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August 1, 1996
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National Security Unauthorized Disclosure Information Subject to Criminal Sanctions Dissemination Control NOFORN (rtF) Not releasable to foreign nationals Abbreviations PROP[N (rR) Caution-proprietary information involved ORCON (oc) Dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator _ REL... This information has been authorized for release to... Terrorism ~teview i Se et n~ Tn -oos August 1996 Highlights Peru: Sendero Luminoso's Paltry Independence Day I b CamnaiQn The Terrorism Diary far September and October) 19 Chronology of International Terroris~ Summary of Indieenous Terrorism-July 1996 This review Ys published monthly by the DCI Counterterrorist Center. Comments and queries are welcome and may be directed to Information available as of 16 August 1996 was used in this Review. se~ DI T 6-008 August 1996 Sec t Z 5 Sec DI TR 008 August 1996 9 Se et UI T 6-008 August 996 II Se et DI TR 6-008 August 994 Se et. Highlight Significant Developments 15 See Df TR 008 August 9b Sendero Luminoso's Paltry Independence Day Campaign' Sendero Luminoso (SL) carried out four terrorist attacks in late July, marking a return to its former practice of mounting an annual campaign of violence to coincide with Peru's Independence Day on 28 July. Two Peruvians, were killed and 14 injured: ? On 26 July, a car bomb made of 20 kg of ammonium nitrate fuel oil exploded on the street outside a police station in downtown Lima, killing one person and injuring 11 others. ? On 29 July, a ] 0-kg bomb made of ammonium nitrate and dynamite exploded ~~:_ 7397109-96 under an army general's car, parked outside his home in amiddle-class district of Lima, injuring five. ? On 30 July, a former community leader was assassinated outside his home in the Lima shantytown of San Martin de Porres. ? Also on 30 July, a band of 30 Sendero guerrillas ransacked a highway construc- tion site in the countryside, causing extensive property damage but no casualties. The attacks-SL's first Independence Day campaign in three years-were much less ambitious than previous campaigns and suggest that SL is facing a shortage of bombmaking materials. The car bombs used in the early 1990s routinely consisted of more than 200 kg of ammonium nitrate: ? In its campaign of July 1992, SL carried out a series of spectacular bombings and assassinations in Lima that left scores injured and dead. Car bombings in Lima's affluent Miraflores district resulted in rare public protests against the group. ? Despite the arrest of its leader and founder, Abimael Guzman, in late 1992, SL mounted a campaign the following July thas lethal but still struck at key political targets, including the US Embassy This year's more limited campaign was directed at specific Sendero opponents and unaccompanied by any calls for an "armed strike"-a series of violent attacks intended to frighten the populace into staying home. The recent attacks apparently were not intended to create widespread panic through indiscriminate bombings, but to demonstrate a revitalized Sendero threat and to embarrass the government, which claims to have broken SL. The latter goal is stated clearly in the text of Sendero leaflets left at the site of the bombing on 29 July, ridiculing government forces with a reference to "the armed forces and national police, experts in defeat." Indeed, the latest attacks seem to have had some impact: on 31 July, the head of Peru's National Counterterrorism Directorate resigned amid criticism that the government's counterterrorist policies had been careless and inconsistent 17 Sec t The Terrorism Diary for September and October 1 September 1939 I September 1969 September 1970 3 September 1971 3 September 1982 4 September 1980 8 September 1982 10 September 1922 14 September 1982 IS September 1982 17 September 1978 l7 September 1982 21 September 1989 23 September 1932 23 September 1964 23 September 1996 25 September 1984 terrorist event Below is a compendium of September and October dates of known or conceivable signi, ficance to terrorists around the world. Our inclusion of a date or event should not by itself be construed to suggest that we expect or anticipate a commemorative Germany, Europe. Antiwar Day (anniversary of Nazi invasion of Poland). Libya. Coup overthrows monarchy. Palestinians. During this month, the Jordanian Army drove Palestinian guerrillas out of the country because they would not stop attacking Israel from Jordanian soil; in response, the largest group, Fatah, established the Black September Organiza- tion, best known for its attack on Israeli athletes at the 1972 Olympics. Qatar. Independence Day. Peru. Death of 5endero Luminoso leader Edith Lagos. Iran, Iraq. Date Iraq charges Iran started war. India. Death of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, "the Lion of Kashmir." Turkey. Founding of Turkish Communist Party. Lebanon. Assassination of Phalangist leader and Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel. Lebanon. Israeli invasion of Muslim West Beirut. United States, Israel, Egypt. Signing of Camp David accords. Lebanon. Massacre in Shatila and Sabra refugee camps (17 September Organization takes its name from this event). Saudi Arabia. Execution of 16 Kuwaiti shias for hajj bombings (sparked anti-Saudi retaliatory attacks). Saudi Arabia. Unification of the kingdom. Saudi Arabia. National Day. Israel, Jewish World. Day of Atonement. Anniversary of 1973 Arab-Israeli war, according to the Hebrew calendar. Egypt, Jordan. Resumption of diplomatic relations. 19 Secl~t DI TR 6-008 August 1996 27 September 28 September 1970 1 October 1985 6 October 1973 8 October 1967 10 October 1980 12 October 1965 14 October 1985 23 October 1983 28 October 29 October 1923 29 October 1973 31 October 1984 Spain. Basque National Party Day. Egypt. Death of Jamal `Abd al-Nasir. Tunisia, Israel, Palestinians. Israeli bombing of PLO headquarters in Tunis. Israel, Arab World. Arab-Israeli war begins. Egypt. Armed Forces Day (commemorates the war with Israel). Cuba. Heroic Guerrilla Day (death of Che Guevara in Bolivia). El Salvador. Founding of Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN). Chile. Movement of Revolutionary Left (MIR) founded. Germany. Revolutionary Cells bomb economic targets to commemorate the suicides in 1977 of Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin. Japan. Beginning of construction of Narita airport (usually marked by 10 days of demonstrations). Lebanon. Bombing of the US Marine barracks in Beirut. G'yprus. Greek National Day (observed by Greek Cypriot community). Turkey. Independence Day (proclamation of republic). Cyprus. Turkish Republic Day (observed by Turkish Cypriot community). India. Assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi by her Sikh bodyguards, triggering anti-Sikh riots throughout northern India, Chronology of International Terrorisrr~ T'he folloK~ing incidents were considered by the Intelligence Community's /ncident Review Panel since publication of the previous issue of the Terrorism Review and were determined by the Panel to constitute. international terrorism. Such incidents provide the basis for the State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, which is published mtnually as the US Government's official record of international 21 Secret DI T 6-008 Augusr 1996 8 July group that espouses an extreme form of Islam Tajikistan: Gunmen shot and killed two Russian servicemen's wives while the victirrrs were visiting a cemetery in Dushanbe. The Tajikistan Internal Affairs Ministry believes the gunmen were members of Muzlokandov's Gang, a militant United Kingdom: A truck bomb exploded at a Manchester shopping center, wounding 20b persons and causing extensive property damage. Two German tourists were among thne~red. The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) claimed responsibility Party (PKK} is suspected Germany: Unknown assailants hurled incendirary devices at three Turkish travel agencies in Berlin, causing relatively minor frre damage. The Kurdistan Workers' Germauy: PKK sympathizers hurled two Molotov cocktails at a Turkish soccer club building in Hamburg, causing minor damage to the facade but no injuries. Venezuela: Ten Colombian National Liberation Army (ELN) gunmen killed a Venezuelan man in Apure state, just over the Colombian border. They believed he was an informant for Venezuela's National Guard.~~ 25 June Colombia: ELN rebels blew u Ca o Liman-Covenas pipeline, causing an oil spill in northern Colomb' 4 July reported Colombia: Revolutionary Armed Farces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas opened fire on a police helicopter carrying a Swiss prosecutor and a group of local coun- ternarcotics police o,~cers. The officers were showing the prosecutor the coca leaf plantations destro ed recently in the southern part of the country. No injuries were ~ Israel: Unidentified gunmen opened fire on a car near Zekharya, killing a dual US/Israeli citizen and an Israeli. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine is suspected.~~ Se et 22 23 S ret Sec~et 24 Spain Summary of Indigenous Terrorism-July 1996 This description of incidents and .situations is not meant to be a detailed accounting of all domestic terrorist incidents, but rather to provide an overview of indigenous terrorism worldwide On 15 July unidentified gunmen kidnapped 12 Fndian tourists from a floating hotel on a lake in Shikara. The assailants shot and killed six of the hostages and released the others. No one claimed responsibility for the attack A bomb exploded at the Lahore Airport on 22 July, killing six ersons and wound- ing 32 others. No one claimed responsibility for the attack. On 4 July suspected Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) militants fired three rocket-propelled grenades at a Spanish civil guard barracks building in Olite. The explosion slightly damaged a protective wall but caused no injuries.) 25 Secret DI T 6.008 August 1996 Argentina The ETA claimed responsibility for detonating an improvised explosive device (IED) in front of a historic ~ aen on 11 July. The explosion damaged win- dows but caused no injuries On 26 July unidentified gunmen shot and killed a leading Spanish businessman- who was an outspoken critic of ETA--on a road near his hometown of Ordizia. Authorities suspect the ETA~~ (UHKP/C) is suspected Four militants opened fire on a police station in Istanbul on 15 July, wounding two police officers. The assailants fled to a nearby residence where all four were killed in a shootout with police. The Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front On 20 July assailants in Umraniye threw three Molotov cocktails at a Welfare Party office. No one claimed responsibility for the attack~~ 23 July, causing major damage. No one claimed responsibility Four assailants threw a Molotov cocktail at an empty municipal bus in Istanbul on a police commissioner and wounding a second officer Unidentified gunmen opened fire on a police vehicle on 25 Julv in Istanbul, killing On 7 July five gunmen attacked a senator's house in Buenos Aires and escaped after killing one policeman guarding the residence and injuring another. The sena- tor is the brother of Argentine President Carlos Menem. The People's Revolution- ary Organization claimed responsibility for the attack) Colombia National Liberation Army guerrillas ambushed and killed the municipal secretary and two other officials of Cesar Department on 4 July~~ Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas attacked the town of Quetame on 10 July, killing two policemen and wounding five others. The rebels destro ed the police headquarters, municipal building, and a rural bank during the attack. A car bomb exploded outside an army general's Lima apartment building on 29 July, injurin five persons. Sendero Luminoso (SL) claimed responsibility for the bombi ng~ Algeria A bomb exploded at a cafe in Blida on 20 July, killing seven persons and wounding 38 others. No one claimed res onsibility for the attack, but authorities suspect the On 21 July a bomb exploded in Bouira on a bus carrying employees of a govern- ment truck production factory, killing 12 persons. Authorities believe the GIA may be responsible.) The next day, unidentified gunmen in military uniforms faked a police checkpoint to stop and attack passengers on a bus in Algiers, killing ] 2 persons. The GIA is suspected.~~ suspected. On 26 July unidentified assailants opened fire on a parked car near Bet Shemesh, killing three Israelis. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) is