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January 27, 2020
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January 30, 2020
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June 9, 1958
llreW io,ppr3ifd fai Release:iipiri033194452 3.5(c) 3.3(h)(2) 9 June 1958 Copy No. 140 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN DOCUMENT No. NO CHANGE: IN flIC Ck.ASS. ;ANGED TO: 1'7 ^ NEXT REVIEW DATE: A ia�-2 TOP-SEC-RET- VIEWER Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 wisp um "imir � la MEN II TOP SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 9 JUNE 1958 L THE COMMUNIST BLOC Yugoslays reported arresting pro- Soviet individuals. They are not considered a threat to Tito's regime, and action is probably precautionary. USSR names leading Fax Eastern ex- pert, N. T. Federenko, as new ambas- sador to Japan. Lebanon - No large-scale military action by either rebel or government forces. Cyprus - Extensive rioting by Turkish Cypriots touched off by bombing of Turkish office in Nicosia. 0 Indonesian dissident commander in North Celebes expects central gov- ernment landings near Menado shortly. ()Southern Rhodesia - Crushing defeat of liberal racial policy supporters will in- crease African nationalist opposition. IIL THE WEST De Gaulle's moves on North Africa fact opposition from extremists and some military in Algeria. In France, extren right demands complete revision of pal liamentary system. SECRET Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Nue TOP SECRET L�pi CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN 9 June 1958 DAILY BRIEF I. THE COMMUNIST BLOC Yugoslavia: Reported arrests in Yugoslavia, involv- ing possibly as many as 200 individuals alleged to be sym- pathetic to the USSR, are probably precautionary measures rather than steps directed against any specific plot to over- throw Tito. Moscow has made it clear that it will try to 6-0 undercut Tito in an effort to bring Belgrade to heel. Pro- Soviet elements within Yugoslavia are not sufficiently numerous to necessitate the extensive arrests which fol- lowed the 1948 break. USSR-Japan: Moscow has appointed Deputy Foreign Minister N. T. Federenko, its leading Far Eastern expert, to succeed the late I. F. Tevosyan as ambassador to Japan. The Japanese ambassador in Moscow believes the Federenko appointment presages a more active Soviet policy toward Japan, and he agrees with Ambassador Thompson's view that the USSR was dissatisfied with recent Japanese elec- ults. IL ASIA- AFRICA Lebanon: Rebel bands in the countryside are being sub- jected to heavier air attacks by government forces. Coord- inated rebel action has not materialized; neither has the gov- ernment's promised all-out attack against the rebel-held quarter of Beirut. Against a background of long disagreement TOP SECRET LLI Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 %we TOP SECRET Noe over the use of government forces, President Chamoun now professes to be somewhat encouraged that army commander General Shihab may take more vigorous action. (Page 1) * prus: Retaliation by Turkish Cyprio,ts, touched off by a bomb explosion outside the Turkish Information Office in Nicosia on the night of 7 June, continued on 8 June and spread to other areas on the island. Athens has asked for an extraordinary meeting of the NATO Council to consider the matter. In Istanbul, in order to prevent a repetition of the 1955 anti-Greek riots, troops supported by tanks were stationed at key points in the city on 8 June during an auth- orized demonstration in favor of demands that Cyprus be partitioned. Britain is still expected to announce a new pol- icy for Cyprus on 17 June. Indonesia: Lt. Col. Sumual, dissident commander in North Celebes, expects central government landings in the Menado area within a week. ,In Djakarta, top government officials are said to have agreed on a cabinet reshuffle which excludes the leftists. Pres- ident Sukarno favors retaining them in the cabinet as min- isters without portfolio. (Page 3)(Map) Southern Rhodesian election: The crushing defeat of candidates who favored liberal racial policies will further convince the native African population throughout the Federa- tion of Rhodesia and Nyasaland that it is futile to hope for liberal policies from the dominant white minority. This development will strengthen organized efforts by the Afri- can nationalists to oppose any move to advance the federation toward dominion status. (Page 4) 9 June 58 \ rn !;\ \ LI , .�. TOP SECRET N DAILY BRIEF ii � NN\A II N ';\.>Kr'� � \ *A\ N 422, \ � � "\N Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 II Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 TOP SECRET NOY III. THE WEST France - De Gaulle: General de Gaulle continues his efforts to maintain momentum toward a "solution" in North Africa in the face of opposition from extremists and some military elements in Algeria. In France, there is mounting pressure from the extreme right for a complete revision of the parliamentary system. Although the French Communists are preparing for clandestine activity, their principal aim is to make the party the rallying point of all anti- Gaullistforces for o osition b le 1 means. (Page 5) 9 June 58 DAILY BRIEF iii TOP SECRET -4\ UK44 , Vi�ks..* Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Nope 7,109' L THE COMMUNIST BLOC No Back-up Material IL ASIA-AFRICA The Lebanese Situation Military action in Lebanon from 6 to 8 June consisted primarily of government efforts to disperse rebel bands by air strafing. One large band near Tripoli suffered heavy casualties. Larger �scale rebel operations, which govern- ment officials had feared might come on 7 June, have not yet materialized. The Lebanese Army's operation against the rebel stronghold in the Basta quarter of Beirut was dis- continued on 7 June on the ground that not enough forces were available. Lebanese government leaders profess renewed optimism concerning the situation. President Chamoun, after a meeting with Lebanese Army com- mander Shihab on 7 June, described him as elated over limited army success in the Tripoli area that day and apparently will- ing to take more forceful action against the insurgents. Chamoun was enthusiastic about a plan Shihab has advanced according to which the army, security forces, and progovernment civilian partisans would be redeployed in an effort to prevent the oppo- sition from receiving equipment and personnel from Syria. Chamoun's optimism seems excessive in view of the fact that Shihab has already put forth several plans for combating the rebels without effectively implementing them, and Chamoun himself has been basically pessimistic about the army chief. On the political scene, maneuvers for a compromise solu- tion of the crisis now seem halfhearted, and the belief appar- ently is widespread that a compromise is no longer possible. Chamoun is reported to have told a Lebanese cabinet meeting on 7 June that Foreign Minister Malik had cabled from New York that most UN delegations seemed prepared to support SECRET 9 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 1 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Noe Lebanon's case in the Security Council. Chamoun discussed with the cabinet the possibility that, if Lebanon should fail to obtain satisfactory action from the Security Council on the complaint of United Arab Republic intervention in Lebanon on the rebel side, the government could then submit the case to the UN General Assembly. Failing satisfaction there, he said Lebanon could call for intervention by the United States, Great Britain, or France, jointly or individually, under terms of their Tripartite Declaration of 1950. 9 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 2 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 INDON Bukyilna Flsadan SUMAT-RA 110 115 140 South China Sea NOAPOIRE Bandjermasin. Surabaya 24953 JAVA I do Ai9 110 80529 3/ 80605 jarakan SANGIA'S ISLANDS 7�14�6, Donggaia..Toboli P�111-',. 4 Po E S Makassar TALAUD ISLANDS PACIFIC OCEAN , AIOROTAI Menado. ,D1oI ,NALMANSRA Golontalo T- CGRAM Banda Sea Arafura Sea RALIA Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Indonesia The dissident commander in North Celebes, Lt. Col. Sumual, believes the central government's amphibious as- sault on the Menado area will occur by 15 June. His esti- mate apparently is based in part on the growing activities of government infiltration units, some of which have been cap- tured by the dissidents. they are counting on the success of these infiltration teams to reduce dissident resistance to a minimum. statements of army spokesmen, have pointed to the imminence of a move against the dissident capital. Warehouses at Tarakan, Borneo, required immediate inspection, in preparation for the receipt of supplies "for the attack on Menado which will take place shortly." army chief Nasution plans to go there in mid-June. The use of Morotai air base, recently recaptured by government forces, for tactical support of land- ing units was recently suggested by the commander of the Am- bon naval area, who asserted Morotai had sufficient supplies of aviation fuel and was safe from dissident attack. continue to discuss prospects for cabinet changes which would limit or exclude leftist partici- pation in the government. Sukendro claims that President Sukar- no, Nasution, Prime Minister Djuanda, and Foreign Minister Subandrio are prepared to exclude the leftists in a reshuffled cabinet and take "identifiable action" to control the Indonesian Communist party--steps contingent, however, on promises of US arms and other aid. Sukarno, perhaps yielding to Communist pressure, now wants only to exclude leftists as heads of mi1 istries and retain them as minis- ters without portfolio. TOP SECRET 9 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 3 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Ali �&.A..afla Segregationists Make Large Gains in Southern Rhodesian Voting The almost exclusively European electorate of South- ern Rhodesia gave significant support to a segregationist party and repudiated every candidate offered by the rela- tively liberal party of former Prime Minister Todd in the general elections held on 5 June. In the voting for the 30- member legislature, the governing moderate United Federal party won 17 seats and retained control, but the segregation- ist Dominion party increased its strength from 4 to 13 seats andhadaplurality of votes on the first count in four other con- stituencies. The system of proportional representation used � in Southern Rhodesia provides that, if no candidate in a three- party contest receives a majority, the second-choice votes of the weakest candidate are divided among the other two. The results are in line with recent voting in the parlia- mentary elections in South Africa and by-elections in South- ern Rhodesia which indicated a stiffening of the European electorate's defense of white supremacy. Such an attitude will help to convince the African population of the futility of hoping for racial liberalism from the dominant European minority and strengthen the position of African nationalist extremists who advocate increased political and economic re- sistance by non-Europeans. Any resultant deterioration in Rhodesian racial relations would strengthen those in London who oppose granting early independence to the Rhodesian fed- eration because of a distrust of its racial policies. -CONFIDENTIAL 9 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 4 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 I I I THE WEST De Gaulle Faces Mounting Rightist Pressure There is further evidence that local extremists in Algeria put considerable pressure on Premier de Gaulle during his recent visit, seeking to exploit the occasion to push for a "public safety government." According to one report De Gaulle even felt it necessary to summon Gen- eral Massu and rebuke him for the manner in which he had presented the "wishes of the committee." In France, De Gaulle is faced with mounting pressure from the extreme right to "complete the revolution" which began in Algiers. Public safety committees,quiet since De Gaulle's investiture, are reviving and spreading, with six formed in Paris, 22 in surrounding communities, and others in 14 of the departments of France. The committees, reportedly working closely with veterans' organizations, have announced their aim as total reform of the present parliamentary system. The American Embassy in Paris reports that Leon Delbecque, civilian member of the Algerian junta, plans to organize a nationwide committee of public safety in France. The em- bassy comments that such action, which might evolve into a new political movement, could provoke immediate counter- activity on the left from which only the Communists could benefit. the "prudence and selectivity" of current Commumstparty tactics has aroused active rank-and-file support and enhances the pos- sibility of unity of action with other anti-Gaullist elements. The party stepped up preparations for clandestine activity last week, but will pursue mainly a nonviolent, legal course of action, at least until De Gaulle's program is made clear. Nevertheless, there is a widespread attitude, inside as well as outside the party, that De Gaulle should be given a chance. Meanwhile, De Gaulle is seeking to maintain the momen- tum for a solution in North Africa by personally taking over the Ministry for Algeria and calling for Algerian municipal elections to be held in about a month. The press has also suggested that an Algerian Moslem may be added to the cab- inet, along with other possible changes or additions. _ t�J SECRET 9 June 58 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE BULLETIN Page 5 Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452 Approved for ikJiJisT 2019-/667-20 c03194452 DISTRIBUTION THE PRESIDENT The Vice President Executive Offices of the White House Special Assistant for National Security Affairs Scientific Adviser to the President Director of the Budget Office of Defense Mobilization Special Assistant for Security Operations Coordination Operations Coordinating Board Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities Special Assistant for Foreign Economic Policy The Treasury Department The Secretary of the Treasury The Department of State The Secretary of State The Under Secretary of State The Deputy Under Secretary for Political Affairs The Deputy Under Secretary for Administration The Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs The Counselor Director, International Cooperation Administration Director of Intelligence and Research The Department of Defense The Secretary of Defense The Deputy Secretary of Defense The Secretary of the Army The Secretary of the Navy The Secretary of the Air Force The Chairman, The Joint Chiefs of Staff Commandant, United States Marine Corps The Director, The Joint Staff Chief of Staff, United States Army Chief of Naval Operations, United States Navy Chief of Staff, United States Air Force Assistant to Secretary of Defense for Special Operations Deputy Director for Intelligence, The Joint Staff Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Army Director of Naval Intelligence, Department of the Navy Assistant Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Department of the Air Force Supreme Allied Commander, Europe Commander in Chief, Pacific Federal Bureau of Investigation The Director Atomic Energy Commission The Chairman National Security Agency The Director National Indications Center The Director United States Information Agency The Director CONFIDENTIAL Approved for Release: 2019/08/20 C03194452