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Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan. Built as a planned city in the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad is noted for its relatively high standard of living and abundant greenery. Its 900 sq km (350 sq mi) host several landmarks, including the Faisal Mosque, the Pakistan National Monument, and Democracy Square. Islamabad has a humid subtropical climate with five seasons: Winter, Spring, Summer, Monsoon, and Autumn.