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NOVEMBER 1998 APPROVED FOR RELEASE^ DATE: X07-25-2011 ' "'~ Y c COPY 0 04. 2 A National Security Unauthorized Disclosure Information Subject to Criminal Sanctions Copyright Contains copyrighted material that cannot be reproduced or disseminated without permission. Dissemination Control NOFORN (tiF) Not releasable to foreign nationals Abbreviations PROPIN (PR) Caution-proprietary information involved ORCON (oc) Dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator REL... This information has been authorized for release to... DI IR~t D TR 4-077 November1998 Page 1 SAret Highlights 15 Key Dates and Events The Terrorism Diary for December 1998 and January 1999 I I 19 Chronology of International Terrorism-August-October 21 The Review is published monthly by the DCI Counterterrorist Center. Comments and queries are welcome and may be directed to Review, except where otherwise noted. Information available as of 20 November 1998 was used in this DI TI? .8-011 November 1998 5 DI T1 DI T 8-011 November 1998 S ret 6 Se DIC ret 011 November1998 DITR'9, DITR -011 November 1998 Se et 16 '? 3 December 1934 10 December 1966 12 December 1983 13 December 1981 14 December 1983 17 December 1996 20 December 1998 21 December 1948 21 December 1967 23 December 1933 24 December 1951 26 December 28 December 1 January 1956 1 January 1965 5 January 1928 5 January 1996 6 January 1963 15 January 1918 The Terrorism Diary for December 1998 and January 1999 suggest that we anticipate a commemorative terrorist event Below is a compendium of December and January dates of known or conceivable significance to terrorists around the world. Inclusion of a date or event does not Peru. Birthday of Sendero Luminoso leader Abimail Guzman. Palestinians. Founding of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). United States, France. Hizb'al-Dawa bombing of the US and French Embassies in Kuwait Poland. Imposition of martial law. Chile. Founding of Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front (FPMR). Peru. MRTA takeover of Japanese Ambassador's residence in Lima. Islamic World. Beginning of the holy month of Ramadan, (Islamic year 1419). Ireland. Proclamation of the republic. Palestinians. Founding of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Japan. Birthday of Emperor Akihito. Libya. Independence Day. Peru. Birthday of Mao Zedong, usually sparks Sendero Luminoso attacks. Latin America. Equivalent of US April Fools' Day, traditionally sees many hoaxes and bomb threats. Sudan. Independence Day. Proclamation of the republic. Palestinians. Palestinian revolution; founding of Fatah. Pakistan. Birthday of executed former President Zulfikar All Bhutto. Palestinians. Assassination of HAMAS bombmaker Yahyah Ayyash. Colombia. Founding of National Liberation Army (ELN). Egypt. Birthday of Jamal `Abd al-Nasir. 19 Se et DI TIZ -011 November 1998 15 January 1922 16 January 1979 16 January 1991 17 January 1974 18 January 1974 25 January 1993 26 January 1950 30 January 1933 30 January 1972 Ireland Founding of Irish Free State. Iran. Departure of Shah from Iran. Iraq, Kuwait. Operation Desert Storm begins. Colombia. Nineteenth of April Movement (M-19) steals sword of Simon Bolivar from Bogota museum. Founding dates from this act. Egypt, Israel. Disengagement agreement signed. United States. Mir Aimal Kansi shoots and kills Dr. Lansing Bennett and Frank Darling and wounds three others in front of CIA Headquarters in Langley, Virginia. India. Republic Day (national day). Germany. Accession to power by Nationalist Socialist (Nazi) Party. Northern Ireland Bloody Monday; 13 killed, 16 wounded during demonstration in Derry. Seclcct 20 Chronology of International Terrorism August-October 1998 The following incidents have met the criteria for the Intelligence Community's Incident Review Panel since publication of the previous issue of the Terrorism Review. These incidents are the basisfor the State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, published annually as the US Government's official record of Ret S DI D TR 8-011 November 1998 22 September 6 October 8 October of the hostages in eastern Congo have been reported Democratic Republic of the Congo: Suspected former Rwandan soldiers abducted six persons on tour to see rare mountain gorillas. The tourists--one Canadian, two Swedes, and three New Zealanders-were kidnapped after they crossed from Uganda into Congo. A previously unknown group, People in Action for the Liberation of Rwanda, claimed responsibility. Two New Zealanders escaped one week after the abduction, and the Canadian was released 19 August. Sightings India: Unidentified gunmen wounded a French tourist near the Jama Masjid mosque in Srinagar, Kashmir. Witnesses said that two assailants fired at the victim from an autorickshaw. Muslim guerrillas are suspected India: In Thal, Kashmir, Muslim militants threw a bomb at a vehicle that was carryin a prominent former militant, killing him and 10 others, including his familyyg p India: Muslim guerrillas threw a grenade at a police post in Srinagar. Kashmir, in'urin gfive civilians, four police officers, and four soldiers, India: Suspected Muslim militants detonated a bomb near the state secretariat building in Srinagar, Kashmir, injuring 13 persons and causing minor damage. Pakistan: Unidentified assailants opened fire on the Iranian Cultural Center in Multan, killing one Pakistani security guard and wounding another.F--] Latvia: Israeli officials discovered 4 parcel bomb during a routine check of packages mailed to the Israeli Embassy in Riga. Latvian authorities safely 18 September Colombia: Unidentified rebels bombed the Cano Limon-Covenas oil pipeline in Cucuta, causing at least 700 barrels of oil to spill.F--] pipeline. 20 September Colombia: Suspected leftist guerrillas bombed the Cano Limon-Covenas oil 29 September Colombia: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) bombed the Trans-Andean oil pipeline between Santa Anna and Orito, Puerto Asis and Orito, and Puerto Caicedo and Puerto Asis. The amount of oil spilled has not Ecuador: A bomb exploded at the Ecuadorian Bishops' Conference in Quito, injuring a Spanish missionary and causing major damage. The explosion also released leaflets calling for improvement in both cost-of-living allowances and utility services a bombing is linked to the national shrike rost- ing the economic package implemented by the Ecuadorian President. Colombia: Popular Liberation Army (EPL) rebels kidnapped 20 persons, including four foreign nationals, at a roadblock on the Northeastern Highway. The rebels burned three cars and released two hostages to report the situation to the Summary of Indigenous Terrorism-October 1998 The incidents and situations below provide an overview of selected indigenous On 10 October, militan attacked in Tripura, killing eight persons and wounding four others a National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) was responsibl On 17 October in Andhra Pradesh, suspected members of the People's War Group (PWG) bombed a police station, killing three persons Europe Two unidentified assailants armed with automatic weapons opened fire on a former provincial governor in Karachi on 17 October, killing him, his assistant, one guard, and seven other persons On 25 October in Groznyy, Chechnya, a bomb exploded near a vehicle carrying the chief of Chechnya's antikidnapping unit, killing him and injuring two bodyguards. The attack followed a declaration of war by the Chechen government against kidnapping gangs. No one has claimed responsibility. In Chechnya on 26 October, a bomb explode" a vehicle carrying Chechnya's senior Islamic leader, injuring his drive On 11 October in Ajaccio, a bomb exploded outside a tax office, causing minor damage. The orsicaz~ National Liberation Front-Traditional (FLNC) claimed responsibili ty A bomb exploded outside a tax office in Peiraiefs (Piraeus) on 25 October, causing undetermined damage. A warning telephone call was made to the media, but no one claimed responsibility. 25 Secret DI 2)R 98-011 November 1998 members or its supporters are probably responsible Eight hooded assailants threw Molotov cocktails into a telephone repair van in Bilbao on 9 October, causing major damage. Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) NATO intervention in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia may be responsible. On 14 October in Bronschhofen, a bomb exploded outside a military barracks scheduled to house refugees from Kosovo. Authorities suspect Serbs who oppose Suspected Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) members shot two police officers and destroyed their vehicle in Tokat on 4 October Bolivia On 9 October in La Paz, a bomb exploded at a new military chapel, causing minor damage responsible On 2 October in Rionegro, a car bomb detonated when the driver attempted to start the car, killing the driver, wounding two passengers, and causing major damage. Authorities believe a faction of the Popular Liberation Army Dissidents (EPL-D) is from a bank in Bogota on 5 October, causing millions of dollars in damag The Jaime Bateman Cayon Front claimed responsibility for the bombing across On 11 October in Albania Municipality, 300 guerrillas belonging to the Revolution- ary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) attacked a police station, killing two offic- ers, wounding five others, and causing major damage. Three persons still are missing Peru In Los Milagros, armed members of the Sendero Luminoso (SL) set up a roadblock to warn villagers not to vote in the municipal elections on 11 Octobe Venezuela On 20 October in Zulia, three armed assailants escaped in a helicopter they had chartered, after forcing the pilot out, then shooting and wounding him. Authorities suspect the Colombian Army of National Liberation (ELN) is responsibl Algeria A bomb exploded in an open-air market, killing 2 persons and wounding 46 others in Tiaret on 5 October. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) is probably responsible. On 5 October, GIA militants killed seven family members and boobytrapped one corpse. A government soldier was wounded when he tried to move the bod persons at a false checkpoint on 5 October. Between the Mascara and Saida regions, suspected GIA militants murdered seven L r . dle on a donkey, injuring two soldiers who were passing by when it detonated. GIA is probably responsible On 17 October in Algiers, an explosion at a bus stop wounded 14 children. The person On 25 October 1998 in Tiaret, suspected GIA guerrillas slit the throat of one roadblock, killing four persons and injuring two other On 25 October 1998 near Tiaret, an armed group opened fire on a bus at a false Resistance Movement (HAMAS) claimed responsibility on 20 October On 19 October in Beersheba, an assailant threw two grenades into a crowded bus station, injuring 64 persons, including 20 Israeli soldiers. Police arrested a Palestinian from the West Bank, who admitted carrying out the attack. The Islamic ~ vehicles. Unidentified assailants threw two bombs at an Israeli army vehicle on 1 October in Hebron, injuring 11 Palestinian civilians and 11 Israeli soldiers, and damaging two Yemen On 13 October in al-Dala'a, unidentified militants strapped explosives under a