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Norway

The Gogstad Ship, excavated in 1880, dates to the late 9th century; it is housed in the Viking Ship Museum in Oslo. Constructed largely of oak, the vessel is the largest preserved Viking ship in Norway (24 m long and 5 m wide) and was built to carry 32 oarsmen. The Vikings were able to terrorize much of Europe because of their state-of-the-art ships, which had a shallow draft hull and were able to navigate rivers only one meter deep. Additionally, they were relatively light and could be portaged (carried by the crew) between rivers.