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Leaf scorpionfish can be found in tropical waters, from the Indo-Pacific to East Africa and the Red Sea. Their color is highly variable and ranges from white, yellow, brown, green and purple to red. They molt their skin every two weeks and have the ability to change color on the molt. Their fins are relatively large, but are ill-suited for swimming. Leaf scorpionfish are usually found in crevices on larger rocks or in coral caves, where they can easily prey on sweepers and cardinalfish. Once their prey is within range they jump or hop towards it, sucking it into their mouths.