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CONFIDENTIAL 11 /GS /MG Sweden May 1973 NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE SURVEY CONFIDENTIAL APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE SURVEY PUBLICATIONS The basic unit of the NIS is the General Survey, which is now published in a bound -by- chapter format so that topics of greater per- ishability can be updated on an individual basis. These chapters Country Profile, The Society, Government and Politics, The Economy, Militory Geog- ropKy, Transportation and Telecommunications, Armed Forces, Science, and InteWgence and Security, provide the primary NIS coverage. Some chapters, particularly S,:;snce and Intelligence and Security, that are not pertinent to all countries, are produced selective:/. For small countries requiring only minimal NIS treatment, the General Survey coverage may be bound into one volume. Supplementing the General Survey is the NIS Basic Intelligence Fact book, a ready reference publication that semiannually updates key sta- tistical data found in the Survey. An unclassified edition of the factbook omits some details on the economy, the defense forces, and the intelligence and security organizations. Although detailed sections on many topics were part of the NIS Program, production of these sections has been phased out. Those pre'. viously produced will continue to be available as long as the major portion of the study is considered valid. A quarterly listing of all active NIS units is published in the Inventory of Available NIS Pubi'ications, which is also bound into the concurrent classified Factbook. The Inventory lists all NIS units by area nnme and number and includes classification and date of issue; it thus facilitates the ordering of NIS units as well as their filing, cataloging, and utilization. Initial dissemination, additional copies of NIS units, or separate chapters of the General Surveys can by obtained directly or through liaison channels from the Central Intelligence Agency. The General Survey is prepared for the NIS by the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defen. Intelligence Agency under the general direction of the NIS Committae. It is coordinated, edited, published, and dissemi- nated by the Central Intelligence Agency. WARNING This document contains information affecting the naticnol defense of the United States, within the meanino of title 18, secticiis 793 and 794 of the US code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by low. CLASSIFIED BY 019641. EXEMPT FROM GENERA.i r:ECLASSIFI� CATION SCHEDULE OF E. O. 11652 EXEMPT::i CATEGORIES 5B (1), (2), (9). DECLASSIFIED ONLY ON APPROVAL OF THE DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 fi i 1 WARNING The NIS is National Intelligence and may not be re- leased or shown to representatives of any foreign govern- ment or internationai body except by specific authorization of the Director of Central Intelligence in t ccord.ance with the previsions of National Security Council Intelligence Di- rective No. 1. For MiS containing unclassified material, however, the po.-tions so marked may be made available for official pur- poses fo foreign nationals and nongovernment personnel provided no attributior, is made to National Intelligence or the National Intelligence Survey. Subsections and graphics are individually classified according to content. Classification /control designa- tions area (U /OU) Unclassified /For Official Use Only (C) Confidential (S) Secret APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 This chapter was prepared for the NIS by the Defen,ve Intelligence Agency. Research was sub- stantially completed by November 1972. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 SWEDEN CONTENTS Th1v General Survey ,supersedes the one dated Sep. tember 1967, copies of which shmild he destroyed. A. General 1 1. Topography 1 Surface configuration, drai uge network, vegetation, state of the ground, and culture features. 2. Climate 4 Precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, relative humidity, temperatures, and thunderstorms. CONFIDENTIAL APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 ii APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 Page Page R. Military geographic regions 6 D. internal routes 10 Fffect of terrain on operations by conventional Tabular description of terrain, roads and rail ground forces, airmobile and airborne force, 11111- roads, and conditions for offroad disix -rsal and phibious forces, and irregular forces or the fol- cross country movement along routes leading from lowing regions; la.,d and sea approaches to strategic areas and 1. Southt and Coastal Lowlands 6 between strategic arras. 2. Interior Highlands 7 E. Approaches 1.4 Description of houndnrivs with Norway and Fin- C. Strategic areas 8 land. Location, population, primary activities, key 1. Land 14 transportation elements, significant industries, Conditions for movement across borders by and refined petroleum products storage capacity road and cross country. for the following arras: 2. Sea 14 1. Stockholm Goteborg 8 Conditions for anaphibioos o!)crations. South Coastal g? 3. Air 16 3. Other important areas 9 Weather conditions and terrain in air al)- proaches within 200 nnntical miles of borders. FIGURES Page Page Fig. 1 Location and comparative areas Fig. 6 Coast northwest of IT.Jsingborg (map) 1 (Photo) 7 Fig. 2 Military geographic regions and Fig;. 7 Stockholm Goteborg; strategic area terrain map) 2 (trntp) 9 Fig. 8 Stockholm photo) 10 Fig 3 Plain Southeast of Halmstad photo) 3 Fig. 9 South coastal strategic area (reap) 10 Fig;. 4 Mountains north�,ac!st of Kiruna Fig. 10 Strategic areas, internal routes, and Photo) 3 approaches (map) 11 big. 11 Int(mial routes (Wblc) 12 Fig. 5 Precipitation, snowfall days, snow Fig;. 12 Land approaches (table) 15 depth, relative humidity, thunder Fig. 13 Amphibious landing areas (table) 16 storm days, cloudiness, and tern- Fig. 14 Terrain and transportation peratures map and graphs) 5 map) follotcs 17 ii APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 k Military Geography Tn, on to ��f"fiiAl,gn ch� Yqa J WYYhin ChaLUina�' C;;i s.fulls 1 r 1 T 01.hssess auurusra A. General (U /OU) Sweden, including the islands of Gotland and Oland,' is ome of Ihc largest countries in I- :urope and has ccn area of 1 73,000 square miles (aboul 10r:i larger than the stale of California). More significant than land area, however, is the shai)e of the eomitrv: it extends north- south :Il ill( sl I,OOO riles' anel tuts :e naxitnurn width of only 270 stiles (1-1-are 1.1 Soperintposed on the Uniled States, Sweden would extend front Luke Ontario to the Grill' of Mexico (I -figure I The estimated popula(ion of 8,133,000 is slightly les: than the concb populatio ll of the states of Minnesota and Wisconsin. 1. Topography Sweden is pwdonlinand a land of l'orested hills and plains (I igore 2) traversed by lrany wide streams and 'For diacritics on place names we list of twmv% inn till aprii of the 'i'errt :i and 'I'rmisportation map, the trial) ilscif, awl nt;ips in the text. 1)islance% arc in slalulc miles unless naali l niiics are Specifically indicated. e3teckhutm raa Q 6 t FIGURE 1. location and comparative areas (U /OU) dotted with thousmids o lakes and bogs. Plains oc�c�up most of the sorthenr third of the country (higlire 3) and extend northward along the (:till' of Bothnia, a broad belt of kills interspersed with scattered srnall plains constitutes nn-1 of the interior of Sweden, and a relatively uarrw hell of rugged nunrntaitts cxtcnds along part of the border with Norway igtire .1). The low, rocky, indented shore is fronted by nunwrorts isieh, islands, rocks, and shoals and backed by level to rolling plaids. The plains are interrupted in niany places b} rounded steep-sided I-illocks and eskers (long, sinuous. gravel :cud salld ridges). Most of the plains are less than 600 feet above sea level: however, south of Vattern (lake) and in the fur north near the l'itinish border there are areas between 600 and 1,500 feel in elevation. 1 :xlensive areas of smooth, level, cultivated plicins are restricted to the extreme southern part of tits countrw and the islands of Gotland and Oland. The hills are tnoslly low and rotinded and generally separated by flat to rolling areas. The mountains also have rornided suntrits. APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP0l- 00707R000200090020 -4 X965 Kuuna 2287 e 5213 I i C CI, .1190 N WA 401 o f qvIe tllApdMa i t j S.I f 7 7 S bLM k I'I;an 0 to 41i0 f ret Morriaping Itdl ',On to Mw) teet .1 I .yi �'ra MoarHant'� Over :'110111 I'M GOTLAND. D,Ifen�nres u, elevahnn bnlwern Inp,:rnrt Qph t batlunrs of fit Inpnf.;r;,phu tealures If. CmIal ISLAND Forest t t hHAt{SYIt>KJ 2175 Spat height (m If-et) V HilslnbOfL M,htary Geoyr:,ph,c. Regions hoandary NMARK elmtl rrtr rrr a SO 100 P-0 200 .L,tute notes 610 100 7011 Kilometers PROFILE SOUTHERN AND INTERIOR HIGHLANDS COASTAL LOWLANDS reet 5JO0 4000 3000 700() 1000 1 2 100 15o 700 Statute miles Approximate vertical ex-tp 30:1 Meters 1600 1700 x00 400 0 B FIGURE 2. Military geographic regions and terrain (C) APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2009/06/16: CIA- RDP01- 00707R000200090020 -4 I-Ac%ith, ar(� tnOsllt !wIct(�(�u 1 ;ir(l 2,00114�rt ill tl((� hill, and IwN(�t�u 3.000 ;Intl 5.000 let ill Ili( imviintaln ahhint;lt s(�st�ral immnlain prnk, (A(r(�d 5,(1(I0 1(�(�! 'I'll( hight�,t II(�:II. ;n Ilic cmmIrt h,ls ;il cic\atiun A 7.1151 h-cl and is in nnrtltrnl S%Ncdrrl abut 20 ;hilts from Ilic kirdt�r. I.(((;II r(�li(�l (dolt( rt nt r, in cle\.Ili(111 ht�I ecti sail(�, botiuts ;md ;idj;kcvn( crv-,k) is I(�,s than 300 lest ill Ihr pl ;tins. 5M to 1.(11!1! lest ill (ni if thr hills. ;lnd ht�tttt�(�lI 3.000 and 5,00 h�t�t in It-;- nlOnntain,. 'I'll(- hill, mIj:wciit 1(( thv nulunt;tin I a\c it hical rrlicl Oi 1.700 fco. Floc hill, ;Intl nrtnnit;un, (�(mlln(II1k h;l\(� tmlt;h r'((�ks ur billld(�I'\ surl;wcs '11 it l)ri if( �iI )it I (Ir.lilt ;u4i f(� ;slur(�, art� numerous ,tr(�;ut(, and Ihitlsmids Of lak(�, and \tcl ;lrt;rs lnwrsfl, s\(;ltnp, and h(,t;l. I ht� larger str(�;lnl Mcli �r,lll Origirlaty in th(� tnuuftlairls and Ilu\t siulh(- &-trdk to Ih( ;ull' OI B4 it lit lfa. Ilapi(1, mud %%ifIvrl;(II, cnr� inituil! in Ih(� upp(�r ;111(1 nliddl(� (�durst s. \lost slrr;un, ;(r(� till fO 51111 ((�(�t scid(� in tlicit upp(�t (,)!Iru", 1111(1 500 hl 1,000 Ivvt ill Iht� IOacr (�Our,:�,. (n Ili(-ii upper c(mrscs. n;anc str(�;ln!s ccid(�n hit() Amig;1tcd I;(kc, !l fit I itrc 2 lO Ilt IniIvs \tide. \II ntajorstr(;nn,ary O,rr 3.5 Ivct (Icep thrntlt;hiul the s(�;lr t \cvpl in rapids. and dvplh, genvr;lll\ (s(t (