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France

The Arc de Triomphe was designed the Neoclassical version of an ancient Roman triumphal arch, honoring those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Covered with reliefs, shields, and sculptures, the inside walls of the monument list the names of 558 French generals, as well as the names of the major battles of the Napoleonic wars. Among the many carvings and statues is La Marseillaise, a winged figure of Liberty calling on the French to defend their nation. At the top, a museum of lithographs and photographs depicts the arch throughout its history. From the observation deck, visitors have a panoramic view of Paris, including Place de la Concorde, the Louvre, Eiffel Tower, and Sacré-Cœur.