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The Venetian Walls are a series of defensive walls surrounding Nicosia, the capital city of Cyprus. The first city walls were built in the Middle Ages; they were completely rebuilt in the mid-16th century by the Republic of Venice. Largely intact, they have a a circumference of 5 km (3 mi) and are among the best preserved Renaissance fortifications in the Eastern Mediterranean and a popular tourist attraction. Shown is the Famagusta Gate, the chief gate in the walls.