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France

The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is one of many triumphant arches in France. Located near the Louvre Museum, the Arc was built between 1806-1808 by Emperor Napoleon I to commemorate his diplomatic and military victories. Designed by Charles Percier and Pierre François Léonard Fontaine, the proportions of the arch were directly drawn from those of the Arch of Septimius Severus in Rome. Originally, the Arc served as a gateway to the Tuileries Palace, then the imperial residence, which was later destroyed. Standing 19 m (63 ft) high and 23 m (75 ft) wide, the Arc has numerous bas reliefs depicting Napoleon’s victories. Nonetheless, atop the Arc is a sculpture depicting Peace riding a triumphal chariot led by gilded Victories on both sides. The latter were added in 1828 to commemorate the restoration of the Bourbons following Napoleon’s downfall.