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National Secarity Unauthorized Disclosure Information Subject to Criminal Sanctions Note This paper may contain copyright information. Dissemination Control Abbreviations NOFORN (NF) Not releasable to foreign nationals PROPIN (ve) Caution-proprietary infomtation involved ORCON (oc) Dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator REL... .This inforrnation has been authorized for release to... ~I II Highlights Terrorisrri Ideview i Secret DI 6-010 October 1996 Page 1 Se et The Terrorism Diary for November and December Terrorism a 19 This review is published monthly by the DCI Counterterrorist ('antar C'nmmantc and nuorivc nro wvlrnmv nn~l mnv ha dirar-ait to Information available as of 24 October 1996 was used in this Review. 23 1 Sec et D! TR 96-010 October J996 5 Seclr~et DI TR 6-0111 Oc?tnber 1996 Sec et 8 I-?ighiights Seci+~t DI TR 6-010 Ocwber 1996 l3 Se et Suet 14 Sec t 16 4 November 1983 22 November 1943 29 November 1945 29 November 1947 3 December 1934 10 December 1966 13 December 1981 14 December 1983 21 December 1948 21 December 1967 23 December 1933 24 December 1951 26 December 28 December The Terrorism Diary for November and December Below is a compendium of November and December dates of known or conceivable significance to terrorists around the world. Our inclusion of a date or event should not by itself be construed to suggest that we expect or anticipate a commemorative terrorist event.) Peru. Founding of.Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) and People's Revolutionary Command (CRP). Syria. Hafiz al-Asad assumes power. Saudi Arabia. Bombing in Riyadh of the Office of Personnel ManagemendSaudi Arabian National Guard (OPM/SANG). Jordan. King Hussein's birthday. Greece. Student uprising at Athens Polytechnic University (terrorist group Revolu- tionary Organization 17 November takes its name from this incident). Lebanon. Independence Day. Yugoslavia. Republic Day. Palestinians. International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People (anniver- sary of partition). Peru. Birthday of Sendero Luminoso leader Abimael Guzman. Palestinians. Founding of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PEEP). Poland. Imposition of martial law. Chile. Founding of Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front (FPMR). Ireland. Proclamation of republic. Palestinians. Founding of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Japan. Birthday of Emperor Akihito. Libya. Independence Day. Peru. Birthday of Mao Zedong (usually sparks Sendero Luminoso [SL] attacks}. Latin America. Equivalent of US April Fools' Day-traditional day for hoaxes and bomb threats. Dl TR~I6-010 October 1996 Chronology of International Terrorisvn The following incidents were considered by the Intelligence Community s Incident Review Pane[ since publication of the previous issue of the Terrorism Review and were determined by the Panel to constitute international terrorism. Such incidents? provide the basis for the State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, which is published, annually as the US Government's official record of international Secret DI T 6-010 Oclnber 1496 l7 August Sudan: Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPCA) rebels kidnapped six missionar- ies in Mapourdit, including a US citizen, an Italian, a Sudanese, and three Aus- traliannuns. Alocal SPCA commander may have acted without approval of SPCA headquarters. The rebels released the hostages on 28 August. 9 August 14 August 7 August Sri Lanka: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) planted an explosive device on the hull of the Philippine-registered M. ~! Princess Wave cargo ship while it was loading ore at the Mineral Sands factory in the northeastern port of Pulmaddai. The resulting blast injured nine longshoremen and badly damaged the ship, which had been headed for Japan. .Sri Lanka: LTTE rebels bombed the Trincomalee o,,~4ces and residences of two South Korean companies, Korea Telecom International (KTI) and Samsung Electronics. The blast badly damaged the joint offices and homes of the KTI and Samsung staffs.~~ Bosnia and Herzegovina: After receiving a telephoned bomb threat, security officers evacuated two buildings in Sarajevo that house the of~`zces of the Orga- nization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Authorities located and defused the bomb. No one claimed responsibility. Russia: An unidentified gunman opened fire on a Finnish diplomat outside a hotel in St. Petersburg before fleeing in a vehicle. The Finnish Deputy Consul General received minor in'uries from glass fragments. No one claimed responsibil- ity for the attack 14 August l7 August 21 August 1 August guerrillas may be responsib(e Colombia: Suspected leftist guerrillas kidnapped an Italian restaurateur and longtime Colombian resident in central Colombia Panama: Some 50 suspected Colombian guerrillas kidnapped the former repre- sentative for the Democratic Revolutionary Party in Boca De Cupe, Darien. Rev- olutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC} or National Liberation Army (ELN) ~ Colombia: Suspected ELN rebels kidna ped two Brazilian engineers working on a highway in Meta Department. Colombia: FARC guerrillas torched three buses transporting workers from a Colombian affiliate of the Exxon oil company in La Guajira Departmen Colombia: Gunmen kidna ed an Italian engineer working on an oil pipeline in northern Colombi Algeria: A bomb exploded at the home of the French Archbishop of Oran, killing him and his chauffeur. The attack occurred following the Archbishop's meetin with the French Foreign Minister. The Armed Islamic Group {G1A) is suspected Se et 22 Summary of Indigenous Terrorism-September 1996 This description of incidents and situations is not meant to be a detailed accounting of all domestic terrorist incidents, but rather to provide an overview of indigenous terrorism worldwide.) Kenya A bomb exploded at the Bureau of Statistics in Nairobi on 15 September, killing one person. No one claimed responsibility for the attack~~ India On 21 September a bomb exploded at a high school being used as a polling place in Charar Sharif, injuring three polling staff members~~ Unknown assailants threw a grenade into Congress headquarters in Srinagar on 24 September, injuring two security personnel and damaging a vehicle. No one claimed responsibility for the attack~~ Pakistan Four gunmen shot and killed 21 persons and injured dozens more at a mos ue in Multan on 23 September. No one claimed responsibility for the attack. Sri Lanka Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) guerrillas attacked a bus traveling to ~an~y from Amparai on 12 September, killing 11 persons and wounding 27 others. Spain Turkey On l September assailants threw several firebombs at a bank in San Sebastian, injuring four persons and causing minor material damage. Authorities suspect youth sympathizers of the Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA). Arsonists set fire to a telephone company office on 21 September in Lequeitio, causing extensive fire damage but no injuries. Authorities suspect ETA or its youth sympathizers,~~ for the attack. The PKK is suspected. On 6 September gunmen opened fire on the Guzel Konak security station in Gurpi- nar, Van, killing four village guards, wounding a soldier, and causing an unknown amount of damage. Security forces killed nine of the assailants. The Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) is suspected. Militants stopped a minibus on 9 September at a roadblock in Van and shot the pas- sengers, killing three village guards and a civilian. No one claimed responsibility Militants fired rockets at three Turkish Petroleum Company oil wells in Batman on 10 September, causing major damage. The PKK is suspected- 23 Secret DI T 6-UIU October 7996 On 14 September gunmen opened fire on the residence of a True Path Party provin- cial assembly member in Kozluk, Ba[man, and wounded his son. The gunmen then set the part official's vehicle on fire, causing major damage. The PKK is suspected Authorities defused a bomb found in front of a Post, Telephone, and Telegra h Administration building on 19 September. No group claimed responsibility. Gunmen opened fire on a privately operated mine in the Alacakaya district of Elazig on 21 September, killing five persons and wounding five others. The assail- ants also set fire to a barracks a al vehicles, causing an unknown amount of damage. The PKK is suspected United Kingdom On 1 September assailants set fire to the headquarters building of the loyalist Black Preceptory organization in Newry, Northern Ireland, causing extensive fire damage but no injuries. No group has claimed responsibility.~~ Unidentified gunmen shot and killed the former head of the Irish National Libera- tion Army (INCA) and wounded his companion as they walked along a street near his home in Belfast on 3 September, Authorities suspect that members of an INCA faction were avenging the death of another INCA leader, who was killed in January 1996 reportedly on orders from the victim.) National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas launched a rocket attack against the air- port in Valledupar on 1 September, damaging a waiting area, the airport's control tower, and a drug police base.) On 5 September, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas deto- nated two bombs at the may fice in Bolivar Department, damaging the Agrar- ian Fund building next door On 20 September ELN guerrillas burned 18tractor-trailers that attempted to travel through a roadblock in Cesar Department.) Algeria A bomb exploded on a train carrying fuel in the Kabylie region on S September killing four persons. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) may be responsible A car bomb exploded on 13 September in the district of Baraki in Al iers, killing two persons and injuring 28 others. The GIA may be responsible. Unidentified assailants shot and killed one policeman and wounded another on 13 September in the village of Safay, in Al Minya Governorate. Al-Gama'at al- lslamiyya (IG) may be responsible~~ The next day, unidentified gunmen shot and killed four persons as they left a mosque in a small village in Al Badari. The IG again may be responsible. Se et 24