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June 24, 2015
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August 1, 2011
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October 1, 1995
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APPROVED FOR RELEASE^ DATE: 07-25-2011 l~ National Security Unauthorized Disclosure Information Subject to Criminal Sanctions Dissemination Control NOFORN {NF) Not releasable to foreign nationals Abbreviations PROPIN {re) Caution-proprietazy information involved ORCON (oC) Dissemination and extraction of information controlled by originator Terrorism Review) The Terrorism Diary for November and Decembetj UI TR`95-010 October 1995 Summary of Indigenous Terrorism-September 1995~~ 17 This Review is published monthly by the DC/ Counterterrorist Center. Comments and queries are welcome and may be directed to Informative available as of 18 October 1995 was used in this Review. Se et DI TR -010 October 95 Sec t 2 3 Se ?et D~ rn s-oio October 995 Se et 4 Reverse Blank 5 SCC Ct Highlights Secri~t DI TR ~-010 October 1995 Reverse Blank 9 S of 13 November 1970 14 November 1935 17 November 1973 22 November 1943 29 November 1945 29 November 1947 3 December 1934 S December 1982 10 December 1966 13 December 1981 14 December 1983 21 December 1948 21 December 1967 23 December 1933 24 December I95I 26 December 28 December The Terrorism Diary for November and December Below is a compendium of November and December dates of known or conceivable significance to terrorlsts around the world. Our inclusion of a date or event should nat by itself be~~O77C~~ued to suggest that we expect or anticipate a commemorative terrorist event.) I Peru. Founding of Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA) and People's Revolutionary Command (CRP). Syria. Hafiz al-Asad assumes power. Jordan. King Hussein's birthday. Greece. Student uprising at Athens Polytechnic University (terrorist group 17 November Revolutionary Organization takes its name from this incident). Lebanon. Independence Day. Yugoslavia. Republic Day. Palestinians. International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People (anniver- sary of partition). Peru. Birthday of Sendero Luminoso leader Abimael Guzman. Spain. Death of GRAPO leader Martin Luna. Palestinians. Founding of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PEEP). Poland. Imposition of martial law, Chile. Founding of Manuel Rodriguez Patriotic Front (FPMR). Ireland. Proclamation of republic. Palestinians. Founding of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Japan. Birthday of Emperor Akihito. Libya. Independence Day. Peru. Birthday of Mao Zedong (usually sparks Sendero Luminoso attacks). Latin America. Equivalent of US April Fools' Day-traditional day for hoaxes and bomb threats. Reverse Blank 11 SCC Cf DI TR 5-OIO October 1995 Chronology of International Terrorism The following incidents were considered by the Intelligence Community's htcident Review Panel since publication of the previous issue of the Terrorism Review and were determined by the Panel to constitute international terrorism. Such incidents provide the basis far the State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism, whic{t is published annually as the US Government's official record of international terrorism.) Secl~t DI TR ~5-010 October 1995 13 August 17 August Switzerland: Arsonists firebombed an empty French high-speed train as it stood idle at a station near Bern, causing extensive damage. The perpetrators claimed responsibilit for the attack in a letter to the press, signed only with undisclosed first names France: A nail filled bomb detonated in a trash bin near a subway entrance in Paris injuring l7people. There was minor damage from the blast but among those injured were four Hungarians, four Italians, three Portuguese, one German, and one British citizen. The Armed Islamic Group-General Command (AIG-GC) later 2 July claimed responsibility. Authorities determined a similar explosive device was used in the 25 Jul Paris subway bombing (see September issue of the Terrorism Review). be responsible France: Assailants threw a molotov cocktail at a building in Paris that houses a Turkish sporting and cultural association, injuring six persons and causing minor damage. Witnesses reported seeing three people flee the scene. No one has claimed responsibility for the attack, but the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) may Colombia: unknown guerrillas abducted the son of a British Exxon employee in Formeque. The kidnappers demanded a ransom of $500,000. O 12 August, dur- ing the course of negotiations, the victim's body was found was released unharmed on 28 July Colombia: A Colombian social worker employed by the British Petroleum Com- pany was kidnapped by an unknown eroun ofQUerrillas in Santander. The victim Colombia: Members of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia FARC ~ abducted an Ecuadorian businesswoman in Barbacoas, Narino 5 July Colombia: National Liberation Army (ELN}guerrillas bombed a portion of the 14 August Cana Limon-Covenas pipeline at kilometer 61 in Arauca Colombia: ELNguerrillas bombed an oil pipeline in El Carmen. Three thousand barrels of petroleum spilled into nearby rivers before the line was shut down Se~ t 16 Europe Germany Summary of Indigenous Terrorism--September 199 This description of incidents and situations is not meant to be a detailed accounting of all domestic terrorist incidents, but rather to provide an overview of indigenous terrorism worldwide.) On 4 September Kashmiri separatists killed at least six persons and injured 16 oth- ers with a remote control bomb planted in a military vehicle parked outside a branch of the State Bank of India in Srinagar. The explosion destroyed several vehicles and damaged two banks, a police station, and a hotel where Western jour- nalists are lodged while they cover->~ge crisis. The militant group Hizhul Mctjaheddin claimed responsibilit The Sikh terrorist group Klaali.stan Liberation Force claimed responsibility for a series of bombings in late September in and near New Delhi. Two bombs, one placed in a scooter and the other in a motorcycle, exploded during rush hour on 25 September in the historic Red Fort area injuring nearly 60 persons. On 26 Sep- tembertwo bombs exploded at railroad stations in New Delhi and Panipat, injuring eight people,~~ In the northern district of Gulu, at least 12 people were killed on 7 September when their Land Rover detonated a land mine. Authorities suspect the mine was planted by the rebels of [he Lord's Resistance Army. is suspected in both attacks On 10 September, a bomb exploded at a security firm in Bastia, destroying the office, six armored vehicles, and an adjoining shop. One person was injured. The same day, a bomb demolished a tourism office in Ajaccio. No one claimed respon- sibility for either attack. The National Front for the Liberation of Corsica (FLNC) On 17 September, a bomb exploded outside the home of the Parliamentary Defense Spokesman for the governing Christian Democratic Union in Bonn. There were no injuries. The Anti-Imperialist Cells (AIZ) claimed responsibility) Unidentified assailants firebombed the Popular Party office in Barcelona on 12 September, causing minor damage. No one claimed responsibility. The Basgue Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) is suspectedr~ Turkey ~ A grenade exploded outside a hotel in Istanbul's Laleli district on 9 September, damaging several buildings. A short time later in another part of the city, a bomb Secl~t DI TRllyyS-010 October 1995 Algeria No one claimed responsibility for either attack detonated inside a building housing two newspaper offices, causing minor damage. A small bomb exploded outside the Ministry of Justice offices in Cali shortly after President Samper visited the site on 2 September. No injuries were reported and no group has claimed responsibility. Authorities suspect the Liberation Army or the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)~ belong to a local political party, Hope, Peace and Freedom On 20 September in Apartado, 30 suspected FARC guerrillas forced 24 banana plantation workers off a bus and killed them. The guerrillas tied the victims' hands behind their backs and shot each one in the head. The victims were believed to A presidential candidate was assassinated on 17 September near Algiers. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack, but the Armed Jslamic Group had previ- ously threatened to kill participants in the election, which is scheduled for 16 November~~ Egypt On 2 September unidentified gunmen opened fire indiscriminately on citizens in a ~Ial_la~+i marketplace, killing three people. Al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya is suspected. Five gunmen wearing Israeli army uniforms forced their way into a house in Halhoul on 8 September, where they shot and killed a Palestinian. The attackers entered several other houses and wounded two people. Eyal, a small group with links to the Kach Movement, and The Sword of David both claimed responsibility for the murde~~