. But I also happen to believe that we have a lot of good information that can be made available to the American public; and the better informed our public is, the stronger our country will be. HARTMAN: Admiral, isn't part of it the fact that there have been so many criticisms of abuses within the CIA, that in order to improve your credibility and your strength as an intelli- gence agency, you've got to go public to some degree? ADMIRAL TURNER: Yes. I believe that we can'tell the American public more about what we're doing. and how we're doing it, within the limits of necessary secrecy; and that in so doing, we should be able to build a greater understanding in the public of support for those things which we do which are so essential to our country's welfare. HARTMAN: Thank you, Admiral. We're going to be talking more, through both our hours this morning, with Admiral Turner.... HARTMAN: I'm here with the Director of the-CIA, Admiral Stansfield Turner. And right now Steve Bell has a report about some of the excesses attributed to the CIA. STEVE BELL: David, the Central Intelligence Agency was child of the cold.war, created at a time when the Soviet Union waa_ seen as a clear and present threat to the United States and' other'Western nations. Under the National Security Act of 1.947, the CIA'vas created to coordinate U.S. intelligence ac-tivities, specifically to correlate and evaluate intelligence and to advise the National Security Council. But there was a loophole in the act through which the CIA moved into secret operations, dirty tricks, and finally full- fledged military activity, a loophole that authorized the agency to perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence- Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5 Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP99-00498R000300040012-5 affecting the national security as the National Security Council may from time to time direct.. Armed with that loopholed and a desire by most members of Congress not to know what was happening,_the CIA undertook operations over the years that have only recently become public knowledge and brought the agency under critical public scrutiny. Although it wasn't the first such operation, the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 was the CIA's largest paramilitary endeavor and its largest failure. In Laos, the CIA financed a secret war with funds never itemized to Congress that went on for years befor being publicly acknowledged. And in Vietnam, there was the Phoenix program that fought Viet Cong terror tactics with terror tactics. Then there were the authorized assassination attempts, the most widely publicized involving Cuba's Fidel Castro. And there were the cases where CIA-supported activities appeared to get out of hand, ending in unintended assassinations. In Chile, for instance,, Marxist President Salvado Allende was killed in a coup that followed unrest and demonstrations fin- anced, in part, at least, by the CIA. A grand jury, incidentally, is considering indicting former CIA Director Richard Helms for lying about CIA intervention in Chile. But the Central Intelligence Agency has taken some of its worst lumps for activities right here in the United States,, where the law very specifically says, "The agency shall have no police, subpoena,/law-enforcement powers, or internal security functions." In direct contravention of that law, we now know of Operation Chaos, begun under White House pressure in 1967 to spy on and compile lists of American dissenters; Operation Merrimack, to infiltrate CIA agents into peace groups and black activist organizations; also, the illegal opening of first class mail, both by the CIA and the FBI. And, of course, there were the secrets projects in drug testing that began in 1950 and lasted until '73. What began as an attempt to understand so-called braf;- washing techniques used on American prisoners in Korea--soon .