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Argentina

Monument to the Army of the Andes situated atop Cerro de la Gloria (Glory Hill) in the city of Mendoza, Argentina. It was from Mendoza in January 1817 that the Army of the Andes – a military force created by the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata (Argentina) and led by General Jose de San Martin – crossed the Andes to free Chile from Spanish rule. The force was bolstered by Chilean troops under the command of Bernardo O’Higgins. After a 25-day trek across the mountains, during which perhaps one-third of the troops perished, the combined Argentine and Chilean army successfully defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Chacabuco. The monument, designed by Uruguayan sculptor Juan Manuel Ferrari, was dedicated on 12 February 1914, the 97th anniversary of the battle