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  1. CIA/CSI/ History Staff Monograph, The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and Oxcart Programs, 16 July 2002.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a60852 Attachment Size 2002-07-16.pdf 41.35 MB ... THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY AND OVERHEAD X RECONNAISSANCE The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954- 1974 Gregory ... Reconnaissance: The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974 CO5653421 UNCLASSIFIED HRTO-14.-Sasiet- UNCLASSIFIED ... The Central Intelligence Agency and Overhead Reconnaissance: The U-2 and OXCART Programs, 1954-1974 CO5653421 ...

  2. CIA/CIS/History Staff, Center for Study of Intelligence, Cold War Records: CORONA: America’s First Satellite Program, edited by Kevin C. Ruffner, 1995.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a60857 Attachment Size 1995-01-01.pdf 22.74 MB ... D.C. 1995 These documents have been approved for release through the Historical Review Program ... 20408 Contents Foreword Xi Preface xiii Part I: History of CORONA Program I 1. Kenneth E. Greer, ... L~4 CORONA: America’s First Satellite Program Foreword Since the CORONA satellite made its first ...

  3. Soviet Tactical Air Forces: New Capabilities and Roles for the 1970s, CIA/DI/OSR Intelligence Memorandum, January 1969.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a608ef Attachment Size 1969-01-01.pdf 768.46 KB ... ments in tactical air defenses, and older interceptors were replaced almost entirely by all-weather ... programs are drawing to a close. Meanwhile, Soviet military theorists have begun to shift.aw.way from--the ... high-speed, all-weather fighters. More than half the aircraft assigned 'to the light bomber, ground ...

  4. Contribution to NIE 11-14-64 Capabilities of Soviet General-Purpose Forces 1964-70, CIA/DI/ORR, 6 October 1964

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f899326091c6a60662 Attachment Size 1964-10-06.pdf 2.02 MB ... at a time when a new program of strategic missile deployment was just getting underway. This coincidence, ... reform program in 1960-- suggested that a new effort was getting underway to bring Soviet military policy ... announced his program for a drastic reduction of military manpower in January 1960. Both the economics ...

  5. II-37 Annex A: “Soviet Military Forces and Capabilities,” and Annex B: “Tables of Sino-Soviet Bloc Military Strengths and Characteristics of Selected Weapons and Equipment” to NIE 11-4-61, Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies, 1961-1966

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a607ca Attachment Size 1961-08-24b.pdf 2.91 MB ... CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM NIE 11-4-61 RELEASE AS SANITIZED 24 August 1961 APPROVED FOR RELEASE- ... 8 Surface-to-Air Missiles.................. 8 Antimissile Program................... 9-- Fighter ... force, broad outline a program for a large reduction backed up by a strong mobilization capacity, ...

  6. Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies 1957-1962, NIE 11-4-57, 12 November 1957.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6091a Attachment Size 1957-11-12.pdf 5.09 MB ... this modification of Sta- certain that various ambitious programs fori ts.defense, industrial growth, and popular ... The Consumption Program......... 16 Foreign Trade................ 17 Civil Air....... f......... 18 III. TRENDS ... internal political situa- tion, relations with Bloc states, economic situation, military programs ...

  7. OSR Contribution to NIE 11-14-68, Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces, CIA/DI/OSR, October 1968.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6081a Attachment Size 1968-10-01a.pdf 5.95 MB ... Current Production Programs... 67 7. Future Trends..-......... 67 a. Mid-1968 Through Mid-1970.. 67 b. ... Forces............. 80 1. Soviet Naval Mission....... 80 2. Naval Force Levels and Construction Programs...... 81 a. ... for the border program. In any case, we expect that--at least for the next few years-- the general purpose forces ...

  8. Capabilities of Soviet General Purpose Forces, NIE 11-14-65, CIA/DI/ONE, 21 October 1965.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a60749 Attachment Size 1965-10-21.pdf 1.48 MB ... REVIBW PROGRAM Capabilities of Soviet General Purpose Forces Submitted by the DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL ... into general nuclear war is now undergoing some modification. We believe that the Soviet leaders ... equipment tend to limit the effectiveness of their field training program. Land Armaments 24. The USSR ...

  9. Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies 1958-1963, NIE 11-4-58, 12 December 1958.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6092b Attachment Size 1958-12-23.pdf 6.01 MB ... AND POLICIES, 198-1963 CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE IN FULL Submitted by the DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL ... in Major Scientific Fields..... 25 Space Program............... 25 Nonmilitary Applications of Atomic ... political situ- ation, economic developments, military programs, relations with other Bloc states, ...

  10. The Development of Soviet Military Power: Trends Since 1965 and Prospects for the 1980s, CIA/DI/OSR Intelligence Assessment, April 1981.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a607ed Attachment Size 1981-04-01.pdf 9.06 MB ... Strategic Programs, and the USSR and Eastern Europe, and by the Arms Control Intelligence Staff SR 8t-10035X ... and a civil defense program to protect the political leaders and most of the essential work force. (Even so, ... The range of possible choices for weapon systems, however, is largely determined by development programs ...

  11. Main Trends in Soviet Capabilities and Policies, 1960-1965, NIE 11-4-60, 1 December 1960.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a607f5 Attachment Size 1960-12-01b.pdf 6.54 MB ... UNCLASSIFIED CIA HISTRICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS SANITIZED NIE 1 1-4-60 1 December 1960 ... Implications................... 21 IV. SOVIET MILITARY POLICY AND PROGRAMS....... 22 Basic Soviet Ideas of the Role of Military ... UNCLASSIFIED-TOP SECRET APPROVED FOR RELEASE CIA HISTORICAL-REVIEW PROGRAM MAIN TRENDS IN SOVIET CAPABILITIES ...

  12. Soviet Commentary on the Capabilities of US General Purpose Forces, CIA/DI/OSR Research Paper, July 1974.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6086c Attachment Size 1974-07-01.pdf 3.58 MB ... appraised some features of US gen- eral purpose forces and programs:-- the sophisticated technology ... presented by the US when lobbying for their own military programs. The final judgments on US military forces ... are integrated into long-term defense policy planning, into programs for future weapons development and pro- ...

  13. Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces, NIE 11-14-69, 4 December 1969.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a608eb Attachment Size 1969-12-04.pdf 2.51 MB ... and East European General Purpose Forces CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE AS SANITIZED Submitted ... or reconnaissance strike units. Almost all of the air defense elements are now equipped with the all-weather Mig-21 ... systems; equipment modernization programs for all theater forces will surely continue through the decade, ...

  14. Warsaw Pact Forces opposite NATO, NIE 11-14-79, Volume II, the Estimate, CIA/NFAC, 31 January 1979

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a608ac Attachment Size 1979-01-31b.pdf 14.15 MB ... They have a continuing, vigorous program to equip and train Pact forces for operations in a toxic environment ... in the more expensive tactical air and missile forces and in ground force armor replacement programs. (VI, 1) 6. ... a vigorous program to increase the effectiveness of their air munitions to exploit the enhanced capabilities ...

  15. The Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces, NIE 11-14-67, 16 November 1967.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f899326091c6a6057b Attachment Size 1967-11-16.pdf 1.46 MB ... HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE IN FULL DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE Concurred in by the UNITED STATES ... all of the older aircraft have been replaced by late model Mig-21 all- weather interceptors; more than half ... and the first of two new helicopter carriers are about to enter service; both of these programs may be intended ...

  16. Warsaw Pact Forces opposite NATO, NIE 11-14-79, Volume I, Summary Estimate, CIA/NFAC, 31 January 1979

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a608a8 Attachment Size 1979-01-31a.pdf 5.77 MB ... might be used in a war between NATO and the Warsaw Pact. They have a continuing, vigorous program ... in the more expensive tactical air and missile forces and in ground force armor replacement programs. (VI, 1) 6. ... a vigorous program to increase the effectiveness of their air munitions to-exploit the enhanced capabilities ...

  17. The Warsaw Pact Threat to NATO, Interagency Working Group 5 for National Security Study Memorandum 84, May 1970.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6089f Attachment Size 1970-05-01.pdf 3.97 MB ... at the deliberate pace of recent years with modernization programs designed to improve both conventional and nuclear ... to maintain or even step up the pace of their modernization programs in order to gain a useful military ... these programs in order to meet other military and civilian priorities.-7- S T~§ Changes in NATO strategy ...

  18. Soviet and East European General Purpose Forces, NIE 11-14-68, 12 December 1968.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a6081b Attachment Size 1968-12-12.pdf 2.3 MB ... HR70-14- V-- NIE i1-14-68 iiVTP.JbELED 9 DlC~L12 December 1968 CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM ... several years have not resulted in any structural change, although there has been a continuing program ... regiments. In a concurrent modernization program, about half of the aircraft in ground attack regiments ...

  19. Capabilities of Soviet General Purpose Forces1964-1970, NIE 11-14-64, 10 December 1964.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f899326091c6a60665 Attachment Size 1964-12-10a.pdf 2.76 MB ... 8-2012 CIA HISTORICAL REVIEW PROGRAM RELEASE IN FULL NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE ESTIMATE NUMBER 11-14-64 ... of 1963, he put through his ambitious new chemical industry program, announced a small reduction ...

  20. Soviet Naval Strategy and Its Effect on the Development of Naval Forces, 1953-63, CIA/DI/ORR, 22 October 1963.

    SPECIALCOLLECTION CIA Analysis of the Warsaw Pact Forces 5166d4f999326091c6a60821 Attachment Size 1963-10-22.pdf 13.26 MB ... program:to edrcat: militaiy offia:rs hand other responsible personnel on the character and potentialities ... from the critical examination of the then current shipbuilding program, was the abandonment and phasing-out ... during 1955-57 of all the naval shipbuilding programs, with exception of a patrol boat program ...

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