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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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August 5, 1958
PDF icon CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULL[15777324].pdf493.77 KB
� /// /////////////////////// Zjr. //// 1 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) Approved for Release. 2020/01/23 C03169:2 TOP 5LRT 5 August 1958 Copy No, C; CENTRAL 57 INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN' DOCUMENT NO. NO CHANGE IN CLASS. CI-.CLASSIFIED ci_As. CHANGED TO: TS selsto)6 . NEXT REVIEW DATE: AUTH� FIR 7 -2 DAT VO REVIEWER -TOP-SEC-RET- ZAI;p7overorlLe:262&61r21605'164121 /rZ Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 %, FILL 4011"kt Ilk Min I% 11.11. 110.0011 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 3 AUGUST 1958 I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC IL ASIA-AFRICA Algerian rebels inside Tunisia creat- ing tense situation; rebel message states Algerians "awaiting only order to attack." Mohamed V of Morocco uneasy about growth of extreme nationalism; coup rumors rife. Israel - Ben-Gurion offers plan to aid certain Middle Eastern govern- ments in developing anti-Nasir capa- bility. Pressure growing in Lebanon for dis- missal of the Sami Sulh cabinet and for Chamoun to leave the country. Rebel forces were still fighting outside Beirut as of 3 August. Approved for Release: 2020%01/23 C03159512 - �Iraqi foreign minister states his gov- ernment is "studying" Baghdad Pact ties; another official sounds out United States on continued arms aid. Cyprus - Greek terrorist leader pro- claims "truce" until 10 August. Indonesian dissidents planning to move against Medan in North Sumatra. TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 ", kJ Nisio CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 5 August 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC II. ASIA-AFRICA Tunisia - Algeria: Tension between the Tunisians and the Algerian rebels inside Tunisia appears to be mounting. Algerian rebel forces in Tunisia, who may outnumber and re probably better equipped than the Tunisian security forces, are said to be looking increasingly to the leadership of Nasir and the USSR. the Algerians are "only waiting for the order to attack the Tu- nisians" tends to substantiate other reports that the rebels may move to overthrow the Bourguiba regime. (Page 1) Morocco: King Mohamed V is uneasy about the rapid growth of extreme nationalism in Morocco since the Iraqi coup and US-British landings in the Middle East and about his ability to maintain control. There are rumors that coups are being planned both within the ruling Istiqlal party and by opposition groups. (Page 3) Israel: Prime Minister Ben-Gurion states that Israel has been in secret, high-level contact with the governments of the Sudan, Turkey, Iran, and Ethiopia for over a year, and hopes to help these countries develop a capability to halt further ex- pansion of Nasir's influence. Ben-Gurion wants the United IA TOP SECRET dApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 JO" // / Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 I . � kis 1 LILakAti-a I tief States to support an Israeli program of providing a kind of technical assistance program to the intelligence organiza- tions of pro-Western governments in the Near East. (Page 4) Lebanon: Pressure is increasing for the resignation of the pro-Western cabinet and for President Chamoun to leave the country. Rebel forces were attacking loyalist elements southeast of Beirut on 3 August. Foreign Minister Malik has sent an urgent inquiry to New York to find out whether the conditions of a summit meeting there would be su Minister Sulh, and Malik could atte d Iraq: Foreign Minister Jumard has told Under Secretary Murphy that his government is still studying the question of Iraq's attitude toward the Baghdad Pact. Jumard observed that the original decision to join the pact in no sense reflected popular opinion in Iraq. The new Iraqi Government probably intends eventually to withdraw from the pact. However, a member of the government has asked "unofficially" whether the United States is prepared to continue to supply Iraq with arms. (Page 5) Cyprus: A suspension of "all operations" against Turkish Cypriots and the British on Cyprus was proclaimed by the lead- er of EOKA, the Greek-Cypriot terrorist organization on 4 August. EOKA warned that operations may be resumed after 10 August if thp Turks 'Anti ritish "continue provocation." 7 (Page 6) Indonesia: Dissident forces in North Sumatra, who claim to have the support of Moslem extremists, are said to be plan- ning an early move against government-held Medan. (Page 7) 5 Aug 58 DAILY BRIEF ii / OP SECRET AApproved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512/ //,/ rrnP-crrprT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 vaile NIS I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC II. ASIA-AFRICA Early Move by Algerian Rebels Against Tunisian Regime Possible Tension between the Tunisian regime of President Bour- guiba and the several thousand Algerian rebels of the National Liberation Front (FLN) based in Tunisia appears to be mount- ing and could culminate in an early move against Bourguiba. iension4tetween� the-A1geriaris-and7 ZirgnisiarilVas becoming more acute daily and that the Tunisian National Guard was gathering Algerian civilian refugees--of whom there now are about 80, 000 in Tunisia--into centers away from the frontier area in an attempt to avoid incidents and maintain control. FLN troops in this re- gion are heavily influenced by Cairo radio, are increasingly sympathetic toward the USSR, and are looking more and more to Nash' for leadership. This growing breach between the Tunisians and Algerians was further underscored on 31 July when Tunisian Foreign Secretary Mokaddem, in a conversation with the American am- bassador, criticized the FLN leaders and deplored the degree to which the FLN seemed to be falling under Nasir's influence. TOP SECRET 5 Aug 58 rFMTPAI INTFI I ICZFKICF Rill I FTIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Page 1 TnP�IZTCPFT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 FLN troops in Tunisia may outnumber Tunisian security forces�which total less than 7,000--and are almost certainly better armed and equipped. Ultimately, however, the success of any coup attempt in Tunisia may depend on the extent to which Bourguiba's popular support, especially in his dominant Neo- Destour party, may have been eroded by his pro-Western reac- tion to recent developments in the Middle East. 5 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 _crrn VT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 %me' 'tee Moroccan King Depressed Over Middle East Situatidn King Mohamed V appeared depressed to a BritAsh writer to whom he recently granted an audience. The King expressed disillusionment with the American Government, which he felt had failed to demonstrate to Morocco the value of an alignment with the United States. The King's uneasiness reflects in part the rapid growth of nationalist extremism in Morocco since the Iraqi coup and has been reinforced by popular critical reaction to the Anglo- American landings in the Middle East. Members of the King's privy council and moderate officials within the government have expressed disappointment with an apparent lack of firmness by the King since the assassinations of the Iraqi royal family. Rumors are circulating in Morocco that both the left wing of the Istiqlal party and a coalition of opposition parties are planning coups. Led by former Premier Si Mbarek Bekkai, a close friend of the King, the opposition coalition is said to in- clude adherents of the Democratic Inclependenpe party (PDI), which maintains close relations with the embassy of the United Arab Republic, and has at one time at least had links with Moroccan Communists and received subsidies from French right-wing sources. This group is reputed to have arms caches in traditionally dissident tribal areas of eastern Morocco--areas from which France is now withdrawing its troops. The right wing of the Istiqlal is aware of these activities, and one of its officials claims that the party has ample armed resources to meet any aggression on the part of the PD!. However, it is questionable whether the right wing could similarly contain such activities by the left wing. The Moroccan Royal Army, numbering 31,000, and secu- rity forces are reported to be loyal to the King but probably do not have the resources to quell widespread armed dissidence,, particularly if the dissidents receive support from the UAR or other sources. 4/ c-" I/ �SECRET 5 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 orriDEIT Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 *me Israel Suggests Informal Middle East Alliance Against Nasir Israeli Prime Minister Ben-Gurion has proposed that the United States support the "quiet and informal" development of a tacit alliance between Israel, Turkey, Iran, Ethiopia, and the Sudan for the purpose of limiting the further expansion of Nasir's influence in the Near East and Africa. Ben- Gurion told Under Secretary Murphy on 31 July that Israel has had very confidential and high-level contacts with the other four coun- tries during the past year or more and that it is encouraged at the interest they have shown in possibilities for mutual co- operation. The immediate objective of Ben-Gurion's proposed alliance would. be to strengthen the existing regimes in Iran and the Sudan, which the Israelis believe "could be overthrown in the near future. The long-term objective assertedly would be economic development in the five states to give the people the kind of life which Nasir "glitteringly promises" his followers. The Israeli plan apparently results from the increasing sense of isolation Israeli leaders have felt since the Suez crisis and which has been heightened by the overthrow of the Iraqi Government. This sense of isolation is especially acute with regard to Jordan, where, Ben-Gurion said, "if Nasir comes in, I'm afraid we will have to fight." SECRET ot CFMTPAI INITFI inFtsu-F LETIN 5 Augm Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Page 4 re-tr, Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Noe -sise Iraqi Situation Sadiq Shanshal, minister of guidance and information in the new Iraqi regime, "unofficially" has. attempted to sound out Under Secretary Murphy as to whether the United States is willing to continue military aid to Iraq. Shanshal, who probably is the most influential civilian figure in the cabinet, is a friefid of Nasir and has been a proponent of union with Syria. Foreign Minister Jumard, while emphasizing Iraq's de- sire for friendship with the United States, stated that the ques- tion of continued Iraqi participation in the Baghdad Pact was still under consideration. However, he stated that the pact had been signed without the authority and knowledge of the Iraqi public, which was ignorant of the country's obligations under the pact. Jumard's lengthy explanation is probably a sign that the pact will be scrapped in the near future. Murphy received the impression that the members of the new government are not unfriendly, although they are suspicious of American actions, and that they are an alert and earnest group. -SECRE'f 5 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Page 5 1-1121"1" Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 EOKA Proclaims Suspension of Operations on Cyprus The 4 August announcement by EOKA leader George Grivas of an immediate suspension of operations against the Turkish Cypriots and the British follows the worst month of bloodshed on Cyprus since the campaign of violence began in 1955. Appeals for an end to bloodshed had been made by the British, Greek, and Turkish premiers and by Greek- and Turkish-Cypriot leaders. The suspension, if it can be maintained by the EOKA leadership, would mean the end of intercommunal warfare on Cyprus, as the Turkish-Cypriot underground organization, TMT, has previously called on the Turkish community to forego violence, except in self-defense. Grivas warned, however, that he reserved the right to order a renewal of violence after 10 August if British or Turkish "provocations" continued. Grivas reasons for suspending operations are unknown. The recent large-scale British security drive may have de- prived EOKA of much of its striking power. Repeated state- ments by British officials promising the return of Makarios to the island if violence ceased for a period of time may also have been a contributing factor in EOICA's decision. Finally, the fact that continued intercommunal violence supports the Turkish contention that the two communities cannot live to- gether and the island must, therefore, be partitioned pointed to the desirability of a truce. Regardless of the cause for the announced suspension of violence, its implementation will permit passions to cool on the island. It will also give NAC Secretary General Spaak an opportunity to proceed with informal conversations among the NATO representatives of the three interested powers in his attempt to find a lormula for an interim Cyprus solution. 5 Aug 58 CFNTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 6 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 C Man= Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512 Dissidents May Attempt to Seize Medan in North Sumatra Dissident troops in Nurth Sumatra are planning to take over Medan in the near future with the help of Moslem extremists in Atjeh and the territorial commander in Medan, Lt. Col. Gint- ings, The central gov- ernment is aware of the impending coup and of Gintings' pos- sible defection and has him under surveillance. In view of the government's knowledge of their intentions, the dissidents an- ticipate military resistance to an attempt to take Medan. the dis- sidents had scheduled an important move somewhere in North Sumatra in early August. This would be the second dissident attempt to secure Medan, the first having been made in mid- March. Apparently the dissidents do not yet have a firm commit- ment from either Gintings or the Moslem insurgents. Both Gint- ings and the Atjehnese are reported to have responded favorably to advances from the dissidents on previous occasions but failed to follow through with positive assistance. Their failure to give assistance now would either force a postponement of the attack on Medan or result in an abortive attempt. SECRET- 5 Aug 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 7 Approved for Release: 2020/01/23 C03169512