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August 27, 2020
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March 10, 1961
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Approved for Release. 2020/08/11 CO2001967 ivrbKI "orr 10 March 1961 Copy No. C CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN -TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 01% Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 TOP SECRET TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 , Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967' ikoVirl9P�SEERE- \ 10 March 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Situation in the Congo. (Page t) 2. Laos: Kong Le = Pathet Lao forces attempt tac- tical deception with plain-text messages. (Page t) 3, USSR: Further data on Sputnik a. Page ti) 4. West Germany: Defense Minister Strauss fearful of alleged change in US defense strategy. (Page it) 5. Afghanistan-Pakistan: Antagonism over Pushtoon border tribes flare's up again. (Page itt) 6. Argentina: Peronista groups reported plotting new uprising. (Page itt) \\\ Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Motihi H IN A .>7i.rolt7 i. snap. , 1 . , :r ..;iiik Along Po teo4.,''' A '0 i ,,-,�A0.3 / /NV\ ��-� NAM Ad A !, MuOnO Sa.i.r...- ,../ r. LUANG \ril pi C. ) 1/41 Mooing Kass oto,00 Nan* 4,,C) if Mo. S ng Phraa � ic r\ pOloang Rritsanuksik &seism-1g Khai '*1./dOn Thorn o.Dan Sai THAILAND .14�.. � Ha Clang- �N.ecflacr Kay Muerrig - 0.6600 Phonon, &Wang Sakon Nahum� LAOS Government forces Government Antigovernment Antigovernment concentrations 111 Kong Le/Pathet Lao forces (f) Main route number Road �Trail A Chinese Nationalist Irregulars 25 50 7.5 100 Miles r5 r 0 25 50 75 100 Kilometers Bose 26716.1 5-58 Yasothon Wrung Ubon 0 �Warm Charnrap c,Surin hantorion) 0 CHINA �IN moo hs, Coo Deng� CAMBODIA stoocrren. Boundories and names aro not necNsod1Y those recognized by th.� (15. Government. � �Kringovog Lang Son0 Lang Thnong LE OE KE BAO Mainhonti ILK CAC BA 16 cee cut BOO ,./CIEMARCATION LINE �-���I. SOUTH NE (VIETNAM I.--- I' 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 'Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 '441.1 e/9 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 10 March 1961 DAILY BRIEF Congo: Following India's decision to commit troops to the UN Command in the Congo, Indonesia has stated that its battalion will be rotated rather than withdrawn, and Ceylon reportedly has agreed to contribute a battalion. In Leopold- ville, acting Premier Delvaux, apparently with considerable popular support but without the agreement of many of the other members of the government, is attempting to establish controls over the UN Command's operations, and UN repre- sentative Dayal expects a Congolese artillery attack on Kitona. *The US Ambassador in Leopoldville reports that feeling is running high against Dayal and that arrival of Indian troops next week might touch off violence. The Indian brigade is now scheduled to remain at least temporarily in Leopoldvi119.7 (Baalip, Page 1) / A rA Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 i 31272 7-60 RECOVERY POINT ? r uybyshev i Urarsk - 'Pr'nb'rg Is '-"--,__,�,---....d, . RECOVERY POINT �Aktyobinsk ii 111 ' i - 1 � Chalker Karsakpt � oi. Dzhezkaigan O'd? � I Makot ...,..,fr z�,..A.f9ifil 4�Aral'sk it/ ' " � AL/NCH SITE / i TYURA TAM o1- IP to, i N, I i �k" # 1 'Fort Sheychenko 4�,0 I (. I < "sy�Tbilisi '11 CA S P.r , i ' / 1 SOVIET EARTH SATELLITE VEHICLE PROGRAM: CAPSULE RECOVERY OPERATIONS SPUTNIK V LAUNCHED 19 AUGUST 1960 SPUTNIK IX LAUNCHED 9 MARCH 1961 � Kustanay Bornool 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page TOP SECRE.T Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 "Approved for Release: 2026/08/11 CO2001967 / vow forces following the recent occupation by the Pathet Lao of the Phou Khoun road junction, to the north of Muong Kassy. Mentiane's troops in the Phou Khoun area, who had been scattered by the Pathet Lao breakthrough, have re-established themselves in two groups a few miles north and south of the junction along the Vientiane - Luang Prabang highway. (Backup, Page 2) (Map) *USSR: TASS announcement of a successful recov- ery of the IX capsule on 9 March 1961 is supported According to this data, de-orbiting apparently occurred after the vehicle completed one revolution around the earth, and the recovery was made in an area northeast of Kuybyshev. In the case of Sputnik V (19 Aug 60) the only other successful Soviet recov- ery of a satellite capsule, de-orbiting occurred on the 16th orbit, with recovery in the Orak area. Sputnik IV (15 May 60) and Sputnik VI (1 Dec 60) were not successfully recov- ered. The low altitiide of the Sputnik IX orbit and early re- covery of the capsule would be desirable features in an initial attempt to recover a man from orbit:? � � West Germany:1West German Defense Minister Strauss told American officials in Bonn on 6 March he is afraid of a change in US defense strategy which would result in increased reliance on conventional forces at the expense of nuclear capa- bilities. Stressing that his views are shared by Chancellor Adenauer, Strauss repeated "again and again" his conviction /Le- that there must be no differentiation between troops with nu- clear capability and conventional forces and that the nuclear deterrent must exist and begin on the eastern border of West Germany. Strauss also reiterated earlier complaints th19 10 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF ii TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 4Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 ksitt"(/t'�'itriCE1 igri4 Ginnn ig nni- hPina. frPafPrl ag a full and Prm-,1 member of NATO? (Backup, Page 3)- Afghanistan-Pakistan: I-aabul, in anticipation of difficul- ties among the Pushtoon tribes along its frontier with Pak- istan, has sent two brigades to strengthen its forces in this area. This move follows punitive action taken recently by Pakistan's air force in bombarding the headquarters of one Afghan-supported tribal opposition group on the Pakistani side of the border. Afghan propaganda contends that Pakistan's use of American-supplied arms makes the United States an accessory to Pakistan's "action against the people of Push- toonistan." While the two governments hope to avoid hostil- ities between their regular forces, they have intensified their traditional competition for influence among the Pushtoon tribes, anti thorn IQ gnmia nngaihiliftr nf a n1 sh occurrinig *Argentina:ri.everal recent reports suggest that extrem- ist Peronista groups, with some Communist support, may shortly stage an uprising, possibly similar to the outbreaks in three provincial localities on 30 November. There have been a number of other reports of plotting and arms smug- gling by Peronistas and Communists over the past few months. These groups seem intent on keeping the country in a state of unrest. The bulk of the armed forces would support President Frondizi in repressing any Peronista uprising despite their dislike of some of his policies:7 01 10 Mar 61 SELECTED INTELLIOENCE REPORTS AND ESTIMATES Available during the preceding week) DAILY BRIEF TOP SECRET 111 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 , � %titf-er--b�t26414.-1- veipi Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Outlook in Indonesia With Special Reference to Djakarta's Intentions Toward West New Guinea: Domestic Politics Includ- ing Role of PKI and Army, the Economy, and Foreign Policy. Tables. U. S. I. B. SNIE 55-61. 7 March 1961. Sino-Soviet Bloc Economic Activities in Underdeveloped Areas, 1 July - 31 December 1960: Patterns and Prospects, Credits, and Grants, Technical Assistance, and Trade. Graphs, maps, tables. E. I. C. Economic Intelligence Report EIC-R14- S10. 134 pp. 28 February 1961. A ten-page summary is publiblleu separateLy unuel same series number and date. 10 Mar 61 DAILY BRIEF iv TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Napo �LUNue Situation in the Congo kihe situation remains "highly explosive" in the Lower Congo area, according to the American ambassador in Leo- poldville. Officials in both the UN Command and the Leopold- ville government are jittery and distrustful of each other, and individuals in both authorities are apparently acting at cross purposes. In contrast to Delvaux's actions, Foreign Minister Bomboko, in conjunction with UN Commanding General McKeown, is trying to keep the situation under controL Despite the con- tinuing tension, Hammarskjold reportedly plans to stall on all demands being made by Delvaux pending the augmentation of the UN force and the return of Kasavubu from Tananarive:.3 acibwe reportedly has been Colonel Trinquier's chief sup- porter in the government. Although he ostensibly is the acting president in Tshombe's absence, real power reportedly is being exercised by a quadrumvirate which includes Kibwe and three Tshombe supporters--an arrangement set up by Tshombe be- fore he left for Tananarive. The ICatanga president apparently believes that Kibwe was involved in a plot to oust him with Trin- quier's aid. Trinquier does not appear to have complied with the order to leave Elisabethvillq In a vaguely worded communique issued on 9 March, the Tananarive conference of Congolese leaders called for the creation of "new states" within the Congo, an apparent expres- sion of recognition of existing de facto division's. The con- ditions under which these new political entities are to be formed will be discussed at a future conference to be held in Elisabeth- ville. The Tananarive discussions will now take up the questions of maintenance of order in the Congo and the Congolese position regarding the UN and foreign countries. SECRET 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 %woe Situation in Laos small guerrilla warfare teams of the regular North Vietnamese Army are operating in the rugged frontier region of southern Laos where it borders Cambodia and South Vietnam. The report states these North Vietnamese elements--possibly on the order of special forces units--were sent to the area in late December and early Jan- uary to engage in sabotage and subversion and to recruit guerrillas for use in Laos and South Vietnam, where Commu- nist paramilitary forces have been reported building up for increased terrorism this sprinC aconomic and cultural missions will be exchanged between the "government" in Xieng �Khouang and both Communist China and North Vietnam, according to a 9 March announcement in Peiping. Peiping has offered aid to pro-Communist Laotiankg [Prince Sihanouk, discussing the Laotian crisis with Am- � bassador Trimble, said he feels that it may be too late to arrive at a solution through an international conference. Si- hanouk said the only alternative to an early settlement would be a division of the country. He deplores this prospect, fear- � ing division would lead to a Communist state on Cambodia's northern border3 --SEeRET- 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Narri JCLA.C. 1 NIS Bonn Defense Minister Fears Change in NATO Defense Strategy (15ursuant to his complaint that Bonn is not being treated as a full and equal member of NATO, Strauss cited a "US refusal" of his offer to provide an Honest John missile unit as part of a West German contribution to the proposed mobile NATO fire brigade. He also cited a "rejection" of Bonn's offer to pay for two Polaris submarines as part of a NATO nuclear force even though the United States had been prepared to offer two each to France and Italy. Strauss remarked that although all NATO members continually call for strengthening NATO, "these platitudes do not commit the person who makes them to action." Strauss has been critical of the inaction on Bonn's long-standing request that the provisions in the 1954 Brussels treaty which restrict the size of German destroyers to 3,000 tons be lifted to enable construction of heavier ships capable of firing intermediate-range missiles. Pending authorization of larger ships, Bonn will construct no more than four of the twelve originally planne FS-trauss has repeatedly insisted that West German armed forces should possess weapons comparable to those of the USSR. He has warned that atomic weapons cannot be withdrawn from the NATO shield forces without undermining the NATO deterrent. On 2 March the Defense Ministry press chief issued a public statement strongly rejecting the concept that "brushfire" wars should be waged only with conventional weapons in order to avoid a widening of sucli wars into a nuclear conflict. Last November a German Foreign Ministry official stated that any plan that might deprive NATO forces of tactical atomic weapons would be an open invitation to the Communists to overrun EuropA 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Nume Roads +1-1- Railroads STATUTE MILES Hera! Zahedan Sari Pul Maimana - AFGHAN ISTAN - PAKISTAN (FUSHTOON TRIBAL AREA) PUSHTOON TRIBES NMAREA OF GREATEST FRICTION 11P Ma ar Shard Sialinaba Te mez Pull Khumri Bulola KABU ') Karachi WI Baler"' Salang Pass 4110-ir CHINA ���. AND ..*_ ,KASHMIR i(Sratus in dispute) fdi RAWA16PINDI Lahore INDIA 31329 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 LL,ItG Growing Danger of Afghan-Pakistani Border Clashes [ince 1947, when Pakistan received its independence, Afghanistan has demanded that the Pushtoon tribes living on the Pakistani side of the border be given the right of self- determination. The Pakistani Government, however, has rejected these demands as interference in its internal affairs, and the resultant Pushtoonistan dispute has been the chief cause of the bad relations that exist between the two countries3 [Both Kabul and Rawalpindi are trying to improve their po- sitions in anticipation of the increased friction that usually accompanies the seasonal tribal migrations. The Afghans feel compelled to recoup some of the prestige they lost last Sep- tember when their tribal irregulars were driven back from Pakistani tribal territory. They probably feel that their posi- tion in the Pushtoonistan dispute has been further weakened as a result of the recent improvement in Pakistan's relations with the USSR and consider it all the more necessary to make ,a show of strength and determination. Kabul apparently calculates that It can encourage tribal unrest across the border and prepare for possible Pakistani retaliation by building up its regular and ir- regular forces along the border. akistani leaders have threat- ened that if they are forced to take major countermeas- ures, they may send regular forces into Afghan territo73 Ehe Afghans, who have long objected to American military assistance to Pakistan, have complained bitterly about Pak- istan's recent use of US-supplied aircraft. Legally, Pakistan is entitled to use such weapons to maintain internal security:3 Radio Kabul attacks the United States as giving "hollow asgir- ances that arms aid which was being given to Pakistan would not be used against anybody else except against the enemies of America in case of a world war. . . The US rulers are also responsible for the annihilation of Pushtoonistan and martyrdom of the PushtoonsZ 10 Mar 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 ���.`������ � � A./ !ma& � A. tif 11,1=�� NNW NNW THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor and Chairman of the Policy Planning Council The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director -C17NPIDENTIAL- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967 re of/ if vIVZ /7//: ZrZ,Zd WZ/ZrZYWi 7/, Approved for Release. 2020/08/11 CO20;.).1467 j 7 I ,0 7 /,'/ 0 1% c /z4 /12 0 TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2001967