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November 1, 1996
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T ~ '-.Copy ~ ?i National Security Unauthorized Disclosure Information Subject to Criminal Sanctions Note This paper may contain copyright information. Dissemination Control NOFORN (NF) Not releasable to foreign nationals Abbreviations PROPIN (ee) Caution-proprietary information involved ORCON (oC) Dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator REL... This information has been authorized for release to.. Highlights Terrorism Review i Se et DI T 96-011 Novel er 1946 Sec et __ Colombia: US Hostage Released The Terrorism Diary for December and January Chronology of International Terrorism This review is published monthly by the 1?CI Counterterrorist Center. Comments and queries are welcome and may be directed to Information available as of 21 November 1996 tivas used in this Review 1 Secl~t DI TR -011 November 1996 Se et - 2 Se et 4 D1 TR 9l5-017 November 1996 Sec Secr b Se et 8 Highlights Significant Developments 9 Sec`~et DI T 96-011 Nove er1996 Se et 10 11 Sec et U5 Hostage Released National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas released US citizen Mark Bossard into the care of the International Red Cross on 15 November, Bossard, a contractor employed by a US mining company, was kidnapped from his office in northeastern Colombia on l6 February. His employer ~ paid a $2 million ransom for his release Colombia's largest guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), still holds three US missionaries kidnapped in Panama on 31 January 1993. Although it has been two years since the kidna ers rovided an news on the missionaries' status or whereabouts, information indicates that, as of February t 996, all three were a eve an m capt~v~t 3 December 1934 10 December 1966 13 December 1981 I4 December 1983 21 December 1948 21 December 1967 23 December 1933 24 December 1951 26 December 28 December I January 1956 I January 1965 S January 1928 6 January 1963 IS January 1918 IS January 1922 16 January 1979 16 January 1991 17 January 1974 The terrorism Diary for December and January Below is a compendium of December and January dates of known or conceivable signifrcance to terrorists around the world. Our inclusion of a date or event .should not by itself be construed to suggest that we expect or anticipate a commemorative Peru. Birthday of Sendero Luminoso leader Abimael Guzman. Palestinians. Founding of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PEEP). Poland. Imposition of martial law. Chile. Founding of Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front (FPMR). Ireland. Proclamation of republic. Palestinians. Founding of Palestine Liberation Organization {PLO). Japan. Birthday of Emperor Akihito. Libya. Independence Day. Peru. Birthday of Mao Zedong, usually sparks Sendero Luminoso attacks. Latin America. Equivalent of US April Fools' Day-traditionally sees many hoaxes and bomb threats. Sudan. Independence Day; proclamation of the republic. Palestinians. Palestinian revolution; founding of Fatah. Pakistan. Birthday of executed former President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Colombia. Founding of National Liberation Army (ELN). Egypt. Birthday of Jamal `Abd al-Nasir. Ireland. Founding of Irish Free State. Iran. Departure of Shah from Iran. Iraq, Kuwait. Operation Desert Storm begins. Colombia. Nineteenth of April Movement (M-l9) steals sword of Simon Bolivar from Bogota museum. Founding dates from this act. D! TR~QS-011 November 1996 18 January 1974 Egypt, Israel Disengagement agreement signed. 25 January 1993 United States. Mir Aima] Kansi shoots and kills Dr. Lansing Bennett and Frank Darling and wounds three others in front of CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia. 26 January 1950 India. Republic Day (national day). 30 January 1933 Germany. Accession to power by Nationalist Socialist (Nazi) Party. 30 January 1972 Northern Ireland. Bloody Monday; 13 killed, 16 wounded during demonstration in Derry. Chronology of International Terrorism The following incidents were considered by the Intelligence Community's Incident Review Panel since publication of the previous issue of the Terrorism Review and were determined by the Panel to constitute international terrorism. Such incidents provide the basis for the State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, which is published annually as the US Government's official record of international terrorism.) 17 Sec DI TR 011 Novemb 1996 7 September Colombia: Suspected Colombian guerrillas i-: Narino Department bombed a sec- tion o the Trans-Andean oil pipeline that runs between Colombia and Ecuador. 12 September 14 September 18 September 21 September Colombia: Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas bur three containers of bananas at a Dole plantation in Magdalena Department. Colombia: FARC members torched three Dole banana plantations in separate incidents in Magdalena Department.) Venezuela: National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas opened fire on a military post in Los Bancos, killing one soldier and wounding two civillans.n Mexico: Six suspected Revolutionary People's Army members brandishing rifles assaulted and robbed five British tourists in Chiapas State n Colombia: Suspected Colombian guerrillas bombed a Mormon church that was about to be inaugurated, destroying it. Guerrilla groups including the FARC, ELN, and People's Liberation Army had demanded an exorbitant tax from the Mormon missionaries for permission to build the chapel. The guerrillas then demanded that the missionaries hire only local workers at an inflated salary; the missionaries com- plied. After the steeple construction began, the guerrillas contended that it was a CIA communications tower. The dispute was unresolved when the guerrillas bombed the chapel.) 22 September Colombia: In separate incidents,. ELN guerrillas blew up sections of the Cano Limon-Covenas oil pipeline in Oru and in Convention, causing large oil spills and suspending pumping. operations.~~ 24 September Colombia: ELN guerrillas bombed the Cano Limon-Covenas oil pipeline in northern Colombia, shutting it down after it had reopened following a weekend II September Iraq: Kurdish refugees seized nine United Nations employees near Sairanbar. A World Food Program official, a UNICEF official, and a UNHCR employee were among those taken. A crowd of refugees demonstrating near the UN offices seized the workers as thousands chanted anti-US slogans and threw rocks at UN employ- ~ ees. The refugees Eater released all the hostages 13 September Iraq: Patriotic Union of Kurdistan militants kidnapped four French aid workers from Pharmaciens Sans Frontiers (Pharmacists Without Borders), a Canadian UNHCR o,~`icial, and two Iragis.~~ F Sel~ret Summary of Indigenous Terrorism-~-October 1996 This description of incidents and situations is not mean[ to be a detailed accounti~ag of all domestic terror dents, but rather to provide an overview of indigenous terrorism worldwide. Bangladesh Unidentified gunmen shot and killed a parliamentary candidate on 10 October in Dhaka. No one claimed responsibility for the attack.n Spain On 5 October unidentified gunmen shot and killed seven national conference party supporters and wounded five others in Baramula, northern Kashmir. No one claimed responsibility for the attack.~~ Three unidentified gunmen on a motorbike shot and wounded a senior Pakistani official and his driver and kilted his guard on 22 October in Khanewal.~~ Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) members ambushed a police patrol on 22 October in Palliyagodella, killing 16 officers and wounding six others. bomb disposal experts when he discovered a protruding wire. Suspected Basque Fatherlarul and Liberty (ETA) members sent a letter bomb to an Elizondo police officer on 12 October. The policeman turned the~age over to The F.TA claimed responsibility for detonating two bombs outside courthouse buildings in Vitoria and San Sebastian on ]9 October. The explosions caused minor material damage but no injuries.~~ On 1 October in Hakkari suspected Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) militants stopped a minibus and abducted four village guards and four others after setting up a roadblock on the Hakkari-Cukurca roadway On 2 October twelve more militants set up another roadblock near Gumushane's Siran district and stopped several vehicles, robbing the passengers. The assailants set fire to one of the vehicles and fled with four hostages. The hostages were released on 3 October. The PKK or the Turkish Workers Peasants Liberation Arrny/ TIKKO are suspected.~~ Guerrillas raided a Turkish Electric Commission construction site near the village of Sezekyan on 3 October and abducted 1 S workers. Ten hostages were released on 14 October. The PKK is suspected~~ Se et Dl T 96-O1 ! Nove ber 1996 Algeria Gunmen abducted a man fr his Igdir home on 9 October and shot him to death. The PKK is suspected. the child to death. Four militants reportedly were killed in the clash and three On 14 October seven militants clashed with village guards at the chief guard's res- idence, where the militants (mistakenly) went to seek food. Trying to escape, one of the militants shielded himself with a child; during the ensuing clash he stabbed escaped. A guard and a villager were wounded. The PKK is suspected. Unidentified assailants blew up an electrical pylon in Concepcion on 7 October, leaving a section of the city without electricity. No one claimed responsibility for the attack On.21 October a bomb exploded outside police headquarters in Monteria injuring 10 persons.Osuspect the Revolutiona Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) or the National Liberation Army (ELN)~ A bomb exploded inside a market in Kolea on 11 October, killing three persons and injuring 70 others. No one claimed responsibility for the attack. The Armed Islamic Group (G!A) is suspected.) Unidentified assailants shot and wounded a police officer and two civilians on 5 October in the village of Hawr, in Markaz Mallawi, Al Minya. Al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (IC) is suspected.)