View of homes in Positano on the rugged Amalfi Coast. The city is about 18 km east of the city of Amalfi. It was a prosperous port of the Amalfi Republic during the 16th and 17th centuries. Most of the population emigrated in the 19th century, mainly to Australia. In the 1950s, the town began to become popular with artists and writers. Tourists began to arrive in the mid 1950s in large numbers. The city and area are famous for the liqueur Limoncello.