Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
March 18, 2019
Document Release Date: 
March 28, 2019
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
June 1, 1951
PDF icon CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULL[15587345].pdf375.19 KB
Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 TV Copy No. el- CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN V NO CHANGE IN i 1 DECLASSIFIED CLASS. CHANGED TO: TS S NEM. REVIEW DATE: AUTH: HH 70-2.Er4.1 44 i 1 - , DAT. __fir,LVIE\M.:r Ft: Office of Current Intelligence CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 201-9/03/14 CO2733134 liGiaSECRET SUMMARY GENERAL 1. Swedish and Yugoslav officials comment on Soviet approach regarding Korea (page 3). FAR EAST Chinese prisoners taken recently ate of inferior calibre (page 4). Testimony regarding MacArthur's removal affects Japan adversely (page 4). NEAR EAST EASTERN EUROPE WESTERN EUROPE 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 3.3(h)(2) Soviet officials interfere once again witb West Berlin trade (page 6). Italian Communists gain votes, lose control of "'city governments in industrial north (page 6). TOP RET 2-. Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 116165, ECRET 1. Swedish and Yu GENERAL oslav officials comment on Soviet a I II roach re ardin 3.5(c) Korea: 3.3(h)(2) In a conversation with the US Ambassador in litockholm, Swedish Prime Minister Erlander expressed regret that the Swedish UN delegate had confirmed the existence of a Soviet peace feeler and indicated that he had not attached any importance to the approach. Erlander said that he was not at liberty to disclose the identity of the Russian contact or of the Swedish intermediary. In a subsequent conversation, Swedish Foreign Minister TJnden argued that the approach might be important, because the Russian, an important Communist, had categorically asserted that the Korean conflict could be terminated on the basis of a return to the status quo ante, and because the MOscow press had given prominence to similar proposals (e. g. Senator Sohnson's resolution). Yugoslav UN delegate Bebler has reaffirmed his belief that the USSR is ready for bilateral US-USSR talks leading toward a Korean settlement along the 38th Parallel. Bebler elaborated that Chinese Communist military defeats have placed the USSR in a posi- tion where total victory in Korea can be achieved only by open Soviet intervention, a stake which is too high for the USSR because it does not want a global war. He added that the USSR fears that otherwise another UN Invasion of North Korea would result in a Soviet loss -of prestige through- out all of Asia. Comment: Soviet UN delegate Malik 's denial on 28 May that the USSR has made any offer to discuss a settlement of the Korean war can be regarded as an indication that the USSR does not wish to become involved in bilateral negotiations on Korea at this time. Malik did not deny, however, that the USSR might be willing to participate in negotiations regarding Korea, despite the USSR's public protestations of non-involvement in the Korean dispute. -3 TOP ET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 ET FAR EAST . Chinese erlsoners taken recentl are of inferior calibre: 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) The US Far East Command reports that, with respect to status of training and physical appear- ance, the "calibre" of Chinese Communist prisoners of war taken in the current offensive has been apprecia y lower than that of previously captured prisoners. Comment: This is the first firm indication that the Chinese are now using.inferior soldiery in the Korean campaign. Previous Chinese prisoners (particularly those from the 3rd-and 4th Field Armies) were veterans with a considerable degree of training and ,a fairly �high level of combat efficiency. 3. Testimohy regarding MacArthur's removal affects ja an adversely: 3.3(h)(2), According to the US Political Adviser in Tokyo, the testimony of Secretary Marshall and the Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding MacArthur's removal continues to have an adverse effect on Japanese public confidence in the US. The "overly frank revelations" regarding present US military unpreparedness to meet the world-wide Communist threat, the impression that Europe has the highest defense priority and the President's reference Ao Abe "terrible danger" facing the free world combine to make the Japanese grimly conscious of their precarious position on the edge of Communist Asia. According to the US Political Adviser, while most Japanese seem eager to remain aligned with the US, the "revelations" give greater plausibility to the Japanese Socialist-Commtmist line calling for neutrality in the East-West struggle. The Socialists, although roundly defeated in the last election, can not be disregarded as a potentially strong political party that would work Seriously to US disadvantage if it were to come to power or become an effective opposition to a pro-US conservative government. 4 Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 TOIRCRET Comment: The Socialists currently face the possibility of a split over their party's "neutrality" stand. In these cir- cumstances, there appears little likelihood that they will be able to effect a strong opposition. stand for a considerable period of time. NEAR �EAST 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) EASTERN EUROPE 3.3(h)(2) .Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 201 CO2733134 1:1,r5ECRET 3.3(h)(2) 3.5(c WESTERN EUROPE Soviet officials interfere once again with West Berlin trade 3.3(h)(2) �;oviet authorities in Berlin have initiated ew measures that are holding'up West Berlin's export trade with the West. Approximately two weeks ago, the Soviet authorities respon- sible for screening interzonal trade permits for certain restricted gods shipped by West Berlin firms to Western Germany began refusing all requests for permits, insisting that they be accompanied by a certificate showing the origin of the raw materials used ift the manufacture of the goods. So far, this move has resulted in a back-log of over 5, 000 permits. gazgarial; In view of the extreme importance of West Berlin's trade with the-West this Soviet move constitutes the most serious recent harassing measure in Berlin. ,It follows upon recent Soviet measures closing two canal locks and thus making the delivery of goods between Berlin and Western Germany more difficult. 7. Italian Communists gain votesi lose control of city governments in I-Mugs far north; 3.3(h)(2) In the local elections held on the week-end of 27 May in 23 provinces, largely in north Italy, the Communist bloc tallied about 35 - - TdPSERET Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 3.5(c) Approved for Release: 2019/03/14 CO2733134 T -SrECRET 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) percent of the vote as compared to 32 percent in the national elections of 1948, while the pro-Government bloc won approximately 44 percent as compared to 49 percent in 1948. The anti-Conimunist parties gained administrative control of 2,340 out of 2,735 communes. Comment: The final series of local elections, which will be held 10 lune, can be expected generally to follow the same pattern. The pro-Government_paktieS gained control of municipal coun- cils in most of the important industrial centers of northern Italy (except Bologna) by virtue of an electoral system that permitted the large bloc of pro-Government parties to win two-thirds of the municipal council seats whergver it won a plurality of votes. On the other hand, Communist control of industrial labor appears stronger than ever. The gains of the pro-Communist bloc indicate that Premier De Gasperi and his_ Chris- tian Democrats were unable to keep domestic problems (e. g., high cost of living, unemplbyment) from becoming the main issue of the campaign. TC:' SE IC