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August 14, 2020
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August 27, 2020
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February 28, 1961
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15815789].pdf632.45 KB
WZ/Z./.7///////////////////////////////////////////of ,. � �awe Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 3.5(c) 1 �10 ir Nov RIG I Nopi 3.3(h)(2) 28 February 1961 Copy No. C 80 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN -TOP-SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 sok Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 -TOP SECRET TOP SECRET- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742t Inv -5-EritL$- 28 February 1961 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN CONTENTS 1. Situation in the Congo. (Rage 2. Laos: Vientiane may use Chinese Nationalist irregu- lars presently in Laos; Peiping warns against such use. (Fage t) 3. West Germany: In talks with Macmillan, Adenauer receptive to increasing Bonn's foreign aid but gave no assurance of a continuing commitment. (Page tt) 4. Jordan-UAR: King Husayn makes overture to Nasir to minimize differences. (Page it) \\ \\\SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 pa4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Luputa IRELAND 656 ETHIOPIA 600 ETHIOPIA NIGERIA Ingtts At NIGERIA 1,300 liaiono MORC�CCO cow SWEDE 680- 114 Brazzaville SUDAN Luanda Republit�f the Congo INDON 1,1 COquilhatvilie Mobutu 1,5 TUNISIA 2,600 Ikela. MALAY 6 MQBUTU 7.200 MOROCCO 2,140 Scattered Forces Approximate area controlled by: Kasavubu-Mobutu Gizenga Kalonji fj Tshombe United Nations Forces Sebected road Selected railroad Selected airfield 11 Cut railroad 0 STATUTE MILES 400 1001 31594 102,28A DETAIL MAP OF LEOPOLDVI LLE - LU LUABOURG AREA 0/ MILES 100 28 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989747 � WTOP SLCULT Nag CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 28 February 1961 DAILY BRIEF *Congo:CA radio address by Kasavubu on 27 February in which he urged resistance to UN "tutelage" may worsen the already tense relations between UN personnel and the Congo- lese armyD /90-1A-IL' The present location of the forward element of Gizenga 's olumn is unknown. In Elisabethville, the situation between 2 UN troops and Katanga forces is explosive, but Belgian offi TJ - cial advisers are reportedly increasingly effective in counsel- A-6- in Tshombe to avoid a clash) (3 4 Nasir has now agreed to � the opening a a Stanleyville embassy in Cairo and Indonesia has designated a representative to go to Stanleyville; that the USSR has requested Sudanese transit visas for eight diplomats for Stanleyville; and that Gizenga has been notified that a Czech plane, presumably carrying an ambassador, is to arrive on 28 February. Communist China, Bulgaria, and Poland have also agreed to exchange ambassadors with Gizenga. President Keita of Mali reportedly con lime on 23 February that his country is sending a diplomatic rep- resentative to Stanleyville. (Backup, Page 1) Laos:ontrary to previous disclaimers, Laotian military leaders apparently are proceeding with plans to use the Chinese 'e Nationalist irregulars at present in Laos, at least in a defensive capacity The Peiping People's Daily on 27 February raised the implicit threat of intervention "if US imperialism dares to incite the Kuomingtang bandits to join the Laotian rebel forces." Such a move, said People's Daily, would "seriously menace the secu- rity of China's southwestern border"--a menace that "absolutely cannot be tolerated." (Backup, Page 3) (Map) TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 � *Ai \ West Germany: adenauer, in his talks with Macmillan In London on 22--23 February, gave the British the impres- sion that he was better briefed and more receptive than a year ago to the proposition that West Germany's international pay- ments imbalances should be corrected by increased foreign aid and arms purchases. He reportedly gave no assurance, how- ever, that West Germany would assume continuing foreign commitments. The chancellor spoke of the need for a more flexible attitude on Berlin; in general, he was described as "relaxed and cautious" on Berlin. He had much to say about "revivifying" NATO, and expressed confident that De Gaulle would be cooperative while hinting that West Germany had no Intention of being frozen out of a major role in NATO by any kind of trinartile directing body in the allianc (Backup, Page 4) Jordan-UAR:CKing Husayn has written to Nasir suggesting that efforts be made to minimize their differences. This move, which the King regards as a probing operation, was in response to indications that the UAR, would continuing sub-versive activities against Syria, and there are indications the UAR may ir?ensify its subversive efforts in .Torrian 04- WO 28 Feb 61 DAILY BRIEF ii TOP 5ECRgT- Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Neof Situation in the Congo Gizenga apparently remains the dominant figure in the Stanleyville regime, and the city is reported calm. Bernard Salumu, formerly Gizenga's representative in Cairo and more recently a leading figure in the Stanleyville regime, Is reported to Ivp f1r1 rirem,,,,,,biy as a result of a strug- gle for power. Gizenga's supply problem appears still to be precarious. his representative in uairo intormed the USSR, Communist China, and Yugoslavia that the Stanleyville government--in order "to face up to the blocks placed actively by the UN and the imperi- alists and passively by the uncommitted countries around the Congo"--is interested in bartering. Congolese goods for� four long-range aircraft. it was most im- portant that the planes be able to flv ion- stop from Accra to Stanleyville. The British charge in Bamako, who met with President Keita on 23 February, feels that the government of Mali is in agreement with the Soviet position on the UN, including the removal of Hammarskjold and his replacement by a triumvirate. The charge felt that his vigorous defense of Haxnmarskjold and the UN made little impression on Keita. Cin Katanga, Tshombe is apparently being given conflicting advice by his official and unofficial Belgian advisers. The lat- ter reportedly urge him every evening to take strong action against the UN after those sent by the Belgian Government have spent the day trying to calm him. Within the past two weeks, Tshombe has reportedly issued Mauser rifles and ammunition to many members of his Conakat party in Elisabethville and the surrounding villages. However, he appears to be trying to raise morale and to guard against an anti-Conakat uprising, rather than to increase the fighting strength of the Katanga armn Premier Ileo has protested to the UN against what he al- leges to be UN assistance to the Gizenga forces in taking over TOP 28 Feb 61 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 NoTOP SECRET Luluabourg on 24 February. Details of what is taking place are still obscure, but Hammarskjold has said that there is little the UN can do in view of the absence of any armed clash and the apparent willingness of the Luluabourz zarrirn to welcome the Stanleyville units. �TOP-SEeRE T 28 Feb 61 CURRENT INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 e Me-de/Me '''�'---��/- )) ( p4oNG ekue. .4. ..,--A.,, ( , � A ' --, ' I, . ma., cl"* A _.�,N.... ...) , ,,r , , .v._.4 ..."......,v N k M T HA '''', -r.... ,.... a. ..../ , ......../ 7C.-" f 1 /- I pho....2.ar ) d ...e. � .70 �6 '-' 'No. LUANG /I/ it ,. ,.. \ � Mu pDarnSI �Mum% Phaseout�. 7-1 tRABANG N.. LeoNong Khai �Wan Thant THAILAND Musog Satan Malkilda. LAOS 1111 Government forces Government Antigovernment Antigovernment concentrations � Kong Le/Pathet Lao forces Main route number Road -- Trail A Chinese Nationalist Irregulars 25 0 ' 50 75 100 Miles I 7,1 0 25 50 75 100 Kilometers ase 26716.1 5-56 pheveng eascrer, Mare oSurin LA: CAM BODI A Boondo4. reem ere not nocessoilly Moss wog...el by Me U5 Government. etrog-kuo (Kuo-te, 'DE NE BAO fll iLE CAC Be ,DEMARCATION LINE Qtamog Trt I SO UTP AVANE (VIETNAM ASSAO) A Stung Irene Be KharrP 28 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Map Page Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 �"jteiCtr� Chinese Nationalist Forces in Laos eneral Ouane, chief of the general staff, has told an American observer that the Laotian armed forces plan to use the Chinese Nationalist irregulars only for the protection of Namtha Province, where most of them are located. Ouane, who recently returned to Vientiane from consultations with the irregulars, puts their number at 4,000 effectives plus an equal number of dependents. Although Nationalist China has now indicated willingness to withdraw those irregulars "sub- ject to its control" from Burma and Laos, a substantial num- ber may not be in this categong The People's Daily commentary of 27 February drew at- tention to a joint statement issued in Xieng Khouang on 23 Feb- ruary by Souvanna Phouma and Neo Lao Hak Sat leader Prince Souphannouvong, protesting against "the use of Kuomintang remnant bandits by the United States." The commentary also cited a recent statement by Kong Le warning that if the Nation- alists are not withdrawn, "measures similar to those adopted by the Burmese Government" will be taken to get rid of them. Peiping is using the presence of Nationalist irregulars in Laos to link Communist China's national interests more closely to the Laotian crisis. This issue could be used by Peiping to justify a more active military role in Laos, and the presence of an old enemy on China's southwestern border would become a useful issue for Peipin ight take part A Soviet AN-12 heavy transport, presumably en route to North Vietnam, arrived at Peiping from the USSR on 27 Feb- ruary. This aircraft was one of a group of AN-12s which flew to North Vietnam in late December. he AN-12 which flew to North Vietnam on 21 February apparently remains there. an AN-12 crashed at Hanoi s Liia. Lam airfield on 22 February-1 Airlif+ fliahfc 4to Laos con- tinue to be scheduled. SECRET 28 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Nwe .--AjtAniPET� Adenauer and Macmillan Talks lthough Adenauer's talks with Macmillan produced no important decisions, they were conducted in a constructive and cordial atmosphere and can be viewed as furthering the good relations established by Macmillan's visit to Bonn last August. Adenauer's proposal that the Western European Union be utilized as a means for political consultation be- tween Britain and the six continental Common Market nations is probably viewed by the British as a friendly gestur6:) Oidenauer's failure to give assurances of future foreign aid contributions appears to conflict with the general commit- ment Foreign Minister von Brentano made in Washington on 17 February for a continuing foreign aid program for under- developed countries. Brentano 's long-term commitment cre- ated great unrest at a caucus of Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Bundestag deputies on 21 February and was sharply at- tacked by Vice Chancellor and Economics Minister Erhard and Finance Minister. Etzel. Over the weekend, Erhard con- tinued to stress in speeches in Cologne and Nuremberg that it is only a matter of "luck" that Bonn has nearly a billion-dollar surplus available for a special 1961 aid program and that this cannot be expected every yeal.:3 fflermann Hoecherl, chairman of the Bundestag faction of the Christian Soci list Union (CSU)--a Bavarian affiliate of the CDU--stated on 23 February that any advance commit- ment for armua ore gn aid contributions violates the West Ger- man constitution and will be opposed by the CDU/CSU members of the Bundestag. He also asserted that a tax increase to finance foreign aid during 1961--an election year--is "totally out of the question" and said he was "just about certain" that the Bundestag will refuse a tax increase even after the elections. Hoecherl further asserted that Brentano's long-term commitment is mean- ingless since even if funds for the special ad hoc 1961 aid pro- gram favored by Erhard are raised, sufficient worthwhile aid projects can hardly be lined up to utilize these funds in 1961 or even in 1962 28 Feb 61 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742 Sise 're � � I L., L-4 ATi IA I�.4 sol THE PRESIDENT Tile Vice President Executive Offices of the White House The Special Assistant for National Security Affairs The Scientific Adviser to the President The Director of the Budget The Director, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization The Director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Chairman, Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Director, International Cooperation Administration The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary of State for Administration The Counselor The Assistant Secretary of State for Policy Planning The Director of Intelligence and Research The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs) The Assistant to Secretary of Defense (Special Operations) The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Chief of Staff, United States Army Commandant, United States Marine Corps U.S. Rep., Military Committee and Standing Group, NATO Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific The Director, The Joint Staff The Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff The Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence, Department of Army The Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of Navy The Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force The Department of Justice The Attorney General The Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director The Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman The National Security Agency The Director The United States Information Agency The Director The National Indications Center The Director Approved for Release: 2020/08/11 CO2989742